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On December 5 in Space History

1905 December 5 - .
  • Birth of Emerson W Conlon - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Conlon. American engineer. Directed development of the D-558 transonic research aircraft for the Navy. Later Chair of the Aeronautical Engineerng Department at Michigan, holding several USAF and NASA management positions on leaves of absence..

1943 December 5 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1944 December 5 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 Ma346 279 S1 - . Nation: Germany. Planned range 250 km. Airburst 6.9 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 6.9 km from aim point..

1946 December 5 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Launched 13:08 local time. Reached 153.2 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1947 December 5 - .
  • Birth of Gurragcha Jugderdemidiin 'Gurr' - . Nation: Mongolia. Related Persons: Gurragcha. Mongolian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-9. First Mongolian astronaut. Graduated from Zhukovsky Military Engineering Academy, 1977. Aeronautic engineer, Mongolian Air Force. From 2000 Mongolian Secretary of Defense..

1949 December 5 - .
  • Birth of Bruce Edward 'Mel' Melnick - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melnick. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-49..

1952 December 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Landing gear again failed to retract. It was discovered the drag from the airflow exceeded the hydraulic retraction force over 320 kph..

1956 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. Launch Vehicle: Snark. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1957 December 5 - .
  • Advanced Research Projects Agency created. - . Nation: USA. An announcement was made that an Advanced Research Projects Agency would be created in the Department of Defense to direct its space projects..

1958 December 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Terrier.
  • First Terrier sounding flight. - . Nation: USA. Modified Navy Terrier rocket with camera launched to an altitude of 86 miles from Wallops Island, providing a 1,000-mile composite photograph of a frontal cloud formation..

1958 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC21/1. Launch Pad: LC21/pad?. Launch Vehicle: Goose.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Polaris A-2 successfully test fired 1,400 nautical miles down AMR..

1961 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 5 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 December 5 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III PATSY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 December 5 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

    The final Atlas F research and development flight test missile (21F) was launched down the Atlantic Missile Range. Ten missiles were launched in this series - seven were successes and three failures. The launch of Atlas 21F brought flight testing of Atlas operational missiles from Cape Canaveral to an end after almost five and one-half years. Since the first R&D Atlas was launched on 11 June 1957, 83 Atlas Series A through F missiles had been fired from the Cape - 52 of them successes or partials and 31 failures. Last Atlas F R&D flight.


1963 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Complex: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger.
  • First Cuxhaven military launches - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Seliger.

    The first military launches were made from Cuxhaven since the Backfire V-2 launches of 1945. Seliger, under contract to Waffen und Luftruestung AG (Weapons and Air Development Inc) of Hamburg launched a test rocket. The altitude was restricted to 30 km by a new regulation of the Lower Saxony Economy and Trade Ministry.


1963 December 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • HR solar spectrum Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DRG. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1963 December 5 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Sys/Mach 6 Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6465 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30785 m. Camera test in combination with U-2 flight. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 December 5 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 5BN-2 - . Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 704 . COSPAR: 1963-049B. Apogee: 1,110 km (680 mi). Perigee: 1,061 km (659 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 107.00 min.

    Transit operational prototype powered by a SNAP-9A nuclear power source. First operational navigation satellite. It was used regularly by both surface and submarine units of the Navy until November 1964. From this point in time the US Navy had continuous use of satellite navigation.

  • Transit 5E-3 - . Mass: 53 kg (116 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 705 . COSPAR: 1963-049C. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi). Perigee: 1,060 km (650 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 106.90 min. Radiation monitoring..

1964 December 5 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 December 5 - .
  • Hamilton Standard tested Apollo life support back pack - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L.

    Hamilton Standard successfully tested a life-support back pack designed to meet requirements of the lunar surface suit. The system functioned as planned for more than three hours inside a vacuum chamber, while the test subject walked on a treadmill to simulate the metabolic load of an astronaut on the lunar terrain. The 29.48-kg (65-lb) portable life support system supplied oxygen, pressurized to a minimum 25,510 newtons per sq m (3.7 lbs psi), controlled its temperature and relative humidity, and circulated it through the suit and helmet. The pack pumped cooled water through the tubing of the undergarment for cooling inside the pressure suit. A canister of lithium hydroxide trapped carbon dioxide and other air contaminants to purify the oxygen for reuse.


