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On March 11 in Space History

1890 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Vannevar Bush - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bush, Vannevar. American engineer, primary scientific adviser to Roosevelt and Truman, immensely influential in plans for nuclear weapons, missiles, aviation, and advanced propulsion 1939-1949. Discouraged early development of the ICBM..

1913 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Boris Nikolayevich Petrov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Petrov, Boris. Russian engineer, Department Chief 1951-1980 of the Institute of Control Problems, chair of the Inter-Cosmos Council, which promoted cooperation in space among eastern European nations during the height of the Cold War, 1966-1980..

1943 March 11 - .
1944 March 11 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 4088 - . Nation: Germany. Burnout at T+59 seconds. Flight duration 282 seconds..

1945 March 11 - .
  • Death of Walter Hohmann - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Hohmann. German architect who became interested in interplanetary spaceflight, defined the minimum energy transfer orbit which bears his name in 1916. Rocket enthusiast with VfR but broke off contact after military took over development..

1945 March 11 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. Launch Pad: 2./485. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Burgsteinfurt to Eindhoven - . Nation: Germany. Burgsteinfurt Site 163 (Heek - Oerscher Wald), rocket fired, impacted approximately 15km NE of Eindhoven, Netherlands..

1948 March 11 - .
  • Disagreement within US military on rocket roles - . Nation: USA. Key West Agreement formulated by military service chiefs which delineated respective service roles and missions. It did not clearly assign military aeronautical and rocket research and development responsibilities to the services..

1948 March 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 74 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 43. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 21. Attained mach 1.25 in dive..

1949 March 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 105 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 62. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 40. Familiarization flight. Mach 1.23 at 10675 m. Small engine fire due to loose igniter..

1953 March 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 11 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • As a result of the 26 February meeting, Trevor Gardner submitted a plan for accelerating the intercontinental ballistic missile system (IBMS) program. - . Related Persons: Schriever.

    This was sent to Secretary of the Air Force Harold E Talbott and Air Force Chief of Staff General Nathan Twining. The plan called for emergency funding and an operational capability as early as 1958-60. Mr. Gardner also recommended that high-ranking military officers be placed in charge of the revised program and specifically named Major General James McCormack, Jr., Vice Commander of ARDC, and Brigadier General Bernard A. Schriever, then Assistant for Development Planning, Deputy Chief of Staff/Development, Headquarters USAF, for the top positions.


1954 March 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1955 March 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 14 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. First flight of refitted s/n 3, the static test article. Vehicle exploded on gear retraction - it was found that the destruct package was wired to the gear circuit instead of the engine circuit..

1956 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Curtis Lee Jr 'Curt' Brown - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-66, STS-77, STS-85, STS-95, STS-103. Flew in space six times..

1957 March 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. Launch Vehicle: X-17.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1959 March 11 - .
  • First full-scale test simulating a Mercury pad-abort situation. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury, Mercury Escape Tower.

    Langley's Pilotless Aircraft Research Division conducted, at Wallops Island, the first full-scale test simulating a pad-abort situation. A full weight and size spacecraft was used. For the first 50 feet the flight was essentially straight, indicating the successful functioning of the abort rocket. Thereafter, the spacecraft pitched through several turns and impacted a short distance from the shore. The malfunction was traced to the loss of a graphite insert from one of the three abort rocket nozzles, which caused a misalignment of thrust.


1959 March 11 - .
  • The civilian space agency acknowledged receipt of the missile division development plan for the first booster scheduled to start the man in space effort. - . Spacecraft: Mercury.

    Except for two revisions, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration declared the plan to be "satisfactory." One of the revisions was suggested in this statement: "NASA prefers not to be committed to the specified sum of $3,556,000, but reserves the right to negotiate the costs." (Ltr, T. K. Glennan, NASA Administrator, to Cmdr, ARDC, 11 Mar 59, no subject.)


1959 March 11 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • The civilian space agency acknowledged receipt of the missile division development plan for the first booster scheduled to start the man in space effort. - . Spacecraft: Mercury, .

    Except for two revisions, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration declared the plan to be "satisfactory." One of the revisions was suggested in this statement: "NASA prefers not to be committed to the specified sum of $3,556,000, but reserves the right to negotiate the costs." (Ltr, T. K. Glennan, NASA Administrator, to Cmdr, ARDC, 11 Mar 59, no subject.)


1960 March 11 - .
  • Pioneer V - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    Pioneer V, launched as a probe of the space between Earth and Venus, began to provide invaluable information on solar flare effects, particle energies and distributions and magnetic phenomena. Pioneer V continued to transmit such data until on June 26, 1960, when at a distance of 22.5 million miles from Earth, it established a new communications record.


