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On January 24 in Space History

1900 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Arthur P Urbanski - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Urbanski. German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. As of 1960, Head of Mechanical Systems Analsysis Branch, Quality Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Huntsville..

1902 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Oskar Morgenstern - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Morgenstern. German-American economist, came to the United States in 1925, and worked at Princeton after 1938. Founded Mathematica, which provided economic analyses to government, notoriously the study that found the shuttle cheaper than expendable LVs..

1907 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Petr Vasilyevich Dementiev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dementiev. Russian politician. Minister of Aviation Industry 1953-1977. Supporter of Chelomei..

1914 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Gerhard Bernhard Heller - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Heller. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1945 January 24 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4b.
  • A-4b #2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

    The first successful launch, this reached 80 km altitude and 1200 m/s. It then flew stably in supersonic flight using its 13.5 sq. m. wing. The automatic guidance system was designed to keep the missile on course in both supersonic and subsonic flight regimes. However the wing broke off shortly after the beginning of the glide. This concluded work on the A4b/A9; the increasingly chaotic situation in Germany prevented further flight tests.


1947 January 24 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Launched 17:22 local time. Reached 50 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1952 January 24 - .
  • Birth of William Francis 'Bill' Readdy - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Readdy. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-42, STS-51, STS-79..

1952 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. FAILURE: Failure.
1957 January 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 January 24 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Maximum Speed - 2685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20374 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 January 24 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • R-7A I-3 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Krasimir Mihailov Stoyanov - . Nation: Bulgaria. Related Persons: Stoyanov. Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut, 1987-1988. Graduated from Air Force School Pilot, Bulgarian Air Force..

1961 January 24 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 January 24 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Lofti 2 - . Mass: 99 kg (218 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Lofti 2. Spacecraft: Lofti 2. Decay Date: 1962-01-24 . Carried 5 satellites..
  • Solrad 4 - . Payload: Grab D. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: GRAB. Spacecraft: GRAB. ELINT satellite..

1963 January 24 - .
  • Crew mobility evaluation of the ILC Apollo pressure suit conducted - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Cockpit.

    The first evaluation of crew mobility in the International Latex Corporation (ILC) pressure suit was conducted at North American to identify interface problems. Three test subjects performed simulated flight tasks inside a CM mockup. CM spatial restrictions on mobility were shown. Problems involving suit sizes, crew couch dimensions, and restraint harness attachment, adjustment, and release were appraised. Numerous items that conflicted with Apollo systems were noted and passed along to ILC for correction in the continuing suit development program.


1964 January 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 24 - .
  • New space schedules - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Chelomei, Korolev, Malinovskiy, Petrovskiy. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soviet Lunar Landing, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    The VVS General Staff reviews a range of documents, authored by Korolev before his death, and supported by ministers Afanasyev and Petrovskiy. The schedules for the projects for flying around and landing on the moon are to be delayed from 1966-1967 to 1968-1969. A range of other space programs will similarly be delayed by 18 to 24 months. An institute for tests of space technology will be established at Chelomei's facility at Reutov. The IMBP will be made the lead organization for space medicine. Responsibility for space technology development will be moved from MOM to 10 other ministries. 100 million roubles have been allocated for the establishment of new research institutes. Kamanin is appalled, but Malinovskiy favours getting rid of the responsibility for these projects. The arguments over these changes - which reduce the VVS role in spaceflight - will be the subject of much of Kamanin's diary over the following weeks.


1966 January 24 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1967 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Diurnal thermosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1968 January 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 January 24 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1045 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1045 / Agena D 1640 / OPS 2243. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 3113 . COSPAR: 1968-008A. Apogee: 438 km (272 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 81.5000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..
  • SRV 741 - . Payload: SRV 1045-1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3114 . COSPAR: 1968-008xx. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 81.6000 deg. Period: 88.20 min.
  • OPS 6236 - . Payload: EHH B10. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1970-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3114 . COSPAR: 1968-008B. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 81.7000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Radar monitoring..

1969 January 24 - .
  • Apollo CSM Flight Readiness Review Board - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 9. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    The CSM Flight Readiness Review Board convened at MSC. Martin L. Raines presented the Reliability and Quality Assurance assessment and pointed out the improvement in discrepancy reports between spacecraft 101, 103, and 104 and concluded that 104 was better than 103 and ready to fly. George M. Low noted that the CSM Review had been outstanding.


