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On June 23 in Space History

1911 June 23 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuznetsov. Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1949-1994 of OKB-276..

1928 June 23 - . LV Family: Opel. Launch Vehicle: Opel.
  • Opel Rak III - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Opel, Valier. The third Opel rocket-car is mounted on railroad tracks near Celle. The first run, with 10 rockets, reached 290 kph. A second run, with 24 rockets, jumped the tracks and demolished the vehicle..

1930 June 23 - .
  • Birth of Donn Fulton Eisele - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisele. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7..

1941 June 23 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 development authorised. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre.

    Barre's report worked its way through the wartime bureaucracy, finally reaching the Minister of State for War in Vichy France. It is immediately classived top secret, and Barre is given 300,000 francs to start development of a liquid propellant rocket. In order to keep the work from the notice of the occupying Germans, it is officially for development of automotive gas generators.


1944 June 23 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1949 June 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 117 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 48. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 28. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness..

1951 June 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1953 June 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17 HTV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1955 June 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
1956 June 23 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • First Atlas battleship tests - . Nation: USA. First system engine tests on ERB 1-4 battleship setup.

1957 June 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
1958 June 23 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Preliminary design begun on F-1 - 1.5 million pounds thrust rocket engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The U.S. Air Force contracted with NAA, Rocketdyne Division, for preliminary design of a single-chamber, kerosene and liquid-oxygen rocket engine capable of 1 to 1.5 million pounds of thrust. During the last week in July, Rocketdyne was awarded the contract to develop this engine, designated the F-1.


1960 June 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Korolev tries to obtain support for a military orbital station - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft Bus: OS. Spacecraft: OS.

    Korolev wrote to the Ministry of Defence, trying to obtain support for a military orbital station (OS). The station would have a crew of 3 to 5, orbited at 350 to 400 km altitude. The station would conduct military reconnaissance, control other spacecraft in orbit, and undertake basic space research. The N-I version of the station would have a mass of 25 to 30 tonnes and the N-II version 60 to 70 tonnes. Korolev pointed out that his design bureau had already completed a draft project, in which 14 work brigades had participated.


1960 June 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Soviet plan for mastery of space issued. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev, Yangel. Spacecraft Bus: TMK. Spacecraft: TMK-E.

    Decree 715-296 'On the Production of Various Launch Vehicles, Satellites, Spacecraft for the Military Space Forces in 1960-1967' authorised design of a range of spacecraft and launch vehicles by Korolev, Yangel, and Chelomei. The decree included the N1 (development of launch vehicles of up to 2,000 tonnes liftoff mass and 80 tonne payload, using conventional chemical propellants) and nuclear reactors for space power and propulsion.


1960 June 23 - . LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • Chelomei Raketoplan, UR-200 ICBM, and IS antisatellite system authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: IS-A, Raketoplan. Decree 715-295 'On approval of preliminary work on the Raketoplan, UR-200 ICBM, and IS anti-satellite system' was issued..

1960 June 23 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
1961 June 23 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn C-1 to be operational in 1964 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. NASA announced that the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle, which could place ten-ton payloads in earth orbit, would be operational in 1964..

1961 June 23 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Saturn C-2 discontinued - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo Lunar Landing. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing.

    NASA announced that further engineering design work on the Saturn C-2 configuration would be discontinued and that effort instead would be redirected toward clarification of the Saturn C-3 and Nova concepts. Investigations were specifically directed toward determining capabilities of the proposed C-3 configuration in supporting the Apollo mission.


1961 June 23 - .
  • NASA / DOD agree to define support requirements. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA-DOD Executive Committee for Joint Lunar Study and a Joint Lunar Study Program Office established by letter directive to work out and define support requirements for the U.S. manned lunar landing program..

1961 June 23 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 June 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Micrometeors Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1961 June 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5797 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32830 m. Lost cabin pressure. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 June 23 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 June 23 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Viper I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). No telem.

1962 June 23 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9037 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9037 / Agena B 1129. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 315 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Beta-1. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. KH-4. Corona static occurs on some film..

1964 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 June 23 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 33 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 20. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1964-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 816 . COSPAR: 1964-033A. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1964 June 23 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA Ionosphere Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Soft X solar photography Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR fluxes Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D034 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 June 23 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • DALE (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Buggy Wheel - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Follow-on operational missile test.

1968 June 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • First test of N1 stages - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Kuznetsov. Program: Lunar L3.

