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On January 28 in Space History

1912 January 28 - .
  • Birth of Lloyd William Standley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Standley. American engineer. Chief of Mechanical Design for the Atlas..

1921 January 28 - .
  • Goddard begins liquid propellant rocket research - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    Goddard realises after three years of unsuccessful tests that the cartridge rocket concept is too complex and that a new approach is needed. Smokeless powder solid fuels were too unstable for rocket use. Therefore Goddard turned to liquid oxygen and gasoline as propellants. On this date he bought his first can of liquid oxygen from Linde Corporation in Worcester. He had to haggle for it; the liquid form was then only a by-product in the process of extracting gaseous oxygen from the atmosphere. Goddard was charged $ 10 per 2 gallon flask, the minimum Linde would sell to him.


1939 January 28 - .
  • Birth of John McCreary Fabian - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fabian. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-G..

1945 January 28 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 444. Launch Complex: V-2 Battery 444. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 Battery 444 leaves the Hague and sets up operations at Burgsteinfurt. - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

1949 January 28 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom Solar x-ray / ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Launched 10:20 local time. Reached 60 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1950 January 28 - .
  • Birth of David Carl 'Dave' Hilmers - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hilmers. American USMC engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42. Known as a religiously conservative astronaut; summed up many astronaut's fears of the shuttle, saying before a flight "I have no plans past MECO"..

1951 January 28 - .
  • Birth of Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Kadenyuk. Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996..

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1953 January 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1958 January 28 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development Series II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Thor IRBM successfully fired from Cape Canaveral, flew prescribed course, and impacted in preselected area..

1959 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • Third space balloon test. - . Nation: USA. Nike-Cajun successfully launched 12-foot-diameter test inflatable sphere to a height of 75 miles over NASA Wallops Island, the sphere inflating satisfactorily..

1959 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Beacon Test 4 Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 January 28 - .
  • NASA's Ten-Year Plan presented to Congress - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    In testimony before the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, Richard E. Horner, Associate Administrator of NASA, presented NASA's ten-year plan for 1960-1970. The essential elements had been recommended by the Research Steering Committee on Manned Space Flight. NASA's Office of Program Planning and Evaluation, headed by Homer J. Stewart, formalized the ten-year plan.

    On February 19, NASA officials again presented the ten-year timetable to the House Committee. A lunar soft landing with a mobile vehicle had been added for 1965. On March 28, NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan described the plan to the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. He estimated the cost of the program to be more than $1 billion in Fiscal Year 1962 and at least $1.5 billion annually over the next five years, for a total cost of $12 to $15 billion. Additional Details: here....


1963 January 28 - .
  • Philco prime contractor for the Mission Control Center - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA announced the selection of the Philco Corporation as prime contractor for the Mission Control Center (MCC) at MSC. To be operational in mid-1964, MCC would link the spacecraft with ground controllers at MSC through the worldwide tracking network..

1964 January 28 - .
  • Agreement on space tracking station west of Madrid. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The United States and Spain agreed to the construction and operation of a $1.5 million space tracking and data acquisition station about 48 kilometers (30 miles) west of Madrid, Spain. Linked with the NASA Deep Space Instrumentation Facility, the station included a 26-meter (85-foot)-diameter parabolic antenna and equipment for transmitting, receiving, recording, data handling, and communications with the spacecraft. Additional Details: here....


1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32736 m. First test of hypersonic speed brakes. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 January 28 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First major Saturn V flight component delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The first major Saturn V flight component, a 10-m (33-ft) diameter, 27,215 kg (60,000 lb corrugated tail section which would support the booster's 6,672 kilonewtons (1.5-million-lb) thrust engines, arrived at MSFC from NASA's Michoud Operations near New Orleans. The section was one of five major structural units comprising Saturn V's first stage.


1965 January 28 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 January 28 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OAR 22-3 / AFCRL-309 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 January 28 - .
  • OKB-1 Program Review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Kamanin, Komarov, Mishin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Kamanin, Gagarin, Komarov, and other VVS staff attend the first program review held since Korolev's death. Mishin reviews spacecraft build status. Voskhod s/n 5 is to be shipped to Tyuratam on 1 February and launched in the first half of February. This is the spacecraft fitted for the 30-day unmanned biosat mission with dogs. Kamanin had argued with Korolev over the last year that this flight was unnecessary, but Korolev did not want to expose the cosmonauts to the risk of a long-duration spaceflight with a heavily modified spacecraft without an unmanned precursor flight. The manned flight of Voskhod s/n 6 on an 18-day mission can only begin after the landing of s/n 5, e.g. launch in the period 10-20 March.


