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On June 22 in Space History

1675 June 22 - .
  • Royal Greenwich Observatory founded. - . Nation: UK.

1911 June 22 - .
  • Birth of Konstantin Nikolayevich Rudnev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Rudnev. Russian government official. Director of NII-88 1950-1952. Chaired GKOT 1958-1961..

1918 June 22 - .
  • Birth of Fritz Vandersee - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Vandersee. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1943 June 22 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • V-2 4028 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Burnout at T+63s; Exploded at 70 seconds. Range 75 km.

1944 June 22 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 M22 G2b - . Nation: Germany. Airburst 0.4 km to the left of the planned trajectory..

1951 June 22 - . Launch Vehicle: Loki.
  • Nation: USA. JPL fired first of a series of 3,544 Loki solid-propellant antiaircraft missiles at WSPG, the Army program ending after September 1955. Loki rocket was later used in ONR Rockoon upper atmosphere balloon-launched rocket research soundings..

1951 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1953 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
1956 June 22 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Atlas ICBM first successful test firing - . Nation: USA. First successful captive test firing of the Atlas ICBM at Edwards Air Force Base, duration - 4 seconds..

1956 June 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • Inlet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1958 June 22 - .
  • NACA space budget - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. NACA personnel discussed the proposed space agency budget, including the manned satellite project, with Bureau of Budget officials..

1959 June 22 - .
  • Preliminary design of a two-man space laboratory. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini, MOL.

    H. Kurt Strass of Space Task Group's Flight Systems Division (FSD) recommended the establishment of a committee to consider the preliminary design of a two-man space laboratory. Representatives from each of the specialist groups within FSD would work with a special projects group, the work to culminate in a set of design specifications for the two-man Mercury.


1959 June 22 - . LV Family: Thor.
  • The 77th Strategic Missile Squadron, with fifteen Thor missiles, was transferred to the Royal Air Force at Feltwell, England. This was the first Thor squadron to achieve operational status in the UK. - .

1959 June 22 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Solar infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1959 June 22 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Stage 2 propulsion malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 3B - . Payload: Radiation Balance satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. Decay Date: 1959-06-22 . Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 2A - . Mass: 101 kg (222 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 45 . COSPAR: 1960-Eta-1. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min.

    A Thor/Ablestar booster placed a U.S. Navy Transit IIA research and development navigation satellite into orbit using the Ablestar second stage with a restart engine. A smaller parasitic radiation-measuring satellite, the Galactic Radiation Experiment Background (GREB), was also placed into orbit. This was the first time two satellites had been carried in "piggyback" alignment on a single booster. Also returned geodetic data. Similar to Transit 1B, it transmitted until 26 October 1962. A planned Transit 2B was considered redundant and never built.

  • Solrad 1 - . Payload: Grab 1. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: GRAB. USAF Sat Cat: 46 . COSPAR: 1960-Eta-2. Apogee: 935 km (580 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 100.20 min.

    ELINT satellite, retransmitting to US ground stations signals from Soviet radar stations. Classified at time; official purpose and secondary payload collected solar radiation data. Officially: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B).


1960 June 22 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Electrical Failure.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). 50th Atlas to be flown at AMR, successful.

1960 June 22 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1961 June 22 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • First decision on Apollo launch vehicles - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing.

    Meeting with Webb/Dryden, work on Saturn C-2 stopped; preliminary design of C-3 and continuing studies of larger vehicles for landing missions requested. STG push for 4 x 6.6 m diameter solid cluster first stage rejected for safety and ground handling reasons.


1962 June 22 - .
  • Selection of ablative material for Apollo heatshield - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth reported to the Manned Space Flight Management Council that the selection of the ablative material for the Apollo spacecraft heatshield would be made by September 1. The leading contender for the forebody ablative material was an epoxy resin with silica fibers for improving char strength and phenolic microballoons for reducing density.

    In addition, Gilruth noted that a reevaluation of the Saturn C-1 and C-1B launch capabilities appeared to indicate that neither vehicle would be able to test the complete Apollo spacecraft configuration, including the lunar excursion module. Complete spacecraft qualification would require the use of the Saturn C-5.


