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On September 8 in Space History

1902 September 8 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Kaplan - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kaplan. Hungarian-American geophysicist, heavily involved in efforts in the 1950s to launch the first satellite, served as the chair of the US National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, 1953-1963..

1905 September 8 - .
  • Birth of T Keith Glennan - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. American engineer, NASA administrator 1958-1961. Under his tenure NASA was created from NACA, JPL, and ABMA. He acquired von Braun's rocket team and Saturn booster from the Army, and the Air Force manned space project - renamed Mercury..

1917 September 8 - .
  • Birth of Hans Joachim Oskar Fichtner - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Fichtner. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1944 September 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 4222 - . Nation: Germany. Possibly correct serial number is 18278..

1947 September 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 43 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 25. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 3..

1950 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 September 8 - .
  • Birth of Randy Thomas Odle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Odle. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1986..

1954 September 8 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation selected to perform systems engineering and technical direction functions for Project Atlas. - . Related Persons: Power.

    Following approval by General Power, ARDC Commander, and General E.W. Rawlings, AMC Commander, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Materiel Roger Lewis approved the selection of the Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation to perform systems engineering and technical direction functions for Project Atlas under the overall control of the Western Development Division.


1954 September 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 8 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • President Eisenhower and the National Security Council (NSC) declared that the Atlas missile, Weapon System 107A-1, had the highest research and development priority in the nation. - . Related Persons: , Eisenhower.

1956 September 8 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Aleksandrovich Zhukov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Zhukov, Sergei. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on..

1956 September 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. Launch Vehicle: X-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi).

1958 September 8 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Chemical release / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1959 September 8 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1960 September 8 - .
  • Marshall Space Center founded. - . Nation: USA.

1961 September 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 September 8 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 September 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas vehicle 113-D static-fired - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Atlas launch vehicle 113-D for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission was static-fired at Cape Canaveral. This test was conducted to check modifications that had been made to the booster for the purpose of smoother engine combustion..

1962 September 8 - . Launch Site: Beale AFB. Launch Complex: Beale AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 851st SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Beale AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 September 8 - . Launch Site: Beale AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The nine Titan I missile launchers at Beale AFB, California, were turned over to SAC's 851st Strategic Missile Squadron. - .

1962 September 8 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • Headquarters USAF announced that the Deputy Chief of Staff for Research and Development (DCS/R&D) would be the focal point for space projects within Headquarters USAF. - . Spacecraft: Dynasoar, Midas. Lt General James Ferguson, DCS/R&D, would possess Air Force headquarters responsibility for programs such as MIDAS, Titan III, Dyna-Soar, and others..

1963 September 8 - .
  • The 16 astronauts began training in water and land parachute landing techniques. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Parachute.

    This training was necessary because in low level abort (under 70,000 feet) the pilot would be ejected from the spacecraft and would descend by personnel parachute. A towed 24-foot diameter parasail carried the astronauts to altitudes as high as 400 feet before the towline was released and the astronaut glided to a landing.


1964 September 8 - .
  • Crash at Fedosiya - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    A Voskhod capsule is finally dropped from 10 km altitude in order to test the parachute hatch ejection mechanism. The hatch fails to deploy, the parachute never opens, and the capsule crashes to earth. Korolev claims the test capsule's electrical scheme is not representative of the production capsule, and promises to ship a production representative capsule, which he guarantees will be reliable, to Fedosiya by 22 September.


1964 September 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 September 8 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 September 8 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Development of four stage version of the Proton proposed. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. The design was proposed by Korolev as an alternate to Chelomei's LK-1 circumlunar mission. It combined the Proton 8K82K booster for the LK-1 with the N1 lunar Block D stage to boost a stripped-down Soyuz 7K-L1 spacecraft around the moon..

1966 September 8 - .
  • First airing of television series Star Trek - . Nation: USA.

1966 September 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Smith Ranch..
  • X-15A HS/Elec loads test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 38 sec. Maximum Speed - 2578 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22310 m. Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1967 September 8 - .
  • L1 Expert Commission. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L1. Mishin certifies that the spacecraft will be delivered on 13-14 September, so launch is set for the window of 25-27 September. There are two recovery zones: Baikonur is the prime, with the Indian Ocean as secondary in case of a ballistic re-entry..

