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On October 5 in Space History

1882 October 5 - .
  • Robert Goddard is born. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. The future rocket pioneer is born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, to an old New England family. Goddard's father is an inventor and travelling salesman..

1929 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Richard Francis Jr 'Dick' Gordon - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 11, Apollo 12..

1930 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Pavel Romanovich Popovich - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Popovich. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. Commander of first military space station mission..

1944 October 5 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 Ma204 179 E3 - . Nation: Germany. Planned range 225 km. Airburst 6 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 7.2 km from aim point..

1951 October 5 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1953 October 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 October 5 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10b.
  • Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 1115 local time. Reached 158 km..

1955 October 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1956 October 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1956 October 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. Launch Vehicle: X-17.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1957 October 5 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas, Thor, Jupiter.
  • In anticipation of directives to revise the objectives of the United States missile programs in light of the Russian success with Sputnik, AFBMD began studies for accelerating its programs. - .

1957 October 5 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas, Thor.
  • Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson approved the revised AFBMD ballistic missile program submitted to the Air Force Ballistic Missile Committee on 12 September. - . A total of $991 million was approved; $437 million for Atlas, $335 million for Titan, and $148 million for Thor. AFBMD's original FY58 budget submission of October 1956 had requested $1,672 billion for the ballistic missile programs..

1957 October 5 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C.
  • Von Braun promises first US satellite in 60 days. - . Payload: Explorer A. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McElroy, Medaris, von Braun. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Explorer. Spacecraft: Explorer A. Von Braun briefs Secretary of Defence McElroy on Jupiter-C/Redstone for immediate US satellite launch. Promises launch in 60 days. Medaris says 90..

1958 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Andre Kuipers - . Nation: Netherlands. Related Persons: Kuipers. Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta..

1958 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Brent Ward Jr Jett - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Jett. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115..

1959 October 5 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1960 October 5 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Discussion of Saturn and Apollo guidance integration - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Members of STG visited the Marshall Space Flight Center to discuss possible Saturn and Apollo guidance integration and potential utilization of Apollo onboard propulsion to provide a reserve capability. Agreement was reached on tentative Saturn vehicle assignments on abort study and lunar entry simulation; on the use of the Saturn guidance system; and on future preparations of tentative flight plans for Saturns SA-6, 8, 9, and 10.


1960 October 5 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 5 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1961 October 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Space Systems Division provided Headquarters AFSC with a special study of the Titan II with strap-on solid boosters as the concept for a standard military space launch vehicle - named Titan III. - .

1961 October 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Daniel.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 October 5 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi). USAF Atlas fired 9,000 miles for Atlantic Missile Range into Indian Ocean, carrying dummy nuclear warhead and a data capsule which was recovered..

1961 October 5 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F-4H. Launch Vehicle: Caleb. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 October 5 - .
  • Schirra would have been killed if Mercury MA-8 had gone above 640 km - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8.

    A U.S. Air Force spokesman, Lt. Colonel Albert C. Trakowski, announced that special instruments on unidentified military test satellites had confirmed the danger that astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., could have been killed if his MA-8 space flight had taken him above a 400-mile altitude. The artificial radiation belt, created by the U.S. high altitude nuclear test in July, sharply increases in density above 400-miles altitude at the geomagnetic equator and reaches peak intensities of 100 to 1,000 times normal levels at altitudes above 1,000 miles.


1962 October 5 - .
  • European Southern Observatory founded. - . Nation: Europe.

1962 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. Launch Pad: LC60/8?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 October 5 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 131 m..

1964 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 5 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1011 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1011 / Agena D 1170 / OPS 3333. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1964-10-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 890 . COSPAR: 1964-061A. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 80.0000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.

    The 100th Thor/Agena, a Thrust Augmented Thor/Agena D (421/1170) was launched from Vandenberg AFB by the 6595th ATWg. KH-4A. Primary mode of recovery failed on second portion of the mission (1011-2). Small out of focus areas present at random on both cameras.


