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On February 19 in Space History

1921 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Samuel C Phillips - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. American USAF officer, talented manager who developed the B-52 and Minuteman for the Air Force, then was brought to NASA to head the Apollo program 1964-1971..

1932 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Dr Joseph Peter Kerwin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kerwin. American physician astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2. Member of first successful space station mission..

1943 February 19 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Tail fire. Explosion at T+18 seconds. Range 4.8 km.
1944 February 19 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1945 February 19 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 Ma377 U9 - . Nation: Germany. 430 km range. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1946 February 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 5 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 5. Nosewheel retracted on landing runout. Landing-gear door damaged. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1947 February 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 25 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 15. Accelerated stalls..

1947 February 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1948 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Dr Byron Kurt Lichtenberg - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lichtenberg. American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-45..

1952 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Rodolfo Neri Vela - . Nation: Mexico. Related Persons: Neri Vela. Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B. First Mexican astronaut..

1952 February 19 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1c. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1953 February 19 - .
  • Chelomei's cruise missile design bureau dissolved and transferred to MiG. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 533-271 'On dissolution of OKB-51 and its transfer to OKB-155' was issued..

1954 February 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Roberto Maria Taccino - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Taccino. Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection..

1955 February 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 19 - .
  • Birth of George David Low - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-43, STS-57. Son of former NASA administrator George M Low..

1959 February 19 - .
  • Rocket sled reaches Mach 4. - . Nation: USA. Monorail two-stage rocket-research sled attained 3,090 mph, or roughly Mach 4.1, at Holloman AFB..

1960 February 19 - . Launch Site: Laogang. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

    The Shanghai design institute completed the first subscale experimental model of the T-7 sounding rocket. This would use a solid booster and liquid propellant sustainer stage. The rocket was fuelled using a bicycle pump. Launched from Laogang, on the coast, the missile reached 8 km altitude.


1960 February 19 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 10 - . Payload: KH-1 9007. Mass: 765 kg (1,686 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-02-19 . KH-1; Mission failed..
  • SRV 110 - . Mass: 779 kg (1,717 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-1.

1962 February 19 - .
  • AiResearch received subcontract to manufacture the environmental control system (ECS) for Gemini. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini ECS.

    AiResearch Manufacturing Company, a division of the Garrett Corporation, Los Angeles, California, received a $15 million subcontract from McDonnell to manufacture the environmental control system (ECS) for the Gemini spacecraft. This was McDonnell's first purchase order on behalf of the Gemini contract. Patterned after the ECS used in Project Mercury (also built by AiResearch), the Gemini ECS consisted of suit, cabin, and coolant circuits, and an oxygen supply, all designed to be manually controlled whenever possible during all phases of flight. Primary functions of the ECS were controlling suit and cabin atmosphere, controlling suit and equipment temperatures, and providing drinking water for the crew and storage or disposal of waste water.


1962 February 19 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Viper I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 February 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 19 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3M.
  • P 35-3 - . Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Program 35. Decay Date: 1979-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 533 . COSPAR: 1963-005A. Apogee: 810 km (500 mi). Perigee: 488 km (303 mi). Inclination: 100.5000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. Military weather satellite to provide targetting information for reconnaisance satellites..

1964 February 19 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • 3MV-1A - . Payload: 3MV-1A s/n 2. Mass: 890 kg (1,960 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-1A. Decay Date: 1964-02-19 .

1964 February 19 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 906 km (562 mi).

1964 February 19 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A SUV,Boundary Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 February 19 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 5? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1966 February 19 - . Launch Site: Whiteman AFB.
  • Headquarters USAF announced the beginning of Force Modernization at Wing IV, Whiteman AFB, Missouri. - .

1966 February 19 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • REDLAMP ROBIN Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 19 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 109 - . Payload: Bion precursor. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2019 . COSPAR: 1966-014A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried biological experiments..

1966 February 19 - . 09:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-47 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1968 February 19 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1968 February 19 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • VUV auroral spectrum Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 06:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. FAILURE: First-stage engine failure caused the rocket to crash 15 km from the pad.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Ye-8 s/n 201 + Lunokhod s/n 201 - first stage malfunction - . Payload: Ye-8 s/n 201 / 8EL No. 201. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8. Decay Date: 1969-02-19 .

    Attempted launch of a Ye-8 with a Lunokhod lunar rover. Evidently coordinate in some way with the N1 launch two days later. A first-stage booster engine failure causes the rocket to crash 15 km from the pad after a lift-off at 09:48 local time. Kamanin meanwhile has the Hong Kong flu.


1969 February 19 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1970 February 19 - .
  • Tereshkova never to fly again - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tereshkova.