1966 December 5 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1966 December 5 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-35 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 35 / OPS 1890. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2606 . COSPAR: 1966-109A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 104.6000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1967 December 5 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • OV3-06 - . Payload: ATCOS 2. Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV3. Decay Date: 1969-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 3057 . COSPAR: 1967-120A. Apogee: 443 km (275 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Ionospheric studies. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1967 December 5 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU UVT F2 (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • OPS 5000 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 10 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1967-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 3058 . COSPAR: 1967-121A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 141 km (87 mi). Inclination: 109.5000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1967 December 5 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • White rat payload Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-6 Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1968 December 5 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D045 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 December 5 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF V137D re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
1968 December 5 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1.
  • HEOS 1 - . Payload: HEOS A1. Mass: 108 kg (238 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: HEOS. Decay Date: 1975-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3595 . COSPAR: 1968-109A. Apogee: 202,780 km (126,000 mi). Perigee: 20,020 km (12,430 mi). Inclination: 60.5000 deg. Period: 6,704.30 min. Highly Eccentric Orbiting Satellite; examined magnetic fields outside of Earth's magnetosphere. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1969 December 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 10:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT50B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). A SAC Minuteman 1 missile was the 500th major missile and space launch from Vandenberg since 1958 that was supported by the Air Force Western Test Range. .

1970 December 5 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1971 December 5 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • D-2A Polaire - . Payload: D-2A Polaire. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: D.

1972 December 5 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT41GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • HISTAR 7 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Auroral infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1974 December 5 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1975 December 5 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 December 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • HLC 2B Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 5 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • The Defense Systems Acquisition Review Council II (DSARC II) for Missile X was held. The DSARC asked the Air Force to conduct an intensive study of an air-mobile basing system. - .

1978 December 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D.
  • SAMSO held a successful critical design review of Titan III 34D avionics with Martin Marietta. - .

1978 December 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT38GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 December 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor.
  • DOT 1 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1978 December 5 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1051 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 161. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11128 . COSPAR: 1978-109A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1055 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 165. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11132 . COSPAR: 1978-109E. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1058 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 168. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11135 . COSPAR: 1978-109H. Apogee: 1,538 km (955 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1057 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 167. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11134 . COSPAR: 1978-109G. Apogee: 1,515 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1056 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 166. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11133 . COSPAR: 1978-109F. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1054 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 164. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11131 . COSPAR: 1978-109D. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1053 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 163. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11130 . COSPAR: 1978-109C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,430 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1052 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 162. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11129 . COSPAR: 1978-109B. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1979 December 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1146 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1981-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11632 . COSPAR: 1979-100A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 438 km (272 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Radar calibration..

1980 December 5 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1225 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12087 . COSPAR: 1980-097A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 December 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1982 December 5 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 December 5 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 16 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown, David, Burbank, Cagle, Caldeiro, Camarda, Carey, Clark, Fincke, Forrester, Frick, Guidoni, Herrington, Higginbotham, Hobaugh, Kelly, James, Kelly, Mark, Kelly, Scott, Lockhart, Loria, Magnus, Massimino, Mastracchio, McCool, Morin, Nowak, Pettit, Phillips.

    The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 10 pilots and 25 mission specialists selected from over 2,400 applicants. 9 additional international astronauts.


1983 December 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 December 5 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1985 December 5 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1986 December 5 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas G Centaur.
  • USA 20 - . Payload: Fltsatcom 7. Mass: 2,310 kg (5,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. USAF Sat Cat: 17181 . COSPAR: 1986-096A. Apogee: 35,832 km (22,264 mi). Perigee: 35,740 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 100 deg W in 1987-1999 Last known longitude (27 July 1999) 100.33 deg W drifting at 0.027 deg W per day.


1986 December 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 10 RV (2 ft deploy) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 December 5 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Ozone Diurnal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 December 5 - .
  • STS-27 - Wakeup Song: Star Wars - . Flight: STS-27.

    "Star Wars" theme music as background, Darth Vader's voice awoke the crew with a message followed by satirical lyrics sung to The Beatles tune,"Do You Want to Know a Secret?" The recording was produced by Houston radio station KKBQ's Mike Cahill, Pat Brennan, and Mark Richardson.


1988 December 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1989 December 5 - . Launch Site: Al Anbar. Launch Vehicle: Al Aabed.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1989 December 5 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi).

