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2015 Chronology

2015 January 10 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • Dragon CRS-5 - . Mass: 9,500 kg (20,900 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Duration: 32.00 days. Decay Date: 2015-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 40370 . COSPAR: 2015-001A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg.

    Launched into a 206 km x 353 km x 51.6 deg orbit. The 9700 kg spacecraft carried 1823 kg of internal cargo and the 494 kg CATS lidar experiment from NASA-GSFC in the trunk. Inside Dragon were two PlanetLabs Flock-1d' cubesats and the AESP-14 1U cubesat from Brazil's space agency AEB and the ITA technical institute. On January 12 Dragon was grappled by the SSRMS arm at 10:54 GMT and berthed on the Harmony module at 13:54 GMT. The cubesats were transferred internally to the Kibo module and were to be deployed from the Kibo airlock. CATS was grappled by the Dextre robot on 2015 Jan 22 and unberthed from Dragon around 07:00 GMT; it was then handed off to the JEM-RMS at around 10:30 and installed on the Kibo Exposed Facility at location EFU3 at about 14:00. The Falcon 9 first stage performed a flyback attempt to land around 360 km downrange at 78 deg W / 31 deg N. The stage made a 'hard' landing on the ASDS (Autonomous Spaceport Drone Ship). The first stage was destroyed when hydraulic fluid depletion made it tip over ahd hit the deck sideways, but the incident did not cause serious damage to the ship. The ASDS has now been renamed "Just Read The Instructions" after the name of an AI spaceship in the book 'The Player of Games' by the late science fiction writer Iain M. Banks.

    Dragon CRS-5 was unberthed from the ISS Harmony module on February 10 by the SSRMS arm, which released it at 19:10 GMT. The Dragon made its deorbit burn at 23:49 GMT, with trunk separation at 00:05 GMT February 11 and splashdown at about 00:44 GMT. Six of the PlanetLabs Flock-1b cubesats (Nos. 3, 4, 13, 14, 19, 20) were returned to Earth aboard CRS-5 without having been deployed, after 212 days in space.


2015 January 21 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 551.
  • MUOS 3 - . Payload: A2100M. Mass: 6,740 kg (14,850 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 40374 . COSPAR: 2015-002A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 5,592 km (3,474 mi). Inclination: 16.7000 deg. US Navy communications satellite..

2015 January 23 - . Launch Vehicle: R-27.
  • North Korean submerged missile test. - . First test of a new North Korean missile, called KN-11 by the US government, from a submerged test pad..

2015 January 26 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.009UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 January 26 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.111UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 January 26 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.010UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 January 26 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.112UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 January 28 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Oriole IV.
  • NASA 49.002UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi). Aurora payload..

2015 January 31 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 5.
  • RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Test flight..

2015 January 31 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10C.
  • SMAP - . Mass: 944 kg (2,081 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SMAP. USAF Sat Cat: 40376 . COSPAR: 2015-003A. Apogee: 683 km (424 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.1200 deg. Period: 98.40 min.

    The Soil Moisture Active Passive satellite, carried a 6-m L-band antenna for synthetic aperture radar and radiometry measurements to map microwave emissions from water molecules in the soil. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node.

  • FIREBIRD IIA - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40377 . COSPAR: 2015-003B. Apogee: 643 km (399 mi). Perigee: 431 km (267 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.38 min. 1.5U cubesat by NSF/Montana State/U. New Hampshire space science satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..
  • FIREBIRD IIB - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40378 . COSPAR: 2015-003C. Apogee: 643 km (399 mi). Perigee: 431 km (267 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.38 min. 1.5U cubesat by NSF/Montana State/U. New Hampshire space science satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..
  • GRIFEX - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40379 . COSPAR: 2015-003D. Apogee: 648 km (402 mi). Perigee: 433 km (269 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.45 min. 3U cubesat by Michigan/JPL; technology satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..
  • ExoCube CP10 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40380 . COSPAR: 2015-003E. Apogee: 652 km (405 mi). Perigee: 434 km (269 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.51 min. 3U cubesat by California Polytechnic. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 February 1 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • IGS Radar Spare - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 40381 . COSPAR: 2015-004A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 490 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. The Radar Spare satellite (Reda Yobiki) in the Information Gathering Satellite (Joho Shushu Eisei) series were operated by Japan's Cabinet Satellite Intelligence Center..

2015 February 1 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Inmarsat 5 F2 - . Payload: Boeing 702HP. Mass: 6,070 kg (13,380 lb). Nation: International. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40384 . COSPAR: 2015-005A. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Second satellite in the Inmarsat 5 series; launched into a supersynchronous geotransfer orbit. The satellite provided additional Ka-band mobile broadband capacity for Inmarsat Global..

2015 February 2 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Fajr - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Fajr. Decay Date: 2015-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 40387 . COSPAR: 2015-006A. Apogee: 469 km (291 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg.

    Fourth Iranian satellite, and Iran's first successful orbital launch since February 2012. Fajr (Aurora) had a technology payload with a cold-gas thruster developed by Iran Electronics Industries. There is suggestive evidence (mostly based on satellite imagery of launch pad damage revealed by the magazine Jane's Intelligence Review) that Iran had two launch failures in 2012, as well as more speculative evidence of further launch failures since then. The satellite did not seem to make any orbital maneuvers. The orbit decayed from an initial 223 km x 470 km to 196 km x 293 km by February 22, and then after falling to 134 km x 155 km early on February 26 it reentered. The Safir rocket stage orbit decayed a bit more slowly, and was at 203 km x 325 km on Feb 26.


2015 February 5 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo RMS.
  • AESP-14 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 40389 . COSPAR: 1998-067FM. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 397 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. ISS cubesat deploys resumed after a five-month hiatus following deployer problems. Brazil's AESP-14 cubesat was ejected but appeared not to be transmitting..

2015 February 11 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • IXV - . Mass: 1,844 kg (4,065 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry test vehicle. Spacecraft: IXV. COSPAR: 2015-0U01. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 76 km (47 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg.

    Fourth flight of the Vega booster. The AVUM 4th stage entered a 76 km x 416 km x 5.4 deg orbit at 13:53 GMT. ESA's Intermediate Experimental Vehicle was a reentry vehicle designed to study hypersonic aerothermodynamics. The IXV reentered over the Pacific at 14:44 GMT, with parachute deployment at 15:09 GMT and splashdown at 123 deg W / 3 deg N at about 15:18 GMT.

  • AVUM VV04 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-0U01. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg.

    The AVUM stage made a second burn at apogee at 14:11 GMT and entered a 220 km x 430 km x 5 deg orbit. A third burn followed at 15:29 GMT as the AVUM passed over Kourou again, to deorbit the stage after one trip around Earth. The AVUM reentered over the Indian Ocean around 16:15 GMT.


2015 February 11 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • DSCOVR - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: DSCOVR. USAF Sat Cat: 40390 . COSPAR: 2015-007A. Apogee: 1,371,156 km (851,995 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 33.1000 deg.

    The Deep Space Climate Observatory, DSCOVR, was launched after many years of gestation. Originally a NASA mission called Triana and centered around its Earth observation camera, it had at one point been scheduled for launch on the fatal STS-107 flight of Columbia, but was cancelled amid political controversy (it grew out of an idea by Vice-President Gore for whole-Earth imaging to raise eco-awareness) and placed in storage. The mission was reactivated as part of a NOAA (US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) effort to monitor 'space weather', the flux of particles and radiation in the solar wind and its interaction with the Earth's outer atmosphere. DSCOVR 145 kg of hydrazine propellant, and was stationed at the Earth-Sun L1 point, 1.5 million km noonward from Earth. It carried a Faraday cup instrument to measure solar wind speed, an electron spectrometer and a magnetometer to measure local plasma and fields, a broad band (0.2 to 100 microns) radiometer to measure the Earth's total energy output, and the Earth Polychomatic Imaging Camera to return images of the full Earth disk. DSCOVR was launched into a 184 km x 186 km x 37 deg parking orbit; 30 minutes after launch the Falcon 9 second stage restarted to boost DSCOVR into a 187 km x 1,371,156 km x 37 deg transfer orbit. When the probe reached the L1 point it entered a Lissajous orbit, tracing out a complex pattern around the gravitationally stable balance point. Radius of this pattern was initially around 250,000 km.


2015 February 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress M-26M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 426 / ISS-58P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 2015-08-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 40392 . COSPAR: 2015-008A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Docked with the ISS Zvezda module at 16:57 GMT the same day as launched. Progress M-26M's engines were used to move the ISS out of the path of some space debris on 23 April and (following a malfunction on May 16) made an ISS orbit reboost on 18 May 18. Progress M-26M undocked 14 August at 10:19 GMT; was deorbited at 13:28 GMT; and impacted the Pacific around 141:7 GMT.


2015 February 19 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ICI-4 - . Nation: Norway. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Aurora payload..

2015 February 21 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-29 - . Crew: Virts, Wilmore. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    The crew lock was depressurized by 12:40 GMT and the hatch opened at 12:42. The astronauts took the two IDA Cable Bags, A and B, and installed them on the end of the Harmony module. Each bag contained four IPIM (IDA Preparation ISS Mod) cables which would route power and data to the IDA-1 and IDA-2 international docking adapters. The IDAs were to be installed on the PMA-2 and PMA-3 Shuttle docking ports later in the year to allow direct docking of Dragon and CST-100 ships to the Station. Cables W2254, W2256, W2258, and W2262 from Bag A and W2252, W2272 from Bag B were installed and routed between PMA-2, Harmony and Destiny. Bag A was returned to the airlock at the end of the spacewalk. Cables W2264 and W2253 remain in Bag B and would be installed on the next EVA. The astronauts closed the Quest hatch at around 19:18 GMT and began airlock repressurization at 19:26 GMT.


2015 February 22 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: SSBN. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN RV ) - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test flight..

2015 February 22 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: SSBN. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN RV ) - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test flight..

2015 February 22 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cryofenix - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Technology payload..

2015 February 24 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • FTX-19 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM test target..

2015 February 24 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • FTX-19 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM test target. In the FTX-19 test several US Navy Aegis missile defense ships tracked the rocket payloads. This was basically a software test and no Aegis interceptor missiles were launched..

2015 February 24 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • FTX-19 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM test target..

2015 February 25 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-30 - . Crew: Virts, Wilmore. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    The spacewalk begain with airlock depressurization around 11:42 GMT and hatch opening around 11:48 GMT, with the astronauts on battery power at 1151 UTC. Following on EVA USA-29, the remaining two cables were installed, and the soft thermal cover was removed from the PMA-2 docking port. The cover was launched on HTV-3 in July 2012 and installed on PMA-2 during spacewalk US EVA-22 on 9 July 2013. The cover and IDA Bag B were returned to the airlock, after which Virts performed several hours of lubrication work on the Canadarm-2's LEE-A (Latching End Effector, the part that actually grabs things) and Wilmore installed wire ties on the P1 and S1 truss segments to prepare for communications cabling on the next EVA. The hatch was closed at 18:29 GMT and repressurization was at 18:34 GMT.