1966 January 28 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-7 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1952 . COSPAR: 1966-005A. Apogee: 1,180 km (730 mi). Perigee: 850 km (520 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1967 January 28 - .
  • Apollo 204 Review Board established to investigate the AS-204 accident - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. The Apollo 204 Review Board was established by NASA's Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., to investigate the Apollo 204 accident that had killed the 204 prime crew January 27. The Board would report to the NASA Administrator.. Additional Details: here....

1967 January 28 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Particle fluxes Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1968 January 28 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Sergei Osipovich Okhapkin put in charge of the N1 at TsKBEM - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin, Okhapkin. Program: Lunar L3. This decision led to one of Mishin's famous 'illnesses', putting him out of action for a period..

1969 January 28 - .
1969 January 28 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • N2, temperature profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1971 January 28 - .
  • Spiral negotiations continue. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: Spiral OS.

    An article Kamanin has written on aircraft designer Ilyushin has been published in Pravda. Kamanin is impressed by a new book by Orlov on possible civilian medical applications of technology developed for spaceflight. Negotiations continue with the Military Soviet on the resolution on future manned military space projects.


1971 January 28 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.37 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.38 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S46 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • REDWOOD (Probe F) Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 January 28 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1973 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 January 28 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: A medley of soft music.. - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "A medley of soft music.." CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1975 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 705 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 75. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-11-20 . Decay Date: 1975-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7623 . COSPAR: 1975-006A. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-86 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 January 28 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 791 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 105. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8607 . COSPAR: 1976-008A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 796 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 110. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8612 . COSPAR: 1976-008F. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 793 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 107. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8609 . COSPAR: 1976-008C. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 794 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 108. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8610 . COSPAR: 1976-008D. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 795 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 109. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8611 . COSPAR: 1976-008E. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 797 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 111. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8613 . COSPAR: 1976-008G. Apogee: 1,530 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 798 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 112. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8614 . COSPAR: 1976-008H. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 792 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 106. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8608 . COSPAR: 1976-008B. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,436 km (892 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1977 January 28 - .
  • Simulated crew module on dock, Palmdale (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 January 28 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • NATO 3B - . Mass: 701 kg (1,545 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NATO 3. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1993-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 9785 . COSPAR: 1977-005A. Apogee: 37,421 km (23,252 mi). Perigee: 37,079 km (23,039 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,511.50 min.

    A Delta booster launched the NATO III-B communications satellite into orbit from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1977-1979 over the Atlantic Ocean 20 deg W in 1979-1982 over the Atlantic Ocean 18 deg W in 1983-1986 over the Atlantic Ocean60 deg W in 1987-1993 As of 5 September 2001 located at 74.61 deg W drifting at 18.018 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.43E drifting at 18.015W degrees per day.


1977 January 28 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 January 28 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitric Oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • SPICE 1 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1980 January 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1981 January 28 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1982 January 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: Perimetr 15A11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1983 January 28 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 January 28 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1985 January 28 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 January 28 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1728 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16512 . COSPAR: 1986-009A. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 January 28 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle. FAILURE: Seal on SRB failed, allowed hot gas to burn through External Tank.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Spartan-Halley - . Payload: Spartan-Halley. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

    The Spartan series consists of low-cost, Shuttle-launched, short-duration, sounding-rocket-type payloads. The payloads were retrievable and reusable with a turnaround time of 6 to 9 months. Spartan operated as an autonomous sub-satellite, and the data was stored on an internal tape recorder. Pointing and stabilization were achieved by an attitude control system capable of three-axis stabilized pointing to any target within +/- 3 arc-minutes. The main objective of this spacecraft was to obtain UV spectra of the coma and tail of Comet Halley in January 1986 shortly before its perihelion. This spacecraft was lost when Space Shuttle Challenger exploded on launch.

  • TDRS B - . Payload: TDRS B. Mass: 2,240 kg (4,930 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TDRS. Spacecraft: TDRS. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1987 January 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT119GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1987 January 28 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • PACE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 January 28 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 January 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • D-region Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1989 January 28 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1993 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 58.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 19774 . COSPAR: 1989-007A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1990 January 28 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • GBI-1 ERIS Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: ERIS.
  • ERIS Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

    During the mission the TRW team monitored a mission telephone com channel real time in Redondo Beach. Participants recall the intense, "nail biting" anxiety as they waited the approximate 30 minutes it took for the RV to reach the nominal intercept point, over the Pacific and closer to Hawaii than to Kwajalein Atoll. Launch of the Minuteman I target from Vandenberg AFB came at 1803:00.3, launch of the ERIS interceptor at 1824:24.2, and kinetic intercept over Pacific at 1832:08.2.


