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On July 8 in Space History

1906 July 8 - .
  • Birth of Guenther Hintze - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Hintze. German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at El Paso, Texas..

1935 July 8 - .
  • Birth of Vitali Ivanovich Sevastyanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Sevastyanov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 9, Soyuz 18..

1944 July 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1948 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1953 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. LV Family: Lark. Launch Vehicle: Lark.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1955 July 8 - .
  • First supersonic rocket sled tests. - . Nation: USA. First test run was held on the Supersonic Military Air Research Track (SMART), a 12,000-foot track for rocket-propelled sleds at Hurricane, Utah..

1955 July 8 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Mass spectrometers Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi). Ion composition research. Launched at 0139 local time. Reached 113.4 km..

1958 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • First spherical rocket motor test. - . Nation: USA. First launching of a 10-inch-diameter spherical rocket motor with spin stabilization, at NACA Wallops Island..

1958 July 8 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Test / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1959 July 8 - . LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II.
  • Jupiter deleted as Mercury launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. As developmental planning for Project Mercury evolved, NASA notified the Army that to reduce the variety of launching vehicles to Jupiter missile would not be used for Project Mercury tests..

1960 July 8 - .
  • Kiwi-A Prime tested at full power. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Second experimental reactor (Kiwi-A Prime) in the Project Rover nuclear rocket program was successfully tested at full power and duration at Jackass Flats, Nev..

1962 July 8 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78L.
  • Molniya 8K78L preliminary design completed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev.

    The Molniya 8K78L was designed by Korolev's design bureau for launching a manned spacecraft on a flyby of the Moon and return to earth. To achieve this it would have used Lox/LH2 engines in the third and fourth stages. Such technology was years away in the Soviet Union and the project was not pursued further.


1962 July 8 - .
  • Operation Dominic - . Nation: USA.

    Controversial Operation Dominic succeeded, after two previous attempts in June, in exploding a megaton-plus hydrogen device at more than 200-mile altitude over Johnston Island in the Pacific. Carried aloft by a Thor rocket and synchronized with the approach of a TRAAC satellite, this highest thermonuclear blast ever achieved was designed to test the influence of such an explosion on the Van Allen radiation belts. The sky above the Pacific Ocean from Wake Island to New Zealand was illuminated by the blast. Later observations by probes and satellites showed another artificial radiation belt to have been created by this series of nuclear tests.


1963 July 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1964 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Terihawk-12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Ba-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: MH-96 guidance malfunction..
  • X-15A Hor Scan/MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Maximum Speed - 5664 kph. Maximum Altitude - 51938 m. First test of IR horizon scanner. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 July 8 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF A003 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1965 July 8 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Qual-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 8 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST,Landing,Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5887 kph. Maximum Altitude - 64800 m. Star tracker mission to photograph Gamma Cassiopeia. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 July 8 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 July 8 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • MIT X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 July 8 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
1968 July 8 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • GIANT FIST 1 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 July 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT14F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The 250th Minuteman missile to be launched from Vandenberg AFB was a SAC Operational Test flight missile. .

1969 July 8 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 July 8 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S63 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 July 8 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 July 8 - .
  • Kamanin relieved as head of VVS space affairs and cosmonaut training. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shatalov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. In a letter signed by both men, citing a Ministry of Defence decree number 0777 dated 25 June 1971, Kamanin resigns his position as assistant to the VVS General Staff for training and direction of spaceflights, and hands over this position to Shatalov..