1970 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar infrared Solar infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1971 January 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Sco X-1 X-ray astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1972 January 24 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1973 January 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 January 24 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 545 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 62. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-08-01 . Decay Date: 1973-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 6348 . COSPAR: 1973-004A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 January 24 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Misty - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Misty" CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 629 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. First successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 1702 / 2L successfully recovered..
  • Cosmos 629 Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170-13 s/n 2L. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003xx. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

1975 January 24 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1976 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 January 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1978 January 24 - . 06:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-09 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 20. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1990-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 10605 . COSPAR: 1978-009A. Apogee: 36,195 km (22,490 mi). Perigee: 85 km (52 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 636.80 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1978 January 24 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 986 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 10607 . COSPAR: 1978-010A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1152 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 928. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-02-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11678 . COSPAR: 1980-006A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance. Mission terminated early for unknown reasons (normally 30 day duration)..

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1981 January 24 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 12 - . Payload: Progress s/n 113. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 55.11 days. Completed Operations Date: 1981-03-20 16:58:58 . Decay Date: 1981-03-20 16:58:58 . USAF Sat Cat: 12152 . COSPAR: 1981-007A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 90.00 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 26 Jan 1981 15:56:00 GMT. Undocked on 19 Mar 1981 18:14:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 20 Mar 1981 16:59:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.02 days. Total docked time 52.10 days.


1982 January 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1985 January 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1626 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 47. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15494 . COSPAR: 1985-009A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1408..

1985 January 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-C - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. Payload: Discovery F03 / Magnum 1 [IUS]. Mass: 116,884 kg (257,685 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-C. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 3.06 days. Decay Date: 1985-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 15496 . COSPAR: 1985-010A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Orbits of Earth: 48. Landed at: Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 342 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 839.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,240.00 m. Payloads: Department of Defence classified payloads.

  • USA 8 - . Payload: Orion 1. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Magnum. Spacecraft: Magnum. USAF Sat Cat: 15543 . COSPAR: 1985-010B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. New Magnum model geostationary ELINT satellite model replaced earlier Rhyolite/Aquacade. Deployed from STS-51C 24 January 1985. Boosted to geostationary orbit. As of 2003 Apr 30 located at 69.16E drifting at 0.038W degrees per day..

1986 January 24 - .
  • Voyager 2, Uranus Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Voyager. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1987 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1988 January 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1989 January 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1990 January 24 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 January 24 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II.
  • Hiten - . Payload: Muses A. Mass: 185 kg (407 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Muses. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Hiten. Spacecraft: Hiten. Decay Date: 1993-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 20448 . COSPAR: 1990-007A. Apogee: 286,183 km (177,825 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 30.6000 deg. Period: 9,597.60 min.

    MUSES-A was renamed Hiten after launch. It developed of lunar swingby techniques for future missions and ejected a lunar orbiter. Launching organization ISAS. On 1990 Jan 25: Period 6.665 days, inclination 30.63 deg, 262.49 x 286182.72 km. On 1992 Feb 17: Period 4.53 days, inclination 38.90 deg, perilune 2289.67 km, apolune 49013.93 km.

  • Hagoromo - . Payload: Muses A. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Muses. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Hagoromo. Spacecraft: Hagoromo. USAF Sat Cat: 20618 . COSPAR: 1990-007B. Lunar orbiter ejected from Muses A 3/19/90; contact lost after release; engineering test. Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). .

1990 January 24 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 50 - . Payload: GPS 2-6 / GPS SVN 18. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20452 . COSPAR: 1990-008A. Apogee: 21,226 km (13,189 mi). Perigee: 21,168 km (13,153 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 759.50 min. Global Positioning System. Retired..

1992 January 24 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 2176 - . Payload: Oko #68. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2012-01-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 21847 . COSPAR: 1992-003A. Apogee: 37,349 km (23,207 mi). Perigee: 3,058 km (1,900 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 119 degree longitude of ascending node..

1993 January 24 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-16 - . Call Sign: Vulkan (Volcano ). Crew: Manakov, Poleshchuk. Backup Crew: Serebrov, Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 101. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov, Poleshchuk, Serebrov, Tsibliyev. Agency: RAKA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-15, Soyuz TM-16. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.03 days. Decay Date: 1993-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 22319 . COSPAR: 1993-005A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-13. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station a crew of the thirteenth main expedition comprising the cosmonauts G M Manakov and A F Poleschuk.The Soyuz carried the APAS androgynous docking system instead of the usual probe system.


