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On November 15 in Space History

1630 November 15 - .
  • Death of Johannes Kepler - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Kepler, Johnnes. German scientist. Astronomer who derived the laws of planetary motion..

1906 November 15 - .
  • Birth of Curtis E LeMay - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: LeMay. American USAF officer, created the Strategic Air Command as a special nuclear-armed force, including its ICBM components, 1947-1965..

1941 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Barre conducts his first engine test of his EA-1941 surface-to-air rocket at Lazarc. The engine runs for 42 seconds before exploding..

1943 November 15 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1944 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Rheinbote.
  • Rheinbote tested. - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Range: 160 km (90 mi). Test batteries were set up at Heidekraut, but it was impossible to estimate the weapon's accuracy, since it proved impossible to find the small craters created by the warhead's impact in the vast dispersion area..

1946 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 November 15 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 96 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 39. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 19. Stability and control. Also pressure-distribution survey. Mach 0.98..

1950 November 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 November 15 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 15 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Victorovich Prikhodko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Prikhodko. Tajik-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1994..

1953 November 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1953 November 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1954 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 November 15 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • NRL NN3.07F Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Ionosphere research. Also known as IGY NN3.09. Launched at 1332 local time. Reached 119 km..

1957 November 15 - .
  • Abbreviated development plan for Dyna-Soar. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Air Force headquarters approved the abbreviated development plan for Dyna-Soar..

1957 November 15 - .
  • Mr. William A. Holaday, Special Assistant for Guided Missiles, OSD, was named Director of Guided Missiles by the newly appointed (9 October) Secretary of Defense, Neil H. - . Related Persons: , McElroy. McElroy. As Director of Guided Missiles, Mr. Holaday was to direct all Defense Department activities related to guided missile research, development, engineering, production, and procurement..

1957 November 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Polaris FTV-1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 November 15 - .
  • At the request of John W. McCormack, Chairman of House Committee on Aeronautics and Space Exploration, Major General B. A Schriever prepared a paper, "Space Development Capabilities 1958-1968" - . Related Persons: Schriever. Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest, Lunex.

    This eloquently projected space advances and goals over the next decade. Schriever pointed out that above developments in any other technical area ". improvements in rocket thrust--our lifting capability -will be a direct determinant of our overall). rate of progress, " To this date the rate of progress in space rested directly on the nation's missile program. Another area of primary concern was increasing the reliability of all elements of a space system. with significant improvements in these two areas the nation could anticipate ever increasing payloads placed in orbit, manned orbital satellites and space stations , lunar flights and near planetary explorations. Recoverable chemical powered boosters, ion beam or thermo-nuclear plasma propulsion systems outer space would open an ent; rely new phase of space exploration. Thus in the months and years ahead it was possible to foresee many dramatic developments in propulsion systems, high thrust space vehicles and a vastly increased knowledge of the space environment. (Paper, "Space Development Capability, 1958-1968, " submitted 15 Nov 58, prep by Maj Gen B. A. Schriever, Cmdr, AFBIVID.)


1959 November 15 - .
  • Authorisation for development of the Strela-1M satellite system. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On tasking NII-4 to create a sea-based communications network' was issued..

1959 November 15 - .
  • Birth of Timothy John 'TJ' Creamer - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Creamer. American physicist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-on. US Army.

1960 November 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas D/AIG (All Inertial Guidance) scheduled design 95 % complete - . Nation: USA.

1960 November 15 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A XLR-99 Checkout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). First flight with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 3154 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1961 November 15 - .
  • Houbolt letter on lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) plan - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    In a letter to NASA Associate Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., John C. Houbolt of Langley Research Center presented the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) plan and outlined certain deficiencies in the national booster and manned rendezvous programs. This letter protested exclusion of the LOR plan from serious consideration by committees responsible for the definition of the national program for lunar exploration.


1961 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Development of RD-253 engine begun. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Korolev. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Program: GR-2.