2015 February 25 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.299DR - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Ionosphere payload. MOSC 2 (Metal Oxide Space Cloud) experiment from the US Air Force Research Lab..

2015 February 27 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Cosmos 2503 - . Payload: COSMOS 2503. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Bars. USAF Sat Cat: 40420 . COSPAR: 2015-009A. Apogee: 577 km (358 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 97.6700 deg. Period: 96.09 min. Believed to be a new-generation electro-optical reconnaisance satellite based on a heavily modified Yantar bus. Sun synchronous orbit; 0245 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 February 27 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-27 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 40422 . COSPAR: 1998-067FN. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-28 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 40423 . COSPAR: 1998-067FP. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2015 March 1 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-31 - . Crew: Virts, Wilmore. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. The EVA saw the installation of the C2V2 antennae and associated cabling on the P3 and S3 truss segments. The C2V2 system will provide communications links to the Dragon 2 and CST-100 visting commercial crew spaceships..

2015 March 1 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Nampo. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • RV - . Nation: Korea North. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Test flight..

2015 March 1 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Nampo. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • RV - . Nation: Korea North. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Test flight..

2015 March 2 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-21 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 40427 . COSPAR: 1998-067FQ. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-22 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 40428 . COSPAR: 1998-067FR. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2015 March 2 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • ABS-3A - . Payload: BSS-702SP. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40424 . COSPAR: 2015-010A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min.

    Dual communications satellite payload placed initially in a supersynchronous transfer orbit. Falcon 9 reached a 174 km x 953 km parking orbit 9 minutes after launch, and then made a second burn over the equator to a 391 km x 63452 km x 24.8 deg orbit. The two payloads were 2000 kg Boeing BSS-702SP models with XIPS-25 ion thrusters as their main propulsion system. ABS-3A, for Asia Broadcast Satellite of Hong Kong, was launched directly attached to the lower satellite, Eutelsat 115 West B, until it separated from the stack following stage 2 second cutoff.

  • Eutel.115 West B - . Payload: BSS-702SP. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40425 . COSPAR: 2015-010B. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Eutelsat 115 West B was owned by Eutelsat Americas (Mexico City), and was called Satmex 7. Satmex was taken over by Europe's Eutelsat and renamed Eutelsat Americas in March 2014..

2015 March 2 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-9 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 40429 . COSPAR: 1998-067FS. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-10 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 40430 . COSPAR: 1998-067FT. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1d'-1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 40451 . COSPAR: 1998-067FU. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1d'-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 40452 . COSPAR: 1998-067FV. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 301 km (187 mi). Inclination: 51.6300 deg. Period: 90.67 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-5 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 40453 . COSPAR: 1998-067FW. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-6 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 40454 . COSPAR: 1998-067FX. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • TechEdSat-4 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 40455 . COSPAR: 1998-067FY. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. 3U cubesat of San Jose State University, the University of Idaho, and NASA Ames. Tested Exo-Brake passive de-orbit system..
  • GEARRSat - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 40456 . COSPAR: 1998-067FZ. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. First 3U Globalstar Risk Reduction satellite from startup Near Space Launch (a Taylor University spinoff), with AFRL, to demo cubesat data relay via the Globalstar system..
  • MicroMAS - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 40457 . COSPAR: 1998-067GA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Three-axis stabilized 3U cubesat by the Space Systems Laboratory. Carried an MIT Lincoln Laboratory microwave radiometer payload..
  • LambdaSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-05-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 40458 . COSPAR: 1998-067GB. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. 1U cubesat built by the Lambda Team of San Jose, California..

2015 March 5 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • WADIS 2 - . Nation: Norway. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 March 5 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • Flock 1b-11 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 40459 . COSPAR: 1998-067GC. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock 1b-12 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 40460 . COSPAR: 1998-067GD. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2015 March 9 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 3.
  • RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test flight..

2015 March 13 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 421.
  • MMS 1 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40482 . COSPAR: 2015-011A. Apogee: 70,094 km (43,554 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 28.8600 deg. Period: 1,433.33 min.

    NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission was launched on Mar 13. The mission consists of four identical spacecraft, each with a mass of 1000 kg plus 400 kg of propellant. The spacecraft will fly in a tetrahedral formation some tens of kilometres apart to disentangle spatial and temporal fluctuations in the magnetospheric particle and field environment. They will deploy wire booms with a span of 112 metres to measure electric fields. Additional Details: here....

  • MMS 2 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40483 . COSPAR: 2015-011B. Apogee: 70,110 km (43,560 mi). Perigee: 1,356 km (842 mi). Inclination: 28.8400 deg. Period: 1,433.36 min.
  • MMS 3 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40484 . COSPAR: 2015-011C. Apogee: 70,228 km (43,637 mi). Perigee: 1,238 km (769 mi). Inclination: 28.8400 deg. Period: 1,433.35 min.
  • MMS 4 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40485 . COSPAR: 2015-011D. Apogee: 70,094 km (43,554 mi). Perigee: 1,372 km (852 mi). Inclination: 28.8500 deg. Period: 1,433.35 min.

2015 March 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 17 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 March 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Rubezh.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test flight..

2015 March 18 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 18 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 March 18 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Ekspress AM-7 - . Payload: EXPRESS AM-7. Mass: 5,700 kg (12,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 40505 . COSPAR: 2015-012A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite for Russia's Kosmicheskaya Svyaz. Five transponders were leased to Eutelsat and marketed under the name Eutelsat 53A..

2015 March 23 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT214GM - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Maximum range test flight to the Guam target area instead of the usual Kwajaelein area..

2015 March 25 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC37. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 260 - . Payload: Navstar 73 / GPS SVN 71 / IIF-9 / Deneb. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 40534 . COSPAR: 2015-013A. Apogee: 20,195 km (12,548 mi). Perigee: 20,169 km (12,532 mi). Inclination: 55.0400 deg. Period: 717.97 min. Nicknamed Deneb; launched into a 12-hour-period orbit to join the navigation constellation..

2015 March 25 - . 22:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. Launch Complex: Yasniy Sh370/13. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Arirang-3A - . Payload: KOMPSAT 3A. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Korea South. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: T200. Spacecraft: Kompsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40536 . COSPAR: 2015-014A. Apogee: 538 km (334 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.5300 deg. Period: 95.23 min. South Korean imaging satellite with submeter resolution. Sun synchronous orbit; 0130 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 March 26 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • IGS Optical 5 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 40538 . COSPAR: 2015-015A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Information Gathering Satellite Optical-5. Military optical surveillance satellite operated by the Japanese government. Sun synchronous orbit; 1015 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 March 27 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT215GM - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Maximum range test flight to the Guam target area instead of the usual Kwajaelein area..

2015 March 27 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-16M - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Kelly, Scott, Korniyenko, Padalka. Backup Crew: Ovchinin, Volkov, Sergey, Williams, Jeffrey. Return Crew: Aimbetov, Mogensen, Padalka. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 716. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-16M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 168.21 days. Decay Date: 2015-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 40540 . COSPAR: 2015-016A. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 5 hours 50 minutes after launch. Padalka was the commander, and Kelly and Kornienko were part of a long-duration crew that would spend nearly a year aboard the space station. On 28 August Padalka, Kelly and Kornienko flew Soyuz TMA-16M from the Poisk to Zvezda docking ports. Undocking from Poisk was at 07:12 GMT and docking with Zvezda was at 07:30 GMT. This freed the Poisk port for the TMA-18M arrival, and freed Zvezda for a refuelling spacecraft once TMA-16M returned to Earth. ISS EO- 44 concluded when Soyuz TMA-16M undocked from the Zvezda aft port at 21:29 GMT on 11 September, carrying Expedition 44 commander Padalka and EP-18 visiting crew members Mogensen and Aimbetov. Soyuz TMA-16M landed in Kazakhstan at 00:51:36 GMT on 12 September.


2015 March 27 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • GalileoSat-7 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM03 / Adam. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40544 . COSPAR: 2015-017A. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.1900 deg. Period: 844.70 min. European navigation satellite..
  • GalileoSat-8 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM04 / Anastasia. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40545 . COSPAR: 2015-017B. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 844.69 min. European navigation satellite..

2015 March 28 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1D - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 40547 . COSPAR: 2015-018A. Apogee: 35,869 km (22,287 mi). Perigee: 35,707 km (22,187 mi). Inclination: 30.1100 deg. Period: 1,436.18 min. Fourth Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System satellite; joined its siblings IRNSS-1A and 1B in inclined synchronous orbit..

2015 March 30 - . 13:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C/YZ1.
  • Beidou I1-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 17 / Beidou 3i. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40549 . COSPAR: 2015-019A. Apogee: 35,985 km (22,360 mi). Perigee: 35,599 km (22,120 mi). Inclination: 54.8500 deg. Period: 1,436.39 min.

    First in the Beidou-3 generation of Chinese navigation satellites. For the first time the CZ-3C rocket used an additional fourth stage, the Yuanzheng-1 (Expedition-1). The stage used UDMH/N2O4 storable propellants like the Briz-M or Fregat, but had an even lower thrust - only 6.5 kN - and so will need yet longer burn times.


2015 March 31 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: Plesetsk LC133. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets-M No. 21 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40552 . COSPAR: 2015-020A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 22 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40553 . COSPAR: 2015-020B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 23 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40554 . COSPAR: 2015-020C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2504 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40555 . COSPAR: 2015-020D. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 112.44 min.

    Additional military payload carried on a Gonets launch, evidently to prove orbital rendezvous or anti-satellite technology. For the first time, this payload was ejected from the Briz-KM upper stage after its depletion burn, and ended up in a lower perigee orbit than the Gonets trio. The payload began small orbit maneuvers on 9 April. On 14 April it completed a rendezvous with its Briz-KM rocket stage and appeared to have deliberately or accidentally hit the stage. It made a major orbit change on 3 July around 07:10 GMT, from its 1172 km x 1506 km orbit to a lower 1119 km x 1451 km orbit. To be the first move in a new rendezvous experiment of some kind. The satellite previously


2015 April 14 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • Dragon CRS-6 - . Mass: 9,500 kg (20,900 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Duration: 37.00 days. Decay Date: 2015-05-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 40588 . COSPAR: 2015-021A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    ISS resupply mission. Delivered into a 206 x 357 km orbit. Attempted recovery of the Falcon 9's first stage failed. It was flown down to the barge 'Just Read The Instructions' in the Atlantic but a stuck valve caused control problems in the final burn and the stage crash-landed. The Dragon itself arrived at ISS on April 17. The SSRMS arm grappled CRS-6 at 10:55 GMT and berthed it on the Harmony module at 13:29 GMT. After unloading and packing with materials to be returned to earth, the cargo ship was unberthed again around 09:29 GMT May 21, released at 11:04 GMT, and splashed down in the Pacific at 16:42 GMT.

