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On March 2 in Space History

1902 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Albert Utsch - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Utsch. German-American design engineer for McDonnell on the Mercury and Gemini spacecraft..

1904 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Richard V Rhode - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Rhode. American engineer, at NASA 1925-1967, involved with air and launch vehicle research and advanced design criteria..

1917 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Willis H Shapley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shapley. American manager, served at NASA 1965-1975 and 1987-1988..

1931 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Duane Edgar Graveline - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Graveline. American physician astronaut, 1965-1965..

1944 March 2 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1945 March 2 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery SS Abt 500. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Dalfsen to Antwerp - . Nation: Germany. Dalfsen, Estate Mataram, rocket fired, impacted Linkeroever: Borgerweertpolder, Antwerp. No damage or casualties..

1949 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Fred Parker Jr Lewis - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lewis. American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985..

1950 March 2 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Navaho XLR-43 engine test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. First full-thrust test of 75,000 pound liquid rocket engine for the Navaho (XLR43-NA-1) conducted by North American at Santa Susana, Calif..

1953 March 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Michael Vladislavovich Tyurin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyurin. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-3, ISS EO-14. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO..

1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 2 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1961 March 2 - . Launch Site: Makat. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 March 2 - .
  • Marquardt to build the reaction control rocket engines for the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. The Marquardt Corporation was selected by NAA's Space and Information Systems Division to design and build the reaction control rocket engines for the Apollo spacecraft. The contract was signed during April..

1962 March 2 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1963 March 2 - .
  • Plan for Cosmonaut Training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Kuznetsova, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Yerkina.

    The big question regards Gagarin. Shall the 'Columbus of the Cosmos' be allowed to risk his life on another spaceflight? Most of the Soviet leadership are against it, but Gagarin himself wants to train and fly again. Later in the day the cosmonauts have an idiotic argument with IAKM on high-G centrifuge runs for female cosmonauts. This is the first cosmonaut revolt against the policies and practices of IAKM.


1964 March 2 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 2 - .
  • All-battery Apollo LEM decision - replaces fuel cells - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Electrical.

    MSC decided in favor of an "all-battery" LEM (i.e., batteries rather than fuel cells in both stages of the vehicle) and notified Grumman accordingly. Pratt and Whitney's subcontract for fuel cells would be terminated on April 1; also, Grumman would assume parenthood of GE's contract (originally let by Pratt and Whitney) for the electrical control assembly. Additional Details: here....


1965 March 2 - .
  • Soviet defence industry reorganization. - . Nation: Russia. Soviet Decree 126-47 'On Improved Leadership of Defence Branch Industry--creation of ministries for aviation, defence, ship building. radio-technology, electronics, and general machine building for managing the Soviet defence industry'..

1965 March 2 - .
  • Babakin takes over Lavochkin OKB - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Babakin, Chelomei, Korolev. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Luna E-6, Luna Ye-8.

    Former Lavochkin bureau, part of Chelomei, regained status of a separate design bureau with former Korolev deputy GN Babakin as its head. By the end of 1965 all materials on the E-6, Ye-8, and planetary probes were passed by Korolev to the Lavochkin Bureau, who took over responsibility for all future lunar and planetary unmanned probes.


1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP RMV-301 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 951 kg (2,096 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1965-03-02 . Launch vehicle test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1966 March 2 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Te, Solar UV Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Geoprobe Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Antelope test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • ARPA C048 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-18 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 3133 . COSPAR: 1968-012A. Apogee: 1,130 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 106.70 min. First RCA-built Transit..

1968 March 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Zond 4 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 6L. Mass: 5,390 kg (11,880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1 . Duration: 5.22 days. Decay Date: 1968-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 3134 . COSPAR: 1968-013A. Apogee: 400,000 km (240,000 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 15,561.71 min.

    What at first seemed to be a success, very much needed by the L1 program, ended in failure. The Proton booster lifted off in 18 m/s winds, -3 deg C temperatures, and into very low clouds - it disappeared from view at only 150 m altitude. Aircraft at 9, 10, and 11 km altitude reported the cloud deck topped 8300 m, with 1.5 to 2.0 km visibility. The spacecraft was successfully launched into a 330,000 km apogee orbit 180 degrees away from the moon. On reentry, the guidance system failed, and the planned double skip maneuver to bring the descent module to a landing in the Soviet Union was not possible. Ustinov had ordered the self-destruct package to be armed and the capsule blew up 12 km above the Gulf of Guinea. Kamanin disagreed strongly with this decision; the spacecraft could have still been recovered in the secondary area by Soviet naval vessels after a 20 G reentry. The decsion was made to recover the spacecraft in the future whenever possible.
    Officially: Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Study of remote regions of circumterrestrial space, development of new on-board systems and units of space stations.


