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On January 14 in Space History

1907 January 14 - .
  • Birth of Vasili Mikhailovich Ryabikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ryabikov. Russian government official. Chief of Third Chief Directorate of Council of Ministers 1951-1953. Chaired Military-Industrial Commission 1955-1957and Sputnik State Commission..

1911 January 14 - .
  • Birth of Lev Mikhailovich Gaidukov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gaidukov, Lev. Russian officer. Soviet Lieutenant General, headed group that acquired German rocket technology and engineers, 1945-1946. In 1949 made Chief of State Commissions for rocket testing; in 1960 named head of the Second Directorate of the RVSN..

1940 January 14 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Grigoryevich Makrushin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Makrushin. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1987. Studied from 1957 to 1963 at Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Design (LIAP). Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Returned to NPO Mashinostroenniye..

1943 January 14 - .
  • Birth of Dr Shannon Matilda Wells Lucid - . Nation: China, USA. Related Persons: Lucid. American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, Mir NASA-1. Biochemist, first American woman to make a long-duration space station mission..

1945 January 14 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 3./836. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg - . Nation: Germany. Hachenburg, Hillscheid, (6) rockets fired, (impacts unknown)..

1953 January 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Quad Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 14 - .
  • Birth of Jeffrey Eliot Detroye - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Detroye. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Bachelor of science in astronautical engineering from USAF Academy, 1977. From 1986 worked as a Shuttle Flight Controller..

1955 January 14 - . LV Family: Atlas, Titan.
  • The Western Development Division (WDD) and the Special Aircraft Project Office (SAPO) awarded a contract to Aerojet-General Corporation for development of liquid oxygen-hydrocarbon ICBM engines. - . The contract covered design and fabrication of booster, sustainer, and vernier engines and was intended to provide an alternate propulsion system should the North American Aviation effort encounter delays..

1955 January 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1956 January 14 - .
  • Birth of William David Thompson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson, David. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1985. Retired from the USAF in 1987. Later President Spectrum Technology, Los Angeles..

1957 January 14 - .
  • US proposed international agreement on peaceful use of outer space. - . Nation: USA. The United States proposed before the United Nations Assembly that study be initiated toward international agreements assuring the use of outer space for peaceful purposes only..

1958 January 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 14 - .
  • Preliminary negotiations with McDonnell on the Mercury spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Preliminary negotiations were started with McDonnell on the technical and legal aspects of the Mercury spacecraft research and development program..

1960 January 14 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Super booster program to be accelerated - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower, Glennan, von Braun. Program: Apollo.

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower directed NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan "to make a study, to be completed at the earliest date practicable, of the possible need for additional funds for the balance of FY 1960 and for FY 1961 to accelerate the super booster program for which your agency recently was given technical and management responsibility."


1960 January 14 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 January 14 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18C.
  • Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1961 January 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 January 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 January 14 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A II-1 operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Some sources say first launch from LC31 was not until 27 February..

1963 January 14 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft 15A was redesignated 15B and allocated as a backup for the MA-9 mission. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-10. Spacecraft: Mercury. In the event Mercury-Atlas 10 (MA-10) were flown, 15B would be the prime spacecraft. Modifications were started immediately with respect to the hand controller rigging procedures, pitch and yaw control valves, and other technical changes..

1964 January 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 14 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 January 14 - .
  • Apollo CM/SM umbilical cutter caused damage to the heatshield - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    During testing, it was found that blast effects of the linear charge for the CM/SM umbilical cutter caused considerable damage to the heatshield. To circumvent this problem, North American designed a vastly improved pyrotechnic-driven, guillotine-type cutter. MSC readily approved the new' device for both Block I and II spacecraft.