1963 June 22 - .
  • Vostok 5/6 cosmonaut welcome in Moscow - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Khrushchev, Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 5, Vostok 6. Spacecraft: Vostok.

    The big day for the cosmonauts. Departure for Moscow was scheduled for 10:30, with the meeting with Khrushchev at Vnukovo planned for 15:00. A sensitive issue - who would exit the aircraft first - Tereshkova, the main celebrity, or Bykovskiy, the senior cosmonaut and the first one launched? An enormous motorcade takes the entourage from the house on the Volga to the airport. Tereshkova and Kamanin are in the lead automobile, followed by Bykovskiy in the second, then the correspondents and so far in others, at five minute intervals. Huge crowds all along the route chant 'Valya! Valya! During the flight to Moscow Kamanin goes over Tereshkova's speech with her. When she and Bykovskiy get off the plane and march up to the tribune, a completely new life will begin for them. After the immense reception at the airport, they go with the leadership to a huge rally at Red Square.


1963 June 22 - .
  • Design of the Apollo CM's stabilization and control system frozen - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance. North American officially froze the design of the CM's stabilization and control system..

1964 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 June 22 - . LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Scientific Kosmos satellites approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-A. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On Preparations in 1965-66 of 18 Small Unifunctional Earth Satellites for Carrying out Scientific Investigations-creation of small scientific satellites at OKB-586' was issued..

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USN B002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B001 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A-2 Stability,ST,gear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi). Maximum Speed - 6336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 47518 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 June 22 - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-99 Fort Sill Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 22 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test R-16 PL67-20 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1967 June 22 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Severe tail oscillations..
  • X-15A HT/Telem test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 5810 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25050 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1968 June 22 - .
  • Soyuz simulator status. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The state plan required 12 Volga simulators to be built for Soyuz crew training. Four years after the plan was approved, only six have been delivered..

1968 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/Trident.
  • RMP-B-8 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1968 June 22 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1969 June 22 - . 05:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 June 22 - .
  • Grechko meets with the cosmonauts. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Grechko, Andrei, Mishin, Nikolayev, Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. They push for production of ten additional Soyuz spacecraft, necessary trainers for the L1 and L3, more female-crew flights, and complain of lack of support from GUKOS (who agree with Mishin's approach of total automation of spacecraft)..

1970 June 22 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 June 22 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1971 June 22 - .
  • Soyuz 11 Day 17 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Patsayev, Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11.

    Thirty years since the start of World War II, Kamanin muses. He thinks of the weight of those years - of Stalinist repression, war, loss of his oldest son, evacuation to Ashkabad and Tashkent, death of Komarov, and finally the heaviest loss of all - the death of Gagarin. Kamanin will be 63 in October, and the war memories still engulf him. He is so tired. Time to retire, make way for the younger men. There are some good men in the first cosmonaut team. Meanwhile, all is normal aboard Salyut 1 on the 17th day of Soyuz 11's mission.


1971 June 22 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1973 June 22 - .
1973 June 22 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE.
  • The Air Force accepted the first Titan IIIE (E-1) from the Martin Marietta Corporation. - .

    The vehicle was then shipped to the Eastern Test Range for final assembly, checkout, and mating with Centaur upper stage prior to the planned proof launch in January 1974. SAMSO procured the Titan HIE, a Titan HID modified to accept a Centaur upper stage, for NASA's use in its Viking Mars Lander program and other future projects.


1973 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • SAFEGUARD M2-45 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1973 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • SAFEGUARD M2-45 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi).

