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On February 28 in Space History

1940 February 28 - .
  • First powered flight of the RP-318 rocketplane. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: RP-318. Test pilot V P Fedorov was towed to 2600 m and cast off at 80 km/hr. The rocket then fired and accelerated the aircraft to 140 m/s and 2900 m altitude. The RP-318 flew nine times before the war ended the work..

1944 February 28 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 February 28 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery SS Abt 500. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Dalfsen to Antwerp - . Nation: Germany. Dalfsen, Estate Mataram, rocket fired, impacted Linkeroever, Antwerp (near Dry Docks)..

1952 February 28 - .
  • Birth of Lloyd Lynn Jr Anderson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Lloyd. American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989..

1952 February 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1955 February 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1957 February 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 February 28 - . Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Advanced Research Projects Director, Mr. R. W. Johnson declared the Air Force had a ". . . long term development responsibility for manned space flight capability" - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    In pursuit of this objective the Air For ce was told to develop a Thor booster with a suitable second stage vehicle "as an available device for experimental flights with laboratory animals." Provision for the recovery of the orbiting animals in "furtherance of the objective of manned flight" was also authorized. (Memo, R. W. Johnson, Dir, ARPA, to SAF, 28 Feb 58, subj: Reconnaissance Satellites and Manned Space Exploration.)


1958 February 28 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • Headquarters USAF authorized AFBMD to proceed with research and development of the Minuteman. - .

1958 February 28 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development Series II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Copper heatsink nose cone.

1959 February 28 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • The first operational Atlas missile, 6D, was accepted by the Air Force from Convair. Subsequently, 6D was installed in the first Atlas complex, 65-1, at Vandenberg AFB during the first week of March. - .

1959 February 28 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II.
  • RVX-1 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

    In the first use of a Thor as a space booster, the world's first polar orbiting satellite, Discoverer I, was launched by a Thor/Agena (Thor 163) booster combination from Vandenberg AFB. The mission was also the first successful flight test of Lockheed's Agena A upper stage vehicle designed for orbiting U.S. satellite systems.


1959 February 28 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A.
  • Discoverer 1 - . Payload: KH-1 prototype / Agena A 1022. Mass: 618 kg (1,362 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1959-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 13 . COSPAR: 1959-Beta-1. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 163 km (101 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 96.00 min.

    In the first use of a Thor as a space booster, the world's first polar orbiting satellite, Discoverer I, was launched by a Thor/Agena (Thor 163) booster combination from Vandenberg AFB. The mission was also the first successful flight test of Lockheed's Agena A upper stage vehicle designed for orbiting U.S. satellite systems. First polar orbiting satellite; KH-1 prototype; did not carry camera or film capsule.


1961 February 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral AMR DZ. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Hound Dog.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 February 28 - .
  • Representatives of McDonnell, North American, Manned Spacecraft Center, and NASA Headquarters met to begin coordinating the interface between spacecraft and paraglider. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Paraglide.

    The first problem was to provide adequate usable stowage volume for the paraglider landing system within the spacecraft. The external geometry of the spacecraft had already been firmly established, so the problem narrowed to determining possible volumetric improvements within the spacecraft's recovery compartment.


1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Malmstrom AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • Five years after development was approved, the first fully operational Minuteman squadron, the 10th Strategic Missile Squadron of the 341st Strategic Missile Wing at Malmstrom AFB, Montana. - .

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First use of a Thrust-Augmented-Thor/Agena - . Nation: USA. First use of a Thrust-Augmented-Thor/Agena space booster at Vandenberg..

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 February 28 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-10 ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • KH-4 9052 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9052. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1963-02-28 . KH-4. Mission failed..
  • SRV 610 - . Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4.

1963 February 28 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1964 February 28 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 February 28 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • OPS 3722 - . Payload: Ferret 5 / Agena D 2316. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1969-02-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 759 . COSPAR: 1964-011A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 491 km (305 mi). Inclination: 82.1000 deg. Period: 94.70 min.

