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On December 13 in Space History

1944 December 13 - .
  • X-1 manned supersonic rocket aircraft begun. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. In an AAF-NACA conference, Air Force representatives indicated strong preference for use of rocket engines instead of jets in X-1 research airplane project..

1946 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1948 December 13 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 102 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 59. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 37. Handling qualities and wing and tail loads at mach 1..

1951 December 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1953 December 13 - . Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • R-11 production decree - . Nation: Russia.

    A government decree was issued for SKB-385 in the Urals to be responsible for series production of the R-11 and its S2.253 engine. SKB-385 had not distinguished itself in 1949-1951 when it was responsible for the first abortive attempt to put the R-1 rocket into production.


1954 December 13 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • Air Force Procurement Authorization 54-GM-3 authorized $3.6 million in P-150 production funding for Atlas. This was the first production funding for Atlas. - .

1954 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: B-29. LV Family: X-7. Launch Vehicle: X-7A-3.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ARDC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10a.
  • Airglow / Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi). Gas composition research. Launched at 2200 local time. Reached 142 km..

1955 December 13 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Lyman alpha, solar limb darkening research. Launched at 1058 local time. Reached 138.4 km..

1956 December 13 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Platform: F-86D. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rockaire.
  • Rockair 2710 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1956 December 13 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 1.
  • K-I-T-4 test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1956 December 13 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • AJ11-6 engine test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). Rocket test, 80 kg payload payload. Launched at 1444 local time. Reached 193 km..

1957 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 December 13 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Bioflight 1 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville, USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    Gordo launched into space. Fired from AMR at 0353 hours EST. The missile's nose cone impacted in the pre-selected target area at a range of approximately 1,302 nm. The significant mission of the missile was the flight of a South American squirrel monkey `Gordo' up to and down from outer space. Although nose cone recovery efforts failed because the float mechanism attached to the nose cone did not function, telemetry data provided useful biomedical information and disclosed that the Navy-trained squirrel monkey had withstood the space flight and reentry phase without any adverse physiological effects. Gordo was in a weightless state for 8.3 minutes, he experienced a 10g pressure in takeoff, and a 40g pressure upon reentry at 10,000 miles per hour. The flight was considered one of the outstanding achievements of space research. The impact was 5.2 nm over and 0.75 nm to the right of impact point. The overshoot was caused by interaction which occurred at separation between the booster and aft sections. A temporary cable connecting the two bodies had not been removed prior to launch.


1960 December 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn transport barge commissioned. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Palaemon, a 180-foot barge built to transport the Saturn launch vehicle from MSFC to Cape Canaveral by water, was formally accepted by MSFC Director from Maj. Gen. Frank S. Besson, Chief of Army Transportation..

1960 December 13 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1961 December 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • NTMP TV test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 December 13 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Micrometorites Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Asp IV.
  • Vista-300 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • Black Sphere - . Payload: NRL PL120 / Poppy 1A (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1967-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 502 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-1. Apogee: 2,385 km (1,481 mi). Perigee: 230 km (140 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 111.80 min. First launch of a pair of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series..
  • SURCAL 2A - . Payload: NRL PL121 / Poppy 1B (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 507 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-3. Apogee: 2,762 km (1,716 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 70.2000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Officially: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Calsphere 1A - . Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Calsphere. Decay Date: 1967-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 513 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-5. Apogee: 2,069 km (1,285 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 108.40 min. Surveillance calibration..
  • SURCAL 1A - . Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SURCAL. Decay Date: 1966-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 508 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-4. Apogee: 2,160 km (1,340 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Injun 3 - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Injun. Decay Date: 1968-08-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 504 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-2. Apogee: 2,406 km (1,495 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 112.10 min. Radiation decay data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1962 December 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta B.
  • Relay 1 - . Payload: NASA A-15. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Relay. USAF Sat Cat: 503 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 7,440 km (4,620 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 47.5000 deg. Period: 185.10 min. Communications satellite technology tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1963 December 13 - .
  • NASA canceled five Ranger flights - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9.