1960 March 11 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF.

1960 March 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able IV.
  • Pioneer 5 - . Payload: Pioneer P 2 / Able 6. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27 . COSPAR: 1960-Alpha-1.

    An Air Force Thor/Able IV booster launched the NASA Pioneer V spacecraft on its journey to Venus. The satellite measured radiation and magnetic fields between Earth and Venus. The last scientific measurements were transmitted back to Earth on 26 June, three and one-half months after launch, from almost 22.5 million miles in space. Pioneer V was by far the most successful space probe yet launched. AFBMD and Space Technology Laboratories managed the Pioneer V satellite, payload, and booster for NASA and provided launch services at Cape Canaveral. Solar research. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B).


1961 March 11 - .
  • New manned spacecraft - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Vershinin. Spacecraft: Raketoplan, Sever, Vostok-Zh.

    The VVS TTZ requirements document for the next generation Soviet manned spacecraft is approved by Vershinin. It is to accommodate two cosmonauts, have a launch mass of 6.5 to 7.0 tonnes, be capable of manoeuvring and changing its orbit at altitudes of 270 to 300 km altitude. The TDU engine is to be restartable, and the spacecraft will have a system to reliably change and hold its orientation in flight. The crew will be returned in a pressurised spherical re-entry capsule, but still be provided with ejection seats for separate landing of the crew in emergencies. The craft will be capable of flights of 15 to 20 days duration and be equipped with redundant communications systems. Kamanin points out the necessity of coordinating the TTZ with OKB-1. Vershinin and Ponomarev fight over whether to consider Chelomei's Raketoplan as meeting the requirement. Kamanin's position is that Korolev's Vostok is now flying reliably, while the Raketoplan is a 'crane in the clouds' - it might come to them some day, but who knows when.


1963 March 11 - .
  • First Apollo LM fire-in-the-hole model test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Ascent Propulsion. Grumman completed its first "fire-in-the-hole" model test. Even though preliminary data agreed with predicted values, they nonetheless planned to have a support contractor, the Martin Company, verify the findings..

1963 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Marcos Cesar Pontes - . Nation: Brazil. Related Persons: Pontes. Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-10..

1963 March 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1963 March 11 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1964 March 11 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 March 11 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D.
  • KH 7-06 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 6 / OPS 3435. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1964-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 764 . COSPAR: 1964-012A. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Perigee: 163 km (101 mi). Inclination: 95.7000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 March 11 - .
  • Kit-type mapping and survey system in the basic Apollo Block II - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo MSS.

    MSC directed North American to incorporate the capability for storing a kit-type mapping and survey system into the basic Block II configuration. The actual hardware, which would be installed in the equipment bay of certain SMs (designated by MSC), would weigh up to 680 kg (1,500 lbs).


1965 March 11 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition(Tropics) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP6 - - Latitude: 9.45 S - Longitude: 82.43 W..

1965 March 11 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit-O-3 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1965-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1303 . COSPAR: 1965-017A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..
  • SECOR 2 - . Payload: EGRS 2. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. Decay Date: 1968-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1250 . COSPAR: 1965-017B. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. Failed. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 March 11 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 81.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP8 - - Latitude: 9.53 S - Longitude: 81.23 W..

1966 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Pavel Pavlovich Mukhortov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mukhortov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992..

1966 March 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 11 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • STV SR-025 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAMSO. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1967 March 11 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1968 March 11 - .
  • Decree 'On formation of the Space Branch of NII-4' was issued. - . Nation: Russia.

1969 March 11 - .
  • Apollo 10 transferred to Pad B, Launch Complex 39 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 10. Apollo 10 was transferred to Pad B, Launch Complex 39, at KSC - for first operational use of Pad B. Meanwhile, a revised work schedule providing for a Flight Readiness Test on April 9 and launch readiness on May 18 was being prepared for Apollo 10..

1969 March 11 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Cost of the Apollo 204 fire $410 million - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    The additional direct cost to the Apollo research and development program from the January 27, 1967, Apollo 204 fire was estimated at $410 million, principally for spacecraft modifications, NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller testified in congressional hearings. The accident delayed the first manned flight of the spacecraft by about 18 months. "During this period, however, there occurred a successful unmanned test of the Lunar Module and two unmanned tests of the Saturn V vehicle."


1969 March 11 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • IRONWOOD Ba Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 March 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT24F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1971 March 11 - .
1971 March 11 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S55 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 11 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 21.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1973 March 11 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 March 11 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1974 March 11 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • SAMS/TATER - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1975 March 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi VIIR.
  • MTV-II-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 March 11 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Javelin.
  • ICECAP Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA, DNA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1975 March 11 - . 06:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • ICECAP 75A Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1976 March 11 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-33 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1990-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 8741 . COSPAR: 1976-021A. Apogee: 37,773 km (23,471 mi). Perigee: 151 km (93 mi). Inclination: 62.6000 deg. Period: 669.10 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme). Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T.