    Kamanin has a run-in with Tereshkova over her automobile benefit. Kamanin finds Tereshkova capricious and touching, but also sometimes downright rude. She is also very energetic .... and powerful (though her leadership of the Committee of Soviet Women). She badgers Kamanin after every cosmonaut meeting, as to when another female flight will be scheduled. Kamanin knows from his fights with the leadership on the issue that this will never happen.


1970 February 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 February 19 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 February 19 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-13 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1975-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 4336 . COSPAR: 1970-013A. Apogee: 39,170 km (24,330 mi). Perigee: 461 km (286 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 703.10 min. The first launch of the 8K78M vehicle from the Plesetsk launch site. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1971 February 19 - .
  • Kamanin fascinated by peaceful use of nuclear explosives. - . Nation: Russia. The Minister of Medium Machine Building holds a conference on the occasion of the 53rd Anniversary of the Soviet Army. A film is shown on the use of nuclear explosives to extract oil in Central Asia - fantastic images..

1972 February 19 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 February 19 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1973 February 19 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1974 February 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 19 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • ICECAP 74A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, DNA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO 5.25 CO.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.15 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.14 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO 5.24 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.16 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1976 February 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT126M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1976 February 19 - . Launch Site: Kostroma. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 February 19 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A. FAILURE: Early booster cut-off due to incorrect calculation of the Thor fuel load.. Failed Stage: G.
  • DMSP-Block-5C F3 - . Payload: DMSP 11534/Star 26B S/N 009 / OPS 5140. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5C. Decay Date: 1976-02-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 8696 . COSPAR: 1976-016A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 89 km (55 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program; unusable orbit. Last of the Thor Burner missions..

1976 February 19 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Marisat 1 - . Payload: Marisat 101. Mass: 655 kg (1,444 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Marisat. Completed Operations Date: 1997-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 8697 . COSPAR: 1976-017A. Apogee: 36,143 km (22,458 mi). Perigee: 36,033 km (22,389 mi). Inclination: 13.9000 deg. Period: 1,451.50 min.

    Maritime communications. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 15 deg W in 1976-1990; over the Americas at 106 deg W in 1990-1997 As of 2 September 2001 located at 168.03 deg W drifting at 3.834 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 20.39E drifting at 3.837W degrees per day.


1977 February 19 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3H.
  • Tansei 3 - . Payload: MS T3. Mass: 230 kg (500 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tansei. USAF Sat Cat: 9841 . COSPAR: 1977-012A. Apogee: 3,802 km (2,362 mi). Perigee: 799 km (496 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 134.10 min.

    Tentative name before launching: MS-T3. Launching organization: Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, University of Tokyo. Radio frequencies: 136.725 MHz, tracking; 400.500 MHz, telemetry. Active life: two weeks. Function: (1) Test of the overall p erformance of the newly developed launch vehicle, M-3H-1. (2) Experiment of magnetic stabilization. (3) Observation of ultraviolet radiation.


1978 February 19 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 February 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 19 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 06:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 February 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1247 - . Payload: Oko #19. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 12303 . COSPAR: 1981-016A. Apogee: 35,529 km (22,076 mi). Perigee: 4,493 km (2,791 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 711.10 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 77 degree longitude of ascending node. First space launch from LC16/2, which had been cannabalised in the 1960's to reconstruct LC31 at Baikonur after the on-pad explosion of the second Soyuz in December 1966..

1982 February 19 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1340 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 33. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13067 . COSPAR: 1982-013A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1206..

1982 February 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1985 February 19 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1986 February 19 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Mir - . Payload: Mir s/n 127-01. Mass: 20,100 kg (44,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Mir . Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 16609 . COSPAR: 1986-017A. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    The core module of Russia's new space station was placed in an initial orbit of 172 x 301 km. It was established in its operational orbit on 6 March. It passed just 10 km from Salyut 7 on 8 March. First use of the geosynchronous Luch relay sattelite for communications with the station was on 29 March. Equipment launched with the core module included:

    • Splav-2 crystal growth facility
    • Zona zone melt facility
    • Kashtan electrophoresis unit
    • Bulgarian Rozhen photometer
    • Spektr-256 and MKS-M spectrometers
    • Pion-M multipurpose physics unit (41 kg)
    • Biryuza semiconductor materials unit
    • -Ruchei electrophoresis installation
    • Yantar metal coating equipment
    • Mariye magnetic spectrometer
    • Korund furnace (136 kg)

    Total costs of Mir from February 1986 through return of Soyuz TM-9 in April 1989 were given as 1.471 billion rubles. This sum ncluded Mir, Kvant, all Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and 2 new modules. As of April 1989 50% of the scientific equipment was inoperable and the interior was cramped due to lack of extension modules. Electric power supply problems were first reported in April 1989 (batteries would not hold charge from panels). Mass 27,300 kg as of January 1990. Complex mass with Kvant-2 65,790 kg; with Kristall, Soyuz TM, and Progress M, 89,990 kg. Additional Details: here....


