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On July 13 in Space History

1903 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Wilhelm Knack - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Knack. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55..

1904 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Gerd Wilhelm De Beek - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: De Beek. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1922 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Petr Stepanovich Pleshakov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Pleshakov. Russian government official. Director of TsNII-108 1958-1964. Minister of Radio Industry 1974-1987..

1934 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Yeliseyev. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft..

1944 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Martynovich Chirkin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chirkin. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1982..

1948 July 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-480.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Dr George Driver 'Pinky' Nelson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nelson. American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26..

1954 July 13 - . Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • R-11 accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On adoption of the R-11 into armaments' was issued..

1955 July 13 - . Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • R-11 accepted for military service - . Nation: Russia.

    Following a protracted two-year test series, the design was finally accepted for military service on 13 July 1955. In anticipation of this formal decree, in June of 1955 Makeyev was made Chief Designer at SKB-385, responsible for engineering of the R-11 and future small land and sea based ballistic missiles. SKB-385 was given complete responsibility for development of the sub-launched R-11FM in August 1955.


1956 July 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. Launch Pad: LC3/4?. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 July 13 - . Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • USAF cancels the Navaho program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The supersonic intercontinental cruise missile had been made obsolete by the Atlas ICBM. 4,705 employees were laid off the day the termination notice was received via an announcement over the public address system to "stop what you are doing, proceed to the nearest exit, and deposit your badge in the bin indicated". By the end of the month the total laid off at North American alone amounted to 15 ,600 employees. However engineering staff was kept on to launch the five completed G-26 missiles, at a total cost of $4.9 million.

    At the time the program was cancelled full-range G-38 missiles were in fabrication with first flight test planned by the end of 1958. The engines, missile frame manufacturing techniques, inertial and stellar navigation equipment, and telemetry/guidance techniques developed for Navaho established the technical basis for many subsequent US rocket developments.


1958 July 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya La-350.
  • Burya flight 7 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Cruise stage tanks 1 and 4 empty. The flight lasted only to T+96 seconds. At this point, duirng fseparation of the boost and cruise stages the vehicle became unstable and was unable to achieve level powered cruise flight..

1958 July 13 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18.
  • Research and development Series III test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1959 July 13 - .
  • Spacecraft horizon scanner qualification tests were started. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

1960 July 13 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1960 July 13 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi).

1961 July 13 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-6 static engine test - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MR-6. Mercury-Redstone 6 was static tested for 30 seconds at Marshall Space Flight Center to ensure satisfactory operation of the turbopump assembly..

1961 July 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 July 13 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Two Nike-Cajun rockets launched University of New Hamsphire-Goddard Space Flight Center payloads from NASA Wallops Station..

1962 July 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 July 13 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). After two consecutive failures, the first successful launch and flight by an Atlas E (67E) from Vandenberg AFB took place. .

1963 July 13 - .
  • Bykovskiy and Tereshkova take their first road trip - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 5, Vostok 6.

    Bykovskiy and Tereshkova take their first road trip, to Yaroslavl. It is clear that Tereshkova is the star and Bykovskiy is in her shadow. Bykovskiy calls Kamanin - he asks that his wife and Tereshkova's brother be allowed to accompany them on their first foreign trip. Kamanin rejects the request.


1964 July 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 July 13 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 July 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. FAILURE: Second stage guidance failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 28 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 28. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Decay Date: 1965-07-13 . Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 July 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 July 13 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1967 July 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 July 13 - .
  • Continued propellant leaks in the Apollo LM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Descent Propulsion. ASPO Manager George M. Low wrote to Grumman President Llewellyn J. Evans to call his attention to the problem of continued propellant leaks in the LM. . Additional Details: here....

1969 July 13 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Luna 15 - . Payload: Ye-8-5 s/n 401. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1969-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4036 . COSPAR: 1969-058A. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 126.0000 deg. Period: 160.00 min.

    Unmanned soil return mission launched coincident with Apollo 11 mission in last ditch attempt to return lunar soil to earth before United States. After completing 86 communications sessions and 52 orbits of the Moon at various inclinations and altitudes, crashed on the moon on 20 July in an attempted landing. Altitude data used in programming inaccurate or guidance system unable to cope with effect of lunar mascons.
    Officially: Testing of on-board systems of the automatic station and further scientific investigation of the moon and circumlunar space. Parameters are for lunar orbit.


1969 July 13 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S64 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1970 July 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 502 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6105 . COSPAR: 1972-055A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; carried science package..

