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On October 15 in Space History

1907 October 15 - .
  • Birth of Zhao Jiuzhang - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Zhao Jiuzhang. Chinese Engineer. Leader in development of instruments for use on Chinese sounding rockets and artificial satellites. Killed by Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution..

1929 October 15 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Oberth sounding rocket.
  • Frau im Mond (The Girl in the Moon) premieres in Berlin. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel, Oberth.

    The film, directed by Fritz Lang, with Hermann Oberth as technical consultant, provided a realistic portrayal of the rollout and launch of a liquid-propellant booster sending a manned expedition to the moon. Lang provided Oberth with funds to build and launch a liquid-propellant rocket to publicise the film. Oberth's rocket, using a conical combustion chamber to mix liquid oxygen and gasoline, was 1.8 m tall and was to have been launched to an altitude of 64 km over the Baltic Sea from Greifswalder Oie. One of the assistants hired by Oberth to fabricate the rocket was Rudolph Nebel, a World War I fighter pilot with (unfortunately) little actual engineering experience. Oberth also had no practical engineering or organizational ability, and was unable to produce the liquid rocket in the four months allotted. He then turned to an 11-m tall hybrid rocket that was to burn a to-be-determined carbon compound with liquid oxygen. This also proved impossible, and Oberth simply gave up and left town - returning, however, for the film's premiere. Ufa studios took ownership of the unfinished rockets.


1943 October 15 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1944 October 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 444. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Rijsterbos - . Nation: Germany. Rijsterbos, Middenleane, rocket fired, impact unknown..

1945 October 15 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Backfire 3 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

    Third and final launch in Project Backfire, with allied observors. Glushko, Sokolov, Pobedonostsev; Korolev and Gaidukov kept outside fence; Von Karman, Merrill, Seifert, Pickering from US. The launch was successful and the missile reached an altitude of 90 km.


1946 October 15 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • EA 1946 development authorised - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The improved version of the EA 1941 is dubbed Eole and will use a fuel-cooled combustion chamber walls..

1948 October 15 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Sergeyevich Puchkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Puchkov. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996..

1948 October 15 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman NATIV. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: NATIV.
  • Nativ Launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). On the most successful Nativ launch, the missile reached Mach 2.23 and an altitude of 18 km..

1949 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1952 October 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Sidewinder.
  • Sidewinder test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 October 15 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Russia to assist China in missile development - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March.

    Russian and China sign New Defense Technical Accord, whereby Russia will supply China with protoype atomic bomb and two R-2 missiles, and related technical data. Under the agreement the Soviet Union will provide to China the necessary specialists, training, and tooling for licensed production of the R-2 ballistic missile (an improved version of the V-2).


1958 October 15 - . LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15A.
  • X-15 rollout. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-15. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-15. Spacecraft: X-15A. First of a series of three X-15 experimental rocket-powered manned research aircraft was rolled out at the Los Angeles plant of North American Aviation, Inc., in the joint USAF-USN-NASA program..

1958 October 15 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • Vehicle test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1959 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 October 15 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 October 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. Launch Pad: LC41/pad?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Titan III research and development begun. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

    Following Congressional approval of development funding, Air Force headquarters issued System Program Directive 9, authorizing research and development of Titan III, System 624A. By this time the funding and schedule for development of the Titan IIIC booster was the pacing item in the Dynasoar project. The launch schedule had to be revised and reduced yet once again. Delivery of the first Dyna-Soar was to be made by October 1964 and first orbital launch by the end of 1965. While the first glider test would be 14 months later than the original July 1957 schedule, the first orbital flight was expected six months earlier.


1962 October 15 - .
  • Ranger 3 showed that gamma-rays greater than expected - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5.

    The analysis of scientific measurements made by the Ranger III lunar probe showed that gamma-ray intensity in interplanetary space was ten times greater than expected, NASA reported. Measurements were taken by gamma-ray spectrometers on Ranger III after it was launched on January 26. NASA scientists, however, did not believe that gamma-ray intensity was "great enough to require any changes in the design of radiation shielding for manned spacecraft."


1962 October 15 - .
  • Five additional Ranger spacecraft to be added - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. NASA announced that five additional Ranger spacecraft would be added to the lunar exploration program, raising the total to 14 to be launched through 1964..

1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 15 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1963 October 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Reconsideration of flying Gemini fixes on Titan II development flights. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schriever.

    Personnel from Air Force Space Systems Division (SSD), Air Force Ballistic Systems Division (BSD), and Titan II contractors met in Los Angeles to reconsider flying Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) fixes on Titan II development flights. BSD, which was responsible for the weapon system development program, had halted the installation of GLV fixes on the Titan II flights because of the limited number of flights remaining to qualify the missile. General Bernard A Schriever, Commander of Air Force Systems Command (of which BSD and SSD were subordinate division), intervened in support of an active program to clean up launch vehicle problem areas. The incorporation of GLV fixes on Titan II flights resumed on November 1 with the flight of Titan II N-25.