1986 February 19 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1733 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 54. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16611 . COSPAR: 1986-018A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1544..

1987 February 19 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-2.
  • MOS-1 - . Payload: Momo 1. Mass: 745 kg (1,642 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: Marine Observation Satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 17527 . COSPAR: 1987-018A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 907 km (563 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Ocean remote sensing. MOS-1 (Momo-1). Observation of marine phenomena such as sea color and temperature. Establishment of common technology necessary for Earth observation satellites. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0123 GMT..

1987 February 19 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1822 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 17533 . COSPAR: 1987-019A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 February 19 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1921 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 18875 . COSPAR: 1988-011A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 February 19 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: H-1.
  • Sakura 3A - . Payload: CS-3A. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-3. Completed Operations Date: 1996-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 18877 . COSPAR: 1988-012A. Apogee: 36,415 km (22,627 mi). Perigee: 36,376 km (22,602 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,467.30 min.

    Stationed at 132 deg E. CS-3A (Sakura 3-A). To continue communications services provided by the communications satellite 2 (CS-2). To meet increasing and diversifying demands for communications. To develop technologies for communications satellites. Launch vehicle H18F. Launchin g organization NASDA. Launch time 1005 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 132 deg E in 1988-1996 As of 2 September 2001 located at 85.60 deg E drifting at 7.699 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 71.73E drifting at 7.700W degrees per day.


1990 February 19 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • DYANA Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1990 February 19 - .
1991 February 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1992 February 19 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Zingst. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • MMR06-M Zingst launch 45 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). Successful. Earth impacted at 3992 seconds. Reached 73.4 km. .

1993 February 19 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 L-630. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • CONSORT 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSI. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). CONSORT 6 Microgravity experiments..

1994 February 19 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni TD.
  • Agni RV Mk 1 - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-8.
  • Galaxy 1R - . Payload: Galaxy 1RR. Mass: 1,391 kg (3,066 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23016 . COSPAR: 1994-013A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 133 deg W; replaced Galaxy 1. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 133 deg W in 1994-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 132.97 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 88.88W drifting at 3.795W degrees per day.


1996 February 19 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2328 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 1. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23787 . COSPAR: 1996-009A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .
  • Cosmos 2329 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 2. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23788 . COSPAR: 1996-009B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .
  • Cosmos 2328 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 105. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23790 . COSPAR: 1996-009D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2329 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 106. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23791 . COSPAR: 1996-009E. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2330 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 107. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23792 . COSPAR: 1996-009F. Apogee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2330 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 3. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23789 . COSPAR: 1996-009C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .

1996 February 19 - . 08:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. FAILURE: No second Block DM-2 ignition (blocked LOX valve). Block DM-2 propellant automatically jettisoned.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Raduga s/n 44L - . Payload: Raduga s/n 44L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga. Decay Date: 2004-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 23794 . COSPAR: 1996-010A. Apogee: 36,582 km (22,730 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 47.2000 deg. Period: 646.10 min. Secret military name for Raduga program is Gran'..

1997 February 19 - .
  • Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader, dead at 92 - . Nation: China.

1997 February 19 - .
  • STS-82 - Wakeup Song: That Thing You Do! - . Flight: STS-82. "That Thing You Do!" Theme from the motion picture CAPCOM: Chris Hadfield.

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 19 - .
2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kregel, Mohri, Thiele. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99.

    Following yesterday's decision by mission managers to extend mapping operations, Endeavour's astronauts are set to continue collecting data until 5:44 a.m. Central time Monday. At that point preparations will begin to stow the 200-foot-long mast for the remainder of the mission. This 9-hour extension allows for almost 100 percent of the planned coverage of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Additional Details: here....


2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-99 - Wakeup Song: One after 909 - . Flight: STS-99. "One after 909" - performed by The Beatles (Blue Team wakeup call).

2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-99 - Wakeup Song: Catch the Moments As They Fly By - . Flight: STS-99. "Catch the Moments As They Fly By" - Traditional Celtic Music - Shannon River Dance (Red Team wakeup call).

2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-101 - Wakeup Song: Free Fallin' - . Flight: STS-101. "Free Fallin'" - Tom Petty, played for Mission Specialist Susan Helms.

2001 February 19 - .
  • STS-98 Mission Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cockrell, Curbeam, Gidzenko, Ivins, Jones, Polansky, Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TM-31, STS-98.

