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On February 10 in Space History

1911 February 10 - .
  • Birth of Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh. Chief Theoretician of the Soviet missile and space programmes, 1946-1978. Played a key role in virtually every space project decision until his death. He was President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1961 to 1975..

1943 February 10 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 3 - . Crew: Gruzdev. Payload: BI-1 # 2 flight 2. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gruzdev. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: BI-1. Maximum Speed - 675 kph. Maximum Altitude - 2190 m. Date estimated..

1944 February 10 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 February 10 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 Ma372 U2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Accuracy 38.5 km to the right of the planned trajectory. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1953 February 10 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy / chemical / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Composition, cosmic radiation research. Launched at 1409 local time. Reached 137 km..

1954 February 10 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Teapot Report - . Nation: USA. The ICBM design feasible, as was acceleration of the program; Rand Corporation Report: Atlas ICBM could be operational by 1960-62 and should have crash project status.

1954 February 10 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • The Strategic Missiles Evaluation ("Teapot") Committee, established in October 1953 and chaired by Professor John von Neumann, submitted its report on intercontinental strategic missiles. - .

    The von Neumann Committee recommended changes similar to those outlined in the Rand study of 8 February. In addition, the report urged the establishment of a development-management group with sufficient authority, funds, and priority to reorient and accelerate the ballistic missile program.


1955 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC2. Launch Vehicle: Snark.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 10 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas, Thor, Jupiter, .
  • Trevor Gardner, who was instrumental in the actions leading to the acceleration of the Air Force ballistic missile program two years earlier, resigned as Assistant Secretary of the Air Force. - . He protested the Pentagon's policies concerning missiles and lack of stronger emphasis on the programs..

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: B-29. LV Family: X-7. Launch Vehicle: X-7A-3.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ARDC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 February 10 - .
  • Expanded NACA program of space flight research proposed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Silverstein. Program: Apollo.

    A greatly expanded NACA program of space flight research was proposed in a paper, "A Program for Expansion of NACA Research in Space Flight Technology," written principally by senior engineers of the Lewis Aeronautical Laboratory under the leadership of Abe Silverstein. The goal of the program would be "to provide basic research in support of the development of manned satellites and the travel of man to the moon and nearby planets." The cost of the program was estimated at $241 million per year above the current NACA budget.


1958 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Air Research and Development Command headquarters forwarded further instructions to the missile division as a guide to planning for a space program. - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    The research command was to proceed, when Department of Defense approval was obtained, with development of a ballistic research and test system (WS 609A, later called Blue Scout), specifically designed to satisfy most research flight test requirements. In addition, the Thor missile was to be used as a booster for (1) "Able" re-entry tests; (2) recoverable satellites; (3) and moon impact. The latter program was not yet finally approved but planning actions were authorized to "expedite this project immediately upon receipt of DOD approval" and $1 million had been set aside to cover initial project costs. (Msg, RDX-2-I-E, Hq ARDC to AFBMD, 10 Feb 58.)


1958 February 10 - . LV Family: Minuteman, .
  • Secretary of the Air Force James H. Douglas, Jr., recommended that the solid-propellant ballistic missile be phased into the Air Force weapons inventory in FY 1963. - .

1959 February 10 - .
  • Wiind tunnel tests of Project Mercury configuration models were started. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. By the end of the year, over 70 different models had been tested by facilities at the Air Force's Arnold Engineering Development Center and the NASA Langley, Ames, and Lewis Research Centers..

1960 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 February 10 - .
  • Voice message sent by way of the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    A voice message was sent from Washington, D.C., to Woomera, Australia, by way of the moon. NASA Deputy Administrator Hugh L. Dryden spoke by telephone to Goldstone, Calif., which "bounced" it to the deep-space instrumentation station at Woomera. The operation was conducted as part of the official opening ceremony of the Australian facility.


1961 February 10 - .
  • Air Force interest in spacecraft similar to the Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Lunex. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo Spacecraft Systems Development Diaries. Spacecraft: CSM Source Selection.