1971 July 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT04GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 July 8 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • Explorer 44 - . Payload: Solar Explorer C. Mass: 118 kg (260 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Solrad. Spacecraft: Solrad. Decay Date: 1979-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 5317 . COSPAR: 1971-058A. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 433 km (269 mi). Inclination: 51.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Solar radition data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 July 8 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 July 8 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-13 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. USAF Sat Cat: 8015 . COSPAR: 1975-063A. Apogee: 38,492 km (23,917 mi). Perigee: 1,887 km (1,172 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 718.30 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1976 July 8 - .
  • MPTA-098 on dock, Downey, without truss assembly - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1976 July 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 12 - . Mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1976-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 9006 . COSPAR: 1976-065A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • SESP 74-2 - . Payload: P 74-2 / OPS 3986. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SESP. Spacecraft: SESP. Decay Date: 1986-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 9007 . COSPAR: 1976-065B. Apogee: 8,048 km (5,000 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 179.00 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 5366 - . Payload: SSF-D No. 1. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. USAF Sat Cat: 9008 . COSPAR: 1976-065C. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 628 km (390 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Radar monitoring..

1976 July 8 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 839 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 9011 . COSPAR: 1976-067A. Apogee: 2,053 km (1,275 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 843 interceptor..

1976 July 8 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Palapa 1 - . Payload: Palapa A1. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Agency: Perumtel. Program: Palapa. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 333. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1986-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 9009 . COSPAR: 1976-066A. Apogee: 35,852 km (22,277 mi). Perigee: 35,818 km (22,256 mi). Inclination: 8.6000 deg. Period: 1,438.60 min.

    Palapa A1 and A2 were the initial elements of Indonesia's domestic communications satellite system. The spacecraft were identical to Canada's Anik and Western Union's Westars except for a modified parabolic reflector, enlarged to give maximum illumination of the Indonesian land mass. Operational lives for Palapa A1 and A2 ended June 1985 and January 1988, respectively. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-333 design.1.5 m diameter parabolic reflector with 12 transponders working through 125 Earth stations. Spin stabilised with despun antenna and feeds. Payload: Both satellites carried 12 transponders that provided 4000 voice circuits or 12 simultaneous TV channels to the country's 6000+ inhabited islands. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 83 deg E in 1976-1986? As of 28 August 2001 located at 177.38 deg E drifting at 0.588 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 51.89W drifting at 0.649W degrees per day.


1977 July 8 - .
  • Deliver second main engine to NSTL (MPTA-098) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 July 8 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 926 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10137 . COSPAR: 1977-062A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1978 July 8 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 July 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1981 July 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1982 July 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 July 8 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1481 - . Payload: Oko #30. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 14182 . COSPAR: 1983-070A. Apogee: 36,924 km (22,943 mi). Perigee: 2,912 km (1,809 mi). Inclination: 67.3000 deg. Period: 707.30 min. Intended to replace Cosmos 1285; last stage exploded. Was intended to cover Oko constellation plane 6 - 118 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 July 8 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1666 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 49. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15889 . COSPAR: 1985-058A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1986 July 8 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1987 July 8 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1865 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 7. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 37.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-08-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 18162 . COSPAR: 1987-058A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1987 July 8 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1988 July 8 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1992 July 8 - .
  • Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Near-Jupiter Flyby (0.0008 AU), Comet Breakup - . Spacecraft Bus: Galileo. Spacecraft: Galileo probe.

1992 July 8 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2196 - . Payload: Oko #69. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 22017 . COSPAR: 1992-040A. Apogee: 36,915 km (22,937 mi). Perigee: 3,433 km (2,133 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 75 degree longitude of ascending node..

1992 July 8 - . 12:38 GMT - .
1994 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • MSTI-2 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 July 8 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-65 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Cabana, Chiao, Halsell, Hieb, Mukai, Thomas, Walz. Backup Crew: Favier. Payload: Columbia F17 / EDO. Mass: 10,811 kg (23,834 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana, Chiao, Favier, Halsell, Hieb, Mukai, Thomas, Walz. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-65. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 14.75 days. Decay Date: 1994-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 23173 . COSPAR: 1994-039A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 239 km (148 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.

    Carried IML-2; microgravity, biology experiments. Payloads: International Microgravity Laboratory (IML) 2, Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment (OARE), Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), Military Applications of Ship Tracks (MAST), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX).

  • Spacelab IML 2 - . Payload: Spacelab Long Module. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Spacelab. Spacecraft: Spacelab. Decay Date: 1994-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 23173 . COSPAR: 1994-039xx. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 239 km (148 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.
  • EDO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EDO. Decay Date: 1994-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 23173 . COSPAR: 1994-039xx. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 239 km (148 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.