    CRS-6 carried 16 cubesats: 14 3U-size Flock-1e for Planet Labs, one Arkyd-3R for Planetary Resources (also a 3U) and a 1U cubesat, Centennial-1, for Booz Allen Hamilton carrying an Air Force Research Lab imaging experiment. The cubesats were transferred to the Kibo module after Dragon docking and later ejected into orbit via the NanoRacks deployers and the Kibo robot arm. CRS-6 also carried a number of mice aboard the Rodent Research 2 package, and a 20 kg microgravity-qualified Lavazza espresso machine.


2015 April 15 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Test flight..

2015 April 16 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 3.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Test flight..

2015 April 18 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.008UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Educational launch..

2015 April 23 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 51 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 April 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Thor 7 - . Mass: 4,800 kg (10,500 lb). Nation: Norway. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 40613 . COSPAR: 2015-022A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Provided broadcast services for Norway's Telenor, including a Ka-band payload dedicated to maritime and Antarctic communications. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 11.7 deg west..
  • Sicral 2 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 40614 . COSPAR: 2015-022B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Secure communications for the Italian and French armed forces. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit..

2015 April 27 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 52 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 April 27 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • TurkmenAlem52E/Monacosat - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C2. Mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb). Nation: Turkmenistan. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 40617 . COSPAR: 2015-023A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Communications satellite owned by the Turkmenistan National Space Agency and the Turkmen Ministry of Communications, which operated 26 Ku-band transponders. The GEO orbital slot was assigned to Monaco and its GEO telecom operator Space Systems International; Monaco had a further 12 Ku-band transponders on the satellite for the MonacoSat portion of the payload, operated by the SES company on its behalf. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 52.0 deg east.


2015 April 28 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1a. FAILURE: The third stage did not shut down correctly and damaged the spacecraft during separation.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Progress M-27M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 425 / ISS-59P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 10.00 days. Decay Date: 2015-05-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 40619 . COSPAR: 2015-024A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Limited telemetry was obtained from the Progress, but Russian mission control was unable to control the damaged, spinning spacecraft. The Progress reentered over the South Pacific off the southwest coast of Chile at 02:20 GMT on May 8..

2015 May 2 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.292UH - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Carried University of Iowa's OGRESS, an X-ray grating spectrograph instrument, on a suborbital flight to observe the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant..

2015 May 8 - . Launch Vehicle: R-27.
  • North Korea conducts test launch from submerged platform. - . The missile was thought to be derived from the Soviet R-27 and may be the same as the missile known as 'Musudan' that has been tested in the past. South Korean reports suggested the flight was a only a low altitude test of the launch mechanism..

2015 May 16 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M. FAILURE: Malfunction of the third stage vernier engine 8 minutes into flight led to a premature shutdown and impact of stage 3, Briz-M and payload in the Chita region between Lake Baikal and the Chinese border.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Mexsat-1 - . Payload: Boeing 702-GEM. Mass: 5,325 kg (11,739 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Perigee: -2,000 km (-2,000 mi). Inclination: 50.5000 deg. Satellite for the Mexican Communications Ministry, providing secure military communications and enhanced civilian services..

2015 May 20 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT212GM - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Test flight..

2015 May 20 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 501.
  • USA 261 - . Payload: X-37B OTV-4. Mass: 5,400 kg (11,900 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: X-37. USAF Sat Cat: 40651 . COSPAR: 2015-025A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 309 km (192 mi). Inclination: 38.0000 deg.

    Classified mission of the winged, recoverable X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle. Publicly stated to be carrying an AFRL ion engine test and a NASA materials exposure experiment. After releasing the X-37B the Centaur AV-054 rocket stage reignited to reach a 355 km x 700 km x 55-57 deg orbit and at around 17:00 GMT released a set of 9 cubesats. Centaur then made a third burn to deorbit itself over the Indian Ocean.

  • USS Langley - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40652 . COSPAR: 2015-025B. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 3U cubesat from the US Naval Academy (UNSA) testing out an IP link to the satellite's computer which hosts a Unix webserver..
  • PSat-1 - . Payload: PARKINSONSAT (PSAT). Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40654 . COSPAR: 2015-025D. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 1.5U cubesat from the US Naval Academy (UNSA) hosting the USN SCP/ODTML buoy communications payload and an amateur radio payload..
  • BRICSat-P - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40655 . COSPAR: 2015-025E. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 1.5U cubesat from the US Naval Academy (UNSA), built in collaboration with George Washington University, testing an electric micropropulsion system..
  • GEARRS-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40657 . COSPAR: 2015-025G. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Second 3U Globalstar Risk Reduction satellite from startup Near Space Launch (a Taylor University spinoff), with AFRL, to demo cubesat data relay via the Globalstar system..
  • Aerocube-8a - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40659 . COSPAR: 2015-025J. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Aerospace Corporation 1.5U cubesat testing an ion-electrospray propulsion system..
  • Aerocube-8b - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40660 . COSPAR: 2015-025K. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Aerospace Corporation 1.5U cubesat testing carbon nanotube materials..
  • O/C-1 - . Payload: OPTICUBE 01. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40653 . COSPAR: 2015-025C. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 3U Optical Cubesat sponsored by NRO and built by Cal Poly as targets for space surveillance calibration..
  • O/C-2 - . Payload: OPTICUBE 02. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40656 . COSPAR: 2015-025F. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 3U Optical Cubesat sponsored by NRO and built by Cal Poly as targets for space surveillance calibration..
  • O/C-3 - . Payload: OPTICUBE 03. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40658 . COSPAR: 2015-025H. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. 3U Optical Cubesat sponsored by NRO and built by Cal Poly as targets for space surveillance calibration..
  • LightSail-A - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40661 . COSPAR: 2015-025L. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg.

    Planetary Society's 3U cubesat with a solar sail deployment experiment. The cubesat went into safe mode a few days after launch but rebooted on May 30. Its solar panels were deployed on June 3 and the solar sail was unfurled on June 7 at 19:47 GMT. The satellite reentered on June 14.


2015 May 21 - . FAILURE: Rocket was destroyed about 5 km up. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NASA 36.300US - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Fifth mission of the SDO EVE Calibration payload. Rocket was destroyed about 5 km up; the payload was recovered by parachute..

2015 May 27 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • DirecTV-15 - . Mass: 6,205 kg (13,679 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 40663 . COSPAR: 2015-026A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.13 min. Direct broadcast satellite for DirecTV. Geostationary, at 78.8W..
  • SKYM-1 - . Mass: 3,182 kg (7,015 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 40664 . COSPAR: 2015-026B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Television broadcast satellite for Sky Mexico, a joint venture of DirecTV and Mexico's Televisa. Geostationary, at 66.8W..

2015 June 3 - . Launch Site: Anhueng. Launch Vehicle: Hyunmoo-2B.
  • RV - . Nation: Korea South. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test flight..

2015 June 5 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Cosmos 2505 - . Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Decay Date: 2015-09-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 40667 . COSPAR: 2015-027A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg.

    Kobal't-M spy satellite s/n 565, maneuvered on 8 and 13 June from an initial orbit of 177 km x 285 km x 81.4 deg to 203 km x 264 km. Current version of the Yantar satellite which returns its main section, with film and camera, to Earth at the end of its flight. It also carried two small ejectable film canisters which can return some data to Earth during the mission.


2015 June 6 - . Launch Site: Sa'dah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Warhead - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Asnar Allah forces in Sa'dah, Yemen launched a Scud at King Khaled Air Base in Saudi Arabia. The missile was reportedly intercepted by two US Patriot missiles..

2015 June 6 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • CTV-01 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test flight..

2015 June 23 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • Sentinel 2A - . Mass: 1,130 kg (2,490 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Astrobus. USAF Sat Cat: 40697 . COSPAR: 2015-028A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 788 km (489 mi). Inclination: 98.5700 deg. Period: 100.64 min.

    Visible/infrared band earth observing satellite. The visible camera had a 10 metre resolution and a 290 km swath. Sun synchronous orbit; 1030 GMT local time of the descending node. Built under a EUR 195 million ESA contract as part of the European Global Monitoring for Environment and Security system.


2015 June 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2506 - . Mass: 7,000 kg (15,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Persona. USAF Sat Cat: 40699 . COSPAR: 2015-029A. Apogee: 725 km (450 mi). Perigee: 706 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2900 deg. Period: 99.09 min.

    Third Persona-1 spy satellite, built by TsSKB-Progress in Samara and equipped with electro-optical imaging cameras. Said to be the first to return its data via an optical communications link to an unidentified geosynchronous satellite. On June 28 the satellite manuevered from an elliptical transfer orbit to a circular sun synchronous orbit with 0840 GMT local time of the descending node.


2015 June 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.113UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi). Educational launch..

2015 June 26 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Gaofen 8 - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 40701 . COSPAR: 2015-030A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 97.3200 deg. Period: 94.33 min.

    High resolution imaging satellite. The previous two Gaofen satellites, 1 and 2, were civilian operated and extensively described before launch. GF-8 was said to be civilian as well, but was not discussed prior to the launch, indicating it was used for military imaging. Sun synchronous orbit; 1330 GMT local time of the descending node.


2015 June 28 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1. FAILURE: Failed close to the end of stage 1 burn. A strut holding an internal helium pressurization tank broke during second stage initialization at T+139 sec at 45 km altitude. The resulting overpressure caused the second stage to blow apart.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Dragon CRS-7 - . Mass: 9,500 kg (20,900 lb). Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi). Perigee: -6,250 km (-6,250 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Dragon capsule CRS-7 was lost in the Atlantic, with its cargo which included 8 Flock 1f cubesats, the IDA-1 docking adapter, spacesuit EMU 3017, and the second NORS oyxgen recharge tank (the first one was lost on the Orb-3 failure in 2014)..

2015 June 30 - . Launch Site: Sa'dah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Warhead - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Combat launch by Yemeni rebels against Saudi target; reportedly intercepted by Saudi Patriot missiles..

2015 July 3 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress M-28M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 428 / ISS-60P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 2015-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 40713 . COSPAR: 2015-031A. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 51.6300 deg. Period: 90.03 min.

    Carried critical supplies to the ISS after consecutive failures of all three primary resupply spacecraft to reach orbitů a prior Progress, a Cygnus, and a Dragon. Docking was at the Pirs module of the ISS on 5 July at 07:11 GMT. This launch used the older Soyuz-U rocket instead of the newer Soyuz-2-1a which ran into problems on the Progress M-27M launch. Undocked from Pirs at 0735 UTC Dec 19 and was deorbited over the South Pacific, with debris impact at 1128 UTC.


2015 July 7 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.313NP - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Tech mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..

2015 July 10 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: Sriharikota FLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • DMC3-1 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40715 . COSPAR: 2015-032A. Apogee: 660 km (410 mi). Perigee: 638 km (396 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.71 min.

    Third generation Disaster Monitoring Constellation. The three satellites were deployed on a single launch. DMC Imaging International was a Surrey Satellite spinoff which operated the DMC imaging satellites in collaboration with several developing countries. The satellites have the capability to return prompt imaging of areas in those countries affected by natural disasters. The SSTL-300S1 platform provided 45 degree fast slew off-pointing and was capable of acquiring multiple targets in one pass using multiple viewing modes. The high resolution imager on board the satellites was designed and manufactured by SSTL and provided 1 meter resolution in panchromatic mode, and 4 meter resolution in multispectral mode, with a swath width of 23.4km. The three satellites were phased 120 degrees apart around the same sun synchronous orbit with a 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit. This was acommplished using their on board propulsion systems in the three months after the launch. With off-pointing capability, the DMC3/TripleSat Satellite Constellation was able to target anywhere on Earth once per day.