    OKB-52 began to collaborate with V P Glushko’s OKB-456 in developing a high thrust storable propellant engine for the UR-500 Proton launch vehicle. Glushko had completed a storable liquid engine design of 150 tonnes for use in Korolev’s N1. However Korolev refused to accept this design, due to his categorical refusal to use toxic propellants in his rockets and his belief that such propellants could never deliver the required specific impulse. Korolev insisted on development of an oxygen-kerosene engine; Glushko categorically refused to do so. As a result, the two leading Soviet rocket designers irrevocably split. Korolev had to turn for development of his N1 engines to the aviation engine design OKB of N D Kuznetsov.


1961 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Argus.
  • NASA Bios - failure. - . Nation: USA. NASA Bios (biological investigation of space) payload launched by Argo D-8 booster rocket from Pacific Missile Range, but veered sharply off course 57 seconds after launch..

1961 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 November 15 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Highball Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Cajun.
  • HIGHBALL II (Zeus) - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 November 15 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1961 November 15 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • BIOS I Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,057 km (656 mi).

1961 November 15 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • Discoverer 35 - . Payload: KH-3 s/n 9028 / Agena B 1118. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-3. Decay Date: 1961-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 201 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Zeta-1. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 238 km (147 mi). Inclination: 81.6000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-3; film capsule recovered 1.1 days later. All cameras operated satisfactorily. Grainy emulsion noted..

1961 November 15 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 4B - . Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 202 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Eta-1. Apogee: 1,104 km (685 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 32.4000 deg. Period: 105.70 min.

    Together, Transits 4A and 4B allowed the determination of harmonics in the Earth’s gravity field that had not yet been evaluated, and they also allowed firm navigational ties to be established from continent to continent as well as to isolated islands. As a result, it was discovered that the position of Hawaii was incorrect by 1 km. Carried SNAP 3 nuclear power source.

  • TRAAC - . Mass: 109 kg (240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: TRAAC. USAF Sat Cat: 205 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Eta-2. Apogee: 1,107 km (687 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 32.4000 deg. Period: 105.80 min. Transit Research and Attitude Control. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 November 15 - .
  • Firings of the prototype Apollo service propulsion engine completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    The Aerojet-General Corporation reported completion of successful firings of the prototype service propulsion engine. The restartable engine, with an ablative thrust chamber, reached thrusts up to 21,500 pounds. (Normal thrust rating for the service propulsion engine is 20,500.)


1962 November 15 - . Launch Site: Dyess AFB. Launch Complex: Dyess AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 578 operational. - . Nation: USA. Dyess AFB SMS 578 operational.

1963 November 15 - .
  • An engine hard-over maximum q manual abort was impractical for the Apollo CSM on Saturn I and IB - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA and contractor studies showed that, in the event of an engine hard-over failure during maximum q, a manual abort was impractical for the Saturn I and IB, and must be carried out by automatic devices. Studies were continuing to determine whether, in a similar situation, a manual abort was possible from a Saturn V.


1964 November 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 November 15 - .
  • MSC instructed North American to study Apollo CSM thermal situation - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM ECS, LM RCS.

    MSC instructed North American to:

    • Submit a preliminary design of Block II CSM jettisonable covers to protect the radiator and CM heatshield thermal coatings from degradation by the boost environment.
    • Furnish preliminary design of nonablative reaction control system (RCS) plume heat protection to prevent SM coating degradation on Block II CSMs.
    • Determine the effect on the overall SM and LEM adapter thermal design of coating degradation to a level specified by MSC and to propose design changes or mission constraints for Block I and Block II CSMs.
    • Determine the effect on the SM RCS thermal design of coating degradation to the level specified by MSC and to propose design changes or mission constraints for Block I and II CSMs.

1966 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • First N1 hardware arrives at Baikonur. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

1966 November 15 - . 13:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 15 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: LC33 L-314. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Mk 12 STV SR-042 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAMSO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 15 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 12 - . Return Crew: Aldrin, Lovell. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Lovell. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 12.

    Retrofire occurred 94 hours after liftoff. Reentry was automatically controlled. The spacecraft landed at 19:20 GMT less than 5 km from the planned landing point on November 15. The crew was picked up by helicopter and deposited 28 minutes later on the deck of the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp. The spacecraft was recovered 67 minutes after landing.


1967 November 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards AFB.
  • Death of Michael James 'Mike' Adams at Edwards AFB, California. Died in X-15 crash when spacecraft went out of control during reentry. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adams. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 191..