    Construction of the test facilities at Zagorsk for the N1 were directed by Tabakov's NII-229. First static test of the EU-15 test article of the N1's 1200 tonne thrust Block B second stage began on 23 June 1968. Test of the EU-16 Block V third stage began in early 1969, with three trials tests completed. But for the Block A first stage, only single engine tests were undertaken at Kuznetsov's OKB-236. Additional Details: here....


1969 June 23 - .
  • Preparations for the Apollo 11 on schedule - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 11. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Guidance. Preparations for the first manned lunar landing continued on schedule for a July 16 launch of Apollo 11. . Additional Details: here....

1969 June 23 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 22 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: HL-10 flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: HL-10. Spacecraft: HL-10. 2 chambers. Maximum Speed - 1350 kph. Maximum Altitude - 19450 m. Flight Time - 373 sec..

1970 June 23 - .
  • Soyuz 9 crew still ill. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. The cosmonauts still appear ill, with pulses of 90 to 100 and temperatures of 37.8 deg C. They reported that earth's gravity felt to them like 3 to 4 G's after landing. They are adapting to gravity only very slowly..

1970 June 23 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-05 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 5. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 4419 . COSPAR: 1970-047A. Apogee: 872 km (541 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1971 June 23 - .
  • Soyuz 11 Day 18 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Patsayev, Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11.

    The weather is bad, and Kamanin is depressed. Over the last three days various 'stars' of space medicine have come to the command point to pontificate. They are convinced this crew will be in better shape on their return than the Soyuz 9 crew due to the KTF trainer, Polinom vacuum device, Penguin prophylactic suits, and so on. Kamanin is not convinced. He thinks the readaptation period will be very difficult. Volkov will be the worst off. In flight he often complains of problems with the physical training equipment, doesn't drink enough water, and often makes mistakes. But the doctors say all will be quite OK. The landing commission meets. The touchdown of the crew is set for 30 June, 150-200 km south-west of Karaganda.


1971 June 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT84M operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 June 23 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 494 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6059 . COSPAR: 1972-043A. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1972 June 23 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 495 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6060 . COSPAR: 1972-044A. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1973 June 23 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • LRL ACS-4E (ACS-9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1974 June 23 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 7 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    An Athena H was launched from Wake Island in the HAVE MILL program, the Army Special Targets Program. This was the seventh Athena H launched in support of Army requirements and the final programmed use of the Athena H test missile by SAMSO*s Deputy for Reentry Systems.


1975 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-11? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 June 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-11? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 June 23 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1977 June 23 - .
  • Deliver first SSME to NSTL (MPTA-098) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 June 23 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • NTS 2 - . Mass: 431 kg (950 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NTS. Spacecraft: NTS. USAF Sat Cat: 10091 . COSPAR: 1977-053A. Apogee: 20,256 km (12,586 mi). Perigee: 20,115 km (12,498 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 718.10 min.

    An Atlas booster and a Global Positioning System Stage Vehicle launched Navigation Technology Satellite 2 into orbit from Vandenberg AFB, California. This was the first use of the GPS Stage Vehicle. Navigation Technical Satellite; GPS precursor. Operated 50% satisfactorily -- still operating 25 years later.


1978 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 June 23 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1981 June 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Final launch of an Atlas F booster from Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Final launch of an Atlas F booster from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 1 August 1962)..

1981 June 23 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • NOAA 7 - . Payload: NOAA C. Mass: 1,405 kg (3,097 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tiros N. Spacecraft: Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 12553 . COSPAR: 1981-059A. Apogee: 847 km (526 mi). Perigee: 828 km (514 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1982 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1983 June 23 - .
  • STS-7 - Wakeup Song: Texas A&M, Texas Aggie War Hymn - . Flight: STS-7.

    "Texas A&M, Texas Aggie War Hymn" followed by the incomparable Leeland Stanford Junior University Marching Band, playing the"Stanford Hymn" which of course is the alma mater of Dr. Sally Ride and it sounded like the crew down linked a Beatles' song,"A Hard Day's Night".


1985 June 23 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: Jonathan Livingston Seagull - . Flight: STS-51-G. "Jonathan Livingston Seagull" Theme from movie by Neil Diamond;Untitled Saudi Arabian music; (First Wakeup). CAPCOM: David Leetsma Second Wakeup:"Happy Talk" from movie"South Pacific" . CAPCOM: Bob Springer.

1986 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1987 June 23 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1861 - . Payload: Tsikada/RS-10/RS-11. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 18129 . COSPAR: 1987-054A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and shipping fleet anywhere at sea; facilitation of amateur radio communication and conduct of experiments for scientific and educational purposes. .