  • DMC3-2 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40716 . COSPAR: 2015-032B. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 640 km (390 mi). Inclination: 98.0300 deg. Period: 97.71 min. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • DMC3-3 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40717 . COSPAR: 2015-032C. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi). Perigee: 637 km (395 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.71 min. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • CBNT-1 - . Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: CBNT. USAF Sat Cat: 40718 . COSPAR: 2015-032D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 636 km (395 mi). Inclination: 98.0300 deg. Period: 97.67 min. Surrey Satellite Technology experimental imaging satellite. SSTL did not disclose the meaning of the CBNT abbreviation. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • DeOrbitSail - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: CubeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 40719 . COSPAR: 2015-032E. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.63 min. 3U cubesat. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..

2015 July 13 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock 1e-1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 40722 . COSPAR: 1998-067GE. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 361 km (224 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.86 min.
  • Flock 1e-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 40723 . COSPAR: 1998-067GF. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.08 min.

2015 July 14 - .
  • New Horizons flies by Pluto. - .

2015 July 14 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock 1e-4 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 40724 . COSPAR: 1998-067GG. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.09 min.
  • Flock 1e-3 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 40725 . COSPAR: 1998-067GH. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 368 km (228 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.97 min.
  • Flock 1e-5 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 40728 . COSPAR: 1998-067GL. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.09 min.
  • Flock 1e-6 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 40729 . COSPAR: 1998-067GM. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.07 min.
  • Flock 1e-7 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 40726 . COSPAR: 1998-067GJ. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.11 min.
  • Flock 1e-8 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 40727 . COSPAR: 1998-067GK. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.05 min.
  • Flock 1e-9 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-02-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 40736 . COSPAR: 1998-067GN. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 377 km (234 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.13 min.
  • Flock 1e-10 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 40737 . COSPAR: 1998-067GP. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.11 min.
  • Flock 1e-11 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 40738 . COSPAR: 1998-067GQ. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.02 min.
  • Flock 1e-12 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 40739 . COSPAR: 1998-067GR. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.12 min.

2015 July 15 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 262 - . Payload: Navstar 74 / GPS SVN 72 / IIF-10 / Antares. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 40730 . COSPAR: 2015-033A. Apogee: 20,228 km (12,569 mi). Perigee: 20,135 km (12,511 mi). Inclination: 55.0700 deg. Period: 717.95 min. Replenished the GPS constellation; 10th satellite in the GPS IIF series..

2015 July 15 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Meteosat 11 - . Payload: MSG 4. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 40732 . COSPAR: 2015-034A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 2.9400 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) 4 ; redesignated Meteosat 11 once in operation with EUMETSAT, the European Meteorological Satellite Organization. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 03.5W.
  • Star One C4 - . Payload: STARONE C4. Mass: 5,635 kg (12,423 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 40733 . COSPAR: 2015-034B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Direct broadcast television satellite for the Brazilian operator Embratel Star One. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 70W.

2015 July 15 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock 1e-13 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 40740 . COSPAR: 1998-067GS. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.09 min.
  • Flock 1e-14 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 40741 . COSPAR: 1998-067GT. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.08 min.
  • Centennial-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 40742 . COSPAR: 1998-067GU. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.18 min. 1U cubesat by Booz Allen, used as a space surveillance target by the USAF..
  • Arkyd-3R - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-01-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 40743 . COSPAR: 1998-067GV. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.53 min. 3U cubesat from Planetary Resources, testing software and systems for future Arkyd satellites..

2015 July 22 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-17M - . Call Sign: Antares. Crew: Kononenko, Yui, Lindgren. Backup Crew: Kopra, Malenchenko, Peake. Return Crew: Kononenko, Yui, Lindgren. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 717. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-17M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 112.67 days. Decay Date: 2015-11-12 13:12:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 40744 . COSPAR: 2015-035A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min. One solar panel of the Soyuz failed to deploy after launch. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 02:45 GMT on 22 July..

2015 July 24 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(5,4).
  • USA 263 - . Payload: WGS 7. Mass: 6,200 kg (13,600 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40746 . COSPAR: 2015-036A. Apogee: 66,798 km (41,506 mi). Perigee: 494 km (306 mi). Inclination: 24.1000 deg.

    Wideband Global Satcom military communications satellite launched initially into a supersynchronous geotransfer orbit. WGS satellites were managed by the USAF Space and Missile Center and replaced the older DSCS system with X-band and Ka-band communications systems. Second Delta 4 launch to use the uprated RS-68A main engine.


2015 July 25 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Beidou M1-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 18 / Beidou 3m. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40748 . COSPAR: 2015-037A. Apogee: 21,547 km (13,388 mi). Perigee: 21,509 km (13,365 mi). Inclination: 55.0600 deg. Period: 773.24 min.

    Single launch of the first two of the third generation medium-orbit Beidou satellites. The CZ-3B launch vehicle deployed the YZ-1 upper stage in a 189 km x 18390 km x 55 deg transfer orbit. CZ-3B stage 3 coasted in a low parking orbit for only a minute or so before its second burn to the elliptical orbit. The YZ-1 then separated and made its first burn almost immediately at about 12:45 GMT, raising apogee to 22,000 km. The Beidou/YZ-1 stack then coasted to apogee and at about 16:10 GMT the YZ-1 made a second burn to circularize the orbit. The two payloads were quickly released in a 21,523 km x 22,193 km x 55 deg orbit. At about 16:20 GMT YZ-1 made a disposal burn to a 22,151 x 27,736 km x 55 deg orbit.

  • Beidou M2-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 19 / Beidou 3m. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40749 . COSPAR: 2015-037B. Apogee: 21,547 km (13,388 mi). Perigee: 21,510 km (13,360 mi). Inclination: 55.0600 deg. Period: 773.27 min.

2015 July 29 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands.
  • Aegis MMW E1 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission for Aegis SM-2-IV and SM-6 low altitude interceptors. Impacted Pacific Ocean..

2015 July 30 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands.
  • Aegis MMW E2 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission for Aegis SM-2-IV and SM-6 low altitude interceptors. Impacted Pacific Ocean..

2015 August 10 - .
  • EVA ISS VKD-41 - . Crew: Korniyenko, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS.

    The hatch open was opened at 14:17 GMT and closed at 19:51 GMT. The astronauts installed a new WAL6 antenna to replace the old one (its cover floated away on 19 August 2013). New retaining straps were added to the other WAL antenna covers. The old WAL-6 antenna and two decontamination towels were jettisoned into orbit.


2015 August 12 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.012UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Education mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..

2015 August 19 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. Launch Pad: LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT213GM RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Operational test mission. Impacted Kwajalein..

2015 August 19 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y2. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIB.
  • Kounotori 5 / HTV-5 - . Mass: 16,500 kg (36,300 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: HTV. Decay Date: 2015-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 40873 . COSPAR: 2015-038A. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi). Perigee: 399 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    HTV-5 arrived at the ISS on 24 August and was berthed at the Harmony nadir port at 14:02 GMT. HTV-5's External Platform carries the CALET electron/cosmic-ray detector which was installed on the Kibo Exposed Facility. The pressurized compartment carried nine racks: the US Galley Rack, to be installed in the Unity node; the JAXA Multipurpose Small Payload Rack 2 (MSPR-2), installed in Kibo at JPM1F2; and seven HTV Resupply Racks. One of these used the new HRR-D storage system to increase the HTV capacity. Contained in the HRRs were a SAFER EVA backpack, a Mouse Habitat Unit (but no mice for it), 18 cubesats, the Nanoracks External Platform (NREP) and JAXA ExHAM-2 expsoure unit. The latter two were used for mounting external experiments. The cubesats were: PlanetLabs Flock 2b-1 to 2b-14, for Earth imaging; GOMSpace GOMX-3, for tests of ADS-B aircraft data relay; Aalborg University AAUSAT-5, a 1U sat for tests of AIS ship tracking receivers; Brazilian Space Agency/University of Brasilia SERPENS with technology communications payloads; Chiba Inst. Of Technology S-CUBE with UV and visible imagers to observe meteors from above. All the cubesats are 3U form factor except for AAUSAT-5. CALET had a mass of 650 kg; the 7 HRR racks carried 6057 kg of cargo. HTV-5 carried 2306 kg of propellant. The Galley and MSPR racks probably had a mass around 500 kg each; the dry HTV without payloads was about 6100 kg. On 25 August the SSRMS robot arm extracted the HTV Exposed Pallet and handed it to the JEM RMS, which berthed the EP on the Exposed Facility at location EFU10. The JEM RMS then grappled the CALET experiment and moved it to EFU9. The SSRMS arm unberthed the HTV-5 from the Harmony module at 11:12 GMT on 28 September. Release was delayed one orbit due to a robotics problem and occurred at 16:53 GMT. The next day HTV-5 lowered its orbit with two burns and then made a final deorbit burn at 20:08 GMT, with atmosphere entry around 20:33 GMT for destruction over the South Pacific.


2015 August 20 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Intelsat IS-34 - . Mass: 3,300 kg (7,200 lb). Nation: International. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 40874 . COSPAR: 2015-039A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite launched to replace Intelsat 805 and Galaxy 11 with C and Ku-band payloads. The Ku-band capacity will be partly used by Hispasat. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 51.5W.
  • Eutelsat 8 West B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C4. Mass: 5,782 kg (12,747 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 40875 . COSPAR: 2015-039B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Eutelsat communications satellite with a Ku/C band payload. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 01.7E.

2015 August 22 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol'-E RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission. Impacted Sary Shagan..

2015 August 26 - . Launch Site: Yemen. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Warhead - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Missile launch. Impacted Jizan, Saudi Arabia..

2015 August 27 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC9. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 27 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 40878 . COSPAR: 2015-040A. Apogee: 1,207 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,193 km (741 mi). Inclination: 100.4800 deg. Period: 109.43 min. The 27th Yaogan remote sensing satellite. Fifth in the Yaogan High A series and appeared to replace the first, Yaogan 8, in a sun synchronous orbit with a 09:30 local time longitude of descending node..

2015 August 27 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. LV Family: GSLV. Launch Vehicle: GSLV Mk II.
  • GSAT-6 - . Mass: 2,117 kg (4,667 lb). Nation: India. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: I-2K. USAF Sat Cat: 40880 . COSPAR: 2015-041A. Apogee: 35,831 km (22,264 mi). Perigee: 35,742 km (22,209 mi). Inclination: 1.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Military communications satellite with S-band and C-band payload for use by the Indian Armed Forces. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 83E.

2015 August 27 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.282US - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Carried Montana State University MOSES-II solar EUV spectrograph. Impacted White Sands..