1974 June 22 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • 13-in RC Flight 2 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1976 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT128M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1976 June 22 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Salyut 5 - . Payload: Almaz s/n 103-01. Mass: 19,000 kg (41,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS. Duration: 411.24 days. Decay Date: 1977-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8911 . COSPAR: 1976-057A. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Second successful flight of the Almaz manned military space station. It had taken only 60 days and 1450 man-hours to prepare Almaz 0101-2 for flight, using the services of 368 officers and 337 non-commissioned officers. The tracking ships Academician Sergei Korolev and Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin were stationed in the Atlantic and Caribean to provide communications when out of tracking range of the USSR. Salyut 5 operated for 409 days, during which the crews of Soyuz 22 and 24 visited the station. Soyuz 23 was to have docked but its long-distance rendezvous system failed. Soyuz 25 was planned, but the mission would have been incomplete due to low orientation fuel on Salyut 5, so it was cancelled.

    During the flight of Salyut 5 a 'parallel crew' was aboard a duplicate station on the ground. They conducted the same operations in support of over 300 astrophysical, geophysical, technological, and medical/biological experiments. Astrophysics studies included an infrared telescope-spectrometer in the 2-15 micrometer range which also obtained solar spectra. Earth resources studies were conducted as well as Kristall, Potok, Diffuziya, Sfera, and Reatsiya technology experiments. Presumably Salyut 5 was equipped with a SAR side-looking radar for reconnaissance of land and sea targets even through cloud cover.

    The film capsule was ejected 22 February 1977 (and sold at Sotheby's, New York, on December 11, 1993!). The station was deorbited on 8 August 1977. In addition to the human crew two Russian tortoises (Testudo horsfieldi) and Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were flown.

    The results of the Salyut 3 and 5 flights showed that manned reconnaissance was not worth the expense. There was minimal time to operate the equipment after the crew took the necessary time for maintenance of station housekeeping and environmental control systems. The experiments themselves showed good results and especially the value of reconnaissance of the same location in many different spectral bands and parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Additional Details: here....


1976 June 22 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-20? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 June 22 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-20? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 June 22 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • SAMSO awarded a FY 1977 contract to Bell Aerospace Company for the production of 59 Propulsion System Rocket Engines for the Minuteman III. - . The contract was partially terminated on 11 July, then revised on 15 November to procure a total of 40 motors for the FY 1977 purchase..

1977 June 22 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 920 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 10086 . COSPAR: 1977-052A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1978 June 22 - .
  • Jim Christy's Discovery of Pluto Moon Charon - . Nation: USA.

1978 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Standard Test Missile 16W, a Minuteman III carrying two Mark 12A reentry vehicles, was successfully launched from Vandenberg AFB. The test provided data on the performance of experimental nosetip and heatshield materials. .

1978 June 22 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 22 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 June 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1108 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 10. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11413 . COSPAR: 1979-056A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT74GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1981 June 22 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1982 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT88GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1982 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1983 June 22 - .
  • STS-7 - Wakeup Song: Texas A&M Aggie War Hymn - . Flight: STS-7. "Texas A&M Aggie War Hymn" and the"Washington State University Cougar Fight Song", from which John Fabian is a graduate..

1983 June 22 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1470 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 42. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14147 . COSPAR: 1983-061A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1984 June 22 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh52.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 June 22 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 15 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 27L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1988-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15057 . COSPAR: 1984-063A. Apogee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Perigee: 35,750 km (22,210 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,435.10 min.

    Stationed at 128 deg. E. Radio telephone and telegraph communications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 128 deg E in 1984-1988 As of 4 September 2001 located at 29.81 deg E drifting at 0.199 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 18.52E drifting at 0.067E degrees per day.


1984 June 22 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1575 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 15060 . COSPAR: 1984-064A. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1985 June 22 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: Sailing - . Flight: STS-51-G. "Sailing" by Christopher Cross CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1987 June 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1988 June 22 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 June 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1955 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 19258 . COSPAR: 1988-054A. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1989 June 22 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1993 June 22 - .
  • STS-57 - Wakeup Song: Sitting on Top of the World - . Flight: STS-57. "Sitting on Top of the World" by Les Paul and Mary Ford.

1993 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO, OSC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 June 22 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 June 22 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 June 22 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Vandenberg.. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL. FAILURE: Second stage failure; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • STEP 3 - . Payload: STEP M3. Mass: 267 kg (588 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: STEP. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STEP. Decay Date: 1995-06-22 . Apogee: 144 km (89 mi). Space Test Experiment Platform. Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ..