1969 March 2 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1B Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1A Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 2 - .
1971 March 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT92B-3 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • MPE Barium release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • UK SL922 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S16 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S77 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1973 March 2 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1974 March 2 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1976 March 2 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral NO Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 March 2 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S21 / 1 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1977 March 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Fifth inert captive flight - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Conduct fifth inert captive flight, Edwards (1 hour, 39 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101).

1977 March 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT57GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 March 2 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: HJ Hydac.
  • STRESS CAROLYN Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 March 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT37GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 March 2 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 2 - . 15:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 28 - . Call Sign: Zenit (Zenith ). Crew: Gubarev, Remek. Backup Crew: Pelczak, Rukavishnikov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 45. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gubarev, Pelczak, Remek, Rukavishnikov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 26, Soyuz 28. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.93 days. Decay Date: 1978-03-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 10694 . COSPAR: 1978-023A. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Delivery to the Salyut-6 station of the first international 'Intercosmos' team consisting of A.A. Gubarev (USSR) and V. Remek (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic) to carry out scientific research and experiments jointly developed by Soviet a nd Czechoslovak specialists.


1978 March 2 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-39 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1992-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 10696 . COSPAR: 1978-024A. Apogee: 39,957 km (24,828 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 62.0000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network. .

1979 March 2 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1981 March 2 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1982 March 2 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1983 March 2 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Sensor Ejection System Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1983 March 2 - . 02:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • CONDOR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1983 March 2 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Cosmos 1443 - . Payload: TKS-M s/n 16401L. Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: TKS . Duration: 200.62 days. Decay Date: 1983-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 13868 . COSPAR: 1983-013A. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min.

    TKS manned ferry spacecraft from the cancelled Almaz OPS-4 mission. Flown unmanned to the Salyut 7 space station. Docked with Salyut 7 on 4 March 1983. Separated from Salyut 7 on 14 August. The VA re-entry capsule separated and the space station deorbited itself on September 19, 1983 at 0:28 GMT. The VA capsule continued in space for four more days, demonstrating autonomous flight, before successfully re-entering on 23 August 1983. Returned 350 kg of material from the station. Additional Details: here....


1983 March 2 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1444 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13870 . COSPAR: 1983-014A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 March 2 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Cosmos 1540 - . Payload: Potok no. 2 s/n 12L. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Potok. Completed Operations Date: 1988-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 14783 . COSPAR: 1984-022A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 8.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

    Stationed at 79 deg E. Investigation of outer space; experiments in relaying telegraph and telephone information in the centimetre wavelength range. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E in 1984-1988 As of 28 August 2001 located at 75.35 deg E drifting at 0.041 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 69.92E drifting at 0.020W degrees per day.


1986 March 2 - .
  • Death of Theodor Anton Poppel - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Poppel. German-American engineer, ember of von Braun's team, expert in guided missile ground support during WW2, and continued in that role in the US. Played a key role in designing Saturn I LC34, and the Saturn V's VAB and Transporter-Crawler..

1986 March 2 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 March 2 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1988 March 2 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 March 2 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1989 March 2 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2005 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 54.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 19862 . COSPAR: 1989-019A. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1990 March 2 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1991 March 2 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Astra 1B - . Mass: 2,620 kg (5,770 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SES. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 5000. USAF Sat Cat: 21139 . COSPAR: 1991-015A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 19.2 deg E; European coverage. Astra 1B provides TV coverage to Western Europe. The satellite is owned and operated by Société Europíenne des Satellites (SES), a private company formed in 1985. Astra 1B is the second in a network of four satellites. SES acquired Astra 1B from DBS Crimson Satellite Associates while still under construction by GE Astro Space (as Satcom K3). Astra 1B is colocated with Astra 1A, and doubled the number of channels provided by the Astra network. Spacecraft: GE 5000 platform.3-axis stabilisation with momentum wheels, magnetic torquers, Earth sensors and 20 blowdown monopropellant hydrazine thrusters. Solar arrays provide 4850 W BOL, 4 50 Ahr NiH batteries. GEO insertion provided by 2 500N bipropellant motors. Payload: 16 Ku-band transponders (with six spares) Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg E in 1991-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 19.20 deg E drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 92.40W drifting at 6.354W degrees per day.

  • Meteosat 5 - . Payload: MOP 2. Mass: 681 kg (1,501 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteosat. USAF Sat Cat: 21140 . COSPAR: 1991-015B. Apogee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Perigee: 35,758 km (22,218 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,434.90 min.