2015 August 28 - .
  • Soyuz undocks and changes ports on ISS. - .

    Padalka, Kelly and Kornienko flew Soyuz TMA-16M from the Poisk to Zvezda docking ports. Undocking from Poisk was at 07:12 GMT and docking with Zvezda was at 07:30 GMT. This freed the Poisk port for the TMA-18M arrival, and freed Zvezda for a refuelling spacecraft once TMA-16M returned to Earth.


2015 August 28 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. Launch Pad: Baikonur LC200. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Inmarsat 5 F3 - . Payload: Boeing 702HP. Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: International. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40882 . COSPAR: 2015-042A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.05 min. First Proton flight since the launch failure in May. Communications satellite providing roadband mobile communications services with 89 Ka-band transponders..

2015 September 2 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-18M - . Call Sign: Eridanus. Crew: Aimbetov, Mogensen, Volkov, Sergey. Backup Crew: Skripochka, Pesquet, Prokopyev. Return Crew: Volkov, Sergey, Kelly, Scott, Korniyenko. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 718. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-18M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 181.99 days. Decay Date: 2016-03-02 04:25:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 40885 . COSPAR: 2015-043A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min.

    Docked with ISS at the Poisk port at 07:39 GMT on 4 September. On Mar 2 at 0102 UTC Volkov, Kornienko and Kelly, aboard Soyuz TMA-18M, undocked from the Poisk module, concluding Expedition 46. Tim Kopra then became commander of Expedition 47, with flight engineers Yuriy Malenchenko and Tim Peake. Soyuz TMA-18M made the deorbit burn at 0332 UTC and landed in Kazakhstan at 0426 UTC. Soyuz commander Volkov had spent six months in space, while Kornienko and Kelly completed 340d 8h 21min in space, or about 0.93 years.


2015 September 2 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 551.
  • MUOS 4 - . Payload: A2100M. Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 40887 . COSPAR: 2015-044A. Apogee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 3,802 km (2,362 mi). Inclination: 19.1000 deg.

    MUOS (Multiple User Objective System), US Navy UHF-band communications satellite,was launched into a geotransfer orbit. The Centaur upper stage made three burns, to 167 km x 630 km, 194 km x 34,447 km, and 3,802 km x 35,786 km orbits, before releasing the satellite. The satellite used its BT-4 liquid engine to raise its orbit to geosynchronous altitue.


2015 September 3 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.291US - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Carried CLASP solar UV polarimeter from University of Alabama at Huntsville. Impacted White Sands..

2015 September 11 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • GalileoSat-9 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM05 / Alba. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40889 . COSPAR: 2015-045A. Apogee: 23,233 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,211 km (14,422 mi). Inclination: 57.3800 deg. Period: 844.70 min. Two European navigation satellites in the Galileo system. The Fregat upper stage deployed them in plane A of the system, at an inclination of 57.4 degrees (satellites in the existing B and C planes are in 55.0 degree orbits)..
  • GalileoSat-10 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM06 / Orlana. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40890 . COSPAR: 2015-045B. Apogee: 23,231 km (14,435 mi). Perigee: 23,213 km (14,423 mi). Inclination: 57.3800 deg. Period: 844.70 min.

2015 September 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • S-520-30 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Physics mission. Impacted Phillipine Sea..

2015 September 12 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Tongxin Jisshu SW1 - . Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-4. USAF Sat Cat: 40892 . COSPAR: 2015-046A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0800 deg. Period: 1,436.05 min.

    Tongxing Jisshu Shiyan Weixing yi hao (Communications Engineering Test Satellite No. 1). Military satellite; speculation was that it was the first in a constellation of ballistic missile early warning satellites. The booster's upper stage reached a 208 km x 635 km x 27.1 deg parking orbit 10 minutes after launch and coasted to the equator, where a second burn at 16:01 GMT sent the stage and payload to a 195 km x 35,814 km x 27.1 deg geotransfer orbit.


2015 September 14 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. Launch Pad: Jiuquan LC603. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Gaofen 9 - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 40894 . COSPAR: 2015-047A. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 617 km (383 mi). Inclination: 98.0100 deg. Period: 97.55 min. High resolution imaging satellite. GF-9 have replaced GF-1, launched in 2013 to a similar sun synchronous orbit (11:00 local time longitude of descending node)..

2015 September 14 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-3.
  • Ekspress AM-8 - . Payload: EXPRESS AM-8. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 40895 . COSPAR: 2015-048A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite with a Thales Alenia Ka/C/L-band payload. By 5 October it was in a 35,784 km x 35,788 km x 0.0 deg orbit stationary over 80.2 deg E..

2015 September 16 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 39.012DR - . Nation: Norway. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Ionospheric/Calibration mission. Impacted Norwegian Sea..

2015 September 17 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • S-CUBE - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 40898 . COSPAR: 1998-067GY. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.40 min. S-CUBE meteor-observation cubesat from Chiba Institute of Technology; ejected from the J-SSOD deployer on the Kibo robot arm on 17 September..
  • SERPENS - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: CubeSat. Decay Date: 2016-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 40897 . COSPAR: 1998-067GX. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 380 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.19 min. SERPENS 3U cubesat from the University of Brasilia; ejected from the J-SSOD deployer on the Kibo robot arm on 17 September..

2015 September 19 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC16. LV Family: CZ-NGLV. Launch Vehicle: CZ-6.
  • Kaituo-1 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kaituo. USAF Sat Cat: 40899 . COSPAR: 2015-049A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.13 min. Satellite from Shenzen DFH Company, also called XY 2 (Xinyan-2 or NewTech-2), which tested electric propulsion Hall thrusters. Deployed the DCBB subsatellite..
  • Zhineng hao - . Payload: NUDT-PHONESAT. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40900 . COSPAR: 2015-049B. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.11 min.

    Zhineng hao shouji weixing (Smart Phone Satellite), a 1 kg satellite also known as NUDT-Phone-Sat, built around the motherboard of an Android smartphone. Deployed four Xingchen 100 gram picosats. The overall experiment was to control a cluster of satellites using intersatellite communications.

  • Zheda Pixing 2A - . Payload: ZDPS 2A. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40901 . COSPAR: 2015-049C. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.14 min. One of a pair of Zhejian University (Hangzhou, Zhejiang) satellites to test MEMS microelectronic technology, including a small deployable truss antenna on top of each satellite..
  • Zheda Pixing 2B - . Payload: ZDPS 2B. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40902 . COSPAR: 2015-049D. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.15 min. One of a pair of Zhejian University (Hangzhou, Zhejiang) satellites to test MEMS microelectronic technology, including a small deployable truss antenna on top of each satellite..
  • Xiwang-2A - . Payload: XW-2A. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40903 . COSPAR: 2015-049E. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 453 km (281 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 93.87 min.

    The XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 25 kg XW-2A carried two 1.5 kg subsatellites, XW-2E/2F, while the 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage.

  • Luliang-1 - . Payload: KAITUO 1A. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40904 . COSPAR: 2015-049F. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.18 min.

    The Tiantuo-3 constellation was from the National University of Defense Technology (Guofang Keji Daxue Yan) in Changsha, Hunan. Its primary satellite, the 20 kg, Luliang-1, was developed in collaboration with the municipal government of Luliang city in Shanxi, near the Taiyuan launch site, for tests of AIS (ship tracking) and ADS-B (airplane data relay) systems. Luliang-1 ejected the Zhineng hao shouji weixing (Smart Phone Satellite), a 1 kg satellite also known as NUDT-Phone-Sat,

  • Naxing-2 - . Payload: OBJECT G. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40905 . COSPAR: 2015-049G. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.23 min. Tsinghua University (Beijing)'s Naxing-2 (Nanosatellite-2, NS-2) had a mass of 20 kg and tested MEMS microelectronic components and carried small Beidou/GPS receivers. It also deployed the Zijing 1 and 2 picosats..
  • Xiwang-2C - . Payload: XW-2C. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40906 . COSPAR: 2015-049H. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 516 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • Xiwang-2D - . Payload: XW-2D. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40907 . COSPAR: 2015-049J. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • Zidingxiang-2 - . Payload: LILACSAT 2. Mass: 11 kg (24 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40908 . COSPAR: 2015-049K. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.25 min. Zidingxiang-2 ("LilacSat-2") was from the Harbin Institute of Technology in Heilongjiang province, in China's far northeast. The 11 kg satellite carries an ADS-B reciever, and an FPGA radiation exposure test..
  • Xiwang-2E - . Payload: XW-2E. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40909 . COSPAR: 2015-049L. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.18 min. 1.5 kg amateur radio subsatellite deployed from the XW-2A..
  • Xiwang-2F - . Payload: XW-2F. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40910 . COSPAR: 2015-049M. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 516 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. 1.5 kg amateur radio subsatellite deployed from the XW-2A..
  • Xiwang-2B - . Payload: XW-2B. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40911 . COSPAR: 2015-049N. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • DCBB - . Payload: KAITUO 1B. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40912 . COSPAR: 2015-049P. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.10 min. 2U cubesat with an amateur radio payload..
  • Xingchen 1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat, measuring only 98 x 98 x 7mm in size..
  • Xingchen 2 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Xingchen 3 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Xingchen 4 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Zijing-1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 234 gram picosat deployed from Naxing-2..
  • Kongjian Shiyan 1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 173 gram picosat, also called Ziging-2, deployed from Naxing-2. Built by the Xi'an University of Electronic Science and Technology (Xidian) in Jiangxi..

2015 September 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2507 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40920 . COSPAR: 2015-050A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Three Russian Defense Ministry Rodnik-S store-dump satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2508 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40921 . COSPAR: 2015-050B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min.
  • Cosmos 2509 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40922 . COSPAR: 2015-050C. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min.

2015 September 25 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. Launch Pad: Jiuquan SLS-E. LV Family: DF-31. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 11.
  • Pujiang-1 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Pujiang. USAF Sat Cat: 40925 . COSPAR: 2015-051A. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 465 km (288 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.13 min.

    First launch of the CZ-11 solid-fuel, four-stage, light launch vehicle, though to be related to the DF-31 and DF-41 ICBMs. Pujiang, the Chinese Technology Experiment Satellite, was designed to promote the construction of smart cities in China, by monitoring urban weather, traffic and population density. It was the first Chinese satellite to use 3D printing for the titanium structure of its antenna. It included a Wi-Fi router providing a communication network between the three Tianwang cubesats released on the same launch.

  • Shangkeda-2 - . Payload: TIANWANG 1C (TW-1C). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40926 . COSPAR: 2015-051B. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 460 km (280 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.04 min.

    Part of the Tianwang constallation of three CubeSats for space networking experiments. Codeveloped by the Shanghai Engineering Center for Microsatellites (SECM), the Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NJUST), GomSpace Denmark, Tekever Space Portugal and NanoSpace Sweden.

  • NJUST-2 - . Payload: TIANWANG 1B (TW-1B). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40927 . COSPAR: 2015-051C. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 97.3100 deg. Period: 94.07 min.
  • NJFA-1 - . Payload: TIANWANG 1A (TW-1A). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40928 . COSPAR: 2015-051D. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 463 km (287 mi). Inclination: 97.2900 deg. Period: 94.08 min.

