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On March 12 in Space History

1923 March 12 - .
  • Birth of Walter Marty Jr 'Wally' Schirra - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schirra. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-8, Gemini 6, Apollo 7. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and commander of first manned Apollo mission. Remembered both for practical jokes and uncompromising attention to detail..

1927 March 12 - .
  • Birth of Dmitri Alekseyevich Polukhin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Polukhin. Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1973-1993 of Chelomei design bureau Filial 1. Led the development of Proton..

1945 March 12 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. Launch Pad: 2./485. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Burgsteinfurt to Hellouw - . Nation: Germany. Burgsteinfurt Site 163 (Heek - Oerscher Wald), rocket fired, impacted NW of Hellouw, Netherlands..

1949 March 12 - .
  • Birth of John Harrison Konrad - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Konrad. American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1988. Systems engineer and fluid mechanics specialist at Hughes Aircraft..

1952 March 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 March 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 12 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Release B (NO) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Nitric oxide attempt to produce sporadic E research. Launched at 1415 local time. Reached 95 km..

1957 March 12 - .
  • Test Pilot Jack Ridley dies at age of 41 -- Killed as passenger aboard C-47 transport that crashed into a mountain in Japan. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. American test pilot. Technical lead for pioneering rocketplanes at Edwards AFB 1946-1956. Killed in transport aircraft crash, 1957..

1958 March 12 - .
  • The NACA staff completed a program outline for conducting the manned satellite program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    At that time, NACA was already actively engaged in research and study of several phases. For example, in the basic studies category effort had been expended on the study of orbits and orbit control, space physical characteristics, configuration studies, propulsion system research, human factors, structures and materials, satellite instrumentation, range requirements, and noise and vibration during reentry and exit. In addition, NACA outlined the complete program covering full-scale studies of mockups, simulators, and detail designs; full-scale vertical and orbiting flights involving unmanned, animal, and manned flights and recovery; and exploitation of the program to increase the payloads. As to the design concepts for such a program, NACA believed that the Atlas launch vehicle was adequate to meet launch-vehicle requirements for manned orbital flights; that retrograde and vernier controllable thrust could be used for orbital control; that heat-sink or lighter material could be used against reentry heating; that guidance should be ground programed with provisions for the pilot to make final adjustments; that recovery should be accomplished at sea with parachutes used for letdown; that a network of radar stations should be established to furnish continuous tracking; and that launchings be made from Cape Canaveral. It was estimated that with a simple ballistic shape accelerations would be within tolerable limits for the pilot. Temperature control, oxygen supply, noise, and vibration were considered engineering development problems, which could be solved without any special breakthroughs.


1958 March 12 - . Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • An Air Research and Development Command meeting held at the ballistic missile division to prepare an abbreviated development plan for the man in space program. - . Related Persons: Schriever. Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    The general Air Research and Development Command headquarters outline of the immediate planning task centered about designing a manned vehicle within a weight limitation of 2, 700-3,000 pounds which would have to contain a man, a life support system with a capacity to remain aloft for 48 hours, telemetry-communications, and a recovery system. The Air Force Ballistic Missile Division approach was directed to a more distant goal, K "Man on the Moon and Return. " By the second day of the conference general agreement on program objectives had been reached. Technical recommendations included selection of an improved thrust Thor with a fluorine-hydrazine second stage, 2, 700-3, 000 pound spacecraft and a General Electric guidance system. As then planned the complete experimental and test program would require approximately 30 Thor boosters, 8 to 12 Vanguard second stages and about 20 fluorine-hydrazine second stages for testing and advanced phases of the program. By the third day an abbreviated dra.ft development plan had been completed. The conference was pervaded by a strong sense of urgency, motivated by the dramatic Air Force mission to get a man in space at the earliest possible time. Those attending the conference anticipated accelerated program approval and scheduled contractor selection to begin on or about 10 April 1958., (Memo, Col C. H. Terhune, Dep Cmdr, Tech Operations, to Maj Gen B. A. Schriever, Cmdr, AFBMD, 25 Mar 58, subj: Man in Space Meeting at AFBMD, lu-12 March 58.)