1967 September 8 - .
  • Reduced Apollo spacecraft delivery schedule approved by NASA HQ - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. A revised spacecraft delivery schedule with a maximum delivery rate of six spacecraft per year as opposed to a delivery rate of one spacecraft every six weeks for the Apollo program was proposed by MSC and approved by NASA Hq..

1967 September 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. Launch Pad: PU32?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 September 8 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D057 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 September 8 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 September 8 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Stellar X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 September 8 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur.
  • Surveyor 5 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-5. Mass: 279 kg (615 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1967-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2937 . COSPAR: 1967-084A. Soft lunar landing; returned 19,000 photos, soil data..

1967 September 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 602. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 September 8 - .
1970 September 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 September 8 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 361 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4524 . COSPAR: 1970-071A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1970 September 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • PEM-3 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 September 8 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1971 September 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT97B-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 September 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1973 September 8 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 585 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 6825 . COSPAR: 1973-064A. Apogee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Perigee: 1,375 km (854 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 September 8 - .
  • The third Advanced Control Experiment (ACE) reentry vehicle was launched but malfunctioned and the mission objectives were not met. - . Spacecraft: ABRES.

1974 September 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS ACE-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1975 September 8 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1976 September 8 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1977 September 8 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1978 September 8 - .
  • Start OMS left-hand development test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 September 8 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1980 September 8 - .
  • Cosmonaut Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko dies at age of 42 -- Crash of Yak-38 VTOL fighter during takeoff from aircraft carrier Minsk in the South China Sea. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kononenko, Oleg G. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1980. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Institute, 1975 Civilian test pilot. Cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980..

1981 September 8 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1406 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 22. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 13519 . COSPAR: 1982-089A. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1982 September 8 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • GL A20.123-01 BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 525 km (326 mi).

1983 September 8 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3924.
  • RCA Satcom 7 - . Payload: Satcom 2R. Mass: 1,121 kg (2,471 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1995-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 14328 . COSPAR: 1983-094A. Apogee: 36,095 km (22,428 mi). Perigee: 35,963 km (22,346 mi). Inclination: 5.7000 deg. Period: 1,448.50 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 72 deg W in 1983-1995 As of 4 September 2001 located at 143.00 deg E drifting at 3.084 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.27E drifting at 3.104W degrees per day..

1984 September 8 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • USA 5 - . Payload: GPS SVN 10. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 15271 . COSPAR: 1984-097A. Apogee: 21,203 km (13,174 mi). Perigee: 20,612 km (12,807 mi). Inclination: 61.9000 deg. Period: 747.60 min. Global Positioning System..

1987 September 8 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1988 September 8 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • GStar 3 - . Mass: 1,270 kg (2,790 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1998-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 19483 . COSPAR: 1988-081A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    AKM malfunctioned, but orbit achieved using on-board propulsion system. Ku band communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 93 deg W in 1989-1996; 105 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 105.39 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 105.31W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.

  • SBS 5 - . Mass: 1,241 kg (2,735 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: STLC. Program: SBS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 2000-03-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 19484 . COSPAR: 1988-081B. Apogee: 35,937 km (22,330 mi). Perigee: 35,909 km (22,312 mi). Inclination: 2.0000 deg. Period: 1,443.10 min. Stationed at 122 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 123 deg W in 1988-2000 As of 5 September 2001 located at 22.98 deg E drifting at 1.728 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 147.52E drifting at 1.709W degrees per day..

1989 September 8 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1992 September 8 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1994 September 8 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 September 8 - .
  • STS-69 - Wakeup Song: Hound Dog - . Flight: STS-69. "Hound Dog" by Elvis Presley..

1996 September 8 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA.
  • GE 1 - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 2,783 kg (6,135 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GE Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 24315 . COSPAR: 1996-054A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Geostationary at 103.0W. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 103 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 103.06 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 103.03W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


1997 September 8 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1998 September 8 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • Iridium 82 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV082. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25467 . COSPAR: 1998-051A. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Plane 6. Ascending node 325.6 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 79 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV079. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2000-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 25470 . COSPAR: 1998-051D. Apogee: 544 km (338 mi). Perigee: 494 km (306 mi). Inclination: 86.0100 deg. Period: 95.01 min. Plane 6. Ascending node 316.3 degrees. Failed in low orbit..
  • Iridium 77 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV077. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25471 . COSPAR: 1998-051E. Apogee: 709 km (440 mi). Perigee: 707 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5200 deg. Period: 98.96 min. Plane 6. Ascending node 325.4 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 81 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV081. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25468 . COSPAR: 1998-051B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees..
  • Iridium 80 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV080. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25469 . COSPAR: 1998-051C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees..