2015 September 28 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: Sriharikota FLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • Astrosat - . Mass: 1,530 kg (3,370 lb). Nation: India. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: IRS-1. USAF Sat Cat: 40930 . COSPAR: 2015-052A. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 632 km (392 mi). Inclination: 5.9900 deg. Period: 97.55 min.

    India's first space astronomy observatory. The satellite carried near and far ultraviolet telescopes, a large X-ray proportional counter array, a soft-X-ray imaging telescope, a hard X-ray coded mask telescope, and a monitor to detect flaring X-ray sources.

  • LAPAN-A2 - . Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40931 . COSPAR: 2015-052B. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 6.0000 deg. Period: 97.54 min. Indonesian microsatellite; carried an AIS (Automatic Identification System) to identify ships in Indonesia waters, a video camera, and a payload for disaster management by amateur radio operators..
  • Lemur-2-Joel - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: GNB. USAF Sat Cat: 40932 . COSPAR: 2015-052C. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 629 km (390 mi). Inclination: 6.0100 deg. Period: 97.51 min. Nanosatellite built by the University of Toronto's UTIAS group, part of the xactEarth AIS constellation to monitor ship movements..
  • Lemur-2-Chris - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40933 . COSPAR: 2015-052C. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 629 km (390 mi). Inclination: 6.0100 deg. Period: 97.50 min.

    3U cubesat by San Francisco-based Spire Global, built in Glasgow, Scotland. 3U cubesat, carried an AIS payload and GPS radio occultation equipment, which used the bending of GPS radio signals by the atmosphere to derive atmospheric temperature and pressure.

  • Lemur-2-Jeroen - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40934 . COSPAR: 2015-052D. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 6.0100 deg. Period: 97.55 min.

    3U cubesat by San Francisco-based Spire Global, built in Glasgow, Scotland. 3U cubesat, carried an AIS payload and GPS radio occultation equipment, which used the bending of GPS radio signals by the atmosphere to derive atmospheric temperature and pressure.

  • Lemur-2-Peter - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40935 . COSPAR: 2015-052F. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 6.0100 deg. Period: 97.56 min.

    3U cubesat by San Francisco-based Spire Global, built in Glasgow, Scotland. 3U cubesat, carried an AIS payload and GPS radio occultation equipment, which used the bending of GPS radio signals by the atmosphere to derive atmospheric temperature and pressure.

  • ExactView-9 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Canada. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40936 . COSPAR: 2015-052G. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 635 km (394 mi). Inclination: 6.0000 deg. Period: 97.57 min.

    3U cubesat by San Francisco-based Spire Global, built in Glasgow, Scotland. 3U cubesat, carried an AIS payload and GPS radio occultation equipment, which used the bending of GPS radio signals by the atmosphere to derive atmospheric temperature and pressure.


2015 September 29 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC3. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B/G2.
  • Beidou I2-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 20 / Beidou 3i. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40938 . COSPAR: 2015-053A. Apogee: 35,962 km (22,345 mi). Perigee: 35,602 km (22,122 mi). Inclination: 54.9800 deg. Period: 1,435.85 min. The first Beidou navigation satellite to carry a hydrogen-maser-based clock. Also called Beidou-3 I-2S, deployed in an inclined synchronous orbit. Unlike the previous two flights, this mission did not appear to have used the YZ-1 upper stage..

2015 September 30 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M21.
  • M51 RVs - . Nation: France. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..

2015 September 30 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Sky Muster - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Australia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 40940 . COSPAR: 2015-054A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    NBN 1 communications satellite, with a Ka-band payload for the Australian NBN Corporation, a government-owned company running the national broadband network. Purpose was to provide access to high speed broadband to every household and business in the country.

  • ARSAT-2 - . Mass: 2,900 kg (6,300 lb). Nation: Argentina. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ARSAT-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 40941 . COSPAR: 2015-054B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Argentinan indigenous communications satellite. 26 Ku-band and 10 C-band transponders..

2015 October 1 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress M-29M - . Mass: 7,283 kg (16,056 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 2016-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 40944 . COSPAR: 2015-055A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min.

    Docked with the ISS Zvezda module at 22:52 GMT on 1 October. The spacecraft delivered a variety of supplies and maintenance equipment to the station. Progress M-29M undocked from the Zvezda module on Mar 30 at 1415 UTC and performed attitude control experiments in a 373 x 401 km orbit. Progress M-29M was deorbited on Apr 8, reentered around 1416 UTC over the S Pacific.


2015 October 2 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: S31/Orion.
  • O-STATES 1 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Atmosphere mission. Impacted ESRANGE Area B, Sweden..

2015 October 2 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 421.
  • Morelos-3 - . Payload: Boeing 702HP GeoMobile. Mass: 5,400 kg (11,900 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 40946 . COSPAR: 2015-056A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 7.0900 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Mexican communications satellite with a 22-metre L-band antenna reflector..

2015 October 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • AAUSAT-5 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 40949 . COSPAR: 1998-067HA. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.33 min. Aalborg University 1U cubesat for tests of AIS ship tracking receivers.
  • GOMX-3 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-03-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 40948 . COSPAR: 1998-067GZ. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 381 km (236 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.24 min. GOMSpace 3U cubesat for tests of ADS-B aircraft data relay.
  • Flock 2b-1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 40950 . COSPAR: 1998-067HB. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.34 min.
  • Flock 2b-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 40951 . COSPAR: 1998-067HC. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.33 min.
  • Flock 2b-3 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 40952 . COSPAR: 1998-067HD. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 389 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.35 min.
  • Flock 2b-4 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 40953 . COSPAR: 1998-067HE. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 389 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.36 min.
  • Flock 2b-5 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 40954 . COSPAR: 1998-067HF. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.34 min.
  • Flock 2b-6 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 40955 . COSPAR: 1998-067HG. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 389 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.41 min.
  • Flock 2b-7 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 40956 . COSPAR: 1998-067HH. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.32 min.
  • Flock 2b-8 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 40957 . COSPAR: 1998-067HJ. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 382 km (237 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.24 min.
  • Flock 2b-9 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 40962 . COSPAR: 1998-067HK. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.34 min.
  • Flock 2b-10 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 40963 . COSPAR: 1998-067HL. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.36 min.

2015 October 7 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Jilin-1 Optical A - . Payload: LQSAT. Mass: 420 kg (920 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Jilin. USAF Sat Cat: 40958 . COSPAR: 2015-057A. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.78 min.

    Satellite cluster deployed in a single launch, described as China's first commercial imaging satellite system, built by the Chang Guang Satellite Technology Company, a spinoff of the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (CIOMP) in Jilin province. The 420-kg main satellite had an 0.7 m resolution imager. Two 92-kg 'smart video imaging satellites' and a single 50-kg 'smart imaging verification satellite' completed the cluster.

  • Jilin-1 Video 1 - . Payload: LINGQIAO VIDEO A. Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Jilin. USAF Sat Cat: 40959 . COSPAR: 2015-057B. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi). Perigee: 638 km (396 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.77 min. One of two 'smart video imaging' satellites in the Jilin cluster..
  • Jilin-1 Video 2 - . Payload: LINGQIAO VIDEO B. Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Jilin. USAF Sat Cat: 40960 . COSPAR: 2015-057C. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi). Perigee: 638 km (396 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.76 min. One of two 'smart video imaging' satellites in the Jilin cluster..
  • Jilin-1 Tech Demo - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Jilin. USAF Sat Cat: 40961 . COSPAR: 2015-057D. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi). Perigee: 637 km (395 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.75 min. 'Smart imaging verification satellite', part of the Jilin cluster..

2015 October 7 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock 2b-13 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 40979 . COSPAR: 1998-067HM. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.35 min.
  • Flock 2b-14 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-09-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 40980 . COSPAR: 1998-067HN. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.31 min.

2015 October 7 - . 23:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.310GT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi). Technology/Atmospheric mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..

2015 October 8 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 264 - . Payload: Intruder 11 / NROL-55. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 40964 . COSPAR: 2015-058A. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg.

    The Atlas deployed two NRO satellites and a cluster of cubesats in orbit. Items listed as USA 264 and USA 264 'debris', thought to be a clandestine active payload, were deployed in a 1014 km x 1201 km x 63.4 deg orbit. The satellites were believed to be NRO/Navy signals intelligence satellites, the latest successors to the GRAB/POPPY series, and probably codenamed INTRUDER. Following deployment of the main payloads, the Centaur upper stage made two further burns to a 496 km x 800 km x 64.8 deg orbit and deployed the cubesats from GRACE, the fourth NPS Cubesat Launcher flown on an Atlas Aft Bulkhead Carrier.

  • Aerocube-5C - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40965 . COSPAR: 2015-058B. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Aerospace Corporation cubesat..
  • Aerocube-7 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40966 . COSPAR: 2015-058C. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Aerospace Corporation cubesat..
  • AMSAT-OSCAR-85 - . Payload: FOX-1. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40967 . COSPAR: 2015-058D. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Also called Fox-1A; amateur radio cubesat from AMSAT-North America..
  • Bisonsat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40968 . COSPAR: 2015-058E. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Cubesat from Salish Kootenai College in Montana..
  • ARC-1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40969 . COSPAR: 2015-058F. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Alaska Research Cubesat 1 from University of Alaska, Fairbanks..
  • SNAP-3 ALICE - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40970 . COSPAR: 2015-058G. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • LMRST - . Payload: LMRST-SAT. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40971 . COSPAR: 2015-058H. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Low Mass Radio Science Transponder experiment cubesat from JPL..
  • SNAP-3 EDDIE - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40972 . COSPAR: 2015-058J. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • PropCube-3 Merryweather - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40973 . COSPAR: 2015-058K. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..
  • SINOD-D 1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40974 . COSPAR: 2015-058L. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two SINOD-D cubesats with software-defined radio demonstrations from SRI International..
  • SNAP-3 JIMI - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40975 . COSPAR: 2015-058M. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • PropCube-1 Flora - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40976 . COSPAR: 2015-058N. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..
  • SINOD-D 3 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40977 . COSPAR: 2015-058P. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two SINOD-D cubesats with software-defined radio demonstrations from SRI International..
  • USA 264 Payload 2 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 40981 . COSPAR: 2015-058R. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Believed to be subsatellite of USA 246 sigint satellite..

2015 October 11 - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Emad.
  • Emad RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Iran..

2015 October 16 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Apstar 9 - . Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-4. USAF Sat Cat: 40982 . COSPAR: 2015-059A. Apogee: 35,763 km (22,222 mi). Perigee: 35,727 km (22,199 mi). Inclination: 0.0900 deg. Period: 1,433.98 min. Communications satellite for Hong Kong-based APT Satellite, with C- and Ku-band payloads..

2015 October 16 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Turksat 4B - . Mass: 4,924 kg (10,855 lb). Nation: Turkey. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DS2000. USAF Sat Cat: 40984 . COSPAR: 2015-060A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Second Turksat-4 satellite for Turk Telecom with C, Ku and Ka-band communications payloads.Located at 50 E..