1958 March 12 - . LV Family: Minuteman, Polaris, .
  • Headquarters USAF limited the WS 133A program to essential research and development, with approval of a full-scale solid-propellant ICBM to await an evaluation of Polaris and WS 133A potentials. - .

1959 March 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Second British Black Knight rocket reached 350-mile altitude at Woomera, Australia..

1959 March 12 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 March 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 42.4 N x 179.7 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1962 March 12 - .
  • Apollo program moved to Houston - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Primary MSC activities for the Apollo program were relocated from Langley Field, Va., to the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Tex..

1963 March 12 - .
  • Birth of Patricia Consolatrix nee Hilliard Robertson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hilliard. American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2001..

1963 March 12 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1963 March 12 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 March 12 - .
  • Apollo LEM propulsion as backup to the SM engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM RCS.

    North American was directed by NASA to study feasibility of using the LEM propulsion system as backup to the SM propulsion system. The most important item in the contractor's analysis was strength of the docking structure and its ability to withstand LEM main-engine and reaction control system thrusting.


1964 March 12 - .
  • Project Development Plan for the Manned Orbital Research Laboratory. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo X, LORL, MORL.

    Edward Z. Gray, Advanced Manned Missions Director in the Office of Manned Space Flight, asked LaRC Director Charles J. Donlan to prepare a Project Development Plan for the Manned Orbital Research Laboratory, studies for which were already underway at the Center and under contract. This plan was needed as documentation for any possible decision to initiate an orbital research laboratory project. (Gray had also asked MSC to submit similar plans for an Apollo X, an Apollo Orbital Research Laboratory, and a Large Orbital Research Laboratory.) In addition to the Project Development Plan, Gray asked for system specifications for each candidate orbital laboratory system; both of these would form the basis for a project proposal with little delay 'should a climate exist in which a new project can be started.'


1964 March 12 - . Launch Site: Whiteman AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • The 500th operational Minuteman missile, a Wing IV configuration (LGM-30B), was shipped from Air Force Plant 77 at Ogden Air Materiel Area (OOAMA), Utah, to Whiteman AFB, Missouri. - .

1964 March 12 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1964 March 12 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 6 Aurora / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1965 March 12 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The Minuteman Retrofit Program was changed from a squadron to a wing conversion basis. - .

1965 March 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1965 March 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine failed to ignite due to failure of a transformer in the power supply of the control system.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 60 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 9. Mass: 6,530 kg (14,390 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1246 . COSPAR: 1965-018A. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. The stage with the payload remained in Earth orbit as Kosmos-60..

1965 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-4 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-16 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 16 / OPS 4920. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1247 . COSPAR: 1965-019A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 107.5000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 March 12 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES MTV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 March 12 - .
1966 March 12 - .
  • Discussion of L1S Docking Complex / Landing System tests. - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1S. Leave factory December 66; arrive test point January 67; Independent testing from March 67. (Mishin Diaries 1-220).

1966 March 12 - .
  • Mishin lists the projects DI Kozlov was developing in Samara - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft: Soyuz, MKBS, Soyuz VI, Soyuz 7K-S.

    1. Military research ship (e.g. 7K-VI)
    2. Transport ship to the station "Almaz" (e.g. 7K-S)
    3. MKBS multipurpose space base station (preliminary project) - specification requirements.
    4. "Procyon" - Draft Project - classified (interesting unidentified military project)
    5. Block "D" - (full responsibility) - including experimental work. (Mishin Diaries 1-219)


1966 March 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Start of construction (site preparation) for SLC-6 - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: MOL. Start of construction (site preparation) for Space Launch Complex 6 facilities at former Sudden Ranch property..

1966 March 12 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi).

1967 March 12 - .
  • Spiral and Soyuz training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Titov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Spiral OS.

    Titov visits Kamanin on leave from test pilot duties at Vladimirovka. Titov will spend a year training as a test pilot on MiG-21, Su-7, and Su-9 aircraft. He flies well, and has matured and changed for the better over the last two years. Kamanin has talked to him 3 or 4 times about his future plans. Titov has bound his future with the Spiral spaceplane programme. Additional Details: here....