1977 March 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1978 March 11 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1980 March 11 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1981 March 11 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1982 March 11 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1983 March 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT93GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1983 March 11 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-20 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 34. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 13875 . COSPAR: 1983-015A. Apogee: 38,314 km (23,807 mi). Perigee: 2,069 km (1,285 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 718.40 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-17. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1985 March 11 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1986 March 11 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1987 March 11 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1826 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 17577 . COSPAR: 1987-025A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 March 11 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1924 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 321. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18937 . COSPAR: 1988-016A. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1930 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 327. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18943 . COSPAR: 1988-016G. Apogee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1925 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 322. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18938 . COSPAR: 1988-016B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1926 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 323. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18939 . COSPAR: 1988-016C. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1927 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 324. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18940 . COSPAR: 1988-016D. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1929 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 326. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18942 . COSPAR: 1988-016F. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1931 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 328. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18944 . COSPAR: 1988-016H. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1928 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 325. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18941 . COSPAR: 1988-016E. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1988 March 11 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-71 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 18946 . COSPAR: 1988-017A. Apogee: 39,149 km (24,326 mi). Perigee: 1,199 km (745 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1988 March 11 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Spacenet F3R - . Payload: Spacenet 3R. Mass: 1,212 kg (2,672 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1999-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 18951 . COSPAR: 1988-018A. Apogee: 35,980 km (22,350 mi). Perigee: 35,935 km (22,328 mi). Inclination: 2.4000 deg. Period: 1,444.90 min.

    US domestic communications; 87 deg W. C, Ku band communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 87 deg W in 1988-1997; 83 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 2 September 2001 located at 107.85 deg W drifting at 2.220 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 153.60E drifting at 2.179W degrees per day.

  • Telecom 1C - . Mass: 1,210 kg (2,660 lb). Nation: France. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. Completed Operations Date: 1996-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 18952 . COSPAR: 1988-018B. Apogee: 36,860 km (22,900 mi). Perigee: 36,037 km (22,392 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,470.10 min.

    French domestic communications; 5 deg E. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1988-1992; 3 deg E in 1992-1996 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.19 deg W drifting at 8.404 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 34.65E drifting at 8.341W degrees per day.


1990 March 11 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAS82 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1992 March 11 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Zingst. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • MMR06-M Zingst launch 52 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Unsuccessful. Earth impacted at 559 seconds. Reached 76.4 km. Probe crashed with no braking..

1994 March 11 - .
  • STS-62 - Wakeup Song: Takin' Care of Business - . Flight: STS-62. "Takin' Care of Business" by Bachman-Turner Overdrive..

1994 March 11 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • HIRAAS 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1997 March 11 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1998 March 11 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Coqui Dos LaTuR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1999 March 11 - . LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2F.
  • Chinese Man-Rated Launch Vehicle Test Predicted - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. It was reported on the Internet that the maiden flight of a new version of the CZ-2E designed to carry a manned vehicle would be made by mid-1999..

2000 March 11 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Atmospheric Waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2001 March 11 - .
  • STS-102 - Wakeup Song: Blast Off - . Flight: STS-102. "Blast Off" from the animated feature Scooby Doo and the Alien Invaders, played for astronaut Paul Richards as a selection from his children..

2001 March 11 - . 05:12 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-2-1 - . Crew: Helms, Voss. EVA Duration: 0.37 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Helms, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2. Spacecraft: ISS.

    On March 11 Jim Voss and Susan Helms made a spacewalk from Discovery's airlock. A PAD device used to attach equipment to the RMS arm floated free and Voss retrieved a spare one from Unity, putting the walk behind schedule. The astronauts installed the Lab Cradle Assembly and the Rigid Umbilical on Destiny and disconnected the umbilicals connecting the PMA-3 docking port to Unity. The astronauts then spent two-and-a-half hours back in the depressurized airlock in case their help was needed during the move of PMA-3. Thomas used the RMS arm to unberth PMA-3 from the nadir port on Unity and relocated it to the port port location, freeing up the nadir for the MPLM. The airlock was depressurized at 0508 GMT and repressurized at 1408 GMT.


2002 March 11 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-108 ISS EO-4, STS-109. Columbia's crew packed up gear today and checked out the equipment needed for the shuttle's return to Earth, finding all systems ready for a landing at the Kennedy Space Center scheduled for 3:32 a.m. CST Tuesday.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 11 - .
  • STS-109 - Wakeup Song: Countdown - . Flight: STS-109. "Countdown" -- Rush.