1963 October 15 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1963 October 15 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1963 October 15 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Long Tom. Launch Vehicle: HAT.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1963 October 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Long Tom. Launch Vehicle: HAT.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1964 October 15 - .
  • Birth of Roberto Vittori - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Vittori. Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-3, ISS EP-8. Italian Air Force.

1964 October 15 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Hydac.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1964 October 15 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IFDS/Tip Pod/AD-SB Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 4904 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25878 m. First flight with X-20 INS and wing tip pods. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Apollo test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC. FAILURE: Partial Failure..
  • Transtage 4 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: OV2. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1972-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082xx. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 32.3000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.
  • OV2-01 - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV2. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1972-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082B. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 32.6000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Dual launch with LCS 2; upper stage broke up. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • LCS 2 - . Payload: OV2-01 / Transtage 4. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: LCS. Spacecraft: LCS. Decay Date: 1965-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082A. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi). Perigee: 730 km (450 mi). Inclination: 32.3000 deg. Period: 99.98 min.

    The second Titan IIIC (Vehicle #4) was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. This was the first Titan IIIC to carry an operational payload. Three satellites were placed in orbit - an LCS-2 radar calibration sphere, an OV 2-1 radiation sensor, and a metal-ballasted dummy payload. All systems performed well until the second planned burn of the Transtage engines just prior to the injection of the multiple payload into orbit. At this point in the mission, the Transtage exploded due to a malfunction, abruptly terminating the mission. Dual launch with OV2-1; upper stage broke up.

  • LCS 2 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: OV2. Spacecraft: OV2. COSPAR: 1965-082xx.

    The second Titan IIIC (Vehicle #4) was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. This was the first Titan IIIC to carry an operational payload. Three satellites were placed in orbit - an LCS-2 radar calibration sphere, an OV 2-1 radiation sensor, and a metal-ballasted dummy payload. All systems performed well until the second planned burn of the Transtage engines just prior to the injection of the multiple payload into orbit. At this point in the mission, the Transtage exploded due to a malfunction, abruptly terminating the mission.


1966 October 15 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Carabela 4 Aeronomy / test - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1967 October 15 - .
  • Meeting on crew selections for the L3 program. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Artyukhin, Bykovsky, Gagarin, Gorbatko, Khrunov, Kubasov, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Leonov, Makarov, Mishin, Nikolayev, Popovich, Rukavishnikov, Voronov. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Attending are Kuznetsov, Gagarin, Khlebnikov. There are three training groups: Soyuz, L1, and L3. Mishin and the MOM are holding up further training of cosmonauts until the VVS agrees to accept Mishin's candidates from TsKBEM. In any case, Mishin's attitude is that 'automation in space is everything. Humans in space are only supposed to monitor the operation of automated systems'. L3 cosmonauts selected by the VVS are: Leonov, Bykovsky, Nikolayev, Popovich, Voronov, Khrunov, Gorbatko, Artyukhin, Kubasov, Makarov, and Rukavishnikov. The official requirements: balanced composition of a crew according to mass requirements (no more than 70 kg weight per cosmonaut), and the ability to monitor fully automated function of the L3. According to official documents, the crew's primary function is to guide the flight, but now Mishin intends that their primary role will be as subjects of psychological and physical observations to establish the adaptation of the human organism to space flight).


1967 October 15 - .
  • Death of Phillip Von Doepp - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: von Doepp. Russian-German expert in guided missile aero design during WW2. Fluent in Russian. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16. Worked at Wright Field and in California aerospace..

1968 October 15 - .
  • Soyuz 3 review. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Soyuz 3 has 18 deficiencies remaining of a total of 55 originally identified. 11 have been cleared, the balance will not affect the flight or reduce redundancy in emergencies. It is decided that Beregovoi and his back-ups will not stay at the traditional cosmonaut cottage at Area 2 but rather at the Hotel Kosmonavt at Area 17.


1968 October 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Tacite. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Sun pointing test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C45 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1969 October 15 - .
  • Second attempt to dock Soyuz 7 & 8 - rendezvous of Soyuz 6 with Soyuz 8 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Filipchenko, Gorbatko, Kubasov, Shatalov, Shonin, Volkov, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Following an orbital correction during the night, Soyuz 7 and 8 are expected to be less than 1 km from each other when communications are regained at 9 am. Instead they are 40 km apart. It will require two more orbits over Soviet territory to refine the tracking of the spacecraft and recalculate the necessary rendezvous manoeuvres. By 12:40 they are 1700 m apart and the crews begin the manual rendezvous manoeuvre. Shatalov fires his engines four times, but in the absence of any indication to the pilot of range to the target, he could not get into a position for a safe docking. He withdraws to a safe distance. Additional Details: here....