1992 January 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1993 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: HPB.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1994 January 28 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-21 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 221. Mass: 7,130 kg (15,710 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-18 Mir LD-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 54.13 days. Completed Operations Date: 1994-03-21 05:24:50 . Decay Date: 1994-03-21 05:24:50 . USAF Sat Cat: 22975 . COSPAR: 1994-005A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 30 Jan 1994 03:56:13 GMT. Undocked on 23 Mar 1994 01:20:29 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 Mar 1994 05:13:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.23 days. Total docked time 51.89 days..

1995 January 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Telescopes Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1997 January 28 - .
  • Mir News 343: Soyuz-TM25 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-81 Mir NASA-3.

    This ship with the crew for the 23d Main Expedition (M.E.) to Mir, Tsibliyev and Lazutkin, and German's Mir'97 astronaut Reinhold Ewald is on schedule for launch from Baykonur on 10.02.1997 at 1408 UTC. The call signs of this crew are Sirius-1, 2 and 3. If all goes according to plan Soyuz-TM25 will dock at Mir on 12.02.1997 at abt 1553 UTC. Ewald will stay on board for 18 days and return to Earth with the relieved crew of the 22d M.E., Korzun and Kaleri. During the Mir'97 mission DLR's GSOC in Oberpfaffenhofen will be able to communicate directly with Mir via VHF-channels, but possibly also via the quasi-stationary Cosmos-2054 (Altair-1) over 16 degrees W.L. On 4 and 5.12.1996 GSOC in Oberpfaffenhofen tested communications via Altair-1 and meanwhile the intention to use this possibility during Mir'97 and future Euromir missions has been officially confirmed.

    Mir-routine: The American astronaut Linenger started with his experimental programs. He is very pleased to be on board Mir and had less problems as his countrymen during previous flights in finding things for his work. Of course he did not found all he needs, but obviously the experience of his predecessors led to improvements in that field. He emphasised

    Hij legt by zijn experimenten erg de nadruk op lichamelijke oefeningen, waarbij hij zich behoorlijk inspant. De samenwerking met zijn Russische collega's is uitstekend. Linenger is ook goed ingewerkt door zijn voorganger Blaha. Voor wat betreft zijn werkplanning en de manier, waarop de resultaten van zijn experimenten de geleerden op aarde moeten bereiken, heeft hij aan de Amerikaanse consultatieve groep op het TsUP by Moskou een aantal voorstellen gedaan.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 January 28 - .
  • STS-89 - Wakeup Song: Hide Away - . Flight: STS-89. "Hide Away" by Stanley Clarke. For Mike Anderson. CAPCOM: Marc Garneau.

1998 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2003 January 28 - .
  • STS-107 - Wakeup Song: I Get Around - . Flight: STS-107. "I Get Around" by The Beach Boys. Dedicated to Dave Brown. Red Team -"Up on the Roof" by James Taylor. Dedicated to Rick Husband..

2003 January 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • HIBAR Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2004 January 28 - .
2005 January 28 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-5 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The International Space Station crew completed another eventful week, highlighted by its first spacewalk.. Additional Details: here....

2007 January 28 - . Launch Pad: Unreported location in Syria. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud D.
  • Long range test - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 January 28 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Ekspress AM-33 - . Mass: 2,579 kg (5,685 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Svyaz. Manufacturer: Cannes, Reshetnev Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Gals. USAF Sat Cat: 32478 . COSPAR: 2008-003A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. Stationed at 96.5 degrees east longitude to provide Internet, video, radio, and data services for at a planned 12 year life. The satellite also was earmarked to provide mobile communications for the Russian president and other top government officials..

2010 January 28 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Raduga-1M - . Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. Decay Date: 2014-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 36538 . COSPAR: 2010-002A. Apogee: 35,591 km (22,115 mi). Perigee: 35,567 km (22,100 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,425.50 min. Second new-generation Globus-M military communications satellite..

2011 January 28 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-09M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 409 / ISS-41P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-01M, Soyuz TMA-20. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 88.00 days. Decay Date: 2011-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 37359 . COSPAR: 2011-004A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Undocked from the Pirs module of the ISS on 22 April at 11:41 GMT and deorbited over the Pacific on 26 April..

2011 January 28 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.257UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Ultraviolet astronomy payoad..

2012 January 28 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Spaceport America. LV Family: STIG-A. Launch Vehicle: STIG-A.
  • STIG-A-III - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Test flight..

2013 January 28 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar Pishgam - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Seventh in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; monkey recovered successfully..

2015 January 28 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Oriole IV.
  • NASA 49.002UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi). Aurora payload..


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