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On July 5 in Space History

1912 July 5 - .
  • Birth of Frank Pace - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Pace. American manager, Secretary of the Army, 1950-1953, president of General Dynamics 1953-1962. During his tenure General Dynamics acquired Convair and other companies and became a leading defense and space contractor..

1944 July 5 - .
  • MX-324 rocket fighter prototype first flight. - . Crew: Crosby. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crosby. Spacecraft Bus: American Rocketplanes. Spacecraft: MX-324. The MX-324, first U.S. military rocket-powered plane built by Northrop, was flown by test pilot Harry Crosby, at Harper Dry Lake, Calif..

1945 July 5 - . Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Soviets occupy Mittelwerk. - . Nation: Germany. The Americans withdraw from the Soviet zone, having taken key V-2 tooling and parts..

1952 July 5 - .
  • Birth of Terence Thomas 'Tom' Henricks - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Henricks. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-55, STS-70, STS-78..

1955 July 5 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • Western Development Division gave the AVCO Manufacturing Corporation a contract to research, design, and develop a second, or back-up, reentry vehicle (nose cone) prototype for Atlas. - .

1956 July 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike T40.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1956 July 5 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10c.
  • Night airglow / B Magnetosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Magnetic belt, night airglow research. Launched at 0052 local time. Reached 162 km..

1957 July 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
1960 July 5 - .
  • House recommends a high priority manned expedition to the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The House Committee on Science and Astronautics declared: "A high priority program should be undertaken to place a manned expedition on the moon in this decade. A firm plan with this goal in view should be drawn up and submitted to the Congress by NASA. Such a plan, however, should be completely integrated with other goals, to minimize total costs. The modular concept deserves close study. Particular attention should be paid immediately to long lead-time phases of such a program." The Committee also recommended that development of the F-1 engine be expedited in expectation of the Nova launch vehicle, that there be more research on nuclear engines and less conventional engines before freezing the Nova concept, and that the Orion project be turned over to NASA. It was the view of the Committee that "NASA's 10-year program is a good program, as far as it goes, but it does not go far enough. Furthermore the space program is not being pushed with sufficient energy."


1960 July 5 - .
  • Death of Kurt A Lindner - . Nation: Czech Republic. Related Persons: Lindner. German-American engineer. Member of the von Braun's Rocket Team, became director of the Guidance and Control Laboratory of the Research and Development Division at Huntsville..

1960 July 5 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A I-6 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1962 July 5 - .
  • Defense communications satellite system responsibilities defined. - . Related Persons: , McNamara. Spacecraft: IDCSP.

    Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara issued to the Secretaries of the Air Force and Army and to the Director of the Defense Communications Agency (DCA) a memorandum which clearly defined the responsibilities of each organization in their joint task of developing a defense communications satellite system. The Air Force was assigned the development of the space vehicle and satellite communications components and would assume responsibility for operation of the space elements of the system. Space Systems Division was subsequently given these responsibilities for the development of the medium-altitude communications satellite system and point-to-point repeater satellites to be placed in synchronous orbit.


1962 July 5 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1963 July 5 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Flight test missile 518 was launched from Vandenberg AFB. This was the last of 31 Minuteman I (LGM-30A) research and development missiles to be launched - 23 from Cape Canaveral and eight from Vandenberg. .

1964 July 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • The Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR) facilities at Point Arguello became part of Vandenberg AFB. - .

1964 July 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 5 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Uprated Saturn I.
  • Apollo 203 - . Payload: Saturn S-IVB-203. Mass: 26,500 kg (58,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Decay Date: 1966-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2289 . COSPAR: 1966-059A. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 31.9000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    First orbital test Saturn IB; no spacecraft. AS-203 lifted off from Launch Complex 37, Eastern Test Range, at 10:53 a.m. EDT in the second of three Apollo-Saturn missions scheduled before manned flight in the Apollo program. All objectives - to acquire flight data on the S-IVB stage and instrument unit - were achieved.

    The uprated Saturn I - consisting of an S-IB stage, S-IVB stage, and an instrument unit - boosted an unmanned payload into an original orbit of 185 by 189 kilometers. The inboard engine cutoff of the first stage occurred after 2 minutes 18 seconds of flight and the outboard engine cutoff was 4 seconds later. The S-IVB engine burned 4 minutes 50 seconds. No recovery was planned and the payload was expected to enter the earth's atmosphere after about four days.


1967 July 5 - .
  • Fire that at White Sands Apollo Test Stand 403 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. A board was appointed by MSC White Sands Test Facility Manager Martin L. Raines to determine the cause of a fire that had occurred at Test Stand 403 on July 3. The board was to submit its findings by July 17..