1965 January 14 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A3. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • ST West Wind III operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 January 14 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Korolev's death - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Korolev, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Kuznetsova, Mishin, Petrovskiy, Ponomaryova, Shatalov, Shonin, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Volynov, Yerkina. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    Korolev dies at age 59 during what was expected to be routine colon surgery in Moscow. The day began for Kamanin with firm plans finally in place for the next three Voskhod and first three Soyuz flights. Volynov and Shonin will be the crew for the first Voskhod flight, with Beregovoi and Shatalov as their back-ups. That will be followed by a female flight of 15-20 days, with the crew begin Ponomaryova and Solovyova, with their back-ups Sergeychik (nee Yerkina) and Pitskhelaura (nee Kuznetsova). Tereshkova will command the female training group. Training is to be completed by March 15. After this Kamanin goes to his dacha, only to be called by General Kuznetsov around 19:00, informing him that Korolev has died during surgery.

    Kamanin does not minimise Korolev's key role in creating the Soviet space program, but believes the collectives can continue the program without him. In truth, Kamanin feels Korolev has made many errors of judgment in the last three years that have hurt the program. Mishin, Korolev's first deputy, will take over management of Korolev's projects. Kamanin feels that Mishin is a clever and cultured engineer, but he is no Korolev. Over the next three days the cosmonauts console Korolev's widow.

    Korolev's surgery was done personally by Petrovskiy, the Minister of Health. Korolev was told the surgery would take only a few minutes, but after five hours on the operating table, his body could no longer endure the insult, and he passed away.


1966 January 14 - .
  • Death of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Korolev. Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for creating the first long range ballistic missiles, the first space launchers, the first artificial satellite, and putting the first man in space. After his premature death the Soviets lagged in space..

1967 January 14 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1038 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1038 / Agena D 1629 / OPS 1664. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1967-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 2642 . COSPAR: 1967-002A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 80.1000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. KH-4A. Fair image quality..

1969 January 14 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 4 - . Call Sign: Amur (Amur - river). Crew: Shatalov. Backup Crew: Shonin. Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK (A) s/n 12. Mass: 6,625 kg (14,605 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shatalov, Shonin. Agency: MOM. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 4, Soyuz 4/5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Duration: 2.97 days. Decay Date: 1969-01-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 3654 . COSPAR: 1969-004A. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Soyuz 4 is launched with Vladimir Shatalov aboard without further problems at 10:30. This time the rockets gyroscopes, the capsule communications, and the television camera all functioned perfectly. Volynov and his crew for Soyuz 5 watched the launch from Area 17. Later Soyuz 4 would dock with Soyuz 5, and following a transfer of two cosmonauts, return with Shatalov, Yevgeni Khrunov and Alexsei Yeliseyev from Soyuz 5. Official purpose: scientific, technical and medico-biological research, checking and testing of onboard systems and design elements of space craft, docking of piloted space craft and construction of an experimental space station, transfer of cosmonauts from one craft to another in orbit. This mission finally successfully completed the simulated lunar orbit docking and crew transfer mission attempted by Soyuz 1 in April 1967. In making the transfer Khrunov and Yeliseyev avoided the most spectacular survivable incident of the space age - the nose-first reentry of Soyuz 5, still attached to its service module.


1969 January 14 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • Langmuir probe Infrared / x-ray astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1970 January 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 January 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral lower elevatuib Ionosphere / plasma / meteor mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 23B.
  • OPS 6531 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 25 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1970-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4296 . COSPAR: 1970-002A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 134 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. The 25th Air Force Titan IIIB/Agena D space booster was launched from Vandenberg AFB. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 January 14 - .
1971 January 14 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 391 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 11. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1971-04-01 . Decay Date: 1972-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4847 . COSPAR: 1971-002A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1972 January 14 - .
  • Gilruth appointed NASA Director of Key Personnel Development - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Kraft. Program: Apollo.

    Manned Spacecraft Center Robert R. Gilruth was appointed to the newly created position of NASA Director of Key Personnel Development. He would integrate NASA planning to fill key positions, identify actual and potential candidates, and guide them through appropriate work experience.

    Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., MSC Deputy Director, was named Director of MSC. Both Kraft and Gilruth were original members of the NASA Space Task Group established in 1958 to manage Project Mercury.


1972 January 14 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1974 January 14 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Neil Diamond vocal - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Neil Diamond vocal" CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 January 14 - .
  • X-24 Flight 47 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1862 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22180 m. Flight Time - 477 sec..

