Credit: China Academy of Sciences
Born: 1907-10-15. Died: 1968-10-26. Birth Place: Kaifeng, Henan.
Educated Tsinghua; Berlin.
Official Chinese Academy of Sciences Biography
(1907.10.15 ~ 1968.10.26)
Meteorologist, geophysicist and space physicist. Born in Kaifeng, Henan Province. Graduated from the Department of Physics, Tsinghua University in 1933. Received Ph.D. from Berlin University, Germany in 1938. Director and research professor, Institute of Geophysics and Institute of Applied Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Zhao had long been engaged in scientific research and management. He made significant contributions to the development of atmospheric science, geophysics and space science and was a pioneer for advocating physics and new technologies in earth sciences. His research results were foundational in many fields such as air-mass analysis, thermo-dynamics of trade wind zone, baroclinic instability of atmospheric long-wave, quasi-stationary active center, and physical mechanism about charged particles and magnetic field of outer-space. He established many research institutes and disciplines such as balloon sounding, observation of ozone, observation of sea wave, physical observation of cloud and mist, sounding rocket, and artificial satellite and so on. He also fostered a lot of outstanding scientists, which has a profound effect.
He became Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955.