2000 September 8 - .
  • STS-106 - Wakeup Song: I'll Be - . Flight: STS-106. "I'll Be" - Edwin McCain.

2000 September 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-106 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Altman, Burbank, Lu, Malenchenko, Mastracchio, Morukov, Wilcutt. Payload: Atlantis F22. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman, Burbank, Lu, Malenchenko, Mastracchio, Morukov, Wilcutt. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-106. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 11.80 days. Decay Date: 2000-09-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 26489 . COSPAR: 2000-053A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    Atlantis was launched from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39B. Solid rocket boosters RSRM-75 and external tank ET-103 were used to loft the orbiter into space. The inital orbit of 72 x 328 km x 51.6 deg was circularised by the Shuttle's OMS engines at apogee.

    Atlantis docked with the PMA-2 adapter on the International Space Station at 05:51 GMT on September 10. The orbiter's small RCS engines were used to gently reboost the station's orbit several times.

    Astronauts Lu and Malenchenko made a spacewalk on September 11 beginning at 04:47 GMT. They rode the RMS arm up to Zvezda and began installing cables, reaching a distance of 30 meters from the airlock when installing Zvezda's magnetometer. Total EVA duration was 6 hours 21 minutes.

    During their 12-day flight, the astronauts spent a week docked to the International Space Station during which they worked as movers, cleaners, plumbers, electricians and cable installers. In all, they spent 7 days, 21 hours and 54 minutes docked to the International Space Station, outfitting the new Zvezda module for the arrival of the Expedition One crew later this fall.

    The Shuttle undocked from ISS at 03:44 GMT on September 18 and made two circuits of the station each lasting half an orbit, before separating finally at 05:34 GMT. The payload bay doors were closed at 04:14 GMT on September 20 and at 06:50 GMT the OMS engines ignited for a three minute burn lowering the orbit from 374 x 386 km x 51.6 deg to 22 x 380 km x 51.6 deg. After entry interface at 07:25 GMT, the orbiter glided to a landing on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center with main gear touchdown at 07:56:48 GMT for a mission duration of 283 hr 11min.


2001 September 8 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • USA 160 - . Payload: Intruder 5 / MLV-10. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Manufacturer: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 26905 . COSPAR: 2001-040A. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,060 km (650 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.

    Launch delayed from July 31. Move of launch of the Intruder naval electronic intelligence satellites for the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) from the Titan to the Atlas launch vehicle. The Lockheed Martin Atlas IIAS AC-160 put the vehicle in a transfer orbit. The phrasing of the launch commentary implied that the second burn left the payload in 'transfer orbit', but several observers saw the bright Centaur in the typical final deployment orbit of the earlier NOSS satellites. Therefore it seemed the first burn was to a transfer orbit of around 180 x 1100 km x 63 deg. The second burn at 1629 GMT put the Centaur and payload into an 1100 x 1100 km x 63 deg orbit. The design was apparently different from earlier generation NOSS satellites since only one companion satellite was deployed rather than two, in line with the lower payload capability of the Atlas. Prime contractor for the new satellites was again believed to be Lockheed Martin Astronautics at Denver. The NRL probably continued to have a management and technical role in the program under overall NRO auspices.

  • USA 160 companion - . Payload: Intruder 5 / MLV-10. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Manufacturer: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 26907 . COSPAR: 2001-040C. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,060 km (650 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.

2004 September 8 - .
  • Genesis, Return To Earth - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Genesis.

2004 September 8 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • SJ-6-01A SJ-6A - . Payload: Shi Jian 6B. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SJ-6. USAF Sat Cat: 28413 . COSPAR: 2004-035A. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.40 min.

    It was announced that the two satellites had a design life of at least two years, and would be used to probe the space environment, radiation and its effects, record space physical environment parameters, and conduct other related space experiments. The two satellites were built by the Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology and Dongfanghong Satellite Company under subcontract to the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The scientific instruments aboard the satellites were mainly manufactured by the China Electronics Technology Corporation. Some Western observors believed the mission of the satellites included electronic intelligence technology tests.