1965 February 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • PENNY (TMA / Gren) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SHIRLEY (TMA / Gren) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / ImpProbe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1966 February 28 - .
  • Gemini IX Astronauts Elliot M. See, Jr., and Charles A. Bassett II killed when their T-38 jet crashed. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bassett, See. Flight: Gemini 9, Gemini 9A.

    Gemini IX Astronauts Elliot M. See, Jr., and Charles A. Bassett II were killed when their T-38 jet training plane crashed in rain and fog short of the St. Louis Municipal Airport. The jet, which had been cleared for an instrument landing, was left of center in its approach to the runway when it turned toward the McDonnell complex, 1000 feet from the landing strip. It hit the roof of the building where spacecraft nos. 9 and 10 were being housed, bounced into an adjacent courtyard, and exploded. Several McDonnell employees were slightly injured. Minutes later the Gemini IX backup crew, Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene A. Cernan, landed safely. The four astronauts were en route to McDonnell for two weeks' training in the simulator. NASA Headquarters announced that Stafford and Cernan would fly the Gemini IX mission on schedule and appointed Alan B. Shepard, Jr., to head a seven-man investigating team.


1966 February 28 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Stage I of Gemini launch vehicle 10 was erected in the east cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10. After completing horizontal testing March 3, stage II was erected March 7. Power was applied to the vehicle for the first time on March 14. Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed April 13..

1966 February 28 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E.
  • ESSA 2 - . Payload: Tiros OT2. Mass: 132 kg (291 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 2091 . COSPAR: 1966-016A. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,355 km (841 mi). Inclination: 101.3000 deg. Period: 113.50 min. Environmental Survey Satellite; carried APT cameras. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1967 February 28 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 February 28 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 144 - . Payload: Meteor no. 6. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1982-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2695 . COSPAR: 1967-018A. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 574 km (356 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1968 February 28 - .
  • Staff move to Baikonur for L1 launch. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Kamanin flies to Baikonur aboard a Tu-124.There is very bad weather, -10 deg C, ice flows in the Syr Darya river..

1968 February 28 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Nikolayevich Voronov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronov, Nikolai. Russian officer. Commander of Artillery forces 1941-1950. Later became President of Academy of Artillery Sciences..

1968 February 28 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN, CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Glory Trip 04T - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). FOT GT04T Follow-on Test launch.

1969 February 28 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIIB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 February 28 - .
  • Failure to achieve space objectives in Five-Year Plan - . Nation: Russia. Program: Soyuz, Lunar L1, Lunar L3, Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS, Soyuz OB-VI, Soyuz VI.

    Kamanin is asked to assist in preparation of the next five-year plan for spaceflight (1971-1975). He muses that nothing that was to be accomplished in the last five-year plan was achieved, so what is he supposed to put in the new one? 1966-1971 was supposed to have seen Soviet manned flybys and landings on the moon; a cosmonaut contingent increased to 140 and cadres in training for military missions on the Soyuz VI and Almaz. None of this was achieved, and the cosmonaut corps actually only numbers 97.


1970 February 28 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 13:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1971 February 28 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S84 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S90 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1973 February 28 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 549 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6373 . COSPAR: 1973-010A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 February 28 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1973 February 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • X-ray parabolic telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 February 28 - . LV Family: N1, R-7, N11, Molniya 8K78L.
  • Mishin conducts more brainstorming on all issues. - . Related Persons: Mishin, Afanasyev, Sergei, . Spacecraft: , MKBS, Almaz, Mir.

    21. Form a unit in TsKBEM for special equipment (e.g. classified military) (for some complexes).
    22. Develop ideas on the feasibility of developing and creating two-stage rocket for launch into low earth orbit. (Comparison with 3-stage rocket, the advantages and disadvantages).
    23. Conduct a study on the feasibility of establishing MKTS based on two-stage rocket.
    24. Conduct research on performance 2-stage rocket for launch of payloads to earth orbit using different fuel components (Including solid propellant).
    25. Elaborate design for a surveillance module based on MKBS-1 derived from the N-110.
    26. Review a 2-stage N-1 for MKBS-II, a 3-stage for moving heavy SM modules to geostationary orbit and lunar orbits.
    Questions for SA Afanasyev
    1. His attitude to R-7M. Who is going to build it?
    2. His attitude towards the N-11. 2-stage for moving spacecraft to sun-synchronous orbit).
    3. On the sequence of launches of DOS and "Almaz".
    4. On the development work on MOK.
    About MOK - based on our promising developments. Basis MOK - space-based, and it should be checked already on the DOS-5 having two connecting nodes.
    5. On the shuttle on the basis of R-7M. (Mishin Diaries 3-176)