1967 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Payloads for Apollo AS-503 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    MSC informed MSFC that it would provide the following payload flight hardware for the AS-503/BP-30 flight test: boilerplate 30 (BP-30, already at MSFC); spacecraft-LM adapter 101 and launch escape system (SLA-101/LES) jettisonable mass simulation; and lunar module test article B (LTA-B, already at MSFC). MSC had no mission requirements but recommended that any restart test requirements for the Saturn S-IVB stage be carried out on this mission to simplify requirements for the first manned Saturn V mission.


1967 November 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • The Titan III System Program Office (SMVT) of SAMSO's Deputy for Launch Vehicles initiated work on the design, development, and production of the Titan IIID launch vehicle system. - .

1967 November 15 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A UVPL/Solar/MM/SA TPS Technology/Meteor/Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

    Fatal accident, aircraft destroyed. After reaching peak altitude, entered spin at Mach 5. Entered dive at 30,000 m, began high frequency pitch oscillations, disintegrated when these reached 15 Gs.Maximum Speed - 5744 kph. Maximum Altitude - 81080 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ.


1967 November 15 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1968 November 15 - .
  • Zond 6 hydrogen peroxide temperature falls to dangerous level - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Overnight a serious situation has developed. The hydrogen peroxide temperature aboard the L1 capsule has fallen from +20 deg C to -2 deg C. By the following morning it was down to -5 deg C. At such temperatures it will disassociate into oxygen and water, and the capsule's orientation thrusters will not be able to function for re-entry. A colour television camera was supposed to have been included in the cabin. If it was there it could be turned on and warm the capsule, but Mishin had insisted to the State Commission that it be deleted. The spacecraft could be oriented so that the sun would shine directly over the peroxide tank and warm it, but this might damage the 100K star sensor, which was mounted right next to it. A proposal is made that an attempt is made to orient the spacecraft using the ONA gyroscope package as flywheels, but Mishin and his deputies don't want to try anything. Mishin suddenly says that the next L1 will not be ready until February or later (before the date was January). This was seen by Kamanin as a typical 180-degree turn for him. Mishin looks bad - probably he's been drinking again. Kamanin sees no solution but a complete reorganisation of the space program, moving the manned program to the VVS.


1968 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110R. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 1M1 mockup erected on pad with L1S payload - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. The N1 mockup was again erected on the pad, in order to conduct tests of the L1S payload in advance of the availability of the 3L launch vehicle..

1968 November 15 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN D062 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 November 15 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 November 15 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 310 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4232 . COSPAR: 1969-100A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1969 November 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 619. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 November 15 - .
  • M2 Flight 27 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Glide flight. Maximum Speed - 784 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13716 m. Flight Time - 215 sec..

1971 November 15 - .
  • Detailed work on test stands for block Sr and MKBS is begun on 15 November. - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft: , MKBS.

1971 November 15 - . Launch Site: Jianshui. LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 November 15 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • Explorer 45 - . Payload: SSS A. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SSS. Decay Date: 1992-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 5598 . COSPAR: 1971-096A. Apogee: 18,149 km (11,277 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 3.2000 deg. Period: 322.80 min. Studies magnetosphere, energetic particles. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 November 15 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 November 15 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Explorer 48 - . Payload: SAS B. Mass: 185 kg (407 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: SAS. Decay Date: 1976-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6282 . COSPAR: 1972-091A. Apogee: 526 km (326 mi). Perigee: 526 km (326 mi). Inclination: 1.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1973 November 15 - .
  • X-24 Flight 34 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 6. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. First power flight. Maximum Speed - 961 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16080 m. Flight Time - 404 sec..

1974 November 15 - .
  • X-24 Flight 45 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1722 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21960 m. Flight Time - 481 sec..

