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On May 31 in Space History

1912 May 31 - .
  • Birth of Georgi Ivanovich Petrov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Petrov, Georgi. Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Space Research 1965-1973. Conducted aerodynamic research at NII-1 before being named Director..

1935 May 31 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket reaches 7,500 feet. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 2.30 km (1.43 mi). Range: 1.70 km (1.06 mi). Rocket had new lift indicator; length 15 ft 1 1/2 in.; weight 84 lb; altitude 7500 ft; excellent stabilisation; landed 5500 ft from tower, digging hole 10 in. deep; loud whistle on descent. .

1937 May 31 - .
  • Birth of Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gulyayev. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1968. Graduated from Soviet Navy Engineering School Cosmonaut training January 1963 - 21 January 1965. Resigned for medical reasons after an accident. Worked at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center..

1944 May 31 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 4146 - . Nation: Germany. Burnout at T+58 seconds. Flight duration 260 seconds..

1955 May 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 31 - . 02:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1E.
  • Biology / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Payload, instruments, left and right animal containers all recovered. Smoke container failed. Carried dogs..

1957 May 31 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville, USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    Army Jupiter IRBM was fired 1,500 miles, limit of its designed range, and to an altitude of 250-300 miles, the first successful launching of an IRBM. Fired from AMR at 1308 hours EST to test the range capability and performance of rocket engine and control system. Although the missile was 253 nm short of its estimated 1,400 nm impact point, this was the first successful flight of the Jupiter. All phases of the test were successful during this first firing of the IRBM in the western world


1958 May 31 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 May 31 - .
  • Selection of Rocketdyne for the J-2 rocket engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA selected Rocketdyne Division of NAA to develop the J-2, a 200,000-pound-thrust rocket engine, burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. (A decision was later made to use the J-2 in the upper stages of the Saturn C-5.).

1960 May 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • Echo development flight. - . Nation: USA. 100-foot inflatable sphere launched from NASA Wallops Station to an altitude of 210 miles to test payload configuration carrying two beacon transmitters, a development flight of Project Echo..

1960 May 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1961 May 31 - .
  • STG submitted to NASA Headquarters recommendations on crew selection and training - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    STG submitted to NASA Headquarters recommendations on crew selection and training:

    • There would be no need to select crews within the next 12 months, Pilots could be chosen as required from the astronaut group, permitting the prospective crewmen to be active in test flying until assigned to Apollo missions.
    • Based on extrapolations from the Mercury program, STG expected that 12 months would be ample time for specialized training before a flight.
    • A maximum of 18 astronauts in 1965 would be needed to fulfil the requirements of the flight schedule.
    • All crew members would be experienced flight personnel; special engineering or scientific capabilities would be provided through crew indoctrination.

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 May 31 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Long Tom. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 May 31 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C.
  • ERCS/279L 1 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 830 km (510 mi).

1963 May 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1966 May 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 31 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.0 N x 115.9 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris.
  • LRL BOX-4 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1966 May 31 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 May 31 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 May 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • 8F765 warhead state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 May 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 May 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D.
  • Surcal 160 - . Payload: NRL PL160 / Agena D 2704. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: SURCAL. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 2825 . COSPAR: 1967-053B. Apogee: 927 km (576 mi). Perigee: 923 km (573 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. 20 inch dia. calibration sphere. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Calsphere 4 - . Payload: Agena D 2704 / OPS 5712. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Calsphere. Spacecraft: Calsphere. USAF Sat Cat: 2826 . COSPAR: 1967-053A. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. The last Air Force Thor/Agena D, SLV-2 #443 and SS-01B #2704, was launched from Vandenberg. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • SURCAL 150B - . Payload: NRL PL150B. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: SURCAL. Spacecraft: SURCAL. USAF Sat Cat: 2909 . COSPAR: 1967-053J. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 101.10 min. The last Air Force Thor/Agena D, SLV-2 #443 and SS-01B #2704, was launched from Vandenberg. 16 inch dia. calibration sphere. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • GGSE 5 - . Payload: NRL PL154 / Poppy 5D (Poppy multifaceted). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Poppy. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2834 . COSPAR: 1967-053D. Apogee: 913 km (567 mi). Perigee: 906 km (562 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Timation 1 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Timation. Spacecraft: Timation. USAF Sat Cat: 2847 . COSPAR: 1967-053E. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Perigee: 894 km (555 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 102.90 min. Navigation experiments leading eventually to Navstar/GPS system. Operated for 74 months..
  • Calsphere 3 - . Payload: NRL PL159. Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Calsphere. Spacecraft: Calsphere. USAF Sat Cat: 2872 . COSPAR: 1967-053F. Apogee: 906 km (562 mi). Perigee: 900 km (550 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Surveillance Calibration. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Surcal (151) - . Payload: NRL PL151 / OPS 5712 / Poppy 5A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Poppy. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2873 . COSPAR: 1967-053G. Apogee: 910 km (560 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal (153) - . Payload: NRL PL153 / OPS 5712 / Poppy 5C (Poppy multifacete. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Poppy. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2874 . COSPAR: 1967-053H. Apogee: 912 km (566 mi). Perigee: 905 km (562 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • GGSE 4 - . Payload: NRL PL152 / Poppy 5B (Poppy multifaceted). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Poppy. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2828 . COSPAR: 1967-053C. Apogee: 910 km (560 mi). Perigee: 903 km (561 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    Second launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1968 May 31 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1968 May 31 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1969 May 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1970 May 31 - .
  • Go-ahead for Soyuz 9 launch. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Soyuz 9 State Commission meets at Area 31 at 11:00. That evening the spacecraft will be integrated with the booster, with roll-out to the pad scheduled for the following morning at 05:00. At 17:00 the cosmonauts give a formal interview to the Russian 'Parade' magazine. After that they hold a general press conference.