1990 December 5 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1991 December 5 - .
  • Mir News 115: Mir solar panel damaged by space debris. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-12 Mir LD-3, Soyuz TM-13.

    On 4 Dec. 1991 during pass in orb. 33171 (1103 UTC) Volkov spoke with a Pyotr (might have been Klimuk) about the Ukraine. Volkov made a passing reference to the fact that the crew discovered 2 small holes In one of the solar panels of Module-D. About this damage the cosmonauts spoke during the first 3 passes on 5 Dec. 1991. They made images with a TV camera, but these were not good enough for analyses. To get better images the cosmonauts had to install a special camera in the transition section (P.Kh.O.) and therefor they had to deploy and connect a cable. In Krikalyov's opinion the only way to get a good insight in the damage a space-walk (EVA) will be necessary. On 5 Dec. they spoke about 2 great holes and 1 small hole. Krikalyov even uttered the possibility that the damage has been arisen during the period in which the American Space shuttle 44, Atlantis, had to alter course to avoid a collision with the 3rd of a Soviet rocket launched long ago. So again a substantial problem for the cosmonauts. For a long time the crew are struggling with the water regeneration system Elektron and the attitude control of the complex.

    During the last days Mir almost permanently remained in sunlight and for the orientation of the sensors they used sun-vectors.

    DIVERTING CAPABILITIES OF THE Mir-COMPLEX IN CASE OF 'COLLISION DANGER' :

    In comparison with the American (and Soviet-) Space Shuttles the Mir-station is a 'lame duck '. Even if Norad (or its Soviet opposite side) would warn Mir and TsuP for an object on collision course a quick diverting manoeuvre cannot be executed (within a few minutes). With the engines of the freighter Progress-M and the ferry Soyuz-TM the altitude of the complex can be altered, but this process lasts too long for comfort. The present crew consist of phlegmatic and crisis proof cosmonauts and they seem not to bother about this all. During radio amateur conversations they state that all is going well.

    1ST STAGE ENERGIYA ROCKET BLOWN UP DURING FIRE TEST:

    This news comes from a radiologist in Omsk, N. Spinov. S., also a member of the State Committee for Ecology, reported that on 20 November 1991 near the village Krutaya Gorkia (55 KM from the Siberian town Omsk) the 1st stage of the Energiya rocket exploded due to a failure in the cooling system. In a huge orange cloud the heath of the explosion dispersed and S. demands a detailed investigation for during the last years the number op persons suffering of cancer alarmingly increased.

    (The 1st stage of the Energiya consists of 4 'strap on' boosters, each of which is a modified version of the 1st stage of the Zenith (SL-16) rocket. Fuel is kerosene, oxidiser LOX).

    Chris van den Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1992 December 5 - .
  • Cosmonaut Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov dies at age of 41 -- Natural causes. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Yemelyanov. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1984-1992. Graduated from MAI, 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Cosmonaut training November 1985 - October 1986. Left cosmonaut cadre for medical reasons. Manager for AO TPK "Prodmarket"..

1992 December 5 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 14 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry, Brady, Coleman, Catherine, Gernhardt, Grunsfeld, Horowitz, Jett, Kregel, Lawrence, Linenger, Linnehan, Lopez-Alegria, Parazynski, Rominger, Scott, Winston, Smith, Steven, Tanner, Thomas, Andrew, Weber, Mary.

    The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Four pilots and 15 mission specialists, nine civilians and ten military. Chosen from 2054 applicants, 87 of which screened in December 1991/January 1992. Five additional international astronauts.


1992 December 5 - .
  • STS-53 - Wakeup Song: Bonnie Dundee - . Flight: STS-53. "Bonnie Dundee" ,"Gary Green", and"The Eyes of Texas" - Bagpipe medley by Houston Highlanders Pipe Band..

1993 December 5 - .
  • STS-61 - Wakeup Song: With a Little Help From My Friends - . Flight: STS-61. "With a Little Help From My Friends" by The Beatles.

1993 December 5 - . 03:44 GMT - .
1994 December 5 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hygrosonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1995 December 5 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404A.
  • USA 116 - . Payload: EIS-2. Mass: 26,000 kg (57,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: EIS. USAF Sat Cat: 23728 . COSPAR: 1995-066A. Apogee: 976 km (606 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Optical reconnaisance satellite built for the US National Reconnaissance Office. Instruments said to include a large telescope with visual and near infrared wavelength CCD sensors and the ICMS mapping system..