    NASA canceled five Ranger flights (numbers 10 through 14) designed to take high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface before impact. (Five Rangers had thus far been launched.) OSS Associate Administrator Homer E. Newell stated that NASA would depend on the remaining four Rangers, the Lunar Orbiters, and the Surveyors for information about the lunar surface. Cancellation of the flights promised to save $90 million.


1963 December 13 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin-Baltimore received the propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 3 from Martin-Denver, which had begun fabricating them in June. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3.

    Splicing the oxidizer and fuel tanks for each stage was completed April 17, 1964. Flight engines arrived from Aerojet-General on May 10, and installation was completed June 6. Final horizontal tests of the assembled launch vehicle began June 1 and were concluded on June 17 with an Air Force inspection of GLV-3 before the vehicle was erected in the vertical test facility.


1963 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 December 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 23 - . Payload: DS-U / Omega-1. Mass: 347 kg (765 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: Omega. Decay Date: 1964-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 707 . COSPAR: 1963-050A. Apogee: 560 km (340 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Tested VNIIEM electric gyrodyne satellite orientation technology..

1964 December 13 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 5E-5 - . Payload: APL SN 43 / OPS 6582. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 959 . COSPAR: 1964-083C. Apogee: 1,064 km (661 mi). Perigee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. Celestial UV, magnetic field data..
  • Transit O-2 - . Payload: NNS 30020 / OPS 6582. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 965 . COSPAR: 1964-083D. Apogee: 1,079 km (670 mi). Perigee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few days operation..

1965 December 13 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ozone profile Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1965 December 13 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 December 13 - .
  • Apollo lunar landing research vehicle No 1 received - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    The number one lunar landing research vehicle (LLRV) test vehicle was received at MSC December 13, 1966. Its first flight at Ellington Air Force Base following facility and vehicle checkout was expected about February 1, 1967, with crew training in the vehicle to start about February 20. Additional Details: here....


1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS 1 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). First Emergency Rocket Communications Satellite test.

1966 December 13 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • ADA TMA / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Dust collector Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1.
  • Pioneer 8 - . Payload: Pioneer C / TTS 1. Mass: 63 kg (138 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E. USAF Sat Cat: 3066 . COSPAR: 1967-123A. Solar radiation data. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..
  • TTS 1 - . Payload: TTS A. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Tracking network technology satellite. Spacecraft: TTS. Decay Date: 1968-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3067 . COSPAR: 1967-123B. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Test and Training Satellite; tested Apollo tracking network. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1968 December 13 - .
  • Soviets ponder Apollo 8 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    Articles appear in the Soviet newspapers explaining the risky nature of the Apollo 8 flight. Meanwhile an LLRV lunar landing trainer has crashed in America - Kamanin notes this is the second loss of an American 'lunar module'. The Apollo 8 flight has been delayed from 18 to 21 December due to engine problems.

    Kamanin reviews the organisational structure of the NII-TsPK Gagarin Centre. There is a commander, three deputies, 700 staff, and 12 MiG-21's for flight training (8 single-seat combat aircraft and four two-seat trainers). There are three training tracks for the cosmonauts: Orbital, Lunar, and Military.


1968 December 13 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN V118D re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1969 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 December 13 - . 22:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 December 13 - .
  • Plans were underway for Kontakt test flights using 7K-OK spacecraft: 7K-OK number 18, 19 with "Kontakt". - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft: Soyuz, Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz Kontakt. (Mishin Diaries 2-299).

1970 December 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1971 December 13 - . Launch Site: Minot AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The last flight of 10 Minuteman III missiles was turned over to the 742d Strategic Missile Squadron of SAC's 91st Strategic Missile Wing at Minot AFB, North Dakota. - . This completed Force Modernization at Minot and deployment of the first 150-missile Minuteman III (LGM-30G) strategic missile wing to SAC..

1971 December 13 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1972 December 13 - .
  • M2 Flight 42 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Fastest M2-F3 flight. Maximum Speed - 1712 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 383 sec..

1972 December 13 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
  • FU-206 Protons / electrons Ionosphere / geocorona mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Zenit C.
  • DLR A-ZC-48 Astrik Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 23:28 GMT - .
1973 December 13 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Eli's Coming - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Eli's Coming" by Three Dog Night.