1974 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 November 15 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2310.
  • NOAA 4 - . Payload: ITOS G. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: ITOS. USAF Sat Cat: 7529 . COSPAR: 1974-089A. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..
  • Intasat 1 - . Payload: Intasat. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Intasat. USAF Sat Cat: 7531 . COSPAR: 1974-089C. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,442 km (896 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Oscar 7 - . Payload: Amsat-Oscar-7. Mass: 29 kg (63 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 7530 . COSPAR: 1974-089B. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

    AMSAT-OSCAR 7 was launched piggyback with ITOS-G (NOAA 4) and the Spanish INTASAT. The second phase 2 satellite (Phase II-B). Weight 28.6 kg. Octahedrally shaped 360 mm high and 424 mm in diameter. Circularly polarized canted turnstile VHF/UHF antenna system and HF dipole. Firsts: Satellite-to-satellite relay communication via AO-6; Early demonstrations of low-budget medical data relay and doppler location of ground transmitters for search-and-rescue operations were done using this satellite. AO-7 was fully operational for 6.5 years until a battery failed in mid 1981. However the satellite was still functional in day-side passes when its ever-degrading solar cells could function, and was still responding to amateurs as of August 2006. Additional Details: here....


1976 November 15 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Talos Sergeant Hydac.
  • Ballistics test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 November 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • First ferry flight test, Edwards - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. First ferry flight test, Edwards (3 hours, 21 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101).

1977 November 15 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: HJ Hydac.
  • WIDEBAND Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 November 15 - .
  • Complete OMS development test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1978 November 15 - .
  • Complete aft RCS development test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1978 November 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1978 November 15 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1047 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-11-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11108 . COSPAR: 1978-104A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 15 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • AST 2 Technology test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1980 November 15 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910/PAM.
  • SBS 1 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SBS. Program: SBS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 12065 . COSPAR: 1980-091A. Apogee: 35,928 km (22,324 mi). Perigee: 35,895 km (22,304 mi). Inclination: 6.1000 deg. Period: 1,442.50 min.

    Satellite Business Systems. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 100 deg W in 1981-1984; 99 deg W in 1984-1990 As of 4 September 2001 located at 115.72 deg E drifting at 1.627 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 96.16E drifting at 1.647W degrees per day.


1981 November 15 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DASO-8 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1982 November 15 - .
  • STS-5 - Wakeup Song: The Stroll - . Flight: STS-5. "The Stroll".

1982 November 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1984 November 15 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1610 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15398 . COSPAR: 1984-118A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1531..

1985 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 November 15 - .
  • Space Command redesignated Air Force Space Command. - . Nation: USA.

1985 November 15 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 17 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 28L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1992-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16250 . COSPAR: 1985-107A. Apogee: 35,873 km (22,290 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 5.8000 deg. Period: 1,438.00 min.

    Stationed at 49 deg. E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1985-1988; 69 deg E in 1988-1990; 85 deg E in 1990-1991; 49 deg E in 1991-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 174.18 deg W drifting at 0.357 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 98.19E drifting at 0.512W degrees per day.


1986 November 15 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-69 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 17078 . COSPAR: 1986-089A. Apogee: 38,824 km (24,124 mi). Perigee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 717.30 min. Replaced Molniya 1-60. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1987 November 15 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1988 November 15 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Buran launch vehicle.
  • Buran - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Buran.

    The weather was snow flurries with 20 m/s winds. Launch abort criteria were 15 m/s. The launch director decided to press ahead anyway. After 12 years of development everything went perfectly. Buran, with a mass of 79.4 tonnes, separated from the Block Ts core and entered a temporary orbit with a perigee of -11.2 km and apogee of 154.2 km. At apogee Burn executed a 66.6 m/s manoeuvre and entered a 251 km x 263 km orbit of the earth. In the payload bay was the 7150 kg module 37KB s/n 37071. 140 minutes into the flight retrofire was accomplished with a total delta-v of 175 m/s. 206 minutes after launch, accompanied by Igor Volk in a MiG-25 chase plane, Buran touched down at 260 km/hr in a 17 m/s crosswind at the Jubilee runway, with a 1620 m landing rollout. The completely automatic launch, orbital manoeuvre, deorbit, and precision landing of an airliner-sized spaceplane on its very first flight was an unprecedented accomplishment of which the Soviets were justifiably proud. It completely vindicated the years of exhaustive ground and flight test that had debugged the systems before they flew.