1967 March 12 - . 13:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.11 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 March 12 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.12 Ionosphere / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 March 12 - .
  • Cosmonaut meeting at Yevpatoriya. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Gagarin wants better organisation of the TsPK for the L1 circumlunar manned flights, including: better training in manual navigation in case of failure of automated systems; improved training in survival of 20 G re-entries if the automated SUS capsule guidance system fails. The cosmonauts review material for the Seventh International UFO Conference in Mainz (!).


1969 March 12 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 12 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • GIANT FIST 3 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 March 12 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1972 March 12 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta N.
  • TD-1A; Thor Delta 1A - . Payload: TD 1A. Mass: 472 kg (1,040 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: TD-1A. Decay Date: 1980-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5879 . COSPAR: 1972-014A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Sixth satellite of ESRO. Also registered as US object 1972-14A in A/AC.105/INF.255 with orbit 95.3 min, 525 x 548 km x 97.5 deg, category B. .

1973 March 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 March 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GIANT MOON 5 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 March 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-71 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 March 12 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1975 March 12 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • ICECAP 75A Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, DNA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 March 12 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 719 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7691 . COSPAR: 1975-018A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1976 March 12 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME Test - . Nation: USA. The full engine is run at 65% power for 42.5 seconds before a fuel turbopump failure curtails the test (50 second duration planned)..

1976 March 12 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Enterprise final assembly complete. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Complete final assembly and closeout system installation..

1976 March 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 807 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 8744 . COSPAR: 1976-022A. Apogee: 1,568 km (974 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 March 12 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1978 March 12 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Enterprise delivered. - . Nation: USA.

1979 March 12 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 5 - . Payload: Progress s/n 104. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 23.77 days. Completed Operations Date: 1979-04-05 00:09:54 . Decay Date: 1979-04-05 00:09:54 . USAF Sat Cat: 11292 . COSPAR: 1979-022A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of fuel, consumable materials and equipment to the Salyut 6 station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 14 Mar 1979 07:19:21 GMT. Undocked on 3 Apr 1979 16:10:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 5 Apr 1979 00:10:22 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.40 days. Total docked time 20.37 days.


1980 March 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 March 12 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE SLED test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1981 March 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-4 - . Call Sign: Foton (Photon ). Crew: Kovalyonok, Savinykh. Backup Crew: Andreyev, Zudov. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 10L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andreyev, Kovalyonok, Savinykh, Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 74.73 days. Decay Date: 1981-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 12334 . COSPAR: 1981-023A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station cosmonauts V V Kovalenok and V P Savinykh to carry out repairs and preventive maintenance and scientific and technical investigations and experiments..

1982 March 12 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 10 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 18L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1984-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 13878 . COSPAR: 1983-016A. Apogee: 37,453 km (23,272 mi). Perigee: 37,194 km (23,111 mi). Inclination: 14.3000 deg. Period: 1,515.30 min.

    Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1983-1984 As of 5 September 2001 located at 6.05 deg E drifting at 18.878 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 154.32W drifting at 18.879W degrees per day.


1983 March 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 March 12 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1985 March 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1986 March 12 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 March 12 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1988 March 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1989 March 12 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1990 March 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 735. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • DASO-3 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 March 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 March 12 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 3 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 21152 . COSPAR: 1991-019A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 12 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1992 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 March 12 - .
  • STS-62 - Wakeup Song: Be Our Guest - . Flight: STS-62. "Be Our Guest" from movie"Beauty and the Beast" soundtrack..

1998 March 12 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards.
  • X-38 V-131 Flight 1 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Spacecraft Bus: Rescue. Spacecraft: X-38. After dropping away from its B-52 mothership, the X-38 deployed a ram-air parafoil, and maneuvered to a precise landing on the Edwards Air Force Base bombing range..

1999 March 12 - .
  • Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary join NATO - . Nation: USA.

1999 March 12 - .
  • China Proposes Ban on Space Weapons - . Nation: China. China, backed by Pakistan and Egypt, proposed a ban on weapons in outer space. Formal negotiations would take place via the UN Conference on Disarmament. The USA did not respond to China's proposal..