1994 July 8 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Panamsat 2 - . Payload: PAS K1. Mass: 2,290 kg (5,040 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Panamsat. Program: Panamsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23175 . COSPAR: 1994-040A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 1,436.07 min. Stationed at 168.97 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 169 deg E in 1994-1999 As of 1 September 2001 located at 169.03 deg E drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 168.96E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..
  • Yuri 3N - . Payload: BS-3N. Mass: 1,210 kg (2,660 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NHK. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 3000. Spacecraft: AS 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 23176 . COSPAR: 1994-040B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.15 min. Stationed at 109.67 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 109 deg E in 1994-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.71 deg E drifting at 0.013 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 109.92E drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..

1997 July 8 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'-M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 July 8 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya-3-50 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 63. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25847 . COSPAR: 1999-036A. Apogee: 38,540 km (23,940 mi). Perigee: 1,811 km (1,125 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 717.70 min.

    The launch was from one of the three active R-7 class pads at Plesetsk (LC16/pad 2, LC43/pad 3, LC43/pad 4) and used the 8K78M launch vehicle, consisting of the 11S59 core packet, the 11S510 Block I third stage, and the Block-ML upper stage. The Block ML and the payload were placed in a 62.8 degree low parking orbit and then the ML fired to deliver the payload to a 12-hour operational orbit. This was the 52nd Molniya-3 to be launched (two were orbited under the Cosmos designation).


2000 July 8 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • MSLS IFT-5 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    A C-band transponder on the mock warhead provided location information; its data was compared against its GPS receiver to determine its accuracy. The only decoy used was the large balloon from previous tests. It did not inflate properly, causing MDA officials to use a different decoy in the future.


2000 July 8 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2 PLV.
  • IFT-5 EKV ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

    ABM test failure. Second end-to-end system test (intercept attempt) using NMD prototype elements and range assets to approximate the objective system. The IFICS served as the communication link between the BMC3 and EKV. The EKV did not separate from the surrogate booster due to an apparent failure in the 1553 data bus in the booster.


2002 July 8 - .
  • Death of Wellington J 'Bill' Stanley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stanley. American engineer. Headed Atlas process engineering and facilities planning..

2002 July 8 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2390 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27464 . COSPAR: 2002-036A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

    The Kosmos-3M rocket launched a pair of Russian Defense Ministry Strela-3 communications relay satellites. Previously Strela-3 satellites were launched in groups of six aboard Tsiklon rockets into 1390 x 1415 km orbits, significantly lower than this new profile. Strela-3 satellites were used by the GRU intelligence agency.

  • Cosmos 2391 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27465 . COSPAR: 2002-036B. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

2003 July 8 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925H.
  • Opportunity (Mars Exploration Rover B, MER-1) - . Mass: 1,063 kg (2,343 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER. Decay Date: 2004-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 27849 . COSPAR: 2003-032A.

    NASA's second Mars Exploration Rover, MER-B (MER-1) 'Opportunity', was launched by a Delta 7925H, which was similar to the standard 7925 model but with larger GEM-46 solid strapon motors previously used only on the Delta III 8930. MER-B separated from the Delta third stage at 0436 UTC and was then on its way to Mars. The launch had been delayed from June 26, 29 and 30, July 3, 6 and 7. Mass included cruise stage, lander and rover. Rover mass was 170 kg, lander 360 kg.


2005 July 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-35 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov, Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-6. After a light duty three-day holiday weekend, the International Space Station Expedition 11 crew returned to work for a short, but intense week of science experiments, spacesuit preparations and packing for the upcoming Space Shuttle mission. . Additional Details: here....

2006 July 8 - .
  • STS-121 - Wakeup Song: God of Wonders - . Flight: STS-121. "God of Wonders" by Mark Byrd and Steve Hindalong played for Mission Specialist Mike Fossum. Selected by his family..