1967 July 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GB40 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

1967 July 5 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Auroral profile Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 July 5 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 230 - . Payload: DS-U3-S s/n 2. Mass: 367 kg (809 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-S. Completed Operations Date: 1968-11-02 . Decay Date: 1968-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3308 . COSPAR: 1968-056A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in mulitple spectral zones..

1968 July 5 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-09 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1971-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 3310 . COSPAR: 1968-057A. Apogee: 39,806 km (24,734 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 714.70 min. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1969 July 5 - .
  • Borman tours the officer's quarters at the Gagarin Centre. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Borman, Popovich, Shatalov, Tereshkova, Titov, Volynov. Flight: Apollo 8, Soyuz 4/5.

    On the key day of his visit to Russia, Tereshkova shows Mrs Borman around, while Shatalov accompanies Mr Borman. Borman shows the cosmonauts a film on his Apollo 8 mission and answers questions. Then the Soviets show him exce3rpts from the films 'Road to Space' (on the Gagarin mission) and 'Four in Space' (on the Soyuz 4/5 mission). Beregovoi gives the Bormans a model of the Vostok, Popovich a photo album, and Titov guides them through the museum. In the evening twenty attend a dinner where toasts are exchanged in the Russian manner. Borman and Volynov exchange wristwatches. Borman presented Titov with the watch he received from President Johnson after the Gemini 7 mission - it is to be put in the museum. Eight hours are spent in total at Star City. Kamanin finds Borman to be disciplined and precise. He is at the same time a skilled orator, diplomat, and born politician.


1969 July 5 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S38 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 July 5 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1971 July 5 - .
  • Soyuz 11 crew deaths preventable. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Mishin, Patsayev, Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11.

    So many kinds of failures were simulated during Soyuz training - but never the failure that killed the Soyuz 11 crew. Yet the deaths were preventable. The VVS and the cosmonauts had been writing letters for eight years on the necessity of wearing suits aboard the spacecraft. Mishin's reply: 'I don't want to fly cowards on my spacecraft'. It would have been possible to fly Soyuz with a crew of two, in suits, or at least adequate reserve oxygen tanks to flood the compartment and maintain pressure in the situation of a capsule leak. The VVS protested the decision not to fly with such measures, but Mishin simply rejected the protests.


1972 July 5 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • UK SL1191 - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 July 5 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 498 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 56. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-11-25 . Decay Date: 1972-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6086 . COSPAR: 1972-050A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 July 5 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 July 5 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1974 July 5 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Solar cosmic rays Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1976 July 5 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1977 July 5 - .
  • Start fabrication aft fuselage, Discovery - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Start long-lead fabrication aft fuselage, Discovery (OV-103).

1978 July 5 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1978 July 5 - .
1979 July 5 - .
  • The Reentry Systems Program Office (ABRES) was transferred to the Deputy for ICBMs at Norton AFB, California. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1979 July 5 - .
  • The final physical configuration audit of the Advanced Maneuvering Reentry Vehicle (AMaRV) flight test vehicle was completed preparatory to a flight test scheduled for November 1979. - . Spacecraft Bus: ABRES. Spacecraft: AMaRV.

1979 July 5 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 2 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 12L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1983-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11440 . COSPAR: 1979-062A. Apogee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 11.5000 deg. Period: 1,435.80 min.

    Stationed at 14 deg W. Statsionar 4. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1979-1981; 90 deg E in 1981-1983 As of 26 August 2001 located at 59.72 deg E drifting at 0.012 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 84.05E drifting at 0.107W degrees per day.


1980 July 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1982 July 5 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1983 July 5 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1472 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14169 . COSPAR: 1983-068A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1984 July 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 501 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1984 July 5 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-11 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 11. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 15099 . COSPAR: 1984-072A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 938 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. Tested some equipment for the Meteor-3 spacecraft..

1985 July 5 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 July 5 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1761 - . Payload: Oko #47. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16849 . COSPAR: 1986-050A. Apogee: 35,495 km (22,055 mi). Perigee: 4,856 km (3,017 mi). Inclination: 67.8000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1698. Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 354 degree longitude of ascending node..

1988 July 5 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 July 5 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean 1 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 3. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19274 . COSPAR: 1988-056A. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Oceanographic. Gathering of up-to-date oceanographic information and data on ice conditions in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. .

1989 July 5 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1989 July 5 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2029 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 20105 . COSPAR: 1989-051A. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule. Also investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1989 July 5 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Gorizont 18 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 27L. Mass: 2,120 kg (4,670 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1996-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 20107 . COSPAR: 1989-052A. Apogee: 36,165 km (22,471 mi). Perigee: 35,902 km (22,308 mi). Inclination: 8.0000 deg. Period: 1,448.70 min.

    Stationed at 140 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 140 deg E in 1989-1996 As of 5 September 2001 located at 100.49 deg E drifting at 3.169 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 90.76W drifting at 3.156W degrees per day.