1988 November 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Buran launch vehicle.
  • Buran - . Payload: Buran OK-1K s/n 711. Mass: 79,400 kg (175,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Buran. Duration: 0.14 days. Decay Date: 1988-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 19637 . COSPAR: 1988-100A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.50 min.

    Unmanned test of Soviet shuttle. Landed November 15, 1988 06:25 GMT. Buran was first moved to the launch pad on 23 October 1988. The launch commission met on 26 October 1988 and set 29 October 06:23 Moscow time for the first flight of the first Buran orbiter (Flight 1K1). 51 seconds before the launch, when control of the countdown switched to automated systems, a software problem led the computer program to abort the lift-off. The problem was found to be due to late separation of a gyro update umbilical. The software problem was rectified and the next attempt was set for 15 November at 06:00 (03:00 GMT). Came the morning, the weather was snow flurries with 20 m/s winds. Launch abort criteria were 15 m/s. The launch director decided to press ahead anyway. After 12 years of development everything went perfectly. Buran, with a mass of 79.4 tonnes, separated from the Block Ts core and entered a temporary orbit with a perigee of -11.2 km and apogee of 154.2 km. At apogee Burn executed a 66.6 m/s manoeuvre and entered a 251 km x 263 km orbit of the earth. In the payload bay was the 7150 kg module 37KB s/n 37071. 140 minutes into the flight retrofire was accomplished with a total delta-v of 175 m/s. 206 minutes after launch, accompanied by Igor Volk in a MiG-25 chase plane, Buran touched down at 260 km/hr in a 17 m/s crosswind at the Jubilee runway, with a 1620 m landing rollout. The completely automatic launch, orbital manoeuvre, deorbit, and precision landing of an airliner-sized spaceplane on its very first flight was an unprecedented accomplishment of which the Soviets were justifiably proud. It completely vindicated the years of exhaustive ground and flight test that had debugged the systems before they flew.

  • 37KB module s/n 37070 - . Payload: 37KB s/n 37070. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: 37K. Spacecraft: 37KB. COSPAR: 1988-100xx.

1989 November 15 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1989 November 15 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: SAIN. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 November 15 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 27 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1990 November 15 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-38 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Covey, Culbertson, Gemar, Meade, Springer. Payload: Atlantis F07 / DoD. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Covey, Culbertson, Gemar, Meade, Springer. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-38. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 4.91 days. Decay Date: 1990-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 20935 . COSPAR: 1990-097A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 78 km (48 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 87.50 min. Manned five crew. Deployed a classified payload. Orbits of Earth: 79. Payloads: DoD Mission..
  • USA 67 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 20963 . COSPAR: 1990-097B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. Deployed from STS 38 15 November 1990. Boosted to geostationary orbit. Last known longitude (31 December 1990) 99.16 deg W drifting at 0.050 deg W per day..

1992 November 15 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Resurs-500 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-11-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 22217 . COSPAR: 1992-075A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    Carried descent module with greetings to American people. Delivery of a humanitarian cargo (messages to the American people, promotional materials of Russian and foreign firms, etc.) to the United States of America in connection with the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus.


1995 November 15 - .
  • STS-74 - Wakeup Song: Somewhere Over the Rainbow - . Flight: STS-74. "Somewhere Over the Rainbow" by Arlen, Harburg, and Stothart from the film,"The Wizard of Oz". Sung by Judy Garland..

1996 November 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: AMROC. Launch Vehicle: Hyperion.
1999 November 15 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-II. FAILURE: Failure during first stage burn.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • MTSAT - . Mass: 2,900 kg (6,300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300.

    Multi-functional Transportation Satellite intended to provide communications and air traffic control for the Japanese transportation ministry and a meteorological data for the Japanese Meteorological Agency. The spacecraft had a mass of 1223 kg dry and was a follow-on to the GMS (Himawari) weather satellite series.


2000 November 15 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-57 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gidzenko, Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TM-31. While the occupants of the International Space Station (ISS) slept, a new resupply vehicle sped to the orbiting outpost, carrying supplies and hardware for the three residents on board.. Additional Details: here....