1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1975 February 28 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1975 February 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 February 28 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 711 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 81. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7678 . COSPAR: 1975-016A. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 713 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 83. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7680 . COSPAR: 1975-016C. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 718 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 88. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7685 . COSPAR: 1975-016H. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 717 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 87. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7684 . COSPAR: 1975-016G. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 716 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 86. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7683 . COSPAR: 1975-016F. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 714 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 84. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7681 . COSPAR: 1975-016D. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 712 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 82. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7679 . COSPAR: 1975-016B. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 715 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 85. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7682 . COSPAR: 1975-016E. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

1976 February 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • EXCEDE SWIR Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, DNA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • FERRET / 18.1003UE Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1977 February 28 - .
  • SAMSO ordered a third FLTSATCOM satellite from TRW Systems Group. The satellite was ordered through a supplemental agreement attached to the original FLTSATCOM production contract. - . Spacecraft: FLTSATCOM.

1977 February 28 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Fourth inert captive flight - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Conduct fourth inert captive flight, Edwards (2 hours, 11 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101).

1978 February 28 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 991 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10692 . COSPAR: 1978-022A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 February 28 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • MULTI-WIDEBAND Infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Talos Sergeant Hydac.
  • Ballistics test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1979 February 28 - .
  • Operational readiness date, shuttle landing site. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Operational readiness date, shuttle landing site, Edwards (Edwards AFB) Runway 23, for first manned orbital flight.

1980 February 28 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 February 28 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 1166 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 51 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1981-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 12315 . COSPAR: 1981-019A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. KH-8 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1982 February 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-45? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 February 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-45? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1983 February 28 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • ARIES B Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1539 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 41.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 14763 . COSPAR: 1984-020A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1984 February 28 - . 17:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 February 28 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1986 February 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PASSAT. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1988 February 28 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 N. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 February 28 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-18 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 18. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 19851 . COSPAR: 1989-018A. Apogee: 953 km (592 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1990 February 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean 2 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 5. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1991-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 20510 . COSPAR: 1990-018A. Apogee: 646 km (401 mi). Perigee: 617 km (383 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.40 min. Oceanographic remote sensing. Gathering of up-to-date oceanographic information and data on ice conditions in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. .

1990 February 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-36 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Casper, Creighton, Hilmers, Mullane, Thuot. Payload: Atlantis F06 / KH-12 1. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Casper, Creighton, Hilmers, Mullane, Thuot. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-36. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 4.43 days. Decay Date: 1990-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 20512 . COSPAR: 1990-019A. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 62.0000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    Manned five crew. Deployed a classified payload. Landed at: Runway 23 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 368 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 494.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,407.00 m. Payloads: DoD Mission - Record altitude (through 5/93).

  • USA 53 - . Payload: KH-12 no. 1. Mass: 19,600 kg (43,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Misty. Decay Date: 1990-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 20516 . COSPAR: 1990-019B. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 62.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    Deployed from STS-36 February 28, 1990. Said to be designated 'Misty', and believed to be the first maneouvering stealth satellite. Barely visible, it was rediscovered by amateur observors in October 1990, with a ground track that repeated every nine days. It maneouvered again in early November 1990, changing its inclination by 1.2 degrees and entering a lower orbit with a three-day repeating ground track. Amateurs again found it in 1996 and 1997 in a 66.2 degree orbit with a 99.4 minute period. The decay date for the active satellite is believed to refer instead to debris; the actually satellite was probably deorbited after 1997, perhaps after USA 144 (Misty 2?) was put into operation.