  • SJ-6-01B SJ-6B - . Payload: Shi Jian 6B. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 28414 . COSPAR: 2004-035B. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. CAST968 platform. Released one minute after SJ-6A..

2005 September 8 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-54 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 354. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Kozlov bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-6. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 176.00 days. Decay Date: 2006-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 28866 . COSPAR: 2005-035A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 347 km (215 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Delayed from August 24. Resupply spacecraft which docked with the ISS Zvezda module at 14:42 GMT on 10 September. Undocked from the Zvezda module on March 3 2006 at 10:06 GMT and fired its engines to reenter over the Pacific at 13:05 GMT..

2005 September 8 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Anik F1-R - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28868 . COSPAR: 2005-036A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Moved up from October, delayed from August 9, moved up from September 15 . Telesat Canada communications satellite operating in C- and Ku-band. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 107.32W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2009 September 8 - .
  • STS-128 - Wakeup Song: Beautiful Day - . Flight: STS-128. "Beautiful Day" by U2 was played for Mission Specialist Tim Kopra, the Shuttle’s newest crew member..

2009 September 8 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 207 - . Payload: PAN. Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: PAN. USAF Sat Cat: 35815 . COSPAR: 2009-047A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. Classified communications satellite, perhaps providing services for the CIA to replace channels hosted on the US Navy's UHF Follow-On series. Stationed in geostationary orbit at 34 deg E..

2010 September 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2467 - . Payload: Kosmos-2467. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37152 . COSPAR: 2010-043A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..
  • Strela 3 - . Payload: Gonets-M. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37153 . COSPAR: 2010-043B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Civilian store-dump communications satellite..
  • Cosmos 2468 - . Payload: Kosmos-2468. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37154 . COSPAR: 2010-043C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..

2011 September 8 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 MRL. Launch Vehicle: Terrier.
  • Terrier Mk12 Test Flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: GSFC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2012 September 8 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-6 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Sixth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; crashed on recover, monkey killed..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2014 September 8 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 21 - . Payload: Jianbing 8. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-10. USAF Sat Cat: 40143 . COSPAR: 2014-053A. Apogee: 498 km (309 mi). Perigee: 480 km (290 mi). Inclination: 97.3900 deg. Period: 94.39 min. Imaging satellite in a sun synchronous orbit with a 10:30 local time descending node. The mission continued a series begun with the Zi Yuan 2 satellites..
  • Tiantuo 2 - . Mass: 67 kg (147 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Tiantuo. USAF Sat Cat: 40144 . COSPAR: 2014-053B. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 469 km (291 mi). Inclination: 97.3900 deg. Period: 94.15 min. Satellites built by the National University for Defense Technology; this one carried video imaging experiments..

2016 September 8 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. LV Family: GSLV. Launch Vehicle: GSLV Mk II.
  • Insat-3DR - . Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Insat 2. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 41752 . COSPAR: 2016-054A. Apogee: 35,935 km (22,328 mi). Perigee: 152 km (94 mi). Inclination: 20.6000 deg.

    Fourth GSLV Mk II rocket, carrying the Insat-3DR weather satellite. The cryogenic upper stage, serial CUS-07, performed nominally. The satellite made its first orbit raising burn on Sep 9. As well as weather sensors and data relay payloads, Insat-3DR carried a transponder to support search and rescue (SARSAT).


2016 September 8 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 411.
  • OSIRIS-REx - . Nation: USA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Space probe. Spacecraft: OSIRIS-Rex. USAF Sat Cat: 41757 . COSPAR: 2016-055A. Apogee: -40,174 km (-40,174 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 29.5000 deg.

    Asteroid sample return mission launched by a ULA Atlas V. The model 411 vehicle, serial AV-067, injected O-REx on a hyperbolic trajectory; the probe entered a 0.77 x 1.17 AU heliocentric orbit on Sep 12. OSIRIS-REx had a mass of 834 kg, and carried 1230 kg of propellant and a 46 kg sample return capsule identical to the one used by the Stardust mission. OSIRIS-REx was to make an Earth flyby in Sep 2017 to change its orbit to 0.90 x 1.35 AU x 6.4 deg, allowing it to rendezvous with asteroid (101955) Bennu in Aug 2018. The spacecraft was to sample the asteroid and return to Earth in 2023.



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