    At the first meeting of the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, during the first session of the 87th Congress, Charles F. Ducander, Executive Director and Chief Counsel of the Committee staff, outlined a number of proposed subjects for study. One subject was the Air Force's interest in a three-man spacecraft similar to the Apollo spacecraft planned by NASA. A Committee staff member had been assigned to investigate this duplication of effort. On February 22, testifying before the Committee, Air Force Undersecretary Joseph V. Charyk stated that the Dyna-Soar program was a direct approach to manned military space applications. The Air Force interest in an Apollo-type spacecraft was part of the post-Dyna-Soar program, Charyk said.


1961 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First static test of prototype F-1 thrust chamber - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Rocketdyne Division's first static test of a prototype thrust chamber for the F-1 engine achieved a thrust of 1.550 million pounds in a few seconds at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif..

1961 February 10 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 February 10 - .
  • Sever spacecraft trials - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronin. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Sever. Two officers start a 15 day test aboard a mock-up of the Sever spacecraft, but without the participation of the IAKM. The whole thing was planned by Voronin's OKB in GKNII..

1964 February 10 - .
  • Death of Eugen Saenger - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Saenger. Saenger dies of a heart attack in Berlin while lecturing to his students at the Technical University in Berlin.

1964 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Grumman to stop all work on the Apollo LEM Little Joe II program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. MSC directed Grumman to stop all work on the LEM Little Joe II program. This action followed the ASPO Manager's decision against a testing program for the LEM comparable to that for the CSM..

1964 February 10 - .
  • Death of Eugen Albert Saenger - . Nation: Czech Republic. Related Persons: Saenger. German-Austrian rocket pioneer; designer of Silverbird space bomber. Worked at Trauen for Luftwaffe 1936-1944 on rocket and ramjet development; for the French 1946-1954. Research in Germany 1954-1963 included winged shuttle designs..

1964 February 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1964 February 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF A001 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    The first Athena test missile was launched from Green River, Utah, toward the White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) in New Mexico. The Athena research rocket was designed for the support of the Advanced Ballistic Reentry Systems (ABRES) program. Subscale models of ballistic reentry vehicles would be flown on the Athenas to test reentry vehicle concepts and phenomena. This first missile only had two operational stages, and several system failures resulted in the premature impact of the missile some 11 miles from Durango, Colorado. This was the first of several hundred launches from Green River, Utah, to impact points in the US Army's White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. The Athena was designed to simulate the re-entry environment of an intercontinental ballistic missile and was one of the few examples of sustained interstate missile tests within the United States.


1965 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • L3 single-launch spacecraft draft project approved. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Korolev, Pilyugin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Interdepartmental Scientific-Technical Council on Space Research (MNTS-KI) Decree 'On approval of the L3 draft project' was issued. The decree followed a review by a Keldysh-led Academy of Sciences state commission the previous December. The decree moved the first flight of the N1 to the end of 1966. Additional Details: here....


1966 February 10 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 8 and spacecraft 8 were electrically mated; the Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was completed February 14. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8. After data from this test were reviewed (February 15), the Joint Combined Systems Test was run February 16..

1966 February 10 - .
  • State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Katys, Keldysh, Kerimov, Mishin, Pravetskiy, Shabarov, Shatalov, Shonin, Tsybin, Tyulin, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The commission, chaired by Tyulin, with attendance by Mishin, Tsybin, Shabarov, Kerimov, and others considers manned flight plans for 1966. The 20-day dog flight of Voskhod s/n 5 is expected to launch on 22-23 February. Kamanin notes that although he is not against the flight, it has no interest to the military. Launch of Voskhod 3 is set for 20-23 March. Kamanin names his crews for the flight - Volynov/Shonin and Beregovoi/Shatalov as back-ups. Only Pravetskiy objects to these selections, pushing Katys for the prime crew. This settled, Mishin announces he still intends to pursue the artificial gravity experiment on the flights of Voskhod s/n 7 and/or 8. Kamanin informs Mishin that he has requested for more than a year that this experiment be moved to a Soyuz flight - there are 700 kg of new military scientific equipment that has to be flown aboard Voskhod, leaving little room for nothing else.

    It is decided that the flights of Voskhod s/n 5 and 6 will be run from Moscow rather than from the cosmodrome. The state commission will return to Moscow immediately after launch for this purpose. Four groups of staff will follow the flight on four-hour shifts.

    Tyulin, Keldysh, and Mishin want engineer and scientist cosmonauts to be trained for early Soyuz flights. Kamanin agrees, telling them he will submit suitable candidates. The meeting goes well, possibly since in the absence of Korolev the commission is stacked with military representatives - of 17 members, 9 are military.