1975 January 14 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 Reliability Test Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1976 January 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1977 January 14 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Boeing 747 shuttle carrier aircraft delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Boeing 747 shuttle carrier aircraft delivered to Edwards.

1977 January 14 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 January 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 January 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 January 14 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1150 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11667 . COSPAR: 1980-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1981 January 14 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1982 January 14 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1333 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13033 . COSPAR: 1982-003A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1150..

1983 January 14 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi).

1986 January 14 - .
  • STS-61-C - Wakeup Song: Heart of Gold - . Flight: STS-61-C. "Heart of Gold" by Neil Young.

1986 January 14 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 January 14 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1812 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 59. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17295 . COSPAR: 1987-003A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Ocean surveillance..

1988 January 14 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1990 January 14 - .
  • STS-32 - Wakeup Song: Bow Down to Washington - . Flight: STS-32. "Bow Down to Washington" , University of Washington's fight song for Mission Specialist Bonnie Dunbar. (from tape with a bunch of fight songs performed by USC band).

1991 January 14 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress M-6 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 205. Mass: 7,125 kg (15,707 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-11. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 60.14 days. Completed Operations Date: 1991-03-15 18:06:59 . Decay Date: 1991-03-15 18:06:59 . USAF Sat Cat: 21053 . COSPAR: 1991-002A. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.40 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Delivered new life support equipment to replace life-expired equipment aboard. Docked with Mir on 16 Jan 1991 16:35:25 GMT. Undocked on 15 Mar 1991 12:46:41 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 15 Mar 1991 18:07:26 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.30 days. Total docked time 57.84 days.


1993 January 14 - .
  • STS-54 - Wakeup Song: Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder - . Flight: STS-54. "Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder" - The Air Force Song - ..

1994 January 14 - .
1996 January 14 - .
  • STS-72 - Wakeup Song: Godzilla - . Flight: STS-72. "Godzilla" original film theme.

1996 January 14 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • Koreasat 2 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KT. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Koreasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 2000-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 23768 . COSPAR: 1996-003A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Geostationary at 116.0E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 116 deg E in 1996-2000 As of 5 September 2001 located at 113.02 deg E drifting at 0.017 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 116.35E drifting at 0.013W degrees per day..

1997 January 14 - .
  • Mir News 340: Atlantis/Mir - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-79 Mir NASA-2, STS-81, STS-81 Mir NASA-3.

    Atlantis (mission STS-81) has been launched on 12.01.1997 at 09.27.33 UTC for her 5th docking mission. At 0950 UTC Atlantis was within our range and commander Baker could be heard on 259.700 Mc AM/W in a short contact with Houston via Zaragossa in Spain. The rendezvous operations will begin on 14.01.1997 at 2212 UTC. Atlantis arrives near Mir on 15.01 at 0247 UTC and will dock 15.01 at 0353 UTC. Let us hope that the docking will take place a few minutes earlier for the window during the first pass of both enormous objects within our range will close at 0352 UTC. Hard mate will take place on 15.01 at 0427 UTC and the hatches will be opened on 15.01 at 0537 UTC. John Blaha will conclude his experimental activities on board Mir with some experiments related to the docking and immediately thereafter he will be relieved by Jerry Linenger. Blaha will remain in space for a while as payload specialist on board Atlantis and Linenger will continue his flight as 2d Board Engineer/researcher in Mir.

    Radio traffic: If they stick to the same frequencies as in the past we can expect radio traffic on 121.750, 130.165 and 143.625 Mc. Extensive use of the American TDRS-s after the docking van be expected. Possibly the Russians will now and then use their (almost) geostationary satellites Altair-1 and 2. During the 4th docking mission (STS-79 in Sept. 1996, most communications took place via the American TDRS-s.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 January 14 - .
  • STS-81 - Wakeup Song: It Keeps You Runnin' - . Flight: STS-81. "It Keeps You Runnin'" by The Doobie Brothers CAPCOM: Kay Hire.

1998 January 14 - . 21:12 GMT - .
2002 January 14 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC4. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • SIERRA Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi).

2002 January 14 - . 20:59 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-4-1 - . Crew: Onufrienko, Walz. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Onufrienko, Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-108 ISS EO-4.