1965 October 5 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • OV1-02 - . Payload: OV1 Dummy. Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 1613 . COSPAR: 1965-078A. Apogee: 2,735 km (1,699 mi). Perigee: 408 km (253 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 117.60 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-02S - . Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. COSPAR: 1965-078xx. Apogee: 2,418 km (1,502 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • NB20.170 - . Payload: SPP 29. Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV1. COSPAR: 1965-078xx. Apogee: 2,418 km (1,502 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1965 October 5 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1025 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1025 / Agena D 1616 / OPS 5325. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 1615 . COSPAR: 1965-079A. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-4A. Main cameras operated satisfactorily..

1965 October 5 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 October 5 - .
  • M2 Flight 10 - . Crew: Sorlie. Payload: M2-F2 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sorlie. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 713 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 225 sec..

1966 October 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 12 and spacecraft No. 12 were electrically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12. The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was conducted October 5-6, and data was reviewed the following day. The Joint Combined Systems Test was run on October 10..

1966 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Midas 12 - . Payload: Midas RTS 3 / Agena TV 1353 / Agena D / OPS 1920. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. USAF Sat Cat: 2481 . COSPAR: 1966-089A. Apogee: 3,724 km (2,313 mi). Perigee: 3,657 km (2,272 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 167.60 min. Missile Defense Alarm System..
  • SECOR 8 - . Payload: EGRS 8. Mass: 17 kg (37 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 2520 . COSPAR: 1966-089B. Apogee: 3,707 km (2,303 mi). Perigee: 3,674 km (2,282 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 167.60 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1967 October 5 - .
  • Astronaut Clifton Curtis Williams Jr dies at age of 35 -- Crash of a T-38 jet. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Clifton. American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1967. US Marine Corps.

1967 October 5 - .
  • First public revelation of Soviet manned space hardware. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok.

    The statues are unveiled at the space monument in Moscow, in commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the launch of Sputnik. The opening also marks the first screening of a new film devoted to the Soviet space program, the first to publicly reveal the configuration of the Vostok booster and spacecraft and show actual launches from Baikonur.


1967 October 5 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL ND3.192 Cor'gr. Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1968 October 5 - .
  • Soyuz 4/5 zero-G training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrunov, Shonin, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 4, Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Shonin, Khrunov, and Yeliseyev are in zero-G training aboard the Tu-104 aircraft. The cabin is outfitted with two partial Soyuz mock-ups. In space their EVA between two spacecraft is expected to take one hour and forty minutes, but they can only experience 20 to 25 seconds of weightlessness at a time in the aircraft. The 18 staff aboard the Tu-104 have parachutes in case of a serious problem with the aircraft, but it would take 32 seconds for all of them to jump from the three hatches on the aircraft. Meanwhile the pilot cosmonauts are only flying 50 to 60 hours per year, instead of the 150 to 200 hours that Kamanin had requested.


1968 October 5 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-10 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1976-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 3469 . COSPAR: 1968-085A. Apogee: 39,596 km (24,603 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 712.50 min. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1968 October 5 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • OPS 0964 - . Payload: Ferret 13 / Agena D 2734. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1971-03-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3472 . COSPAR: 1968-086A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 483 km (300 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min.

1969 October 5 - .
  • DOS Conspiracy briefed to Ustinov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Feoktistov, Mishin, Tyulin, Ustinov. Program: Lunar L3, Almaz, Salyut. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Mishin was opposed to the DOS space station concept - he wanted to pursue the N1-launched MKBS. Afanasyev and Deputy Minister Tyulin wouldn't support the idea either. None of them wanted to take the risk. The only chance was to get to VPK Chairman Ustinov through Communist party channels. The opportunity came on the flight of engineers and management to Baikonur for the Soyuz 6/7/8 flight. Feoktistov had prepared a briefing on DOS, which he presented to Ustinov.


1969 October 5 - .
  • Sunday at the cosmodrome - . Nation: Russia. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8.

    It is agreed that future pre-flight reviews of spacecraft operations should not just be limited to standard procedures, but should cover back-up and emergency procedures as well, even though this will take 2 to 3 days longer to prepare. It is Sunday at the cosmodrome. Kamanin gives a speech on the Gagarin launch in 1961. There are chess, tennis, billiards, and ping-pong tournaments.


1969 October 5 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S29 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1970 October 5 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • MPE Barium release? Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1970 October 5 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT77B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 October 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1972 October 5 - .
  • M2 Flight 35 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1455 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20210 m. Flight Time - 376 sec..

