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Timation
Timation TS-1
Timation TS-1
Credit: US Navy
American navigation technology satellite. Navigation satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for USN, USA. Launched 1967 - 1969.

Status: Operational 1967. First Launch: 1967-05-31. Last Launch: 1969-09-30. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).

The Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL's) Naval Center for Space Technology (NCST) conceived the TIMATION (TIMe/navigATION) program in 1964 and launched the TIMATION I satellite in 1967 and the TIMATION II satellite in 1969. TIMATION proved that a system using a passive ranging technique, combined with highly accurate clocks, could provide the basis for a new and revolutionary navigation system with three-dimensional coverage (longitude, latitude, and altitude) throughout the world. NCST's TIMATION program paved the way for what eventually became the Global Positioning System (GPS).

In 1973 the TIMATION program was merged with the Air Force's 621B program, with the Air Force being named as the Executive Service, to form the NAVSTAR GPS program. NRL'S TIMATION III satellite was redesignated the Navigation Technology Satellite 1 (NTS-1) and was launched in the summer of 1974 in connection with the NAVSTAR effort. NTS-1 had two rubidium-vapor frequency standards (clocks), while the earlier TIMATION satellites had carried selected high-performance crystal oscillator clocks to test the NRL theory.

The successful launch of NTS-2 marked the beginning of a new era in navigation and timekeeping history. NTS-2 was launched on 23 June 1977 as the first NAVSTAR GPS Phase I satellite. NTS-2 technological features included cesium frequency standards, a nickel-hydrogen battery, three-axis gravity-gradient stabilization with momentum-wheel unloading, control of the spacecraft orbit, laser retroreflectors, solar-cell experiments, radiation dosimeters, and a worldwide network for data acquisition. The satellite experiment has verified Einstein's relativistic clock shift.

All of the NTS and TIMATION satellites were designed, built, and tested by the SED at NRL'S Payload Processing Facility in Washington, D.C.

The prestigious Collier trophy was presented to NRL in 1993 in recognition of NRL'S pioneering contributions to GPS.


More at: Timation.

Family: Medium earth orbit, Navigation technology satellite, Technology. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Thor, Delta, Thor Agena D, Thor SLV-2 Agena D, Thorad SLV-2G Agena D. Projects: Navstar. Launch Sites: Vandenberg, Vandenberg SLC1W, Vandenberg SLC2W. Agency: USAF, U.S. Navy. Bibliography: 2, 279, 6.
Photo Gallery

Timation 1Timation 1
Credit: US Navy


TimationTimation
Credit: US Navy


Timation 1Timation 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1967 May 31 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D.
  • Timation 1 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Timation. USAF Sat Cat: 2847 . COSPAR: 1967-053E. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Perigee: 894 km (555 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 102.90 min. Navigation experiments leading eventually to Navstar/GPS system. Operated for 74 months..

1969 September 30 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • Timation 2 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Timation. USAF Sat Cat: 4257 . COSPAR: 1969-082C. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Navigation experiments leading eventually to Navstar/GPS system. Operated for 6 years..


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