Encyclopedia Astronautica
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On January 21 in Space History

1928 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Gavriyilovich Yershov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Yershov. Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1974..

1929 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Dr Robert Ward Philips - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Robert. American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1991..

1930 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Filatyev. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963..

1945 January 21 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 3./836. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg - . Nation: Germany. Hachenburg, Gehlert, (5) rockets fired, (impacts unknown)..

1948 January 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 66 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 27. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 7. Stabilizer effectiveness investigation. Mach 0.82 at 8845 m..

1950 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Richard 'Joe' Tanner - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115..

1954 January 21 - .
  • First atomic submarine Nautilus launched - . Nation: USA.

1954 January 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Turbojet study test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1955 January 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1959 January 21 - .
  • The screening of records for prospective Mercury astronauts began. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1959 January 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Thor Agena test - . Mass: 779 kg (1,717 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-1. COSPAR: F590121A. First flight test of Thor-Agena for KH program..

1960 January 21 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • 15 Atlas launch vehicles and 26 Mercury spacecraft purchased. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. At a meeting to draft fiscal year 1962 funding estimates, the total purchase of Atlas launch vehicles was listed as 15, and the total purchase of Mercury spacecraft was listed as 26..

1960 January 21 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Mercury LJ-1B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

    Little Joe 1-B (LJ-1B) was launched from Wallops Island with a rhesus monkey, 'Miss Sam,' aboard. Test objectives for this flight were the same as those for Little Joe 1 (LJ-1) in which the escape tower launched 31 minutes before the planned launch, and Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A), wherein the dynamic buildup in the abort maneuver was too low. A physiological study of the primate, particularly in areas applying to the effects of the rapid onset of reverse acceleration during abort at maximum dynamic pressure, was also made. In addition, the Mercury helicopter recovery system was exercised. During the mission, all sequences operated as planned; the spacecraft attained a peak altitude of 9.3 statute miles, a range of 11.7 statute miles, and a maximum speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour. Thirty minutes from launch time, a Marine recovery helicopter deposited the spacecraft and its occupant at Wallops Station. 'Miss Sam' was in good condition, and all test objectives were successfully fulfilled.


1960 January 21 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • IWST - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1962 January 21 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A3. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Demo - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 January 21 - .
  • VVS Review of Soyuz - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz P, Soyuz R, Soyuz V.

    The primary objective of the design is to achieve docking to two spacecraft in earth orbit. Secondary objectives are the operation of scientific and military equipment from the spacecraft. Three different spacecraft, all launched by an R-7 derived booster, are required to achieve this:

    • 7K spacecraft, capable of carrying three men into space and returning them to earth. The 5.5 tonne spacecraft has three modules, including the BO living module and the SA re-entry capsule
    • 9K booster stage, with a fuelled mass of 18 tonnes. After docking with the 7K this is capable of boosting the combined spacecraft to earth escape velocity. The 9K is equipped with a 450 kgf main engine and orientation engines of 1 to 10 kgf. It will have 14 tonnes propellant when full loaded. Four sequential docking with a tanker spacecraft will be required to fill the tanks before the final docking with the 7K.
    • 11K tanker, with a mass of 5 tonnes.

    The system will conduct fuellings and dockings in a 250 km altitude parking orbit, and be boosted up to 400,000 km altitude on lunar flyby missions. The system will be ready in three years. Military variants proposed are the Soyuz-P and Soyuz-R. Each spacecraft will have 400 kg of automatic rendezvous and docking equipment. Manual docking will be possible once the spacecraft are within 300 m of each other.

    Korolev still insists on an unguided landing and categorically rejects the use of wings. A parachute will deploy and slow the capsule to 10 m/s. Then a retrorocket will fire just before impact with the earth to provide a zero-velocity soft landing. Korolev still insists that spacesuits will not be carried for the crew. First test flight of the 7K, without docking, could not occur until the second half of 1964.


1963 January 21 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet 1 Shot 1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). The gun-launched rocket was shot at an elevation of 80 degrees and flew for 145 seconds. During its flight it rose to an altitude of 26 km and landed 11 km down range..

1964 January 21 - .
  • North American design concept for the Apollo Block II - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM Block II, LM Weight.

    North American gave a presentation at MSC on the block change concept with emphasis on Block II CSM changes. These were defined as modifications necessary for compatibility with the LEM, structural changes to reduce weight or improve CSM center of gravity, and critical systems changes. (Block I spacecraft would carry no rendezvous and docking equipment and would be earth-orbital only. Block II spacecraft would be flight-ready vehicles with the final design configuration for the lunar missions.)


1964 January 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta B.
  • Relay 2 - . Payload: Relay B. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Relay. Spacecraft: Relay. USAF Sat Cat: 737 . COSPAR: 1964-003A. Apogee: 7,540 km (4,680 mi). Perigee: 1,961 km (1,218 mi). Inclination: 46.4000 deg. Period: 194.70 min. Experimental commsat. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1965 January 21 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Requirements for Apollo spacecraft launched by Saturn IB assessed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo.

    At the request of Maj. Gen. Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, ASPO reexamined the performance requirements for spacecraft slated for launch with Saturn IBs. MSC currently assessed that the launch vehicle was able to put 16,102 kg (35,500 lbs) into a circular orbit 105 nm above the earth. Based on the spacecraft control weights, however, it appeared that the total injected weight of the modules would exceed this amount by some 395 kg (870 lbs). Additional Details: here....