1971 May 31 - .
  • Problems with Salyut station atmosphere. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Feoktistov, Kolodin, Leonov, Patsayev, Rukavishnikov, Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11, Soyuz 12 / DOS 1. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Salyut 1.

    Kamanin is advised that the atmosphere aboard Salyut 1 is now all right. He finds the news disturbing, since he was not informed until then that there was a problem! Feoktistov outlines the modifications made to Soyuz 11 compared to Soyuz 10 to the cosmonauts. The reinforcement of the docking ring system has added 10 kg to the spacecraft. Consumables are carried that increase the time for autonomous flight from three to four days.


1972 May 31 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 34 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 33 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1973 May 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • PVM-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The 50th Minuteman III (LGM-30G) missile to be launched from Vandenberg was the third Production Verification Missile (PVM) fired by the Space and Missile Test Center (SAMTEC) in support of the Deputy for Minuteman (MN) PVM program. .

1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 May 31 - .
  • European Space Agency founded. - . Nation: Europe.

1975 May 31 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FAUST Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). FU216 FAUST, UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1976 May 31 - .
  • Yantar-1KFT development approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Decree 409-147 'On Creation of Yantar-1KFT Space Complex for Solving Goals of Cartography--development of the Yantar-1KFT reconnaissance satellite' was issued..

1977 May 31 - .
  • Body flap on dock, Palmdale (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 May 31 - .
  • SRB 1/4-scale model, burnout and maximum q config - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 May 31 - .
  • Body flap on dock, Palmdale (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 May 31 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 914 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 10030 . COSPAR: 1977-043A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 914 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1977-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 10046 . COSPAR: 1977-043E. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.41 min.

1978 May 31 - .
  • Loaded SRBs (2) arrive for mated vibe test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Loaded SRBs (2) arrive at MSFC for mated vertical ground vibration test.

1979 May 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 May 31 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1103 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11376 . COSPAR: 1979-045A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 May 31 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1104 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11378 . COSPAR: 1979-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 May 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1981 May 31 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLV. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: SLV-3. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Rohini 2 - . Payload: Rohini RS-D-1. Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Rohini 2. Spacecraft: Rohini 2. Decay Date: 1981-05-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 12491 . COSPAR: 1981-051A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 46.2000 deg. Period: 90.06 min. Orbit too low..

1982 May 31 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 May 31 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1467 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 14100 . COSPAR: 1983-052A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 May 31 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1986 May 31 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2. FAILURE: Third stage ignition failure. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
1986 May 31 - . 04:57 GMT - .
1988 May 31 - .
  • Buran certified ready for flight. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. All flight and development tests having been completed, Buran is certified as ready for spaceflight..

1988 May 31 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1951 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19197 . COSPAR: 1988-047A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1989 May 31 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2022 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 28L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 20024 . COSPAR: 1989-039A. Apogee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Perigee: 19,119 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 2024 - . Payload: Etalon PKA s/n 2L. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Etalon. Spacecraft: Etalon. USAF Sat Cat: 20026 . COSPAR: 1989-039C. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,095 km (11,865 mi). Inclination: 65.5000 deg. Period: 675.40 min. Etalon series. Acquisition of data to enhance accuracy in identifying and forecasting movements of space apparatus, and for geophysical and geodetic research. .
  • Cosmos 2023 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 29L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 20025 . COSPAR: 1989-039B. Apogee: 19,169 km (11,911 mi). Perigee: 19,091 km (11,862 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1990 May 31 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Kristall - . Payload: 77KST s/n 17201. Mass: 19,640 kg (43,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: Kristall. Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20635 . COSPAR: 1990-048A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    Mir module; materials processing laboratory. Docked with Mir. Kristall: Mass: 19,500 kg. Mass on docking 17,200 kg. Length: 11. 9 m or 13. 73 m?. Solar array span 36 m. Diameter: 4. 35 m. Payload: 7,000 kg. Two compartments. Instrument-Payload Compartment contains food containers, and industrial processing units Krater 3, Optizon 1, Zona 02, and Zona 03. 0. 8 m hatch leads to Junction-Docking compartment. This contains spherical universal docker with two APAS-89 androgynous docking units. These will be used to dock with Buran shuttle and 1,000 kg X-ray telescope to be delivered by Buran in 1991. Third opening houses earth observation cameras.
    Launch originally planned for 30 March 1990. Delayed to April 18, then further delayed due to computer chip problems.
    Launched 31 May 1990 12:33 GMT. Docking scheduled June 6 at 12:36 but delayed due to problem with one of Kristall's orientation engines. Docking successful 10 June at 12:47. On June 11 moved to side port. Work within module began 15 June.
    Spektr: Late 1991 launch. Remote sensing work. Occupies port opposite Kvant 2. Before this occurs Kristall solar arrays will be relocated to Kvant.
    Officially: Specialized module. Experimental-industrial production of semi-conducting materials; refinement of biologically active substances for the production of new medicinal preparations. Cultivation of crystals of different albumine compositions and hybridizatio n of cells. Conduct of astrophysical and technical experiments.