1969 October 15 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500.
  • RAE-B Test Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2,575 km (1,600 mi).

1970 October 15 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-06 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 6. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. Decay Date: 1999-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4583 . COSPAR: 1970-085A. Apogee: 443 km (275 mi). Perigee: 441 km (274 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 93.40 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1971 October 15 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT06GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 October 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi VIIAR.
  • RCTV / Art. Aurora Test / electron gun mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 15 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 0300.
  • NOAA 2 - . Payload: ITOS D. Mass: 344 kg (758 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ITOS. Spacecraft: ITOS. USAF Sat Cat: 6235 . COSPAR: 1972-082A. Apogee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..
  • Oscar 6 - . Payload: Amsat-Oscar-6. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 6236 . COSPAR: 1972-082B. Apogee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

    AMSAT-OSCAR 6 was launched piggyback with ITOS-D (NOAA 2). AO-6 was the first phase 2 satellite (Phase II-A). Weight 16 kg. Box shaped 430 x 300 x 150 mm. Quarter-wave monopole antennas (144 and 435 MHz) and half-wave dipole antenna (29 MHz). Firsts: complex control system using discrete logic; satellite-to-satellite relay communication via AO-7; demonstrated doppler-location of ground station for search and rescue; demonstrated low-cost medical data relay from remote locations. Equipped with solar panels powering NiCd batteries, AO-6 provided 24 V at 3.5 W power to three transponders. It carried a Mode A transponder (100 kHz wide at 1 W) and provided store-and-forward morse and teletype messages (named Codestore) for later transmission. AO-6 lasted 4.5 years until a battery failure ceased operation on June 21, 1977. Subsystems were built in the United States, Australia, and Germany.


1973 October 15 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 599 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 6867 . COSPAR: 1973-073A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Ariel 5 - . Payload: UK 5. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1980-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7471 . COSPAR: 1974-077A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. X-ray observatory. Cosmic X-ray astronomy. Injection point: 2.7S, 58.2E. Anticipated life: 5 years. Time of launch: 07:47:00.25 GMT. Decay also (belatedly) noted in ST/SG/SER.E/216. .

1974 October 15 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 October 15 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1976 October 15 - .
  • Midfuselage on dock, Palmdale (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1976 October 15 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-26 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 26. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 9481 . COSPAR: 1976-102A. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 836 km (519 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1977 October 15 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1979 October 15 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1980 October 15 - . Launch Site: Jingyu. Launch Complex: Jingyu. LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
1981 October 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1316 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 12905 . COSPAR: 1981-104A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 October 15 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1984 October 15 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1985 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • SLC-6 declared operational for shuttle flights - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Space Launch Complex 6, site of future Space Shuttle operations, declared operational. However, much additional work and testing required..

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: First-stage failure as a result of leakage of the tank pressurization system.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10 - . Payload: Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10. Mass: 1,320 kg (2,910 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. First attempted launch of full load of Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite fails to reach orbit..

1986 October 15 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1785 - . Payload: Oko #50. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2002-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 17031 . COSPAR: 1986-078A. Apogee: 37,013 km (22,998 mi). Perigee: 3,408 km (2,117 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 719.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 1596. Covered Oko constellation plane 9 - 233 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 October 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SERTS-2 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1987 October 15 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-F1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C3 / SL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1989 October 15 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1994 October 15 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • IRS-P2 - . Mass: 870 kg (1,910 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IRS. Spacecraft: IRS. USAF Sat Cat: 23323 . COSPAR: 1994-068A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.6700 deg. Period: 101.29 min. Remote sensing; sun-synch orbit..

1994 October 15 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1997 October 15 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 401B/Centaur.
  • Cassini - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: JPL. Class: Outer planets. Type: Outer planets probe. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini. USAF Sat Cat: 25008 . COSPAR: 1997-061A. En route Venus.

1998 October 15 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

2000 October 15 - .
  • STS-92 - Wakeup Song: Camelot - . Flight: STS-92. "Camelot" from the movie"Monty Python and the Holy Grail".

2000 October 15 - . 14:27 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-92-1 - . Crew: Chiao, McArthur. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, McArthur. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: STS-92. Spacecraft Bus: ISS. Spacecraft: ISS. The astronauts connected cables between Z1 and Unity, relocated the SASA S-band antenna on Z1, and deployed Z1's SGANT Ku-band antenna. They then took the port ETSD (EVA stowage) box from the Spacelab pallet and installed it on Z1..

2001 October 15 - . 09:17 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-3-2 - . Crew: Dezhurov, Tyurin. EVA Duration: 0.24 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dezhurov, Tyurin. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105 ISS EO-3. The cosmonauts attached the Kromka contamination experiment and two Japanese exposure experiments to the hull of the Zvezda module. The Russian flag on Zvezda was retrieved for an exposure study and replaced with a commercial logo. .