1996 December 5 - .
  • STS-80 - Wakeup Song: Nobody Does It Better - . Flight: STS-80. "Nobody Does It Better" by Carly Simon CAPCOM: Marc Garneau.

1997 December 5 - .
  • Mir News 397: Spacewalks (EVA's) - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-26, STS-86 Mir NASA-5.

    On 3.12 RKK Energiya published changes of the EVA plan for December 1997. This publication suggested that EVA's had been planned for 6, 12 and 30.12.97. In the sequence of these EVA's the most difficult one was scheduled for 6.12.97, i.e. the installation of rails and anchors at the outer surface of the module Spektr. However radio traffic during the last days did not give any indication of preparations or exercises for the first EVA: on the contrary the Russians used all the available time for so called prescribed activities: maintenance, repairs (for instance of a cooling circuit) and monitoring the air pressure regulation. David Wolf indefatigably continued his experiments. Meanwhile the 'disinformation' of RKK Energiya has been silently erased.

    Future plans:

    The departure of Progress-M36 will take place on 17.12.97. After undocking Progress-M36 will release the mini-satellite Inspektor for a test in the framework of a Russian/German project. Inspektor will make video- and photo's of Progress-M36 as well as of the Mir-space station.

    The next EVA's are still scheduled for 5 and 9.01.1998.

    Radio-amateurism:

    Vinogradov prepared the radio-amateur system in the module Priroda for the test which had been proposed by the Amsat organisation. The purpose of this test was to see whether it would be possible to use a split band configuration (uplink 437.850 mc, downlink 145.800 mc) of the PMS station on 145.985 mc. During many conversations via the geostationary Altair-2 Vinogradov co-ordinated his activities with the Mir radio-amateur manager, Sergey Samburov (RV3DR).

    It was clear that not all went as had been planned. Vinogradov also had problems with cable connections and he had to look for adapters to connect different cables. He told that he also tried to use 145.800 and 145.550 mc, but this was not a success due to dense traffic on these frequencies. (Unclear whether he used these frequencies split -with 437.850 m down- or simplex on 2 m. only). Stations on earth received him loud and clear but his reception was very poor.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 December 5 - .
1998 December 5 - .
  • STS-88 Mission Status Report # 06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana, Currie, Newman, Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-88. Endeavour's astronauts were awakened at 1:36 p.m. Central time today to begin in earnest preparations for on-orbit assembly of the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

1998 December 5 - .
  • STS-88 - Wakeup Song: Anchors Aweigh - . Flight: STS-88. "Anchors Aweigh" CAPCOM: Chris Hadfield.

2000 December 5 - .
  • STS-97 - Wakeup Song: Fight On - . Flight: STS-97. "Fight On" (Trojan Fight Song) - University of Southern California fight song for Noriega by USC Marching Band.

2000 December 5 - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • EROS A1 - . Mass: 240 kg (520 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ImageSat. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Decay Date: 2016-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 26631 . COSPAR: 2000-079A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 533 km (331 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min.

    Launch delayed from November 28. The Israeli commercial imaging satellite EROS A1 was owned by ImageSat (an Israeli-led company registered in the Netherlands Antilles) and built by IAI using the Ofeq-3 design. EROS A1 was placed in a sun-synchronous orbit together with the DS 5th stage. The 250 kg (dry mass) triaxially stabilized spacecraft carried a black and white high resolution (1.8 m) CCD camera, to obtain images (with terrain width of 12.6 km) of locations chosen by Israeli military or world-wide commercial clients, and downlink them at one of the 14 ground stations.


2000 December 5 - . 17:21 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-97-2 - . Crew: Noriega, Tanner. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Noriega, Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: ISS.

    The spacewalk began on December 5 with depress at 1718 GMT, hatch open around 1719 GMT and battery power at 1721 GMT. Repress was at 2358 GMT. The astronauts connected up P6 to the station, inspected the tension wires on wing 2B, and relocated the S-band antenna to the top of P6. They unlatched the aft TCS radiator, which was deployed sometime early on December 6.