1991 May 31 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1995 May 31 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas II.
  • USA 111 - . Payload: UHF F/O F5-EHF. Mass: 3,015 kg (6,646 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: UHF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23589 . COSPAR: 1995-027A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 4.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. UHF Follow-On #5; US Navy communications . Stationed at 72.3 deg E. Launch vehicle put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 72 deg E in 1995-1999..

1996 May 31 - .
  • Mir News 307: 4th Spacewalk (EVA) Onufriyenko and Usachov - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-23, STS-76 Mir NASA-1.

    This EVA started on 30.05 at 1820 UTC (opening of the hatch) and ended on 30.05. at 2240 UTC (closing of the hatch). The MOMS-2 camera (Modular Opto-electronic Multi-spectral/ Stereo scanner has been installed on the outer surface of the module Priroda. The 2d task was the installation of an extra handrail outside Priroda to facilitate EVA's. The EVA passed without problems.


1998 May 31 - .
1999 May 31 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry, Husband, Jernigan, Ochoa, Payette, Rominger, Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. For the first time in six months, astronauts entered the International Space Station delivering supplies and preparing the outpost to receive its first resident crew, scheduled to arrive in early 2000.. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 31 - .
  • STS-96 - Wakeup Song: Amarillo by Morning - . Flight: STS-96. "Amarillo by Morning" by George Strait. Played in honor of Pilot Rick Husband, who is from Amarillo, Texas..

2000 May 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

2005 May 31 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Foton M-2 - . Payload: Foton 14. Mass: 6,535 kg (14,407 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Kozlov bureau. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Foton. Decay Date: 2005-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28686 . COSPAR: 2005-020A. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 89.93 min.

    Microgravity mission with the experiments being returned to earth after 16 days in a spherical Vostok capsule of the type that first carried Yuri Gagarin into space in 1961. The capsule landed in Kazakhstan at 07:36 GMT on 16 June. For this mission a 385 kg European payload of 39 experiments in fluid physics, biology, material science, meteoritics, radiation dosimetry and exobiology was carried. A further 215 kg of Russian instruments were also flown. Many were experiments were being reflown following loss of Foton-M1 on 15 October 2002. The planned Fotino miniature re-entry capsule experiment was not flown.

    Applied research included heat transfer experiments with the European FluidPac facility, chemical diffusion experiments in the SCCO (Soret Coefficients in Crude Oil), and material science investigations in the Agat and Polizon furnaces. These experiments were expected to contribute to new heat-exchanger designs, more efficient oil exploration processes, and better semiconductor alloys. The Biopan facility carried life science experiments, including a student seed germination test.


2007 May 31 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Sinosat 3 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SinoSatCom. Manufacturer: CAST. Program: Sinosat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DFH-3. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 31577 . COSPAR: 2007-021A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Chinese C-band domestic communications satellite, launched as part of a campaign to prepare for the 2008 Olympic Games, and to compensate for failure of the first DFH-4 satellite..

2008 May 31 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-124 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Chamitoff, Fossum, Garan, Ham, Hoshide, Kelly, Mark, Nyberg. Payload: Discovery F34 / Kibo PM / ISS-1J. Mass: 119,190 kg (262,760 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chamitoff, Fossum, Garan, Ham, Hoshide, Kelly, Mark, Nyberg. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TMA-12, STS-123 ISS EO-16, STS-124, STS-124 ISS EO-17. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 13.76 days. Decay Date: 2008-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 32960 . COSPAR: 2008-027A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 338 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    Discovery delivered to the International Space Station the Kibo Pressurized Module, the primary element of the Japanese portion of the station. Half an earth away from jettison of external tank ET-128, a 76 m/s OMS-2 burn at 21:40 GMT put the Shuttle in its low-altitude chase lorbit. Discovery docked at the PMA-2 port of the station at 18:03 GMT on 2 June. Using the shuttle and station's robotic arms, with assistance from spacewalking astronauts, the Kibo module was attached to the station's Harmony module at 23:01 GMT on 4 June. The previously-delivered Japanese Logistics Module was transferred from Harmony to Kibo on 6 June at 20:04 GMT. The Shuttle undocked from the station on 11 June at GMT and landed on 14 June at 15:15 GMT at the Kennedy Space Center.


2012 May 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-30.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RGMS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).


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