1966 February 10 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A.
  • Reentry 4B Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 05:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 107 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 34. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1998 . COSPAR: 1966-010A. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 February 10 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-38 / Pod 32 Reentry test / plume mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1967 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo S-IVB stage explosion accident cause - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The Board of Inquiry into the January 20 S-IVB-503 explosion at the Douglas Sacramento Test Facility identified the probable cause as the failure of a pressure vessel made with titanium-alloy parent-metal fusion welded with commercially pure titanium. The combination, which was in violation of specifications, formed a titanium hydride intermetallic that induced embrittling in the weld nugget, thus significantly degrading the capabilities of a weldment to withstand sustained pressure loads. The Board recommended pressure limitations for titanium-alloy pressure vessels.


1968 February 10 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The final Mark 12 reentry vehicle test launch was conducted from Vandenberg AFB. - .

1968 February 10 - .
  • Birth of Garrett Erin Reisman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reisman. Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-16-3, STS-123, STS-132..

1968 February 10 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and technology/modification test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 February 10 - .
1969 February 10 - .
  • Mishin is considering MKBS weapons aspects and the use of the transport version of the 7K-VI with the station. - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft: Soyuz, MKBS.

    Strictly analyze planning for design and development of space weapons systems (separation minima). In achieving mastery of outer space payloads over 100 t are needed, as MKBS should have an orbit above 10,000 km. (Necessary to study optimum orbit). Consider the design of the docking system of the 7K-VI, which provides a transition from one ship to another. (Mishin Diaries 2-194)


1970 February 10 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 323 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 4328 . COSPAR: 1970-010A. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1970 February 10 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S72 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1971 February 10 - .
  • KSC awarded a contract to the Holloway Corporation of Titusville, Florida, to construct a launcher-pedestal for the Skylab Program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab.

    The 38.7-m-tall pedestal adapted to an existing launcher-umbilical tower so that manned Saturn IB space vehicles could be launched from facilities supporting the larger Saturn V rockets. Holloway contracted to construct the launcher- pedestal in 180 days after receiving notice to proceed.


1972 February 10 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 851 km (528 mi).

1973 February 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1974 February 10 - .
1975 February 10 - . 05:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Extreme ultraviolet airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1975 February 10 - .
1976 February 10 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1976 February 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOLNA. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1977 February 10 - .
  • Midfuselage on dock, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1977 February 10 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • VLF / HF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 10 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1978 February 10 - .
  • Complete final assembly, STA-099, Palmdale - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger.

1978 February 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1979 February 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1981 February 10 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 February 10 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1982 February 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1983 February 10 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1440 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 13793 . COSPAR: 1983-009A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1984 February 10 - .
  • STS-41-B - Wakeup Song: Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder - . Flight: STS-41-B. "Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder" ) a live rendition of The Air Force Song from all the Air Force CAPCOMs..

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 72 M-M 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 44 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • MAP / WINE M-I 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 45 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 46 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ARCS 3 Plasma / active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • TOPAZ I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi).

1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1988 February 10 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 February 10 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1989 February 10 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress 40 - . Payload: Progress s/n 148. Mass: 7,022 kg (15,480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-6 Mir LD-2, Soyuz TM-7. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 22.71 days. Completed Operations Date: 1989-03-05 01:59:08 . Decay Date: 1989-03-05 01:59:08 . USAF Sat Cat: 19783 . COSPAR: 1989-008A. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Conducted third test of Buran ejection seat during ascent to orbit. The K-36M.11F35 seat was installed in an 'experimental droppable compartment' installed in place of the Launch Escape Tower engine on top of the shroud. Docked with Mir on 12 Feb 1989 10:29:38 GMT. Undocked on 3 Mar 1989 01:45:52 GMT. Unfurled experimental space mirror petal structure on undocking. Destroyed in reentry on 5 Mar 1989 01:59:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.08 days. Total docked time 18.64 days.


1989 February 10 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1994 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 29. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19785 . COSPAR: 1989-009A. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1999 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 34. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19790 . COSPAR: 1989-009F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1995 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 30. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19786 . COSPAR: 1989-009B. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1996 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 31. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19787 . COSPAR: 1989-009C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1997 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 32. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19788 . COSPAR: 1989-009D. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1998 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 33. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19789 . COSPAR: 1989-009E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,389 km (863 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.