2001 December 5 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-108 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Bursch, Godwin, Gorie, Kelly, Mark, Onufrienko, Tani, Walz. Payload: Endeavour F17 / Raffaello. Mass: 105,000 kg (231,000 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch, Godwin, Gorie, Kelly, Mark, Onufrienko, Tani, Walz. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-108, STS-108 ISS EO-4. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.82 days. Decay Date: 2001-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 26995 . COSPAR: 2001-054A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 353 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.

    ISS Logistics flight, launch delayed from November 30 and December 4. Gorie, Kelley, Godwin, Tani, Onufrikeno, Bursch, Walz STS-108 flew the UF-1 Utilization Flight mission to the International Space Station. The UF designation distinguished this from earlier Station flights which were considered assembly flights. The shuttle would deliver the Expedition-4 crew of Onufrikeno, Bursch, and Walz to the station and return the Expedition-3 crew to earth. In addition to the crew swap, UF-1 brought supplies to the Station aboard the Raffaello module, and Godwin and Tani conducted a spacewalk to add thermal blankets to the gimbals on the Station's solar arrays. Endeavour reached an orbit of approximately 58 x 230 km (according to the NASA PAO) at 2228 GMT. At 2259 GMT it fired its OMS engines to raise perigee to 225 km. Mass after OMS-2 was 114,692 kg. Endeavour soft docked with the International Space Station at 2003 GMT on December 7. Problems with aligning the vehicles delayed hard dock until 20:51 GMT, and the hatch was opened at 22:43 GMT. The Raffaello module was unberthed from Endeavour at 1701 GMT on December 8 and berthed to the Unity module of the station at 1755 UTC.

    STS-108 cargo bay payload was dominated by the Raffaello (MPLM-2) logistics module with 4 RSP and 8 RSR resupply racks. Also in the cargo bay were the MACH-1 and LMC experiment trusses flown under the Goddard small payloads program. MACH-1 was an MPESS-type Hitchhiker bridge carrying the CAPL-3 capillary thermal control experiment on top. On its forward side was the Starshine-2 launch canister, the CAPL-3 avionics plate, the Hitchhiker avionics plate, and the SEM-15 canister. On the aft side was the G-761 canister containing experiments from Argentina, the PSRD synchrotron detector (a prototype for the AMS antimatter experiment which will fly on Station later), and the COLLIDE-2 and SEM-11 canisters. The SEM (Space Experiment Modules) are collections of high school experiments. LMC, the Lightweight MPESS Carrier carried four canisters with materials science and technology experiments: SEM-12, G-785, G-064 and G-730. In addition, an adapter beam on the starboard sidewall carried G-221 and G-775, with materials science and biology experiments.

    Raffaello was transferred back to the Shuttle payload bay on December 14. Endeavour undocked from the Station at 17:28 UTC on December 15 and made a half loop around the station before making a small separation burn at 1822 UTC. The Starshine-2 reflector satellite was ejected from the MACH-1 bridge in Endeavour's payload bay at 1502 UTC on December 16. Endeavour landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 1755 UTC on December 17. The Expedition 3 crew of Culbertson, Dezhurov and Tyurin returned to Earth aboard Endeavour, leaving the Expedition 4 crew of Onufrienko, Bursch and Walz in charge of the Station.


2002 December 5 - .
  • STS-113 - Wakeup Song: Hotel California - . Flight: STS-113. "Hotel California" by The Eagles.

2002 December 5 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA.
  • TDRS 10 - . Payload: TDRS-J. Mass: 3,190 kg (7,030 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: STS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 27566 . COSPAR: 2002-055A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 7.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

    Delayed from October 29, November 21 and 23. The third and final Advanced Tracking and Data Relay Satellite satellite separated from the Centaur upper stage 30 minutes after launch. This completed the $800 million, three satellite contract. Last launch of the Atlas 2A booster. Flight delayed from October 29, November 21 and 23. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.92W drifting at 0.012E degrees per day.


2003 December 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela launch vehicle.
  • Payload Mockup - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Decay Date: 2015-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 28098 . COSPAR: 2003-055A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 454 km (282 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Originally reported as an ICBM test. A Reuters story, later confirmed, claimed it was the first orbital launch of the Strela version of the rocket..

