Encyclopedia Astronautica
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On March 28 in Space History

1802 March 28 - .
  • Wilhelm Olbers' Discovery of Asteroid 2 Pallas - . Nation: Germany.

1935 March 28 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket reaches 4,800 feet. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 1.46 km (0.91 mi). Range: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

    Rocket had improved gyro stabilisation; length 14 ft 9 3/4 in.; empty weight 78 1/2 lb; altitude 4800 ft; average speed 550 mph; corrected its flight perfectly several times, for several hundred feet; horizontal distance, 13,000 ft; total time of flight, 20 sec.


1945 March 28 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery SS Abt 500. Launch Complex: V-2 Battery SS Abt 500. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • The end of V-2 Battery SS 500 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

    Battery SS 500 departs Hellendoorn piecemeal before the Allied advance and disintegrates. Some units were equipped with 15 cm Nebelwerfer rockets and ordered to participate in the defence of Berlin. But the war was over before they could reach their destination.


1946 March 28 - .
  • Birth of Dr Wubbo Johannes Ockels - . Nation: Netherlands. Related Persons: Ockels. Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut..

1949 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • GRD-2 NaCl release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Airglow research. Launched at 1614 local time. Reached 68 km..

1952 March 28 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1957 March 28 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A.
  • Jupiter A - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

    Launched at 2022 hours EST from AMR. The flight was successful from the standpoint of missions accomplished, with cut-off time 112 seconds and separation time 126 seconds after range zero time. Impact point was 220 meters short and 320 meters to the right, a radial miss distance of 390 meters, primary objective was to test the accuracy of the guidance system when the missile was fired in a short range trajectory at an extreme altitude to range ratio. Missed aimpoint by 390 m.


1958 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Vibrator - . Nation: Russia. Agency: UNRV. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 March 28 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 March 28 - .
  • Mercury escape system changes - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury, Mercury Escape Tower.

    Space Task Group officials were involved in an investigation as to whether the escape system should be changed. In the original proposal, McDonnell's plan was to use eight small rockets housed in a fin adapter, but this plan was set aside for a NASA developed plan in which a single-motor tripod would be used. Later, during a test of the escape system, the escape rockets appeared to fire properly but the spacecraft began to tumble after launch. This tumbling action caused concern, and Space Task Group engineers felt that the tower-escape system might have to be discarded, and a 'second look' was taken at the McDonnell proposal. The engineers concluded, however, that there were too many problems involved and the single-motor tripod concept was retained and has been proven to be quite effective.


1960 March 28 - .
  • Mercury astronaut first open-water egress training. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    Between March 28,1960 and April 1, 1960, the astronauts received their first open-water egress training in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Pensacola, Florida, in cooperation with the Navy's School of Aviation Medicine. The training was conducted in conditions of up to 10-foot swells, and no problems were experienced. The average egress time was about 4 minutes from a completely restrained condition in the spacecraft to being in the life raft.


1960 March 28 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Two H-1's fired together. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Two of Saturn's first-stage engines passed initial static firing test of 7.83 seconds duration at Huntsville, Ala..

1960 March 28 - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 March 28 - .
  • USAF/NASA Dynasoar review. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. USAF Dyna-Soar System Project Office personnel visited NASA headquarters for review of technical and management programs..

1961 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Hercules intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 March 28 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1963 March 28 - .
  • Manned Earth Orbiting Laboratory. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Spacecraft Bus: MORL. Spacecraft: MORL.

    Associate Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., asked Abraham Hyatt of Headquarters to organize a task team to study the concept of a Manned Earth Orbiting Laboratory. Seamans pointed out that such a laboratory was under consideration by several government agencies and that NASA and the Department of Defense were at that time supporting a number of advanced feasibility studies. He said that such a laboratory bore a very heavy interrelationship between manned space flight, space sciences, and advanced research and technology and that NASA's top management was faced with the decision whether to initiate hardware development. Hyatt's aft's team thus must examine broadly the needs of an orbiting laboratory from NASA's viewpoint, as well as that of outside agencies, and the operational and scientific factors impinging on any possible decision to undertake hardware development.


1963 March 28 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Eclipse inst test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

    Fourth suborbital test of Saturn I. The S-I Saturn stage reached an altitude of 129 kilometers (80 statute miles) and a peak velocity of 5,906 kilometers (3,660 miles) per hour. This was the last of four successful tests for the first stage of the Saturn I vehicle. After 100 seconds of flight, No. 5 of the booster's eight engines was cut off by a preset timer. That engine's propellants were rerouted to the remaining seven, which continued to burn. This experiment confirmed the "engine-out" capability that MSFC engineers had designed into the Saturn I.


1964 March 28 - .
  • Gemini Project Office reported the results of a potability test. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Fuel Cell. Gemini Project Office reported the results of the potability test of water from the fuel cells to be used on spacecraft No. 2. Although slightly acidic, the water was deemed suitable for drinking. .

1965 March 28 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi).

1965 March 28 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 16.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP29 - - Latitude: 15.98 S - Longitude: 77.98 W..