2015 October 19 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: S31/Orion.
  • O-STATES 2 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Atmosphere mission. Impacted ESRANGE Area B, Sweden..

2015 October 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Platform: DDG-71. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission. Impacted North Atlantic..
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). US Navy missile defense test carried out in the Hebrides Range in Scotland. The target Terrier Orion rocket launched from the island of South Uist was the first exoatmospheric rocket launch from UK territory since 1982..

2015 October 21 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Ofeq 5. Launch Pad: LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT216GM RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Training mission. Impacted Kwajalein..

2015 October 26 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Tianhui 1-03 - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Tianhui. USAF Sat Cat: 40988 . COSPAR: 2015-061A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 490 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.3600 deg. Period: 94.52 min. Third Tianhui-1 cartography satellite, launched into the same local-time orbital plane as the prior two, with a 03:30 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..

2015 October 28 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-32 - . Crew: Kelly, James, Lindgren. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    The Quest airlock was depressurized from about 12:00 GMT to 19:19 GMT. The crew removed a thermal cover from a failed MBSU unit, added thermal covers to the AMS-02 particle physics experiment, installed cabling for the future IDA docking adapters, and lubricated part of the LEE-B end of the Canadarm-2. Part of the LEE lubing and the IDA wiring, as well as the installation of a vent on Node 3, were omitted due to lack of time.


2015 October 28 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Yars.
  • 4 RVs - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kura, Kamchatka..

2015 October 30 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • R-29 RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kanin Penisula..
  • Topol RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kura, Kamchatka..
  • R-29RM RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kura, Kamchatka..

2015 October 31 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 265 - . Payload: Navstar 73 / GPS SVN 71 / IIF-11 / Altair. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 41019 . COSPAR: 2015-062A. Apogee: 20,491 km (12,732 mi). Perigee: 20,444 km (12,703 mi). Inclination: 54.9800 deg. Period: 729.58 min. Addition to the GPS constellation, model IIF flight 11, was nicknamed 'Altair'..

2015 October 31 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Urumqi. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Interceptor - . Nation: China. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission..
  • Target - . Nation: China. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission. Impacted Korla..

2015 November 1 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wake Island. Launch Platform: C-17. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: SRALT.
  • SRALT RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Target mission. Impacted Wake Island..
  • THAAD KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission. Impacted Pacific Ocean..
  • eMBRM RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Target mission. Impacted Wake Island..
  • THAAD KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission. Impacted Pacific Ocean..

2015 November 3 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Zhongxing 2C - . Payload: Chinasat 2C / Shentong 2-2. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-4. USAF Sat Cat: 41021 . COSPAR: 2015-063A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.5500 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Second of the second generation of the Shentong series, operated by the Chinese Army to provide secure voice and data Ku-band communications to the ground forces..

2015 November 4 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Super Strypi. FAILURE: Went out of control during first stage burn and was destroyed.
  • Hiakasat - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat.

    Launched from the Kauai Test Facility's Kokole Point pad; went out of control during first stage burn and was destroyed. The University of Hawaii's Hiakasat and 12 cubesats were aboard. The vehicle had three solid stages (LEO-46, LEO-7 and LEO-1) developed by Aerojet.

  • STACEM - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • PrintSat - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • Techsat-1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 2 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 3 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 4 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 5 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 6 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 7 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • EDSN 8 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..
  • Argus - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Cubesat; lost when first stage failed..

2015 November 6 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-33 - . Crew: Kelly, James, Lindgren. EVA Duration: 0.33 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    The airlock was depressurized around 11:20 GMT and repressurized at 19:10 GMT. The astronauts successfully reconfigured part of the station's cooling system on the P6 truss segment. The work went a bit slower than planned, though, and a backup radiator panel (the P6 TTCR) had to be redeployed because there wasn't enough time to fasten it down; this leaves it a bit more vulnerable to space debris.


2015 November 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: SSBN 737. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN Mk 5 RV x14 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    Trident II D-5 submarine-launched ballistic routine launch which hit the headlines. Missiles were launched from the submarine USS Kentucky on November 8 and 9. The missiles were launched from near San Clemente Island off the coast of California and flew to Kwajalein Atoll in the central Pacific. The first missile was launched just after local sunset and its expanding exhaust gases were illuminated by the sun, causing widespread UFO reports across the southwestern United States. The 2-dimensional projection on the sky of the missile's westward motion, as seen from the mostly southwest-facing southern California coast, fooled many observers into thinking the missile was flying north along the coast. California observers were also able to see the deployments of the MIRV reentry vehicles as the vehicle's final stage approached the horizon.


2015 November 8 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 28 - . Payload: Jianbing 11. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-11. USAF Sat Cat: 41026 . COSPAR: 2015-064A. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 459 km (285 mi). Inclination: 97.2500 deg. Period: 94.03 min. Thought to be the second Jianbing-11 imaging reconnaissance satellite with an 0.8 m resolution imager. Appeared to be a replacement for the first Jianbing-11, codenamed Yaogan 14. 04:14 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..

2015 November 9 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. Launch Pad: IC4. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 4.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi). Test mission. Impacted Indian Ocean..
  • USN Mk 5 RV x14 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kwajalein..

2015 November 10 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Badr 7 - . Payload: GSAT 15. Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: India. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 41028 . COSPAR: 2015-065A. Apogee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Perigee: 35,643 km (22,147 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,431.85 min. Also known as Arabsat-6B; communications satellite with Ku and Ka-band communications payloads..
  • GSAT-15 - . Mass: 3,164 kg (6,975 lb). Nation: Arab States. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: I-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 41029 . COSPAR: 2015-065B. Apogee: 35,731 km (22,202 mi). Perigee: 254 km (157 mi). Inclination: 3.9600 deg. Period: 631.04 min. Communications satellite with a Ku-band payload for Indian domestic television broadcasting as well as a GAGAN navigation payload..

2015 November 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-155. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura, Kamchatka..
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura, Kamchatka..

2015 November 17 - . 06:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2510 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: USP (Victoria). Spacecraft: Yamal. USAF Sat Cat: 41032 . COSPAR: 2015-066A. Apogee: 38,551 km (23,954 mi). Perigee: 1,625 km (1,009 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. The first EKS early warning satellite, launched into a Molniya orbit. The satellite, developed by Energiya and Kometa, replaced the defunct Lavochkin/Kometa 'Oko' system..

2015 November 17 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol'-E RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Reentry test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Reentry test mission. Impacted in Sary Shagan..

2015 November 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • LaoSat 1 - . Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 41034 . COSPAR: 2015-067A. Apogee: 41,778 km (25,959 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 18.4000 deg.

    Chinese-built DFH-3B communications satellite for Laos. LaoSat-1 was owned by Lao Satellite Joint Venture Co, a collab between China APMT Co. and the Lao National Authority for Science and Tech. LaoSat-1 was placed in a 189 x 41778 km x 18.4 deg geotransfer orbit. Onboard liquid thruster raised orbit to GEO at 128.5 deg E


2015 November 23 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Blue Origin. Launch Vehicle: New Shepard.
  • New Shepard CC - . Nation: USA. Type: Test. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

    Blue Origin's New Shepard vehicle carried its prototype crew capsule to 100.5 km altitude, the booster reaching 100.4 km. The booster was recovered in a controlled vertical rocket landing, the first such successful landing on the Earth's surface following an exoatmospheric flight. The crew capsule landed nearby on a parachute.


2015 November 24 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 204.
  • Telstar 12V - . Nation: Japan. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 41036 . COSPAR: 2015-068A. Apogee: 35,637 km (22,143 mi). Perigee: 3,140 km (1,950 mi). Inclination: 19.2000 deg.

    Telesat of Canada's Telstar 12 Vantage comms satellite launched to geotransfer orbit in the first commercial launch of Japan's H-IIA rocket and the first use of an uprated LOX/LH2 upper stage modified for a long coast to a third burn at geotransfer apogee. The stage venting was visible to observers in the USA. Telstar 12 Vantage replaces Telstar 12 and provides Ku-band capacity to the Americas.


2015 November 25 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • PICTURE-B - . Nation: USA. Type: Astronomy. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Astronomy mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2015 November 26 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 29 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-5. USAF Sat Cat: 41038 . COSPAR: 2015-069A. Apogee: 619 km (384 mi). Perigee: 615 km (382 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg.

    A new Yaogan satellite. The orbit was very similar to that of the Yaogan 1, 3 and 10 satellites though to be radar imaging vehicles developed by the Shanghai Academy of Space Technology (SAST). Placed in sun synchronous orbit with 04:30 Equator crossing time.


2015 November 30 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Oriole IV.
  • CAPER - . Nation: USA. Type: Auroral. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Auroral mission. Impacted in Andoya, Norway. The NASA 49.003UE Oriole IV flight did not reach its target altitude..

2015 December 1 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 13 - . Nation: USA. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B Zone, Sweden..

2015 December 3 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • LISA Pathfinder - . Nation: Europe. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: LISA Pathfinder. USAF Sat Cat: 41043 . COSPAR: 2015-070A. Apogee: 24,805 km (15,413 mi). Perigee: 748 km (464 mi). Inclination: 6.0000 deg. En route to L1 Lagrangian point..

2015 December 5 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • DXL-2 - . Nation: USA. Type: X-ray Astronomy. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). X-ray Astronomy mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2015 December 5 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1V.
  • Cosmos 2511 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kanopus. Decay Date: 2015-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 41098 . COSPAR: 2015-071A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 685 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg.

    Russia carried out the second launch of the Soyuz-2-1V rocket, carrying the 440 kg Kanopus-ST military satellite as its primary payload. Kanopus-ST carried optical, infrared and microwave imagers to test technology to locate submerged submarines. The two-stage core of Soyuz-2-1V reached a 208 x 681 km x 98.2 deg transfer orbit. The Volga upper stage coasted to apogee and at about 1503 UTC made a circularization burn to reach a 684 x 693 km sun-synchronous orbit. The KYuA-1 satellite was successfully ejected at about 1540 UTC, but one of several latches on the Kanopus-ST failed to open, and the payload failed to separate.The two payloads were given the public cover names Kosmos-2511 (Kanopus-ST/Volga) and Kosmos-2512 (KYuA-1). Following the failure, at about 0200 UTC Dec 6 the Volga reignited in an attempt to deorbit the Kanopus/Volga stack and prevent it becoming long-lived space debris. This burn reached an orbit of 106 x 655 km. Natural orbital decay from atmospheric drag quickly set in. On Dec 7, with the orbit at 90 x 348 km, the spacecraft split into two pieces, possibly but not certainly the Kanopus satelite and the Volga stage. The two pieces reached an orbit of 88 x 297 km on Dec 8 before reentry.

  • Cosmos 2512 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. USAF Sat Cat: 41099 . COSPAR: 2015-071B. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Secondary payload; KYuA-1, a 16 kg sphere used to calibrate anti-ballistic-missile radars. Placed in sun synchronous orbit with 06:00 Equator crossing time..