1972 October 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 523 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 63. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-02-21 . Decay Date: 1973-03-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6222 . COSPAR: 1972-078A. Apogee: 478 km (297 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 October 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1973 October 5 - . LV Family: N1, Proton, R-7.
  • Mishin presents to the Academic Soviet the high-level justification and purpose of MKBS. - . Related Persons: Mishin, Ustinov, Melnikov. Spacecraft: Soyuz, MKBS, Soyuz 7K-S.

    Principal basis for the development of the MOK
    1. Providing solutions in targeted areas of defense, science and the economy as they may change over 10-20 years. Enabling rapid replacement of legacy systems, devices and components by more sophisticated systems without changing the logic of construction of the MOK as a whole and its constituent satellite systems and basic modules.
    2. Solution targets a minimum number of satellite modules using common equipment and apparatus.
    3. Complex solution of defense, economic and scientific problems using MKBS - the main base of the MOK, for logistics and maintenance of a long-term operation and cost-effective transport system.
    4. The modular structure of the MOK. Wide standardization, harmonization of systems, devices, compartments, aggregates. All elements of these systems, devices, units must be maintainable and interchangeable.
    5. Ensuring long-term service life (5-10 years) of the MOK through periodic visits CM astronauts for routine maintenance, based on the MKBS.
    6. MOK should provide the most cost-effective creation of rocket-space tools for addressing the full range of targets, most cost-effective organization of logistics, maintenance and management of the complex in comparison with existing systems. The development of the IOC should be considered as the direction of development of rocket and space technology to solve national problems with the least material costs.
    7. Stages of creation MOK as the development and creation of the necessary special systems.
    And receives the following criticisms:
    1. All elements of MKBS (especially spacecraft based on the 7KS) must have the new layout of systems and equipment, providing repair and replacement.
    2. GP Melnikov - MKBS is necessary, but give priority to modules SM-1 and SM-2 (these are specialized military free-flyers).
    3. You need to rethink the section on handling scientific information.
    4. Do we need to upgrade or add all these launch sites (R-7, UR-500 and N-1) for MOK (especially the UR500K launch complex)? VP Barmin offers not to upgrade the old UR-500 launch complexes, and spend those funds on new complexes (in fact these two additional UR-500 complexes would be the only ones built after the N1 / MKBS cancellation).
    5. You need a special decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and special funding for construction.
    6. Which launch vehicles to implement the MOK.
    ND Ustinov suggests use of the UR-500 with a fluorine-ammonia upper stage to launch the SNTV direct television broadcasting system (Mishin Diaries 3-104)


1973 October 5 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, AN/DMQ-9 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1974 October 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 October 5 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1976 October 5 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1977 October 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1978 October 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 October 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1139 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11564 . COSPAR: 1979-088A. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources tasks; separated capsule..

1980 October 5 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 7 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 17L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1986-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12003 . COSPAR: 1980-081A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,755 km (22,217 mi). Inclination: 14.0000 deg. Period: 1,435.80 min.

    Radio, telegraph, TV. Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg E in 1980-1981; 25 deg W in 1982-1986 As of 30 August 2001 located at 103.91 deg W drifting at 0.397 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 3 located at 30.06W drifting at 0.092W degrees per day.


1981 October 5 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 October 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1502 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1985-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 14395 . COSPAR: 1983-102A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 366 km (227 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1984 October 5 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-41-G - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Crippen, Garneau, Leestma, McBride, Ride, Scully-Power, Sullivan. Payload: Challenger F06 / ERBS / LFC / ORS. Mass: 10,643 kg (23,463 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crippen, Garneau, Leestma, McBride, Ride, Scully-Power, Sullivan. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-41-G. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 8.22 days. Decay Date: 1984-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15353 . COSPAR: 1984-108A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.00 min.

    Manned seven crew. Deployed ERBS; performed high resolution Earth imagery. Payloads: Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) deployment, Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications (OSTA)-3 experiments, Large Format Camera (LFC). First use of Orbital Refueling System (ORS) with extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts, IMAX camera.