1966 March 28 - .
  • Korolev tether projects cancelled - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Mishin. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK Tether, Voskhod.

    Korolev was always interested in application of artificial gravity for large space stations and interplanetary craft. After Korolev’s death, the projects to develop tether experiments to be flown aboard Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft were closed by Mishin and not pursued further.


1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: F-4C. LV Family: Genie. Launch Vehicle: ALARR.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C145 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,000 km (2,400 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D068 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B044 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 March 28 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.15 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1968 March 28 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1969 March 28 - .
  • Military Soyuz plan rejected - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Kutakhov, Zakharov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Kutakhov is having trouble selling Kamanin's plans for military spaceflights and the appointment of Beregovoi to the General Staff. Marshal Zakharov has rejected the plan for ten military Soyuz, as he had done with similar earlier plans for Vostok and Voskhod. As far as he is concerned, manned spaceflight has no significant military potential.


1969 March 28 - .
  • Death of Dwight David Eisenhower - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. President of the United States, 1953-1961; began development of Jupiter, Thor, Atlas, Titan, Polaris, and Minuteman - the foundation of US access to space. His distrust of of the military led him to create NASA to handle space programs..

1969 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 28 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Stellar X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1969 March 28 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1969 March 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 275 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 5. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-08-06 . Decay Date: 1970-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3846 . COSPAR: 1969-031A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 March 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1971 March 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 March 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NSF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1973 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-17 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 March 28 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1974 March 28 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT117M-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The First Strategic Aerospace Division (1STRAD) launched the 125th Minuteman II (LGM-30F) to be fired from Vandenberg AFB. .

1974 March 28 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1975 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1975 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1975 March 28 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1976 March 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1977 March 28 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 28 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1977 March 28 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1978 March 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 996 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10744 . COSPAR: 1978-031A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 March 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT39GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 March 28 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • UM Airglow Payload Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1981 March 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Failure of launch vehicle.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Yantar-2K s/n 979 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 979. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Yantar Area survey photo reconnaissance spacecraft failed to achieve orbit..

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1982 March 28 - .
  • STS-3 - Wakeup Song: Six Days on the Road and I'm Gonna Make It Home Tonight - . Flight: STS-3.

    "Six Days on the Road and I'm Gonna Make It Home Tonight" by Dave Dudley NASA stretched the lyrics to make it eight days instead of six.."OK, that's good music, Houston" Lousma told capsule communicator Brewster Shaw, who had a radio station make a change in the tape.


1982 March 28 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1983 March 28 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • NOAA 8 - . Payload: NOAA E. Mass: 3,775 kg (8,322 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Advanced Tiros N. Spacecraft: Advanced Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 13923 . COSPAR: 1983-022A. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi). Perigee: 793 km (492 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. Carried search and rescue package. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1984 March 28 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh52.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 March 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1985 March 28 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 28 - .
  • ICE, Comet Halley Distant Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: ISEE. Spacecraft: ISEE.

1986 March 28 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • GStar 2 - . Payload: SBTS-2. Mass: 1,140 kg (2,510 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 3000. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1997-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 16649 . COSPAR: 1986-026A. Apogee: 35,943 km (22,333 mi). Perigee: 35,902 km (22,308 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,443.10 min.

    Ku band communications satellite. Stationed at 70 degrees W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 105 deg W in 1986-1992; 125 deg W in 1992-1997 As of 5 September 2001 located at 148.11 deg W drifting at 1.728 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 2.39W drifting at 1.699W degrees per day.

  • Brasilsat A2 - . Mass: 1,243 kg (2,740 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16650 . COSPAR: 1986-026B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 4.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 105 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1986-1995; 92 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 62.91 deg W drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 32.58W drifting at 2.263W degrees per day.


1988 March 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1989 March 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi).

1990 March 28 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1994 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 729. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 729. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 729. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 729. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 March 28 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 33.0 N x 77.0 W. Launch Platform: CG-20. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Terrier LEAP.
  • FTV-4 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Launched by vessel CG-20 from Aegis NTW test launch area, Atlantic Ocean off S Carolina - Latitude: 33.00 N, Longitude:77.00 W..

1995 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • LEAP FTV-4 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). LEAP-4. Missile Tracking and Discrimination for SDIO..

1995 March 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC158. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Start. FAILURE: Fell in Sea of Okhotsk.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Gurwin 1 - . Payload: TECHSAT-1. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: RVSN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Gurwin. Spacecraft: Gurwin. Decay Date: 1995-03-28 .
  • EKA - . Payload: EKA-2. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: EKA. Spacecraft: EKA. Eksperimentalniy Kosmicheskiy Apparat - dummy of test satellite..
  • Oscar 29 - . Payload: ENB UNAMSAT A. Nation: Mexico. Agency: RVSN. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. UNAMSAT was an AMSAT Microsat class amateur radio satellite built by UNAM, the Autonomous University of Mexico..