1990 February 28 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAS54 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress M-3 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 203. Mass: 7,249 kg (15,981 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 58.07 days. Completed Operations Date: 1990-04-29 00:52:03 . Decay Date: 1990-04-29 00:52:03 . USAF Sat Cat: 20513 . COSPAR: 1990-020A. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 3 Mar 1990 01:04:32 GMT. Undocked on 27 Apr 1990 20:24:43 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 28 Apr 1990 00:52:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.26 days. Total docked time 55.81 days..

1991 February 28 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Raduga 27 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 38L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1998-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 21132 . COSPAR: 1991-014A. Apogee: 35,809 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 7.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.50 min.

    Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 128 deg E in 1991-1998 As of 29 August 2001 located at 109.47 deg E drifting at 0.276 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 119.06E drifting at 0.198W degrees per day.


1992 February 28 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Zingst. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • MMR06-M Zingst launch 49 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Unsuccessful. Earth impacted at 580 seconds. Reached 69.8 km. Probe crashed with no braking..

1993 February 28 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1998 February 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • Intelsat 806 - . Payload: NSS 806. Mass: 3,415 kg (7,528 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: RCA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 7000. USAF Sat Cat: 25239 . COSPAR: 1998-014A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Initially positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 40 deg W in 1998-2001. 36 C-band and 6 Ku-band transponders. Later assigned to Intelsat spin-off New Skies, redesignated NSS-806, and moved to 319.5 East, giving it an optimum view of Latin American markets while also reaching the Iberian peninsula, the Canary Islands, Western Europe and much of Eastern Europe. Its tailored, high-powered hemispheric beam provided simultaneous coverage of both Europe and the Americas, with virtually complete coverage of North, Central and South America, therefore ensuring the maximum reach throughout Spanish and Portuguese speaking markets. Expected end of life July 2016. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.47W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.


1999 February 28 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Raduga-1 - . Payload: Raduga-1 s/n 14. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 25642 . COSPAR: 1999-010A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 10.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min.

    Geosynchronous communications satellite, stationed at 35 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 34.80 deg E drifting at 0.013 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 107.14E drifting at 0.165W degrees per day.


1999 February 28 - .
2000 February 28 - .
  • STS-101 - Wakeup Song: El Capitan - . Flight: STS-101. "El Capitan" - John Philip Sousa.

2000 February 28 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Atmospheric Waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2001 February 28 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gidzenko, Helms, Shepherd, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TM-31.

    An unmanned Russian Progress resupply ship successfully docked to the International Space Station (ISS) early today, bringing a ton of fuel, food and personal effects for the crew which has been living on board the outpost since November and the crew which is set to replace them in less than two weeks. Additional Details: here....


2003 February 28 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #03-9 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox, Budarin, Foale, Kaleri, Malenchenko, Pettit. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113 ISS EO-6.

    Approaching their 100th day in orbit, the International Space Station's Expedition 6 crewmembers completed an important test of on-orbit spacewalk preparation this week, while program managers cleared the way for a crew rotation scenario that will bring the three-man crew back to Earth in Kazakhstan in May. Additional Details: here....


2005 February 28 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-52 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 252. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Kozlov bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 107.20 days. Decay Date: 2005-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28624 . COSPAR: 2005-007A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. Docked with the Zvezda module of the International Space Station at 20:10 GMT on March 2. Undocked at 20:16 GMT on 15 June. Retrofire at 23:16 GMT lowered its perigee to 62 km, and resulting in a destructive re-entry over the Pacific at 23:57 GMT..
  • Nanosputnik - . Payload: TEKh-42 / TNS-0 s/n 1. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Spacecraft: Nanosputnik. Decay Date: 2005-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28547 . COSPAR: 2005-007C. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Nanosatellite delivered by Progress M-52 to the International Space Station. 30 cm long, it was released from during a spacewalk on 28 March 2005..