  • LFC/ORS - . Payload: MPESS. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: LFC/ORS. Decay Date: 1984-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15353 . COSPAR: 1984-108xx. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Larger Format Camera/ Orbital Refueling System payload carried in shuttle bay..
  • OSTA-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1984-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15353 . COSPAR: 1984-108xx. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.
  • ERBS - . Payload: Challenger F6 / ERBS. Mass: 226 kg (498 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ERBS. USAF Sat Cat: 15354 . COSPAR: 1984-108B. Apogee: 589 km (365 mi). Perigee: 576 km (357 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Earth Radiation Budget Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1985 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1987 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1988 October 5 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 October 5 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1989 October 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First commercial launch attempt - . Nation: USA. First attempt by a commercial firm, American Rocket Company (AMROC), to launch its SET-l/SMLV (Single Engine Test - 1/Single Module Launch Vehicle) failed on the pad at Vandenberg AFB..

1989 October 5 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: AMROC. Launch Vehicle: AMROC IRR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AMROC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1990 October 5 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 3 - . Payload: FSW-1 No. 03. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: FSW. Decay Date: 1990-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20838 . COSPAR: 1990-089A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; carried biological research experiments..

1993 October 5 - .
  • Death of Dr Karl Gordon Henize at Mt. Everest, NEPAL. High altitude pulmonary edema while attempting to summit the north face of Mount Everest. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Henize. American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F..

1993 October 5 - .
  • China breaks nuclear test moratorium - . Nation: China.

1993 October 5 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II SLV. FAILURE: Star-37XFP-ISS kick-motor malfunction.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Landsat 6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Program: Landsat. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Landsat 6. Decay Date: 1993-05-10 . Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1994 October 5 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT157GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1997 October 5 - .
  • STS-86 - Wakeup Song: Shake, Rattle and Roll - . Flight: STS-86. "Shake, Rattle and Roll" by Huey Lewis and the News CAPCOM: Chris Hadfield.

1997 October 5 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-36 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 237. Mass: 7,195 kg (15,862 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-26, STS-84 Mir NASA-4, STS-86, STS-86 Mir NASA-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 74.92 days. Decay Date: 1997-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 25002 . COSPAR: 1997-058A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 378 km (234 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 8 Oct 1997 17:07:09 GMT. Undocked on 17 Dec 1997 06:01:53 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1997 13:20:01 GMT. Total free-flight time 5.39 days. Total docked time 69.54 days..
  • Sputnik-40 - . Payload: Spoutnik 40 Ans / RS-17. Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: AFR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: PS Model. Decay Date: 1998-05-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24958 . COSPAR: 1997-058C. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi). Perigee: 369 km (229 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 87.10 min. Subscale model of the first Spuntik, hand-launched by Mir crew during an EVA. Transmitted radio signals..

1997 October 5 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • Echostar 3 - . Mass: 3,415 kg (7,528 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 25004 . COSPAR: 1997-059A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Geosynchronous. Stationed over 61.4W Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 61 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 61.53 deg W drifting at 0.017 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 61.50W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.


1998 October 5 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Eutelsat W2 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 2,950 kg (6,500 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 25491 . COSPAR: 1998-056A. Apogee: 36,086 km (22,422 mi). Perigee: 36,056 km (22,404 mi). Inclination: 1.7000 deg. Period: 1,450.70 min. Geostationary at 16.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 16 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 16.17 deg E drifting at 0.015 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 16.01E drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..
  • Sirius 3 - . Payload: Sirius 3. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: NSAB. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Sirius. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 25492 . COSPAR: 1998-056B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Geostationary at 23.5 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg E in 1998-1999; 5 deg E in 2000.- As of 5 September 2001 located at 5.04 deg E drifting at 0.003 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 4.97E drifting at 0.000W degrees per day.


2001 October 5 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404B.
  • USA 161 - . Payload: EIS-4. Mass: 16,650 kg (36,700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: EIS. USAF Sat Cat: 26934 . COSPAR: 2001-044A. Apogee: 1,050 km (650 mi). Perigee: 150 km (90 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg.