2006 July 8 - . 13:17 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-121-1 - . Crew: Fossum, Sellers. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fossum, Sellers. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-121. The astronauts tested the OBSS robot arm extension that would be available in later missions to carry an astronaut underneath the Shuttle for tile repairs..

2011 July 8 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • PSSC-2 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: PSSC. Spacecraft: PSSC. Decay Date: 2011-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 37752 . COSPAR: 2011-031B. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 307 km (190 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Picosatellite Solar Cell Testbed 2. Ejected from STS-135 prior to re-entry..
  • STS-135 - . Payload: Atlantis F33 / Rafaello MPLM-2. Mass: 120,000 kg (260,000 lb). Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TMA-02M, Soyuz TMA-21, STS-135. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 12.77 days. Decay Date: 2011-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 37736 . COSPAR: 2011-031A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.10 min.

    Final Space Shuttle flight, denoting the end of the space age. Atlantis docked with the Harmony module of the ISS on 10 June at 15:07 GMT. Primary payload was the Raffaello MultiPurpose Logistics Module delivering consumables and spare parts to the station sufficient to support the six crew members through the end of 2012 should delays occur in NASA's commercial robotic resupply program. Main crew task while docked with the station was to unload Rafaello and return of the station's failed coolant Pump Module for analysis. Atlantis undocked on 19 July at 06:28 GMT. The Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite was released from the cargo bay on 20 July. Atlantis made the final shuttle landing at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July at 09:57 GMT. Payload delivered was:

    • External Airlock/ODS: 1800 kg
    • EMU spacesuits 3015, 3006: 260 kg
    • RMS arm 301: 410 kg
    • Orbiter Boom Sensor System: 382 kg
    • MPLM-2 Rafaello: 11,556 kg
    • SPDU: 17 kg
    • ROEU 755 umbilical for MPLM: 78 kg
    • Lightweight MPESS Carrier: 1050 kg
    • Robotic Refuelling Mission: 300 kg
    • Picosat Launcher: 22 kg
    • PSSC-2/MTV Aerospace Corporation Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite: 4 kg
    • Total payload: 15,879 kg

2014 July 8 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Meteor M2 - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor. USAF Sat Cat: 40069 . COSPAR: 2014-037A. Apogee: 827 km (513 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.37 min. Second in series of replacements for Meteor-M weather satellites..
  • MKA PN2 (Relek) - . Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Relek. Spacecraft: Relek. USAF Sat Cat: 40070 . COSPAR: 2014-037B. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.3800 deg. Period: 99.22 min. Carried magnetosphere instruments..
  • DX 1 - . Mass: 27 kg (59 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DX 1. Spacecraft: DX 1. USAF Sat Cat: 40071 . COSPAR: 2014-037C. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.33 min. Experimental small satellite bus; carried an Automatic Identification System (AIS) receiver for tracking ships..
  • Skysat 2 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: SkySat. Spacecraft: Skysat. USAF Sat Cat: 40072 . COSPAR: 2014-037D. Apogee: 635 km (394 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.31 min. Commercial earth optical surveillance satellite by Skybox..
  • Dummy sat - . Nation: Russia. USAF Sat Cat: 40073 . COSPAR: 2014-037E. Apogee: 634 km (393 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.29 min.
  • Ukube 1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40074 . COSPAR: 2014-037F. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.27 min. 3U cubesat sponsored by the UK Space Agency; first of a series to be launched annually to promote space technology in the UK..
  • Aissat 2 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: Norway. Spacecraft Bus: Toronto GNB. Spacecraft: Toronto GNB. USAF Sat Cat: 40075 . COSPAR: 2014-037G. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.27 min. Satellite-based Automatic Identification System (AIS) payload to track maritime assets worldwide (all vessels over 300 metric tons are equipped with AIS transponders)..
  • TDS 1 - . Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-150. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 40076 . COSPAR: 2014-037H. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.3900 deg. Period: 97.27 min. TechDemoSat-1 by Surrey Satellite Technology carrying technology payloads from various UK universities..


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