2000 March 12 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M.
  • Ekspress 6A - . Payload: Ekspress A No. 2. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Intersputnik. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Gals. USAF Sat Cat: 26098 . COSPAR: 2000-013A. Apogee: 35,838 km (22,268 mi). Perigee: 35,736 km (22,205 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    GO Kosmicheskaya Svyaz geosynchronous communications satellite, to be assigned to the Ekspress 6A slot at 80E. Replaced the first Ekspress A, lost in a launch failure in 1999. Russian satellite bus with a ommunications payload from Alcatel France. Stationed at 80 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E in 2000. As of 5 September 2001 located at 80.02 deg E drifting at 0.008 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 102.77E drifting at 0.018W degrees per day.


2000 March 12 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Taurus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus 1110.
  • MTI - . Mass: 587 kg (1,294 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Los Alamos. Manufacturer: Sandia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: BCP-600. Spacecraft: MTI. USAF Sat Cat: 26102 . COSPAR: 2000-014A. Apogee: 609 km (378 mi). Perigee: 574 km (357 mi). Inclination: 97.4003 deg. Period: 96.42 min. Military Technology. Sandia Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), aka USAF Space Test Program mission P97-3. The satellite was equipped with a hyperspectral imager for military target recognition / treaty monitoring applications..

2000 March 12 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. FAILURE: Second stage shut down prematurely due to a valve software command mistake. The satellite fell in the South Pacific, south of Pitcairn Island.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • ICO F-1 - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ICO. Manufacturer: Hughes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). First ICO Global Communications satellite. Lost due to launch vehicle failure; was to have entered a 10,300 km x 45 deg circular orbit. ICO's satellites would carry multiple spot beams for mobile communications..

2001 March 12 - .
2001 March 12 - .
  • STS-102 - Wakeup Song: From A Distance - . Flight: STS-102. "From A Distance" performed by Nanci Griffith awakened Discovery's crew, and astronauts Paul Richards and Andy Thomas quickly began preparing for a planned six and a half hour space walk..

2002 March 12 - .
2003 March 12 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • GT-32PA - 8 RVs Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). ICBM Demonstration Flight - Dummy Warheads..

2004 March 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    The Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri started the week with a three-day weekend and finished it with a successful treadmill repair. The International Space Station crew can now exercise on the treadmill with a working gyroscope. Additional Details: here....


2008 March 12 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/12/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts, Linnehan, Malenchenko, Reisman, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-122 ISS EO-16, STS-123, STS-123 ISS EO-16.

    Crew wake/sleep cycle today: sleep 6:30am -3:00pm; wake 3:00pm -8:00am tomorrow.

    STS-123/Endeavour continues its chaser flight for tonight's docking at ~11:25pm EDT, to begin ISS Stage 1J/A. (Catch-up rate ~480 nmi. per revolution of ~92 min). (Hatch opening is expected at ~1:08am, followed by: Safety Briefing, Soyuz seat liner transfer (for the Eyharts/Reisman exchange), SRMS (Shuttle Remote Manipulator System)- transfer of SLP-D1 (Spacelab Pallet Deployable 1), carrying SPDM 'Dextre', from Shuttle cargo bay to POA (Payload ORU Attachment) on MBS (Mobile Base System) at ~2:30am, and preparations for the first spacewalk, EVA-1, to be conducted by EV1 Linnehan & EV2 Reisman on 3/13 (~9:23pm EDT), preceded by their 'overnight' Campout tomorrow (6:43am-7:45pm) in the Airlock (A/L) for denitrogenation/pre-breathe. Main objectives of the nominal 16-day mission: Installation of the 18,490-lbs ELM-PS or JLP (Japanese Experiment Logistics Module-Pressurized Section) and the 3,400-lbs Canadian SPDM (Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator) 'Dextre', delivering new ISS-16 crewmember Garrett Reisman & bringing LĂ(c)opold Eyharts back home, and conducting a total of five EVAs. Landing will nominally take place at KSC on FD17 (3/26) at ~8:35pm EDT.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 12 - .
  • STS-123 - Wakeup Song: Godzilla Versus Space Godzilla - . Flight: STS-123. "Godzilla Versus Space Godzilla" and the Blue Oyster Cult song “Godzilla.” The songs were played for Japanese Space Agency astronaut Takao Doi. "Good morning Endeavour. Doi san, ohayo gozaimasu," said Alvin Drew, shuttle spacecraft communicator..

2009 March 12 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 6 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Ionos./Tech.

2014 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Z-3.


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