2003 March 11 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M.
  • USA 167 - . Payload: DSCS III A-3. Mass: 1,235 kg (2,722 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS III. USAF Sat Cat: 27691 . COSPAR: 2003-008A. First flight of a fully cryogenic orbital launch vehicle. Delayed from December 2001, February 2, 6, 8, 11, 12 and March 8 2003. Satellite mas 2,733 kg with kick stage..

2004 March 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 49L / 12G - . Crew: Siebold. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill, Siebold. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

    Objectives: The twelfth flight of SpaceShipOne. Objectives included: pilot proficiency, reaction control system functionality check and stability and control and performance of the vehicle with the airframe thermal protection system installed. This was an unpowered glide test. Results: Launch conditions were 48,500 feet and 125 knots. All systems performed as expected and the vehicle landed successfully while demonstrating the maximum cross wind landing capability.

    Flight Time: 1.3 hours / 18 mins 30 secs White Knight Pilot: Binnie White Knight Copilot: Stinemetze White Knight Flt Engineer: SpaceShipOne Pilot: Siebold High Chase-Starship Pilot: Karkow Low Chase-Extra Pilot: Melvill / Coleman


2005 March 11 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 431.
  • Inmarsat-4 F1 - . Payload: Inmarsat 4A / Eurostar 3000GM. Mass: 5,959 kg (13,137 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Inmarsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Inmarsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28628 . COSPAR: 2005-009A. Apogee: 36,011 km (22,376 mi). Perigee: 35,562 km (22,097 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Heaviest single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit to that date. Delayed from October 2004, February 27, March 10, 2005. The satellite was to provide L-band mobile communications and wideband data transmission for Inmarsat's global network. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.82E drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.


2006 March 11 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Spainsat - . Payload: LS-1300. Mass: 3,683 kg (8,119 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hisdesat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28945 . COSPAR: 2006-007A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Spainsat was to provide secure X and Ku band communications for the Spanish defense ministry. It had a dry mass of 1467 kg and a solar panel span of 31.4m. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 29.99W drifting at 0.010W degrees per day..
  • Hot Bird 7A - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28946 . COSPAR: 2006-007B. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Hot Bird 7A had a dry mass of 1740 kg and a solar panel span of 36.9m. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 13.03E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2007 March 11 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5A - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 30794 . COSPAR: 2007-007B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Skynet 5A was launched by Paradigm Secure Communications as part of its turnkey contract to provide a secure communications satellite network to the British military and NATO..
  • Insat 4B - . Mass: 3,035 kg (6,691 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: I-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 30793 . COSPAR: 2007-007A. Apogee: 35,808 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,766 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. ISRO communications satellite with C and Ku band channels, and a dry mass of 1335 kg.

2008 March 11 - .
  • STS-123 - Wakeup Song: Linus & Lucy - . Flight: STS-123. "Linus & Lucy" by Vince Guaraldi Trio. The song, which is from the album “Charlie Brown Christmas” was played for Mission Specialist Mike Foreman..

2008 March 11 - . 06:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-123 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Behnken, Doi, Foreman, Gorie, Johnson, Gregory H, Linnehan, Reisman. Payload: Endeavour F21 / Dextre, Kibo ELM-PS. Mass: 118,950 kg (262,230 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken, Doi, Foreman, Gorie, Johnson, Gregory H, Linnehan, Reisman. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-122 ISS EO-16, STS-123, STS-123 ISS EO-16. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.76 days. Decay Date: 2008-03-27 00:40:41 . USAF Sat Cat: 32699 . COSPAR: 2008-009A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    Endeavour's main task was delivery of the Canadian Dextre robotic manipulator (fitted to the end of the Canadarm-2 robotic arm already installed on the station) and the Japanese Kibo ELM-PS Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized. It also brought astronaut Reisman to the station, replacing Eyharts on the long-duration crew. The orbiter was placed in an initial 58 km x 220 km orbit at main engine shutdown, adjusted by the OMS-2 firing 38 minutes later to a 220 km x 233 km chase orbit. On 13 March the shuttle docked with the PMA-2 port of the International Space Station at 03:49 GMT. Mission accomplished, Endeavour undocked at 00:25 GMT on March 25, completed the customary ISS flyaround at 01:36 GMT, deorbited at 23:33 GMT the next day, and landed at 00:39 GMT at Kennedy Space Center.


2011 March 11 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Platform: INS-P51. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Dhanush.
  • Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2011 March 11 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2011 March 11 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 227 - . Payload: NROL-27. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 37377 . COSPAR: 2011-011A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. Probable classified Satellite Data System communications satellite inserted into geostationary orbit..

2013 March 11 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Lynx. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Lynx.
  • Shark - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). ABM Target.


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