1995 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Brasilsat B2 - . Payload: HS 376W. Mass: 1,780 kg (3,920 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23536 . COSPAR: 1995-016A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 65.1 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 65.06 deg W drifting at 0.022 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 65.05W drifting at 0.012W degrees per day..
  • Hot Bird 1 - . Payload: Eutelsat HB1. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 2000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 23537 . COSPAR: 1995-016B. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 13.0 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1995-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.93 deg E drifting at 0.014 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 160.81W drifting at 3.441W degrees per day..

1996 March 28 - .
  • STS-76 - Wakeup Song: Jumpin' at the Woodside - . Flight: STS-76. "Jumpin' at the Woodside" by Brass, Rhythm and Reed..

1996 March 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 117 - . Payload: GPS 2A-25 / GPS SVN 33. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 23833 . COSPAR: 1996-019A. Apogee: 20,257 km (12,587 mi). Perigee: 20,106 km (12,493 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Placed in Plane C Slot 2 of the constellation..

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1999 March 28 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • DemoSat - . Payload: HS 702. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SeaLaunch. Manufacturer: Kent. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 702. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 25661 . COSPAR: 1999-014A. Apogee: 36,045 km (22,397 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 0.7000 deg. Period: 645.00 min.

    The first Boeing Sea Launch mission. The Zenit-3SL lifted off from the Odyssey floating platform on the equator at 154 degrees West longitude. The DemoSat payload was an instrumented dynamic model of an HS-702 satellite built by Boeing Commercial Space/Kent. 13 minutes after launch, the Block DM-SL upper stage completed its first burn and entered a 180 km x 735 km x 1.2 degree parking orbit. A second burn 47 minutes after launch placed DemoSat in a 638 km x 36,064 km x 1.2 degree geostationary transfer orbit. Three hours later, a third DM-SL burn lowered the stage's perigee so that it would re-enter quickly.


1999 March 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • XQC F3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

2000 March 28 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Atmospheric Waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2001 March 28 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby, Guidoni, Hadfield, Helms, Lonchakov, Parazynski, Phillips, Rominger, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2.

    The International Space Station has become home to its new residents - the Expedition Two crew of Commander Yury Usachev and Flight Engineers Jim Voss and Susan Helms - who are settling in for a four-month stay after assuming command of the complex 10 days ago. Additional Details: here....


2003 March 28 - . 01:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2024.
  • IGS-1a - . Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IGS. Spacecraft: IGS. Decay Date: 2014-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 27698 . COSPAR: 2003-009A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 483 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.20 min.

    Optical reconnaisance satellite. First Japanese military space mission. Dual payload. Delayed from February 2003. The Tanegashima facility was under strict security, guarded by 400 police officers wearing bullet-proof vests. Waters near the pad were patrolled by the coast guard.

  • IGS-1b - . Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IGS. Spacecraft: IGS. Decay Date: 2012-07-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 27699 . COSPAR: 2003-009B. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Radar satellite..

2005 March 28 - . 06:25 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-10-2 - . Crew: Chiao, Sharipov. EVA Duration: 0.19 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5.

    The EO-10 crew exited in Orlan suits from the Pirs airlock. They installed communications and GPS antennae to support rendezvous and docking by the European ATV unmanned logistics vehicle. Sharipov placed a 5 kg nanosatellite into space, Nanosputnik, into orbit. Other external trash was also released.


2008 March 28 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/28/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton, Malenchenko, Reisman, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-117 ISS EO-15, STS-123 ISS EO-16.

    As per his voluntary 'job jar' task list, after wakeup and before breakfast FE-2 Garrett Reisman completed his first session with the SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment software for data logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop.

    (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Garrett wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days.)

    FE-1 Yuri Malenchenko serviced the Russian BMP (Harmful Impurities Removal System), starting the "bake-out" cycle to vacuum on absorbent bed #2 of the regenerable dual-channel filtration system. The regen process was terminated before sleeptime, at ~4:30pm EDT. (Regeneration of each of the two cartridges takes about 12 hours and is conducted only during crew awake periods. Filter bed 1 was regenerated yesterday.) Additional Details: here....


2009 March 28 - .
  • STS-119 - Wakeup Song: I Had a Dream - . Flight: STS-119. "I Had a Dream" ” by ABBA. The song was played for Sandy Magnus..

2013 March 28 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-08M - . Call Sign: Karat. Crew: Cassidy, Misurkin, Vinogradov. Backup Crew: Hopkins, Kotov, Ryazansky. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 708. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-08M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 166.26 days. Decay Date: 2013-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 39125 . COSPAR: 2013-013A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.88 min.

    Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 02:28 GMT on 29 March. Soyuz TMA-08M undocked from the ISS and made its deorbit burn at 02:05 GMT. The BO and PAO modules were jettisoned at 02:32 GMT and the SA descent module containing Vinogradov, Misurkin and Cassidy touched down safely in Kazakhstan at 02:58 GMT after 166.3 days in space.


2015 March 28 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1D - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-1K. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 40547 . COSPAR: 2015-018A. Apogee: 35,869 km (22,287 mi). Perigee: 35,707 km (22,187 mi). Inclination: 30.1100 deg. Period: 1,436.18 min. Fourth Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System satellite; joined its siblings IRNSS-1A and 1B in inclined synchronous orbit..


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