2002 October 15 - .
  • STS-112 - Wakeup Song: Only an Ocean Away - . Flight: STS-112. "Only an Ocean Away" performed by Sarah Brightman. It was requested for Sandy Magnus by her jogging friends..

2002 October 15 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 2.
  • GMDS (OSP/TLV-4?) target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). ABM target, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base towards the Reagan Test Site on Kwajalein. The target suite consisted of a mock warhead and a number of decoys..

2002 October 15 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2 PLV.
  • IFT-9 EKV Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

    Successful intercept. The target suite consisted of a mock warhead and a number of decoys launched from the Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, towards the Reagan Test Site on Kwajalein. IFT-9 (largely a replay of IFT-8) was designed to increase confidence in the GMD capability to execute hit-to-kill intercepts. Overall, the test execution was nominal although the EKV experienced the track gate anomaly previously observed in IFT-7 and IFT-8. The software changes incorporated in IFT-9 to mitigate this problem were not successful. The Aegis SPY-1 radar was used for the first time in a national missile defense capacity.


2002 October 15 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB. FAILURE: Contamination in hydrogen peroxide line of fuel pump system led to explosion of Strap-on D 29 seconds after launch. The rocket crashed near the pad, debris from the explosion killing one soldier.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Foton-M - . Payload: Foton M-1 / Foton 13. Mass: 6,425 kg (14,164 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: ESA, RAKA. Manufacturer: Kozlov bureau. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Foton.

    Launch delayed from October 9. Foton-M No. 1 (Foton-13) was an improved version of the Foton materials processing satellite. The 6425 kg satellite carried a variety of microgravity experiments including those of the European Space Agency. The satellite was destroyed in the accident.


2003 October 15 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2F.
  • Shenzhou 5 Orbital Module - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Shenzhou OM. Decay Date: 2004-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28049 . COSPAR: 2003-045G. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 338 km (210 mi). Inclination: 42.4000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    The Shenzhou 5 orbital module was essential an unmanned military reconnaisance satellite. It was never entered by the astronaut during the mission, and was equipped with two high resolution (1.6 m) surveillance cameras. It was expected to operate until at least spring 2004.

  • Shenzhou 5 - . Crew: Yang Liwei. Backup Crew: Zhai Zhigang. Support Crew: Nie Haisheng. Mass: 7,840 kg (17,280 lb). Nation: China. Related Persons: Nie Haisheng, Yang Liwei, Zhai Zhigang. Agency: PLAAF. Manufacturer: CALT. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Shenzhou 5. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Duration: 0.89 days. Decay Date: 2003-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28043 . COSPAR: 2003-045A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 42.4192 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    China's first manned spaceflight began with the lift-off of the CZ-2F booster into the clear blue morning sky. All went according to plan and China's first man in space, Yang Liwei, entered an initial 200 km x 343 km orbit ten minutes after launch. The naval vessels standing buy for rescue in the Sea of Japan were called back to port.

    The highly conservative mission plan was for Yang to remain in the Shenzhou re-entry capsule for the entire 21-hour mission, and not to enter the orbital module. He had two rest periods of three hours each, and was scheduled to eat once or twice meals of what was said to be a superior form of Chinese space food. Frequent communications sessions, including colour television links to the spacecraft, were made possible by China's four tracking ships deployed in the oceans of the world.

    As the spacecraft was in its 21st orbit, the orbital module separated. It would stay in the 343 km orbit for a planned six-month military imaging reconnaissance mission. Retrofire was commanded via a tracking ship in the Atlantic off the coast of Africa. Shenzhou-5 landed only 4.8 km from the aim-point in Inner Mongolia with the parachute being sighted by the ground recovery forces prior to landing. Yang landed after 21 hours 23 minutes aloft.


2003 October 15 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: BLA. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • RSM-54 test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF.

2004 October 15 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • LASP / CU-10 (SEE) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2009 October 15 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Hera.
  • PAC-2 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2009 October 15 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-03M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 403. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-15, Soyuz TMA-16. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 194.00 days. Decay Date: 2010-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 35948 . COSPAR: 2009-056A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 314 km (195 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Docked at the Pirs module of the International Space Station at 01:41 GMT on 18 October..

2014 October 15 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-28 - . Crew: Gerst, Wiseman. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. The crew replaced the SSU (Sequential Shunt Unit) on solar wing 3A, attached to the S4 truss, and worked on external cameras and electronics..

2014 October 15 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: Sriharikota FLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1C - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-1K. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 40269 . COSPAR: 2014-061A. Apogee: 35,879 km (22,294 mi). Perigee: 35,696 km (22,180 mi). Inclination: 4.1700 deg. Period: 1,436.14 min. India's third dedicated navigation satellite. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 83 deg east..


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