    Earth imaging for weather, climatology, atmospheric physics; 4 deg E. Geostationary meteorological satellite, operating within the world-wide network of the World Weather Watch of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Its main missions are: imaging in the visible, infrared and water vapour region of the spectrum. Dat a reception from so called Data Collection Platforms (DCPs); data distribution to meteorological services and other interested parties (research institutes, etc). Launch time 2336:00 UT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 4 deg W in 1991; 1 deg W in 1991; 4 deg W in 1991-1992; 1 deg W in 1992; 8 deg W in 1993-1997; 9 deg W in 1997-1998; 63 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 62.77 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 1 located at 63.15E drifting at 0.006E degrees per day.


1993 March 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF ACC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 2 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Intercosmos 26 - . Payload: AUOS-SM-KI-IK. Mass: 2,160 kg (4,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Decay Date: 2001-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 23019 . COSPAR: 1994-014A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min.

    Solar and space physics. Conduct of comprehensive investigations of the sun under the Koronas-I international project developed by Russian and Ukranian experimts in cooperation with specialists from Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, France, and the United Kingdom.


1995 March 2 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-67 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Durrance, Gregory, William, Grunsfeld, Jernigan, Lawrence, Oswald, Parise. Payload: Endeavour F08 / ASTRO-2 Fwd. Mass: 13,116 kg (28,915 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Durrance, Gregory, William, Grunsfeld, Jernigan, Lawrence, Oswald, Parise. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-67. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 16.63 days. Decay Date: 1995-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 23500 . COSPAR: 1995-007A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 28.4500 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    Carried Astro 2 astronomy payload with 3 UV telescopes.(attached to Endeavour).Payloads: Ultraviolet Astronomy (ASTRO) 2; Middeck Active Control Experiment (MACE); Protein Crystal Growth—Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-TES) 03; Protein Crystal Growth—Single-Locker Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-STES) 02; Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Minilab/Instrumentation Technology Associates, Inc. Experiments (CMIX) 03; Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II; two getaway special experiments.

  • EDO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EDO. Decay Date: 1995-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 23500 . COSPAR: 1995-007xx. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.
  • ASTRO-2 Fwd - . Payload: ASTRO-2 PLT + Igloo. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1995-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 23500 . COSPAR: 1995-007xx. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.
  • ASTRO-2 Aft - . Payload: ASTRO-2 PLT. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1995-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 23500 . COSPAR: 1995-007xx. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

1995 March 2 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2306 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 2000-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 23501 . COSPAR: 1995-008A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites. Reentered on October 30, 2000..

1996 March 2 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 34 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1997 March 2 - .
  • Mir News 348: Soyuz-TM24 made happy landing - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, Soyuz TM-25, Soyuz TM-25 Mir 97, STS-81 Mir NASA-3.

    On 2.03.1997 at 0644 UTC the return capsule of the Soyuz-TM24 made a safe landing in Kazakhstan not far from Arkalyk (47degr49min North; 69degr24min East). At abt 4 mins later the first helicopter of the search- and rescue team reached that position. The return operation and landing took place without problems. During the return operation Soyuz-TM24 communicated via the Eastern tracking stations in Russia and probably Altair-2 over 96 dgs East. Obviously Altair-1 was (or: is?) not operational.

    Last week of Mir'97 and Main Expedition Mir 22:

    The fire in the night from 22 to 23.02 put its stamp on this last week due to the pollution of the Mir's atmosphere during the first days and the extra attention the crew had to give to the damaged oxygen-generator and cables. For a long time there was the smell caused by the fire. One of the cosmonauts spoke about the smell of 'roasted turkey'. Some crew members suffered from some irritation of the bronchia, a dry throat and sleeping problems. Nobody was hurt with the exception of Korzun who had a very small burn on his hand. Ewald had already executed the majority of the Mir'97 experiments and the events did not significantly influence that program. German project managers were satisfied about the successful results and conclusion of the mission. During this week there has been a lot of radio traffic on 2 frequencies simultaneously: the Russians used 143.625 mc and Ewald and Linenger 130.165 mc. For some planned TV sessions, i.e. for the RTL children's programme Captain Bluebear and about a contest for drawings by children with the wife of the German President Herzog they did not use the geostationary satellites but direct TV transceivers on lower frequencies. For phone during these sessions Ewald used the UKW-2 130.165 mc.

    Siriusses: The new crew, Tsibliyev and Lazutkin, the 23d M.E. to Mir, and Jerry Linenger will have to do a lot of work in the near future. In fact there are still a lot of experiments in the framework of Mir'97 to be done: this had been planned and this work got the designation Mir'97E, the letter 'E' standing for 'Extension'.