2001 November 15 - .
2002 November 15 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #02-52 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Korzun, Ross, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-111 ISS EO-5. The Expedition 5 crewmembers - Commander Valery Korzun, NASA ISS Science Officer Peggy Whitson and Flight Engineer Sergei Treschev - spent their 23rd week in space continuing preparations for the arrival of their replacements, the Expedition 6 crew.. Additional Details: here....

2004 November 15 - .
  • SMART-1, Moon Orbit Insertion, Successful - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft: SMART-1.

2007 November 15 - .
  • ISS EO-16: Spacewalkers to Hook Up Harmony at its New Location - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Flight: Soyuz TMA-10, STS-117 ISS EO-15, STS-120. A 6-hour, 40-minute spacewalk by International Space Station Commander Peggy Whitson and Flight Engineer Dan Tani will begin the external outfitting of the Harmony node in its new position in front of the U.S laboratory Destiny.. Additional Details: here....

2008 November 15 - .
  • STS-126 - Wakeup Song: Shelter - . Flight: STS-126. "Shelter" by Xavier Rudd. It was played for Commander Christopher Ferguson..

2008 November 15 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-126 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Boe, Bowen, Ferguson, Kimbrough, Magnus, Pettit, Stefanyshyn-Piper. Return Crew: Boe, Bowen, Ferguson, Kimbrough, Magnus, Pettit, Stefanyshyn-Piper. Payload: Endeavour F22 / MPLM-1 / ULF-2. Mass: 116,500 kg (256,800 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Boe, Bowen, Ferguson, Kimbrough, Magnus, Pettit, Stefanyshyn-Piper. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TMA-13, STS-124 ISS EO-17, STS-126, STS-126 ISS EO-18. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.85 days. Decay Date: 2008-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 33441 . COSPAR: 2008-059A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 344 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    ISS resupply and internal outfitting flight, docked at the Harmony module of the sation at 22:01 GMT on 16 November. The Leonardo module contained 6956 kg of cargo, mainly devoted to allowing a future full ISS crew of six: two crew quarters racks, a Galley rack, a Waste and Hygiene Compartment rack, two Water Recovery System racks, an experiment rack, a Combustion integration rack, and miscellaneous supplies in three Resupply Stowage Racks and six Resupply Stowage Platforms. On 17 November at 17:09 GMT the ISS robot arm moved the Leonardo module from the shuttle's payload bay to the Harmony module nadir port for unloading. The mission also rotated the ISS long-term NASA crew member, replacing Chamitoff with Magnus. Four spacewalks were conducted, primarily to repair a broken ISS Solar Array Rotary Joint.

    The unloaded Leonardo module was returned to the shuttle bay on 26 November. The shuttle undocked from the ISS at 14:47 GMT on 28 November. The next day, at 20:33 GMT, it released a 7 kg PicoSat Solar Cell Testbed Experiment, a prototype for a later picosat mission to geostationary transfer orbit to study degradation of solar cells while passing through the earth's radiation belts.

    Following two wave-offs for a Kennedy Space Center landing due to weather, Endeavour made its 89 m/s deorbit maneuver at 20:19 on 29 November, and landed at Runway 04L/22R at Edwards AFB at 21:25 GMT.

    Cargo Manifest, Total = 17,370 kg:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System = 1800 kg + EMUs 3005 and 3011 = 260 kg
    • Bay 3 Port: APC/SPDU = 100 kg
    • Bay 3 Starboard: APC/SSPL Picosat launcher = 50 kg + PSSC Picosats = 7 kg
    • Bay 7 Starboard: ROEU 751 umbilical = 50 kg
    • Bay 7-12: Leonardo (MPLM-1) = 12748 kg
    • Bay 13: Lightweight MPESS Carrier (LMC)= 1495 kg
    • Sill: RMS 201 = 410 kg + OBSS = 450 kg

2010 November 15 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-25-1 - . Crew: Skripochka, Yurchikhin. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-01M, Soyuz TMA-19. Removed and installed various equipment items and experiments on the exterior of the Russian Zvezda, Poisk, Zarya, and Pirs modules..

2011 November 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Aster 30 Target - . Nation: France. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2011 November 15 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 4.
  • Agni test - . Nation: India. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Test mission. Missile previously known as Agni II Prime..


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