1988 June 23 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1956 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 19263 . COSPAR: 1988-055A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 June 23 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NIXT Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 June 23 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: MUSSON. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1990 June 23 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Commercial Titan 3.
  • Intelsat 6 F-4 - . Payload: Intelsat 604 / Orbus-21S. Mass: 4,215 kg (9,292 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 393. Spacecraft: HS 393. USAF Sat Cat: 20667 . COSPAR: 1990-056A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    International communications; 63 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 38 deg W in 1990; 27 deg W in 1990-1992; 60 deg E in 1992-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 60.04 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 61.81E drifting at 6.628W degrees per day.


1992 June 23 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EL COQUI Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 June 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Resurs F-15 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 55. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-07-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 21998 . COSPAR: 1992-033A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Capsule reentered 7/9/92. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of the various branches of the national economy. .

1993 June 23 - .
  • STS-57 - Wakeup Song: The Smurfs - . Flight: STS-57. "The Smurfs" in honor of Mission Specialist Nancy Sherlock, nicknamed"Smurf"..

1996 June 23 - .
  • STS-78 - Wakeup Song: Flight of the Bumblebee - . Flight: STS-78. "Flight of the Bumblebee" performed by the 1980 U.S. Air Force Academy Drum and Bugle Corps. Payload commander Susan Helms played xylophone on the recording. CAPCOM: Kay Hire.

2004 June 23 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT185GM Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Missile Test Flight. Delayed from February..

2004 June 23 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 178 - . Payload: GPS 2R-12 / Navstar 55. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28361 . COSPAR: 2004-023A. Apogee: 20,273 km (12,597 mi). Perigee: 20,090 km (12,480 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Delayed from February 17. Delayed from June 5, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20 and 21. Moved up from July 20..

2005 June 23 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Intelsat Americas 8 - . Payload: Telstar 8. Mass: 5,500 kg (12,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28702 . COSPAR: 2005-022A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Delayed since 2002; most recently delayed from December 4 and 17, 2004. Communications satellite with Ku-, C- and Ka-band transponders, owned by Intelsat, which had been privatized. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 89.01W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day..

2006 June 23 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MDA TRACKEX Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 June 23 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: DDG-73. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • FTM-12 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2008 June 23 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/23/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, Nyberg, Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-12, STS-124.

    Underway: Week 10 of Increment 17.

    CDR Volkov, FE-1 Kononenko and FE-2 Chamitoff began their workday before breakfast with the periodic session of the Russian biomedical routine assessments PZEh-MO-7/Calf Volume Measurement & PZEh-MO-8/Body Mass Measurement (fourth for CDR & FE-1, second for FE-2), using the IM mass measurement device which Sergey Volkov broke down afterwards for stowage. (Calf measurements (left leg only) are taken with the IZOG device, a custom-sewn fabric cuff that fits over the calf, using the knee and lower foot as fixed reference pints, to provide a rough index of deconditioning in zero-G and effectiveness of countermeasures. For determining body mass in zero-G, where things are weightless but not massless, the Russian IM "scales" measure the inertial forces that arise during the oscillatory motion of a mass driven by two helical metering springs with known spring constants. By measuring the time period of each oscillation of the unknown mass (the crewmember) and comparing it to the period of a known mass, the crewmember's mass is calculated by the computer and displayed.) Additional Details: here....


2011 June 23 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-67/GF14 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2011 June 23 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.095UO - . Nation: USA. Educational mission..

2012 June 23 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.286UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Solar mission..

2015 June 23 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. LV Family: Vega. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • Sentinel 2A - . Mass: 1,130 kg (2,490 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Sentinel. Spacecraft: Sentinel. USAF Sat Cat: 40697 . COSPAR: 2015-028A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 788 km (489 mi). Inclination: 98.5700 deg. Period: 100.64 min.

    Visible/infrared band earth observing satellite. The visible camera had a 10 metre resolution and a 290 km swath. Sun synchronous orbit; 1030 GMT local time of the descending node. Built under a EUR 195 million ESA contract as part of the European Global Monitoring for Environment and Security system.


2015 June 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2506 - . Mass: 7,000 kg (15,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Persona. Spacecraft: Persona. USAF Sat Cat: 40699 . COSPAR: 2015-029A. Apogee: 725 km (450 mi). Perigee: 706 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2900 deg. Period: 99.09 min.

    Third Persona-1 spy satellite, built by TsSKB-Progress in Samara and equipped with electro-optical imaging cameras. Said to be the first to return its data via an optical communications link to an unidentified geosynchronous satellite. On June 28 the satellite manuevered from an elliptical transfer orbit to a circular sun synchronous orbit with 0840 GMT local time of the descending node.



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