2015 December 6 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • SS Deke Slayton II - . Payload: Cygnus OA-4. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Decay Date: 2016-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 41101 . COSPAR: 2015-072A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 404 km (251 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    United Launch Alliance launched Atlas V flight AV-061 carrying the Cygnus OA-4 cargo ship mission. Following the Antares failure in the prior year, Cygnus payloads were temporarily moved to Atlas. The OA-4 Cygnus, called 'SS Deke Slayton II', was the first Cygnus with the enhanced (stretched) EPCM pressurized cargo module, and the first with a service module carrying the circular UltraFlex solar arrays originally designed for NASA's Orion. This was the first time an Atlas launched a payload towards the ISS. The AV-061 Centaur reached a 234 x 237 km orbit at 2203 UTC, released Cygnus 3 min later, and performed a 10s deorbit burn at 2232 UTC for disposal of the Centaur in the ocean south of Australia at about 132E 49S. The Deke Slayton II reached the ISS on Dec 9, with SSRMS grapple at 1119 UTC and berthing on Harmony at 1426 UTC. Aboard the Cygnus were the small NovaWurks SIMPL satellite, 12 Flock 2e cubesats from Planet Labs, and the CADRE, STMSat-1, MinXSS-1, Nodes 1 and Nodes 2 cubesats. Mass of ISS after the OA-4 arrival was 418 metric tons. The Canadarm-2 unberthed the Cygnus OA-4 cargo ship, SS Deke Slayton II, from the Unity node on Feb 19 at 1040 UTC and released it into orbit at about 1227 UTC. The Cygnus was deorbited over the S Pacific at about 1600 UTC Feb 20.


2015 December 8 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • CTV-02 - . Nation: USA. Type: Test. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Point Mugu Sea Range..

2015 December 9 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Zhongxing 1C - . Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41103 . COSPAR: 2015-073A. Apogee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 27.1000 deg. The ZX-1C communications satellite was placed in geotransfer orbit. The satellite was thought to be the second Fenghuo-2 military communications satellite, joining ZX-1A launched in 2011..

2015 December 10 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: C-17. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: SRALT.
  • FTO-O2E1a Target - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). ABM Target mission. Intercepted..
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Interceptor. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Interceptor mission..
  • Target - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Target mission. Intercepted..
  • Arrow 3 KV - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Interceptor. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Interceptor mission..
  • PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM Target mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2015 December 11 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 3.
  • Shaheen RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Type: Test. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Arabian Sea..

2015 December 11 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLBF.
  • Elektro-L No. 2 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Elektro. USAF Sat Cat: 41105 . COSPAR: 2015-074A.

    Russia launched a Ukrainian-built Zenit-2SB vehicle with an NPO Lavochkin 'Fregat-SB' upper stage carrying the Elektro-L No. 2 weather satellite to GEO. The Zenit-2SB second stage reached a 164 x 539 km x 51.4 deg parking orbit at 1352 UTC. The Elektro-L/Fregat-SB separated; after a first Fregat burn to 271 x 4277 km at 1500 UTC, the SBB drop tank was jettisoned. A second burn at 1711 UTC put the vehicle in geotransfer orbit, and a third burn at 2232 UTC circularized the orbit at apogee. Fregat separated and later made a fourth burn to graveyard orbit, leaving Elektro-L in the geosynchronous region.


2015 December 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-51. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x 4? - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura, Kamchatka..

2015 December 13 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Cosmos 2513 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Garpun. USAF Sat Cat: 41121 . COSPAR: 2015-075A. Apogee: 35,657 km (22,156 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 48.6000 deg. Second Garpun (`Harpoon') military communications satellite..

2015 December 15 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
  • Shaheen RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Type: Test. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Arabian Sea..

2015 December 15 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-19M - . Call Sign: Agat. Crew: Malenchenko, Kopra, Peake. Backup Crew: Ivanishin, Onishi, Rubins. Return Crew: Malenchenko, Kopra, Peake. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-19M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 185.92 days. Decay Date: 2016-06-18 09:15:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 41124 . COSPAR: 2015-076A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 404 km (251 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Docked with ISS. On Jun 18 Expedition 47 crew members Yuriy Malenchenko, Tim Kopra and Tim Peake transferred from the Rassvet module to Soyuz TMA-19, closing hatches at 0235 UTC and undocking at 0552 UTC. Soyuz TMA-19M made its deorbit burn at 0822 UTC and reentered for a safe landing in Kazakhstan at 0915 UTC.


2015 December 16 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA.
  • TeLEOS-1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. COSPAR: 2015-077A. For AgilSpace, the 400 kg TeLEOS-1 satellite with a 1 meter resolution Earth imager. The satellite was built by Singapore Technologies Electronics, of which AgilSpace was a subsidiary..
  • VELOX-C1 - . Mass: 123 kg (271 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. COSPAR: 2015-077B. For Nanyang Technological University, the 123 kg VELOX-C1 carrying a GPS radio occultation payload for meteorology.
  • Kent Ridge 1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. COSPAR: 2015-077C.

    For the National University of Singapore, the 78 kg Kent Ridge 1 satellite developed using the TUBSAT LEOS-50 bus by Berlin Space Technologies, a spinoff of the old TUBSAT group at Technische Universitat Berlin. KR-1 carried two low-resoluton hyperspectral Earth imagers and a 6-meter-resolution imager.

  • VELOX-II - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2015-077D. The 12 kg VELOX-II carried a space communications relay experiment to demonstrate cubesat downlink via geostationary communications satellite. VELOX-II was a 6U cubesat - only the 4th to be launched worldwide in this new larger cubesat format..
  • Galassia - . Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2015-077E. A second NUS satellite was Galassia, a 2U cubesat with science payloads to measure the ionosphere and perform a quantum entanglement experiment..
  • Athenoxat-1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2015-077F. In a technology development test, the PSLV 4th stage was reignited briefly to test its ability to deliver payloads to multiple orbits. For Microsat Rapid Pte Ltd., the 3U cubesat Athenoxat-1 carried a payload to image the night side of the Earth..

2015 December 17 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Wukong - . Nation: China. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41173 . COSPAR: 2015-078A. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg.

    China launched the Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), given the postlaunch name Wukong ('Monkey King'). DAMPE was a Chinese Academy of Sciences particle physics experiment with a bismuth-germanium oxide calorimeter, and will study electrons, gamma rays and cosmic rays in the GeV to TeV energy range. The satellite has a mass of 1900 kg.


2015 December 17 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-11 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41174 . COSPAR: 2015-079A. Apogee: 23,568 km (14,644 mi). Perigee: 23,511 km (14,609 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Adriana.
  • GalileoSat-12 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41175 . COSPAR: 2015-079B. Apogee: 23,617 km (14,674 mi). Perigee: 23,552 km (14,634 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Liene.

2015 December 18 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • FORTIS 3 - . Nation: USA. Type: Ultraviolet astronomy. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Ultraviolet astronomy mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2015 December 21 - .
  • EVA ISS US EVA-34 - . Crew: Kelly, James, Kopra. EVA Duration: 0.14 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    On Dec 17 the Mobile Transporter (the truck that the SSRMS Canadarm-2 robot arm rides on) got stuck just after leaving worksite 4, one of the stations on the truss railway. The MT has two CETA carts attached to it, and the brakes on one CETA were accidentally engaged - probably left in the wrong position on an earlier spacewalk. Since a stuck MT is considered a safety issue for dockings, astronauts Kelly and Kopra made a spacewalk on Dec 21 to release the brake. They also completed some left-over cabling tasks. The Quest airlock was depressurized at about 1238 UTC and repressurized at 1601 UTC. Kelly and Kopra used EMU suits 3010 and 3011. The MT was now working fine.


2015 December 21 - . 08:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Progress MS-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress MS. Decay Date: 2016-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 41177 . COSPAR: 2015-080A. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    First Progress-MS cargo ship. Progress-MS was similar to previous Progress ships but with improved onboard systems. It docked with the Pirs module at 1027 UTC Dec 23. Progress MS-01 undocked from the Pirs module at 0536 UTC on Jul 1, backed off to 180m, and redocked at 0605 UTC under TORU remote control. During redocking there was an incorrect thruster firing that made the vehicle swing visibly from side to side. The problem was reportedly under investigation but did not affect Progress MS-01's final undocking, which happened at 0348 UTC Jul 3. Progress MS-01 was deorbited and destroyed over the South Pacifc at 0750 UTC Jul 3.


2015 December 22 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.2.
  • Orbcomm FM105 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41181 . COSPAR: 2015-081C. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM108 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41187 . COSPAR: 2015-081J. Apogee: 658 km (408 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM110 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41182 . COSPAR: 2015-081D. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM112 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41184 . COSPAR: 2015-081F. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM113 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41185 . COSPAR: 2015-081G. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM114 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41179 . COSPAR: 2015-081A. Apogee: 655 km (406 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.

    SpaceX launched their first Falcon 9 since the CRS-7 failure. Core F9-021 was also the first 'full thrust' Falcon 9 with improved performance. The primary payload was a cluster of Orbcomm OG2 comm satellites. The 11 OG2s and one non-separating mass simulator were mounted on the circumference of a dispenser consisting of three ESPA rings attached to the second stage. After the satellites were deployed, the second stage was deorbited. The first stage shut down at an altitude of around 80 km and a velocity of 1.65 km/s (Earth-relative), just before stages 1 and 2 separated. The stage reached an apogee of around 200 km before beginning a boostback burn to kill its eastward velocity and send it back towards Florida. Following a third reentry burn the stage landed back at Cape Canaveral's Landing Zone 1 (former pad 13). The fully controlled vertical landing came at 0139 UTC Dec 22.

  • Orbcomm FM115 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41186 . COSPAR: 2015-081H. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 612 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM116 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41189 . COSPAR: 2015-081L. Apogee: 656 km (407 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM117 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41188 . COSPAR: 2015-081K. Apogee: 656 km (407 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM118 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41183 . COSPAR: 2015-081E. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.
  • Orbcomm FM119 - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. USAF Sat Cat: 41180 . COSPAR: 2015-081B. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 613 km (380 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg.

2015 December 24 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol'-E RV? - . Nation: Russia. Type: Reentry test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Reentry test mission. Impacted in Sary Shagan..
  • Topol'-E RV? - . Nation: Russia. Type: Reentry test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Reentry test mission. Impacted in Sary Shagan..

2015 December 24 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Ekspress-AMU1 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 41191 . COSPAR: 2015-082A. Apogee: 35,760 km (22,220 mi). Perigee: 4,323 km (2,686 mi). Inclination: 22.4000 deg. Ekspress-AMU1, built by Astrium using the Eurostar 3000 bus, has 61 Ku-band transponders and 10 Ka transponders. The multi-beam Ka antennas use a new feed array developed by Airbus Defense and Space..

2015 December 28 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • GaoFen 4 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41194 . COSPAR: 2015-083A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 23.0000 deg. High resolution imaging satellite launched into geotransfer orbit. GF-4 has a 50-metre-resolution imager..


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