    Launch delayed from September 25, October1. National Reconnaissance Office payload that was placed into a sun-synchronous orbit. It was speculated that the payload was an Improved Crystal imaging satellite. That would imply an operational orbit of 150 x 1050 km x 97.9 deg orbit. The satellite belonged to the National Reconnaissance Office's fleet of Earth Imaging System (EIS) satellites. A BBC website reported a resolution of 10 cm in the images. (A commonly used name for the EIS satellites was Advanced Keyhole.) The first member of the EIS fleet was USA 144 (1999-028A), launched in May 1999.


2002 October 5 - .
  • Canadian Arrow test stand completed. - . Nation: Canada. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Canadian Arrow. Canadian Arrow (London, Ontario, Canada) rocket engine test stand complete..

2007 October 5 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Optus D-2 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Optus. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32252 . COSPAR: 2007-044A. Apogee: 35,889 km (22,300 mi). Perigee: 35,862 km (22,283 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.70 min.

    Ku-band satellite designed to deliver television, internet, communications, and data services to Australia and New Zealand. After deployment of the two satellites, the EPS third stage made a brief burn at 23:28 GMT to make the first in-flight test the Aestus engine's restart capability. This was to be used in 2008 in the first launch of the ATV ISS resupply spacecraft.

  • Intelsat IS-11 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32253 . COSPAR: 2007-044B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. C and Ku-band satellite designed to provide Atlantic region communications services..

2011 October 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: C-17. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: SRALT.
  • FTT-12 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission. Probably an SR-19 based Coleman Aerospace SRALT dropped out of a C-17 airplane..

2011 October 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • FTT-12 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission. Probably a Scud surrogate of some kind launched from the Mobile Launch Platform ship (former USS Tripoli) off Kauai..

2011 October 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: THAAD.
  • THAAD KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Intercept mission. THAAD antimissile system tested against two target missiles. The THAAD missiles were launched from a truck on the Barking Sands missile base on the Kauai shore..

2011 October 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: THAAD.
  • THAAD KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Intercept mission. THAAD antimissile system tested against two target missiles. The THAAD missiles were launched from a truck on the Barking Sands missile base on the Kauai shore..

2011 October 5 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Intelsat 18 - . Payload: Orbital Star-2.4E. Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37834 . COSPAR: 2011-056A. Apogee: 35,736 km (22,205 mi). Perigee: 35,725 km (22,198 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,433.20 min. Ku and C band communications satellite for Pacific Ocean communications, including special coverage for French Polynesia..

2012 October 5 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Pad: Ship. Launch Platform: INS-P51. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Dhanush.
  • RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Operational test mission..

2015 October 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • AAUSAT-5 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 40949 . COSPAR: 1998-067HA. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.33 min. Aalborg University 1U cubesat for tests of AIS ship tracking receivers.
  • GOMX-3 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-03-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 40948 . COSPAR: 1998-067GZ. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 381 km (236 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.24 min. GOMSpace 3U cubesat for tests of ADS-B aircraft data relay.

2016 October 5 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Blue Origin. Launch Vehicle: New Shepard.
  • New Shepard - . Nation: USA. Type: Abort test. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

    Blue Origin flew the New Shepard rocket vehicle from the West Texas launch site to an apogee of 93.7 km and landed it nearby 7min29s after launch. On this mission the New Shepard crew capsule, which normally separates at apogee, instead fired its pusher abort motors 45 seconds after launch at an altitude of 4.9 km, reaching an apogee of 7.0 km and landing 4min16s after launch. Before launch it was expected that the in-flight abort separation of the capsule would destroy the booster rocket but in the event the rocket's flight did not appear to be affected. This was the 5th flight of New Shepard rocket vehicle 2, and possibly the 6th flight of the first Crew Capsule.


2016 October 5 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5.
  • Sky Muster II - . Nation: Australia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 41794 . COSPAR: 2016-060B. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,292 km (21,929 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Communications satellite for the Australian NBN broadcaster.
  • GSAT-18 - . Nation: India. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: I-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 41793 . COSPAR: 2016-060A. Apogee: 35,831 km (22,264 mi). Perigee: 24,135 km (14,996 mi). Inclination: 0.5000 deg. Ariane vehicle L585 mission VA231, placed two communications sats in geotransfer orbit. GSAT-18 was for the Indian Space Research Organization..


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