2006 February 28 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M. FAILURE: Briz-M stage shut down 27.5 minutes into a planned 31-minute burn and could not be restarted. The failure left the satellite in a useless orbit from which it quickly decayed... Failed Stage: U.
  • Arabsat 4 - . Payload: Eurostar 2000+. Mass: 3,341 kg (7,365 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. Decay Date: 2006-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 28943 . COSPAR: 2006-006A. Apogee: 14,684 km (9,124 mi). Perigee: 497 km (308 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 273.80 min. The satellite seperated from the stage but the mission could not be rescued. It was ordered to fire its apogee engine around 00:20 GMT on March 24 to lower its perigee into the atmosphere. It reportedly burned up over the South Pacific at 02:07 GMT..

2007 February 28 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • CHARM Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

2008 February 28 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/28/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken, Doi, Eyharts, Foreman, Gorie, Johnson, Gregory H, Linnehan, Love, Malenchenko, Reisman, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-120 ISS EO-16, STS-122, STS-122 ISS EO-16, STS-123, STS-123 ISS EO-16.

    For the purpose of testing the main TORU (Teleoperator Control System) receiver on Progress M-63/28P, FE-1 Malenchenko and CDR Whitson worked with ground specialists via VHF on DO3 (Daily Orbit 3) in the standard vehicle-to-vehicle TORU checkout between the Service Module (SM) and the docked Progress 28P.

    Progress thrusters (DPO) were inhibited and not involved. (Crew activities focused on TORU activation, inputting commands via the RUO Rotational Hand Controller and close-out ops. TORU lets an SM-based crewmember perform the approach and docking of automated Progress vehicles in case of failure of the automated KURS system. Receiving a video image of the approaching ISS, as seen from a Progress-mounted docking television camera ('Klest'), on a color monitor ('Simvol-Ts', i.e. 'symbol center') which also displays an overlay of rendezvous data from the onboard digital computer, the crewmember steers the Progress to mechanical contact by means of two hand controllers, one for rotation (RUO), the other for translation (RUD), on adjustable armrests. The controller-generated commands are transmitted from the SM's TORU control panel to the Progress via VHF radio. In addition to the Simvol-Ts color monitor, range, range rate (approach velocity) and relative angular position data are displayed on the 'Klest-M' video monitor (VKU) which starts picking up signals from Progress when it is still approximately 7 km away. TORU is monitored in real time from TsUP over Russian ground sites (RGS) and via Ku-band from Houston, but its control cannot be taken over from the ground.) Additional Details: here....


2009 February 28 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Raduga 1-8 - . Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 34264 . COSPAR: 2009-010A. Apogee: 35,943 km (22,333 mi). Perigee: 35,635 km (22,142 mi). Inclination: 1.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

2011 February 28 - .
  • EVA STS-133-1 - . Crew: Bowen, Drew. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-01M, Soyuz TMA-20, STS-133. Installed a backup power cable between Unity and Tranquility; moved failed ammonia pump removed in August to Quest airlock; worked on the rail cart system on the S3 truss..

2014 February 28 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock1-27 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 39565 . COSPAR: 1998-067EJ. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 88.17 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock1-28 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 39566 . COSPAR: 1998-067EK. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 51.6100 deg. Period: 87.47 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Ardusat-2 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 39567 . COSPAR: 1998-067EL. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.04 min. Cubesat from Nanosatisfi Inc., San Francisco, with an Arduino processor..
  • UAP-SAT - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: Peru. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 39568 . COSPAR: 1998-067EM. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 88.28 min. Cubesat from Universidad Alas Peruanas, Lima..
  • SkyCube 1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 39569 . COSPAR: 1998-067EN. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 320 km (190 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 90.98 min. Cubesat from Southern Stars Group LLC, San Francisco, with an Earth imager..
  • Litsat 1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: Lithuania. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 39570 . COSPAR: 1998-067EP. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 51.5900 deg. Period: 87.97 min. Cubesat from the Lithuanian Space Association, Vilnius, Lithuania..
  • LituanicaSat-1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: Lithuania. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 39571 . COSPAR: 1998-067EQ. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 90.23 min. Cubesat from Kaunas Tech Univ. in Kaunas, Lithuania..


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