1973 December 13 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 615 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 13. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-06-16 . Decay Date: 1975-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 6971 . COSPAR: 1973-099A. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1973 December 13 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • DSCS II-03 - . Payload: DSCS II F-3 / OPS 9433. Mass: 566 kg (1,247 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1982-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6973 . COSPAR: 1973-100A. Apogee: 36,661 km (22,780 mi). Perigee: 36,413 km (22,625 mi). Inclination: 13.9000 deg. Period: 1,474.60 min.

    An Air Force Titan IIIC, launched by the 6555th Aerospace Test Group from the Eastern Test Range, boosted two Program 777 Defense Satellite Communications System; 13 deg W. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 13 deg W in 1974-1977; over the Atlantic Ocean 57-66 deg W in 1977-1979 As of 3 September 2001 located at 104.01 deg E drifting at 9.429 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 148.24W drifting at 9.427W degrees per day.

  • DSCS II-04 - . Payload: DSCS II F-4 / OPS 9434. Mass: 566 kg (1,247 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1993-12-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6974 . COSPAR: 1973-100B. Apogee: 36,837 km (22,889 mi). Perigee: 36,300 km (22,500 mi). Inclination: 13.5000 deg. Period: 1,476.30 min.

    Defense Satellite Communications System; 175 deg E. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 175 deg E in 1974-1977; over the Indian Ocean 65 deg E in 1977-1980; over the Indian Ocean 60-61 deg E in 1980-1984; over the Indian Ocean 66 deg E in 1984-1987; over the Americas at 56-62 deg W in 1989-1993 As of 5 September 2001 located at 138.02 deg W drifting at 9.919 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 3 located at 146.85E drifting at 9.914W degrees per day.


1974 December 13 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 697 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 2. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-12-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7571 . COSPAR: 1974-098A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min.

    Yantar second generation reconnaissance spacecraft. After failure of the first Yantar-2K launch, a review board recommended modifications to the Soyuz U launch vehicle. This second Yantar still used the Sokol control system from the Zenit and lacked the SpK small film recovery capsules. As planned, after 12 days, the main descent capsule was successfully recovered with its film.


1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1975 December 13 - . 01:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914.
  • Satcom 1 - . Mass: 464 kg (1,022 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 1000. Completed Operations Date: 1984-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 8476 . COSPAR: 1975-117A. Apogee: 36,076 km (22,416 mi). Perigee: 35,875 km (22,291 mi). Inclination: 12.8000 deg. Period: 1,445.80 min.

    Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1976-1983; over the Americas at 119 deg W in 1983-1984; over the Pacific Ocean 139 deg W in 1984 As of 5 September 2001 located at 38.03 deg E drifting at 2.422 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 137.85W drifting at 2.426W degrees per day.


1976 December 13 - .
  • Start assembly upper forward fuselage, Columbia - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1977 December 13 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • Proposals from contractors were due at SAMSO for work on Missile X propulsion motor stages, assembly test and system support, and guidance and control integration. - .

1977 December 13 - . Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • The Deputy for Launch Vehicles reorganized the STS Program Office to support expanding STS programs. - .

1977 December 13 - .
  • Complete propellant load testing, NSTL (MPTA-098) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 December 13 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • PRECEDE Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 967 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10512 . COSPAR: 1977-116A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 970 interceptor..

1978 December 13 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1979 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT139M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 December 13 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-3? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 December 13 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34B.
  • SDS no. 4 - . Payload: SDS no. 4 / OPS 5805. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 12093 . COSPAR: 1980-100A. Apogee: 39,130 km (24,310 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 697.40 min.

1981 December 13 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi).

1982 December 13 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JHU UVT F10 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1983 December 13 - .
  • Flight trials of Buran auto-land system aboard Tu-154 test-bed. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Flight trials of the Buran automatic landing system are begun on a modified Tu-154 transport..