1994 January 24 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. FAILURE: Stage 3 turbopump overheated.. Failed Stage: U.
1995 January 24 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Tsikada - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23463 . COSPAR: 1995-002A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150.00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..
  • FAISAT - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: FAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FAISAT. Spacecraft: FAISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 23465 . COSPAR: 1995-002C. Apogee: 1,021 km (634 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Store/forward communications..
  • Astrid - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astrid. Spacecraft: Astrid. USAF Sat Cat: 23464 . COSPAR: 1995-002B. Apogee: 1,027 km (638 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Auroral plasma and auroral imaging..

1996 January 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1997 January 24 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Lance. Launch Vehicle: Lance.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1997 January 24 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-2-IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1998 January 24 - .
  • STS-89 - Wakeup Song: Calypso - . Flight: STS-89. "Calypso" by John Denver CAPCOM: Marc Garneau.

2000 January 24 - .
  • Discovery of Dhofar 019 Meteorite (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Libya.

2001 January 24 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M1-5 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 254. Mass: 7,300 kg (16,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 58.00 days. Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 26688 . COSPAR: 2001-003A. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Perigee: 151 km (93 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.20 min.

    Mir Deorbiting mission. Launch delayed from January 16 and 18. The Mir station had a power failure on January 18, delaying the launch of the Progress cargo ship that was to deorbit it for a few days. Nick-named "Hearse", it was to deliver the 130 tonne Mir station to its cremation over the southern Pacific. Six cosmonauts were on "Hot-Standby" to reach Mir in the event the automatic docking failed. Progress M1-5 carried 2677 kg of fuel. A special three-day fuel-economy approach was be used to keep as much fuel as possibile for the deorbit. Progress M1-5 docked with the +X Kvant port at 0533 GMT on January 27. It later undocked and was deorbited over the Pacific together with Mir on 23 March.


2002 January 24 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-2-IV.
  • Lance intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2003 January 24 - .
  • STS-107 - Wakeup Song: Hotel California - . Flight: STS-107.

    "Hotel California" performed by Pilot William McCool's family (Josie McCool, Shawn McCool) The family members were Sean McCool on the guitar, his former girlfriend (but still friend) Josee Julian, and Josee's father Frank also on guitar. (Reference - an email to me from Lani McCool) Red Team -"The Prayer" by Celine Dion. Dedicated to Rick Husband.


2003 January 24 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

2006 January 24 - .
  • Death of Bruce T Lundin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lundin. American engineer, at NASA 1943-1977, heading propulsion development efforts at Lewis, notably the Centaur engine..

2006 January 24 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2022.
  • Daichi - . Payload: ALOS-1. Mass: 3,850 kg (8,480 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Daichi. Spacecraft: Daichi. USAF Sat Cat: 28931 . COSPAR: 2006-002A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Advanced Land Observing Satellite, which carried an L-band synthetic aperture radar, an optical 2.5-meter resolution mapping camera, and a 10-meter resolution visible/near-infrared radiometer..

2007 January 24 - .
  • Death of Aleksandr Stepanovich Andryushkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andryushkov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992..

2008 January 24 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/24/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-120 ISS EO-16.

    CDR Whitson and FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Dan Tani dismantled the InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions) experiment in the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox) and stowed the equipment, including the video gear. Additional Details: here....


2012 January 24 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Chibis-M - . Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Chibis-M. Spacecraft: Chibis-M. Decay Date: 2014-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 38051 . COSPAR: 2011-062C. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Released in low earth orbit from Progress M-13M after separation from ISS. Carried plasma wave experiment..

2014 January 24 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • TDRS 12 - . Payload: HS 601HP. Mass: 3,454 kg (7,614 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 39504 . COSPAR: 2014-004A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 6.9200 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min.

    NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellite; provided space-to-space relays, channelling high bandwidth data from spacecraft to the ground. TDRS 12 was the second replenishment satellite in the third generation of the TDRS system, using a high power version of the BSS-601HP satellite bus. By February 4 TDRS 12 was in a 35,780 x 35,795 km x 7.0 deg inclined geostationary orbit over 150.0 deg West.



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