1989 February 10 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2000 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F2. Duration: 20.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 19792 . COSPAR: 1989-010A. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the Soviet economy and international cooperation; space-based survey of the central part of Antarctica for purposes of mapping inaccessible regions of that continent.


1990 February 10 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAS35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 February 10 - .
  • STS-60 - Wakeup Song: I Get Around - . Flight: STS-60. "I Get Around" by The Beach Boys..

1994 February 10 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • Gemini Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA, NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1995 February 10 - .
  • STS-63 - Wakeup Song: Liberty Bell March - . Flight: STS-63. "Liberty Bell March" better known as the theme from the TV show,"Monty Python's Flying Circus.".

1997 February 10 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • PHAZE 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 945 km (587 mi).

1997 February 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Nevada Test Site. Launch Complex: Nevada Test Site Area 26. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi XIIR.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 February 10 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
1998 February 10 - .
1998 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 10 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Taurus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus 2210.
  • GFO - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Manufacturer: Ball. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: BCP-600. Spacecraft: GFO. USAF Sat Cat: 25157 . COSPAR: 1998-007A. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi). Perigee: 786 km (488 mi). Inclination: 108.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Altimeter..
  • Orbcomm G1 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM3. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25158 . COSPAR: 1998-007B. Apogee: 874 km (543 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 107.9900 deg. Period: 101.46 min. Plane G. Ascending node 297.9 degrees..
  • Orbcomm G2 - . Payload: Orbcomm s/n FM4. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25159 . COSPAR: 1998-007C. Apogee: 871 km (541 mi). Perigee: 783 km (486 mi). Inclination: 107.9900 deg. Period: 101.45 min. Plane G. Ascending node 298.1 degrees..
  • Celestis-02 - . Payload: Celestis-02/Orion 38. Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Celestis. Class: Burial . Type: Burial satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pegasus-3. Spacecraft: Celestis. USAF Sat Cat: 25160 . COSPAR: 1998-007D. Apogee: 876 km (544 mi). Perigee: 780 km (480 mi). Inclination: 108.0000 deg. Period: 101.50 min.

1999 February 10 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT169GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

2000 February 10 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. FAILURE: First stage failure. An anomalous vibration was detected 25 seconds after launch. At 41 seconds ceramic heat shields in the first stage nozzle broke and fell off, and thrust vector control on the nozzle was lost.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Astro E - . Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astro. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. COSPAR: F000210A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    Spacecraft was injected in very low perigee orbit and reentered. X-ray astronomy satellite. Stage 1 lost control, and separated with the rocket off-course at 75 seconds in the flight. Stage 2 burned correctly and separated at 218 seconds, followed by the third stage burn at 621 seconds. Last signals were received at 20 minutes after launch. ASTRO-E was to have separated from the third stage at 23 minutes, but ended in an orbit with a perigee of only 80 km and an apogee of 410 km. It probably reentered on the first orbit at around 0230 - 0300 GMT somewhere between East Africa and western China.


2001 February 10 - .
  • STS-98 - Wakeup Song: Girl's Breakdown - . Flight: STS-98.

    "Girl's Breakdown" - Alison Brown. Alison wrote the tune especially for mission specialist Marsha Ivins. Mission Control played the tune in honor of Ivins who had the critical task on Saturday of attaching the space lab Destiny to the International Space Station.


2001 February 10 - . 15:50 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-98-1 - . Crew: Curbeam, Jones. EVA Duration: 0.32 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Curbeam, Jones. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-98. Spacecraft: ISS.

    Tom Jones and Bob Curbeam began the first STS-98 spacewalk from the ODS airlock on Atlantis, supervising the ISS/Destiny assembly operations. The airlock was depressurized at 1544 GMT. PMA-2 was berthed on Z1 at 1650 GMT; Destiny was unberthed from the payload bay at 1735 GMT and docked to Unity at 1900 GMT. At 1935 GMT Curbeam was connecting ammonia coolant lines when a leaking connector sprayed ammonia into space, contaminating his suit. He was ordered to stay in sunlight to bake off the ammonia. At around 2311 GMT the spacewalkers returned to the airlock, closing the hatch at 2318 GMT. A new depressurization for decontamination was begun at 2342 GMT, with the airlock fully depressurized at 2350 GMT. The hatch was then opened and closed quickly at 2351-2352 GMT, to flush the airlock of any ammonia residue. This last event was not counted as an EVA by NASA.