1985 December 13 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • USA 13 - . Payload: ITV 1 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114A. Apogee: 691 km (429 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicated the balloon was never inflated. It decayed without an intercept being attempted..
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Payload: ITV 1 Balloon. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 17247 . COSPAR: 1985-114D. Apogee: 737 km (457 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114xx. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min.
  • USA 14 - . Payload: ITV 2 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 16329 . COSPAR: 1985-114B. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicates the balloon was inflated on 18 December 1986. However for operational or political reasons no intercept was ever attempted.


1985 December 13 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1708 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 16331 . COSPAR: 1985-115A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1989 December 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • PEM-11 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1993 December 13 - .
1995 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: THAAD.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1995 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands SULF. Launch Vehicle: Storm.
  • BTTV-10 THAAD Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1998 December 13 - .
  • STS-88 - Wakeup Song: Goodnight Sweetheart, Goodnight - . Flight: STS-88. "Goodnight Sweetheart, Goodnight" - The Spaniels. As the crew prepare to say"goodnight" to the space station. CAPCOM: Bob Curbeam.

1998 December 13 - . 20:33 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-88-3 - . Crew: Newman, Ross. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Newman, Ross. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: STS-88. Spacecraft: ISS. Completed initial assembly of International Space Station. A canvas tool bag was attached to the exterior of Unity to provide tools for future assembly workers. Also disconnected some docking cables, so that Unity and Zarya could no longer undock..

2000 December 13 - .
  • China Tracking Station in Namibia - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou.

    China and Namibia signed an agreement to build a tracking, telemetry and space research station (TTST) in Namibia to support China's manned space program. The station would cover an area of 150 by 85 metres and consist of an administration building and two antennae.


2001 December 13 - .
  • STS-108 - Wakeup Song: Here Comes the Sun - . Flight: STS-108.

    "Here Comes the Sun" , in memory of former Beatle George Harrison, who recently died of cancer. The instrumental was from the IMAX movie,"Everest". The song was played for the Expedition Three Crewmembers, Commander Frank Culbertson, Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin.


2001 December 13 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: GBI. Launch Vehicle: GBI BV-Plus. FAILURE: Failure.
2002 December 13 - .
  • USAF to subsidise EELV's - . Nation: USA.

    The US Air Force asked the Congress to provide $1 billion of subsidies in 2004-2009 for the Atlas V and Delta 4 EELV launch vehicles. The collapse of the commercial satellite market invalidated the cost model on which the manufacturers invested their own funds in development. Lack of adequate sales could have meant the closure of the production line of one or both of the launch vehicles on which the US government would rely for future space missions. The US Air Force asked for a $200-million first tranche n FY2004.


2004 December 13 - .
  • Cassini, second Titan Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2006 December 13 - .
2006 December 13 - .
  • STS-116 - Wakeup Song: Suavemente - . Flight: STS-116. "Suavemente" performed by Elvis Crespo, played for Joan Higginbotham..

2007 December 13 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/13/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-120 ISS EO-16, STS-122.

    Malenchenko and Whitson, assisting each other in turn, conducted a session with the biomedical protocol KARDIO-ODNT (MBI-5) in the "Chibis" garment.

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2009 December 13 - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Platform: INS-P51. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Dhanush.
  • Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2010 December 13 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 8 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2012 December 13 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.283UH - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). X-ray astronomy experiments. DXL mission of Miami University studied soft X-ray emission from the solar wind and the local interstellar medium..

2014 December 13 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: DF-31. Launch Vehicle: DF-41.
  • RVs ? - . Nation: China. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test flight..

2014 December 13 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 541.
  • USA 259 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Trumpet Follow-on. USAF Sat Cat: 40344 . COSPAR: 2014-081A. Apogee: 38,204 km (23,738 mi). Perigee: 2,157 km (1,340 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg.

    Probably a signals intelligence satellite with an attached SBIRS-HEO early warning sensor as a secondary payload. This mission used the new RL-10C-1 upper stage engine for the first time (refurbished from Delta IV RL-10B-2 engines; replacing the RL10A-4 used previously)


2015 December 13 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Cosmos 2513 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Garpun. USAF Sat Cat: 41121 . COSPAR: 2015-075A. Apogee: 35,657 km (22,156 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 48.6000 deg. Second Garpun (`Harpoon') military communications satellite..


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