    Progress-M33: This old freighter is still flying autonomously until her 2d docking at Mir. That will take place on 4.03.97. Tsibliyev got orders to control the approach and docking manually with the remote-control system TORU. There has also been an instruction to leave Progress-M33's hatch closed after docking. Kaleri asked TsUP to consider the possibility to open the hatch and to use the still available room in the spherical part of Progress-M33 to stow stuff no longer needed: especially the considerable amount of human waste. During the long period with a crew of 6 the quantity of this increased enormously.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 March 2 - .
1998 March 2 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Slovakia. Related Persons: Bella, Fulier. Slovak astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

2000 March 2 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Voss, Williams, Jeffrey. Program: ISS.

    Earlier this week one of the television cameras aboard Zarya was activated to allow engineers to view the small crane mounted on the side of the module that has been determined to be in a 'soft dock' configuration rather than the expected 'hard dock' position. Additional Details: here....


2002 March 2 - .
2002 March 2 - .
  • STS-109 - Wakeup Song: Theme from Mission: Impossible - . Flight: STS-109. "Theme from Mission: Impossible".

2004 March 2 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp.
  • Rosetta - . Mass: 3,065 kg (6,757 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Comet. Type: Comet probe. Spacecraft: Rosetta. USAF Sat Cat: 28169 . COSPAR: 2004-006A. Launch delayed from January 13, 2003, February 26 and 27, 2004..

2005 March 2 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5, STS-114. An unpiloted Russian cargo ship linked up to the International Space Station today to deliver more than 2 tons of food, fuel, oxygen, water, supplies and spare parts.. Additional Details: here....

2007 March 2 - .
2008 March 2 - .
2010 March 2 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 7 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Aeronomy/Technology payload.

2011 March 2 - .
  • EVA STS-133-2 - . Crew: Bowen, Drew. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-01M, Soyuz TMA-20, STS-133. Adjusted thermal insulation at various places around the exterior of the ISS and the Dextre robot..

2011 March 2 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Juno test vehicle.
  • Patriot Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    Orbital Patriot Target Vehicle (PTV); served as an intercept target for the Lower Tier Project Office Patriot missile defense system. The PTV was launched from Fort Wingate Launch Complex-96 into White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. It flew a southerly trajectory over New Mexicoand was intercepted by the Patriot Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) interceptor system during reentry.


2014 March 2 - . 21:19 GMT - . LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Hwasong RV - . Nation: Korea North. Military training.

2014 March 2 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Hwasong RV - . Nation: Korea North. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Military training.

2015 March 2 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-21 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 40427 . COSPAR: 1998-067FQ. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-22 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 40428 . COSPAR: 1998-067FR. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2015 March 2 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • ABS-3A - . Payload: BSS-702SP. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40424 . COSPAR: 2015-010A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min.

    Dual communications satellite payload placed initially in a supersynchronous transfer orbit. Falcon 9 reached a 174 km x 953 km parking orbit 9 minutes after launch, and then made a second burn over the equator to a 391 km x 63452 km x 24.8 deg orbit. The two payloads were 2000 kg Boeing BSS-702SP models with XIPS-25 ion thrusters as their main propulsion system. ABS-3A, for Asia Broadcast Satellite of Hong Kong, was launched directly attached to the lower satellite, Eutelsat 115 West B, until it separated from the stack following stage 2 second cutoff.

  • Eutel.115 West B - . Payload: BSS-702SP. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40425 . COSPAR: 2015-010B. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Eutelsat 115 West B was owned by Eutelsat Americas (Mexico City), and was called Satmex 7. Satmex was taken over by Europe's Eutelsat and renamed Eutelsat Americas in March 2014..

2015 March 2 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-9 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 40429 . COSPAR: 1998-067FS. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-10 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 40430 . COSPAR: 1998-067FT. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2017 March 2 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • NASA 36.301GE - . Nation: Canada. Type: Auroral. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Auroral mission. Impacted in Poker Flat zone 4..
  • NASA 36.306GE - . Nation: Canada. Type: Auroral. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi). Auroral mission. Impacted in Poker Flat zone 4..
  • ISINGLASS-2 - . Nation: Canada. Type: Auroral. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Auroral mission. Impacted in Poker Flat zone 4..

2017 March 2 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-31. Launch Vehicle: KT-2.
  • Tiankun-1 - . Payload: TK-1. Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 42061 . COSPAR: 2017-012A. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg.

    China's CASIC missile agency launched the KT-2, a new orbital launch vehicle developed by CASIC's 4th Academy. It placed a small satellite, Tiankun-1, in orbit. Tiankun 1, built by the CASIC 2nd Academy (CCMETA), was a test of a new satellite bus and probably has a mass of a few hundred kg.



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