    The spacewalk was made from the Pirs module. Depress was around 2050 UTC, with hatch open at 2059 UTC and egress around 2110 UTC. The astronauts moved the Strela-2 crane from PMA-1 to Pirs and installed it there; the Strela-1 crane was already functional on Pirs. They also installed an amateur radio antenna on Zvezda. On Jan 15 at about 0254 UTC the crew jettisoned two pairs of Orlan spacesuit gloves and a pair of towels used to wipe the spaceuits down, because of concerns about contamination from Zvezda thrusters. They reentered Pirs at 0255 UTC, with hatch close at 0302 UTC and repressurization above 50 mbar at about 0304 UTC.


2003 January 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2005 January 14 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2005 January 14 - .
  • Huygens Probe Lands on Titan, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2008 January 14 - .
  • First Messenger flyby of Mercury - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Messenger. The Messenger spacecraft flew by Mercury at 200 kilometers altitude at 19:04 GMT. This changed the craft's solar orbit to to 0.32 x 0.70 AU leading to further flybys and a final orbital capture in 2011..

2010 January 14 - .
2010 January 14 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II.
  • Eclipse - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Solar.

2010 January 14 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II.
  • Eclipse - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Solar.

2010 January 14 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Eclipse - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2010 January 14 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560/300 Mk II.
  • Eclipse - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Solar.

2010 January 14 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Eclipse - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2017 January 14 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.2.
  • Iridium Next SV01 - . Payload: Iridium 106. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41917 . COSPAR: 2017-003A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 617 km (383 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.

    The first cluster of second generation communications satellites for Iridium Communications was launched, aboard the first SpaceX Falcon 9 to fly since the Amos-6 pad accident the previous year. The Falcon 9 placed all ten satellites in the correct orbit, and the first stage landed on the barge 'Just Read The Instructions'. The Falcon 9 second stage was expected to be deorbited over Antarctica. However, JSpOC was tracking 11 objects in orbit rather than the expected The Iridium satellites carry communications payloads for global mobile communications coverage as well as Aireon ADS-B airplane data relay payloads and, on four of the 10 satellites, AIS ship tracking payloads for the Canadian company ExactEarth.

  • Iridium Next SV02 - . Payload: Iridium 103. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41918 . COSPAR: 2017-003B. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 610 km (370 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV03 - . Payload: Iridium 109. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41919 . COSPAR: 2017-003C. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 608 km (377 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV04 - . Payload: Iridium 102. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41920 . COSPAR: 2017-003D. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 608 km (377 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV05 - . Payload: Iridium 105. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41921 . COSPAR: 2017-003E. Apogee: 619 km (384 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV06 - . Payload: Iridium 104. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41922 . COSPAR: 2017-003F. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 610 km (370 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV07 - . Payload: Iridium 114. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41923 . COSPAR: 2017-003G. Apogee: 617 km (383 mi). Perigee: 610 km (370 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV08 - . Payload: Iridium 108. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41924 . COSPAR: 2017-003H. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 607 km (377 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV09 - . Payload: Iridium 112. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41925 . COSPAR: 2017-003J. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.
  • Iridium Next SV10 - . Payload: Iridium 111. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 41926 . COSPAR: 2017-003K. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 609 km (378 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg.

2017 January 14 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima K. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: SS-520.
  • TRICOM-1 - . Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2017-0F01. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Perigee: -6,340 km (-6,340 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg.

    Japan attempted to launch a single cubesat into orbit with a launch vehicle massing less than 3 tonnes. The SS-520 sounding rocket was furnished with a 78 kg third stage which was intended to orbit a 3U, 3 kg cubesat, TRICOM-1. The mission was flight SS-520-4 (SS-520-1 and 2 were normal sounding rocket flights; 3 has not yet flown.) However, telemetry was lost 20 seconds into flight, during first stage burn. Following range safety rules, the command to ignite stage 2 was not sent and the vehicle flew a suborbital path to about 200 km altitude and then splashed down in the ocean. The record smallest successful orbital launch vehicle remains the 9.4-tonne Lambda 4S, also Japanese, which was retired in 1979.



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