1990 July 5 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1994 July 5 - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB.
  • As part of the drawdown of US ICBM forces, 44th Missile Wing inactivated at Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota. - . Nation: USA.

1995 July 5 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2315 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23603 . COSPAR: 1995-032A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150.,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1996 July 5 - .
  • Flight: STS-78. "Birthday" by The Beatles for Henricks 44th birthday. CAPCOM: Blaine Hammond.

1997 July 5 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-35 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 235. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-25, STS-84 Mir NASA-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 82.50 days. Decay Date: 1997-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 24851 . COSPAR: 1997-033A. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 383 km (237 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.30 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 7 Jul 1997 05:59:24 GMT. Undocked on 6 Aug 1997 11:46:45 GMT. Redocked with Mir on 18 Aug 1997 12:52:48 GMT. Final undocking on 7 Oct 1997 12:03:49 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 7 Oct 1997 17:23:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.30 days. Total docked time 80.21 days.


1999 July 5 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz K/M. FAILURE: Second stage explosion.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Raduga - . Payload: Raduga s/n 45L. Mass: 1,954 kg (4,307 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

    Carried a Russian Defence Ministry communications satellite. First attempted flight of the Khrunichev Briz-M upper stage in place of the usual Block DM. After the second stage explosion the remainder of the vehicle survived for 45 seconds before breaking up. Debris landed near Karaganda. As a result of this accident the Kazakh government suspended launches from Baikonur pending Russian agreement to pay back part of rent owed.


1999 July 5 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • MD-DR-04 DROPPS-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2001 July 5 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson, Dezhurov, Helms, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2. Another week of testing the International Space Station's robotic arm and cataloging onboard inventory has been the focus for the Expedition Two crew as the launch of Atlantis delivering the Airlock approaches.. Additional Details: here....

2002 July 5 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MM-MW-23 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Stellat 5 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27460 . COSPAR: 2002-035A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Launch delayed from late June. Stellat-5 was an Alcatel Spacebus 3000B3 with a dry mass of 1805 kg and 2245 kg of propellant. The satellite carried Ku-band and C-band transponders, and was a joint venture between France Telecom and Europeon.Star which was to provide 2-way internet access and video transmission from 5 deg W. Stellat-5 was colocated with France Telecom's Telecom 2C. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 4.99W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.

  • NStar c - . Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: N-STAR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27461 . COSPAR: 2002-035B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Launch delayed from late June. The N-Star c satellite was an S-band satellite for mobile telephone communications for NTT DoCoMo of Japan. N-Star c had a communications payload built by Lockheed Martin and used the Star 2 bus from Orbital. The small Star 2 satellite had a dry mass around 800 kg and was the first flight of a new Orbital hydrazine/nitrogen tetroxide liquid apogee propulsion system with a 500N thrust apogee engine developed by Japan's IHI. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 135.92E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.


2003 July 5 - .
  • Black Armadillo drop tests. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Black Armadillo. Armadillo Aerospace (Mesquite, Texas, USA) performs a successful full-scale drop tests of their X PRIZE vehicle from a helicopter to test the crushable nosecone system. .

2005 July 5 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. Launch Pad: Pad 603. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • SJ-7 - . Payload: Shi Jian 7. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Manufacturer: CASC. Spacecraft: SJ-7. USAF Sat Cat: 28737 . COSPAR: 2005-024A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 555 km (344 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.90 min. Perhaps early test of satellite inspector/interceptor hardware; orbit similar to SJ-12 in 2010..

2006 July 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2007 July 5 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Zhongxing 6B - . Payload: Chinasat 6B / Spacebus 4000C2. Mass: 4,600 kg (10,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: ChinaSatCom. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Chinasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 31800 . COSPAR: 2007-031A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.07 min. Direct broadcast satellite, capable of transmitting 300 television channels using 38 transponders. To be positioned at 115.5 deg E, beaming signals to China, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Planned mission life 15 years..

2008 July 5 - .
  • Death of Robert C Seamans - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. American engineer. Key leadership positions at NASA 1960-1968 during the Apollo program..

2012 July 5 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.284NS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi). Solar mission..

2012 July 5 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Echostar 17 - . Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38551 . COSPAR: 2012-035A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. High throughput Ku-band data satellite providing broadband Internet service across North America. Originally named Jupiter 1..
  • Meteosat 10 - . Payload: MSG 3. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 38552 . COSPAR: 2012-035B. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Third Meteosat Second Generation weather satellite..

2013 July 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: LV-2.
  • FTG-07 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). ABM Target..

2013 July 5 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • FTG-07 CE-I EKV - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Anti-ballistic missile. Failure; did not intercept target vehicle..


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