    After an extra day in orbit, Atlantis' astronauts will try again to return to the Kennedy Space Center today to wrap up a 4.9 million mile mission to deliver the U.S. Laboratory Destiny to the International Space Station (ISS). Preliminary weather forecasts indicate the possibility of gusty winds and decks of broken clouds at the Shuttle Landing Facility at the Cape this afternoon, similar to the conditions that forced a waveoff of the Shuttle's return yesterday. Additional Details: here....


2001 February 19 - .
  • STS-98 - Wakeup Song: Bad To the Bone - . Flight: STS-98. "Bad To the Bone" - George Thorogood and the Destroyers.

2004 February 19 - .
2008 February 19 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/19/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts, Love, Malenchenko, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-122 ISS EO-16.

    Crew rest day.

    Wake/sleep cycle for the crew was adjusted to 1:00am-4:30pm EST.

    For today's Voluntary Science program, CDR Whitson continued her work with the InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions) experiment in the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox), conducting runs #28, #29 and #30, investigating low frequency behavior of the lowest concentration magnetorheological (MR) fluid, exchanging video tapes after each run, then switching to the highest concentration (vial #4) and finally powering the MSG down. (The activity included an EPO (Education Payload Operation) Demo for grades 9-12. InSPACE obtains basic data on MR fluids, i.e., a new class of "smart materials" that can be used to improve or develop new brake systems, seat suspensions robotics, clutches, airplane landing gear, and vibration damper systems. The colloidal (dispersed) particles are contained in CAs (Coil Assemblies) in the MSG that subject them to electric fields at certain strength and frequencies. The desired strong dipolar interaction between the small colloidal particles can be achieved in micro-G simply with an external magnetic field being turned on and off. On the ground, the flow properties (rheology) of many materials, especially those making up consumer products like detergents, fabric softeners, toothpaste and paints, are similarly controlled, though not by magnetic fields but by adding a polymer. It now appears, for example, that new formulations of fabric softeners may perform better in space than on earth. ) Additional Details: here....


2008 February 19 - .
  • STS-122 - Wakeup Song: Always Look on the Bright Side - . Flight: STS-122. "Always Look on the Bright Side" played for.

2009 February 19 - .
  • Death of Robert Jackson Wood at St. Charles County, Missouri - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wood, Robert. American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986..

2010 February 19 - .
  • STS-130 - Wakeup Song: In Wonder - . Flight: STS-130. "In Wonder" by Newsboys, played for Pilot Terry Virts..

2012 February 19 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.273UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Auroral payload..

2013 February 19 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2015 February 19 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ICI-4 - . Nation: Norway. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Aurora payload..

2017 February 19 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.2.
  • Dragon CRS-10 - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Decay Date: 2017-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 42053 . COSPAR: 2017-009A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Dragon CRS-10 was launched from Kennedy Space Center LC39A aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9; the first non-NASA launch operation ever from KSC and the first launch from KSC since 2011. NASA KSC abuts USAF Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on its northern side; previous Falcon 9 east coast launches were from SLC40 at Cape Canaveral. On this flight the Falcon 9 first stage, B1031, landed at Cape Canaveral's LZ1. CRS-10 carried three packages in its trunk for installation on ISS. The USAF Space Test Program's STP-H5 experiment suite includes a NASA lightning sensor and NRL ionosphere-study experiments. SAGE-III IP continued a long series of NASA ozone monitoring studies. SAGE-III NVP (Nadir Viewing Platform) was an adapter which will allow the IP to be installed sideways on the ISS ELC platform. On Feb 22 Dragon aborted its approach to the ISS at a distance of 1.2 km due to a navigation system error. Rendezvous was rescheduled for Feb 23 when Dragon was grappled by the SSRMS at 1044 UTC, then berthed on the Harmony module. he Dextre and Canadarm-2 robot arms were used to unload the experiments in the Dragon external cargo trunk on Feb 25-Mar 7 in a rather complicated sequence involving Dextre's two main arms and its EOTP (Enhanced ORU Temp Platform, a storage position). The experiments were installed on the Express Logistics Carriers ELC-1 and ELC-4 on the station truss. Older experiments from ELC-1, ELC-2 and ELC-4 were removed for disposal. These incuded the These included the OPALS laser comm payload launched in 2014; the RRM Robotic Refuelling Mission experiment of 2011, and the MISSE FSE adapter that mounted the MISSE 7 and 8 materials exposure experiments of 2009. These packages, with a total mass of 811 kg, were destroyed on reentry when the Dragon trunk was jettisoned following Dragon's deorbit burn. Dragon was unberthed from the Harmony module at 2145 UTC Mar 18 and released by Canadarm-2 at 0911 UTC Mar 19. After a deorbit burn at 1355 UTC it splashed down in the Pacific near 31 44N 121 15W at 1446 UTC, carrying 1652 kg of ISS return cargo. This return cargo includd 104 kg of unspecified EVA equipment.



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