1996 June 22 - .
  • STS-78 - Wakeup Song: Bad to the Bone - . Flight: STS-78. "Bad to the Bone" by George Thorogood & the Destroyers referring to musculoskeletal science experiments. CAPCOM: Kay Hire.

2000 June 22 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-24 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. International Space Station flight controllers continued preparations this week for the arrival of the Zvezda living quarters module, expected to launch in the next few weeks.. Additional Details: here....

2006 June 22 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: MRT.
  • SMD FTM-10 MRT-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 June 22 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-67. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Stellar Predator - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 June 22 - .
  • STS-117 - Wakeup Song: Marine Corps Hymn - . Flight: STS-117. "Marine Corps Hymn" was played for the mission commander, Col. Rick Sturckow, USMC..

2007 June 22 - . 19:50 GMT - .
2008 June 22 - .
2010 June 22 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq 9 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 36608 . COSPAR: 2010-031A. Apogee: 586 km (364 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 141.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Israeli optical surveillance satellite..

2011 June 22 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT204 RV - . Nation: USA. Operational test; single reentry vehicle from Vandenberg to Kwajalein..

2012 June 22 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S-40 sounding rocket series. Launch Vehicle: VS-40M.
  • SHEFEX II - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Hypersonic mission..

2014 June 22 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: LV-2.
  • GMD FTG-06b Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2014 June 22 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF23. Launch Pad: LF23?. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • GMD FTG-06b CE-II EKV - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2016 June 22 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Cartosat-2 Series - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41599 . COSPAR: 2016-040A. Apogee: 518 km (321 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 0930LT SSO. Cartosat-2 series imaging satellite.
  • Sathyabamasat - . Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41600 . COSPAR: 2016-040B. Apogee: 519 km (322 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 1.5 kg 2U cubesat for Sathyabama U. of Chennai with a greenhouse-gas IR spectrometer.
  • Swayam - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41607 . COSPAR: 2016-040J. Apogee: 518 km (321 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 1 kg 1U cubesat from COEP (College of Engineering, Pune) with technology and amateur radio payloads..
  • LAPAN-A3 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41603 . COSPAR: 2016-040E. Apogee: 517 km (321 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 120 kg imaging satellite for Indonesia's LAPAN space agency.
  • BIROS - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41604 . COSPAR: 2016-040F. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 130 kg infrared satellite to study fires, for Germany's DLR; also carried the BEESAT-4 cubesat to be ejected later..
  • SkySat 2G-1 - . Payload: SkySat C1. Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Skysat. USAF Sat Cat: 41601 . COSPAR: 2016-040C. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. A 110 kg imaging satellite for TerraBella's constellation.
  • M3MSat - . Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Search and rescue satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41605 . COSPAR: 2016-040G. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. M3MSat/earthView-7, an 85 kg AIS satellite for Canada's Dept of National Defense.
  • Claire - . Payload: GHGSAT-D. Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41602 . COSPAR: 2016-040D. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. A 25 kg University of Toronto satellite to study greenhouse gases; built by the Toronto UTIAS-SFL team, but was owned by the Montreal-based company GHGSat Inc..
  • Flock 2P-1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41617 . COSPAR: 2016-040U. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-2 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41609 . COSPAR: 2016-040L. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-3 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41618 . COSPAR: 2016-040V. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-4 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41611 . COSPAR: 2016-040N. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-5 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41616 . COSPAR: 2016-040T. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-6 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41606 . COSPAR: 2016-040H. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 3U imaging cubesats for Planet (formerly PlanetLabs).
  • Flock 2P-7 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41615 . COSPAR: 2016-040S. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-8 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41613 . COSPAR: 2016-040Q. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-9 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41610 . COSPAR: 2016-040M. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-10 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41612 . COSPAR: 2016-040P. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-11 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41608 . COSPAR: 2016-040K. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.
  • Flock 2P-12 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41614 . COSPAR: 2016-040R. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.


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