2003 February 10 - .
  • STS-107 MCC Status Report #26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox, Budarin, Pettit. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113 ISS EO-6.

    NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe reported today approximately 12,000 pieces of debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia have been collected along a 500-mile swath between Ft. Worth, Texas, and the Louisiana-Texas border. The debris is being tagged for identification and transported to the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Fla., for use in the on-going investigation. Additional Details: here....


2004 February 10 - .
  • Death of Lewis Emmerich - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Emmerich. American engineer. Project engineer for the Atlas-Mercury manned launch vehicle..

2006 February 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-006 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McArthur, Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-7. The International Space Station crew completed a semiannual treadmill overhaul this week and began readying for a first-ever station "camp out" next week.. Additional Details: here....

2008 February 10 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/10/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts, Frick, Love, Malenchenko, Melvin, Poindexter, Schlegel, Tani, Walheim, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-120 ISS EO-16, STS-122 ISS EO-16.

    Sunday --- Mission 1E Flight Day 4 (FD4).

    Ahead: Week 17 of Increment 16.

    Mission 1E replanning by MCC-Houston, driven by the one-day delay of the first spacewalk, was completed last night, as follows:

    Approved mission extension by one day (i.e., 12+0+2 instead of 11+0+2), resulting in 2/19 (Tuesday) as return date for Atlantis;
    Limiting resource being oxygen (O2), under further discussion is the option to either extend by one more docked day or transfer the unexpended O2 to the ISS (current O2 margins are estimated to be 11+1+2 plus an additional 20-25 hours. These are still being refined given the insertion of the new FD4);
    All FD 4 activities moved to FD 5. EVA-1 will be conducted by Stanley Love and Rex Walheim tomorrow, with Campout of the two tonight;
    Today (FD 4) was replanned and includes 1.5 hrs of focused inspection (FI) of the starboard OMS (Orbital Maneuvering System) pod blanket that has a corner slightly peeled back (the FI, starting at ~ 2:15 pm EST, is planned for 90 min, with additional FI time available on FD 06 if needed);
    Transfer status: 22% of transfer complete, 6 hours of transfer scheduled for FD 4, expect 35/40 lbs N2 transfer today, 3 CWCs filled.
    Wakeup time for the ISS crew remains at 4:45am EST, with sleep time tonight 8:45pm. Same times for the Shuttle crew. Additional Details: here....


2008 February 10 - .
  • STS-122 - Wakeup Song: Maenner - . Flight: STS-122. "Maenner" by German musician Herbert Groenemeyer for astronaut Hans Schlegel. “Maenner” translated is “Men.” Groenemeyer is also known for his portrayal of Lieutenant Werner in Wolfgang Petersen’s movie Das Boot..

2009 February 10 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-66 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 366. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-13, STS-126 ISS EO-18. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 97.00 days. Decay Date: 2009-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 33593 . COSPAR: 2009-006A. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. ISS resupply. Docked with the ISS at 07:18 GMT on 13 February. Undocked at 15:18 on 6 May and destroyed over the Pacific on 18 May..

2010 February 10 - .
  • STS-130 - Wakeup Song: Also Sprach Zarathustra - . Flight: STS-130. "Also Sprach Zarathustra" by Richard Strauss, played for Mission Specialist Nicholas Patrick. The song is most widely known as the theme from the movie “2001: A Space Odyssey.”.

2012 February 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: S-75. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Target - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target.

2012 February 10 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. Launch Vehicle: AAD.
  • AAD Interceptor - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 February 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Radar target - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2016 February 10 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC6. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(5,2).
  • USA 267 - . Payload: TOPAZ 4?. Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Topaz. USAF Sat Cat: 41334 . COSPAR: 2016-010A. Apogee: 1,085 km (674 mi). Perigee: 1,078 km (669 mi). Inclination: 123.0000 deg. Satellite for the US National Reconnaissance Office. The launch was designated NRO L-45. The USA 267 payload was observed in a 1078 x 1085 km orbit with a retrograde 123 degree inclination, characteristic of the TOPAZ radar imaging satellites..


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