2003 December 5 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • USC-5 (SOHO SEM) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2003 December 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • EIT Cal? Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2006 December 5 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 December 5 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/05/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-120 ISS EO-16, STS-122.

    FE-1 Malenchenko supported the Russian TEKh-20 Plazmennyi-Kristall/PK-3+ (Plasma Crystal-3+) experiment on its sixth day.

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging, completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2007 December 5 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Shadow 1.
  • Space Express - . Nation: USA. Agency: KYSP. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2008 December 5 - .
  • Death of Sergei Nikolayevich Gaidukov at Zvyozdny Gorodok, Russia - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gaidukov. Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1978. Retired due to medical reasons (injured during parachute training). Worked as an engineer until 1988, when he retired from all work for medical reasons..

2008 December 5 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ARR ICI-2 - . Nation: Sweden. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite.

2008 December 5 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS.
  • MDA FTG-05 Target - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 December 5 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • MDA FTG-05 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2010 December 5 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission, impacting in Sary Shagan range..

2014 December 5 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4H.
  • Orion EFT-1 - . Mass: 9,400 kg (20,700 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Orion CEV. Spacecraft: Orion. Decay Date: 2014-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 40329 . COSPAR: 2014-077A. Apogee: 5,809 km (3,609 mi). Perigee: -37 km (-37 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg.

    Exploration Flight Test 1 used an Orion Crew Module (probably around 9400 kg) with an LAS launch escape tower, atop a dummy Service Module with jettisonable side panels, which in turn was fixed to the OSA (Orion-to-Stage-Adapter). This vehicle was mounted on the second stage of a Delta IV Heavy vehicle 369. Delta 369's second stage was inserted into a 185 km x 888 km x 28.8 deg orbit at 12:22 GMT, 17 minutes after launch. The stage made a second burn at 14:00, entering a -37 km x 5.807 km orbit; apogee was at 1510. At 15:28 the Orion CM separated from the stage. The Orion CM made a small RCS adjust burn at 16:02 and entered the atmosphere at 8.9 km/s at 16:18, landing at 16:29 off Baja California at 23.60 deg N x 116.46 deg W. It was recovered by the USS Anchorage.


2015 December 5 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • DXL-2 - . Nation: USA. Type: X-ray Astronomy. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). X-ray Astronomy mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2015 December 5 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1V.
  • Cosmos 2511 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kanopus. Decay Date: 2015-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 41098 . COSPAR: 2015-071A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 685 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg.

    Russia carried out the second launch of the Soyuz-2-1V rocket, carrying the 440 kg Kanopus-ST military satellite as its primary payload. Kanopus-ST carried optical, infrared and microwave imagers to test technology to locate submerged submarines. The two-stage core of Soyuz-2-1V reached a 208 x 681 km x 98.2 deg transfer orbit. The Volga upper stage coasted to apogee and at about 1503 UTC made a circularization burn to reach a 684 x 693 km sun-synchronous orbit. The KYuA-1 satellite was successfully ejected at about 1540 UTC, but one of several latches on the Kanopus-ST failed to open, and the payload failed to separate.The two payloads were given the public cover names Kosmos-2511 (Kanopus-ST/Volga) and Kosmos-2512 (KYuA-1). Following the failure, at about 0200 UTC Dec 6 the Volga reignited in an attempt to deorbit the Kanopus/Volga stack and prevent it becoming long-lived space debris. This burn reached an orbit of 106 x 655 km. Natural orbital decay from atmospheric drag quickly set in. On Dec 7, with the orbit at 90 x 348 km, the spacecraft split into two pieces, possibly but not certainly the Kanopus satelite and the Volga stage. The two pieces reached an orbit of 88 x 297 km on Dec 8 before reentry.

  • Cosmos 2512 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. USAF Sat Cat: 41099 . COSPAR: 2015-071B. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Secondary payload; KYuA-1, a 16 kg sphere used to calibrate anti-ballistic-missile radars. Placed in sun synchronous orbit with 06:00 Equator crossing time..

2016 December 5 - . 13:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • Gokturk-1 - . Nation: Turkey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41875 . COSPAR: 2016-073A. Apogee: 691 km (429 mi). Perigee: 679 km (421 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Turkish Defense Ministry's Gokturk-1 high resolution (0.7m) imaging satellite. The satellite was built by Thales Alenia (Cannes).. 2230LT SSO.


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