1965 January 21 - .
  • Cosmonaut examinations completed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Demin, Gubarev, Keldysh, Korolev, Ponomaryova, Shatalov, Solovyova, Tyulin.

    The 15 cosmonaut candidates have all 'graduated' from basic cosmonaut training. The highest scores were by Beregovoi, Shatalov, Gubarev, and Demin. Two days later they officially receive their cosmonaut rating, bringing the total contingent to 34, of which 9 have already been in space. With this contingent the Soviet Union will fly to the moon and man an orbital station. That is insufficient - Kamanin wants a 40-man second contingent. The new contingent will have to be absolutely healthy male specimens, no older than 32 years, under 175 cm in height and 75 kg in weight. Keldysh, Korolev, and Tyulin are against further female flights in space, despite Kamanin's insistence.


1965 January 21 - .
  • Apollo dual drogue parachutes in drop test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    Northrop-Ventura verified the strength of the dual drogue parachutes in a drop test at El Centro, Calif. This was also the first airborne test of the new mortar by which the drogues were deployed and of the new pilot parachute risers, made of steel cables. All planned objectives were met. Additional Details: here....


1965 January 21 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1965 January 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-01 - . Payload: ABRES MTV-1. Mass: 85 kg (187 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1965-01-21 . Failure..
  • OV1-1 - . Payload: OV1-1. Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1.

1966 January 21 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C025 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-133 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1967 January 21 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 January 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ST Olympic T. B-7 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 January 21 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 January 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1970 January 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,848 km (1,148 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 322 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-01-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 4315 . COSPAR: 1970-007A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1971 January 21 - .
  • X-24 Flight 21 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24A flight 21. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24A. Maximum Speed - 1093 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15819 m. Flight Time - 462 sec..

1971 January 21 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 392 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4872 . COSPAR: 1971-004A. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1971 January 21 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • AFCRL 71-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 23B.
  • OPS 7776 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 30 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1971-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4874 . COSPAR: 1971-005A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 110.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • AFCRL 71-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • AFCRL 71-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • AFCRL 71-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • AFCRL 71-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C76/1 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 January 21 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A.
  • ISRO 5.15 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 January 21 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: The Party's Over - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "The Party's Over" by Julie London"Misty" by Julie London CAPCOM: William Thornton.

1974 January 21 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1975 January 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Svilets test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1975 January 21 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 703 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 70. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-08-11 . Decay Date: 1975-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 7611 . COSPAR: 1975-003A. Apogee: 1,518 km (943 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-85 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • INTA MNAE-7602 / BIV-2 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Winter Anomaly B-II-2 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly B-VI-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA, SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly B-VI-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA, SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1977 January 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT53GM-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 January 21 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • CHARGING Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1980 January 21 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1241 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 12149 . COSPAR: 1981-006A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 989 km (614 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1243 and Cosmos 1258 interceptors..

1981 January 21 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1982 January 21 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi).

1982 January 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 2849 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 52 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1982-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13040 . COSPAR: 1982-006A. Apogee: 527 km (327 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Possible test of KH-12 systems. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1983 January 21 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • ASAT Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Successful test of the missile and control system, but conducted without the miniature homing vehicle..

1985 January 21 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1986 January 21 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 January 21 - . Launch Site: Bershet. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 January 21 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1814 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 17303 . COSPAR: 1987-006A. Apogee: 799 km (496 mi). Perigee: 763 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1988 January 21 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1989 January 21 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 January 21 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COBRA Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 January 21 - .
  • Kazakhstan Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Aubakirov. Kazakh astronaut trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1991 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: Al Jubail - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 January 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2175 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-03-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 21844 . COSPAR: 1992-001A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1997 January 21 - .
  • STS-81 - Wakeup Song: My Favorite Marcia - . Flight: STS-81. "My Favorite Marcia" by The Allison Brown Quartet.

1998 January 21 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1999 January 21 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • CAPER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,360 km (840 mi).

2000 January 21 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA.
  • USA 148 - . Payload: DSCS III B-8. Mass: 1,232 kg (2,716 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Valley Forge. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSCS III. Spacecraft: DSCS III. USAF Sat Cat: 26052 . COSPAR: 2000-001A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Part of the US Air Force Defense Satellite Communications System. To be stationed in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean..

2003 January 21 - .
  • Starshine Reenters Into Earth's Atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Starshine. Spacecraft: Starshine.

2003 January 21 - .
  • STS-107 - Wakeup Song: The Wedding Song - . Flight: STS-107. "The Wedding Song" by Paul Stookey for Pilot Willie McCool Red Team -"Prabhati" by Ravi Shankar. Dedicated to Kalpana Chawla..

2003 January 21 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- SAGE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2005 January 21 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-3 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Space Station crewmembers marked their 100th day in space Friday, ending a workweek focused on preparations for their first spacewalk, planned for Wednesday, Jan. 26.. Additional Details: here....

2008 January 21 - . LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Tecsar - . Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISRO. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tecsar. Spacecraft: Tecsar. USAF Sat Cat: 32476 . COSPAR: 2008-002A. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 41.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Israeli military radar/optical surveillance satellite using synthetic aperture X-band radar, with estimated 10 cm radar and 1 m optical ground resolution..

2011 January 21 - .
2015 January 21 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 551.
  • MUOS 3 - . Payload: A2100M. Mass: 6,740 kg (14,850 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 40374 . COSPAR: 2015-002A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 5,592 km (3,474 mi). Inclination: 16.7000 deg. US Navy communications satellite..


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