1973 July 13 - .
  • Mishin lays out the design philosophy and rationale for MKBS. - . Related Persons: Mishin. Spacecraft: , MKBS.

    Technical Positions for MOK development.
    1. MOK - the minimum number of the most standardized rocket and space systems, to solve all problems in the foreseeable future in near-Earth space in the interests of science, the economy and defense.
    2.) Space-based MOK systems - the most cost-effective solution to the problem of getting a significant increase in the service life of the missile and space vehicles.
    a) ZB -> TS (UMTS) -> MKBS
    b) MKBS -> MSA -> SSS
    3. The modular structure of MOK's standardized elements, components, systems and assemblies.
    Standardized systems:
    - Propulsion systems (DO, DPO, SKD, main engines).
    - Life-support systems.
    - Power supply systems.
    - Control and orientation systems.
    - Navigation systems (automatic and manned spacecraft).
    The elements of these systems must be maintainable and interchangeable.
    4. All satellites modules should be automatically controlled spacecraft providing for the possibility of repair of all their vital elements with special manned spacecraft for on-orbit service, or repair modules from the MKBS delivered orbit-to-orbit by MKBS special spacecraft.
    5.) There should be a phased approach to create MOK with maximum use in the initial phase of existing rocket and space vehicles. (Mishin Diaries 3-97)


1973 July 13 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 06 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1973-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 6727 . COSPAR: 1973-046A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 96.2000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 July 13 - .
  • Space Test Program flight P73-3 was launched from the Western Test Range, and the payload - Navy Navigation Technology Satellite #1 (NTS-1) - was successfully placed into orbit. - . Spacecraft: Space Test Program (STP) Payloads.

1975 July 13 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1976 July 13 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35 L21A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • Aerobee Reuse test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Aerobee Reuse Test mission..

1977 July 13 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 928 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10141 . COSPAR: 1977-064A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 July 13 - .
  • Reconfigure from boost to launch, vibe test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Reconfigure from boost to launch, mated vertical ground vibration test, MSFC, Enterprise (OV-101).

1979 July 13 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 July 13 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1115 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 11. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11451 . COSPAR: 1979-066A. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 July 13 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1982 July 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1982 July 13 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1387 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 21. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-07-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 13365 . COSPAR: 1982-071A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1983 July 13 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1983 July 13 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1482 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 14185 . COSPAR: 1983-071A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1987 July 13 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1988 July 13 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 July 13 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLV. Launch Vehicle: ASLV. FAILURE: First stage failure. Insufficient control gain.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SROSS B - . Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SROSS. Decay Date: 1988-07-13 . Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1989 July 13 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • BEAR Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

    The Beam Experiment Aboard Rocket (BEAR) payload was recovered with minimal damage via parachute after an 11-minute flight to a maximum altitude of 195 km. The neutral partical beam experiment was provided by Los Alamos National Laboratory. The Attitude Control System spun-up the payload at various rates and orientations with respect to the earths magnetic field after separation from the booster. After re-entry, at 5,000 m, the nose was jettisoned and the recovery parachute system deployed. The payload impacted the ground at less than 30 feet per second. The BEAR mission was declared a total success by SDIO.


1992 July 13 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2197 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 71. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22034 . COSPAR: 1992-042A. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2201 - . Payload: Gonets-D no. 2. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 22038 . COSPAR: 1992-042E. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space. .
  • Cosmos 2202 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 74. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22039 . COSPAR: 1992-042F. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2198 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 72. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22035 . COSPAR: 1992-042B. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2200 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 73. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22037 . COSPAR: 1992-042D. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2199 - . Payload: Gonets-D no. 1. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 22036 . COSPAR: 1992-042C. Apogee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space. .

1994 July 13 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 July 13 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-70 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Currie, Henricks, Kregel, Thomas, Weber, Mary. Payload: Discovery F21 / TDRS 7 [IUS]. Mass: 20,159 kg (44,442 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Currie, Henricks, Kregel, Thomas, Weber, Mary. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-70. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 8.93 days. Decay Date: 1995-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 23612 . COSPAR: 1995-035A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 28.4500 deg. Period: 90.50 min.

    Deployed TDRS 7. Payloads: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) G/ Inertial Upper Stage (IUS); Bioreactor Demon-stration System (BDS) B; Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC); Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG); Hand-Held, Earth-Oriented, Real-Time, Cooperative, User-Friendly, Location-Targeting and Environmental System (HER-CULES); Microcapsules in Space (MIS) B; Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE)/National Institutes of Health (NIH) Rodents (R); Radiation Monitoring Experiment (RME) III; Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II; Space Tissue Loss (STL)/National Institutes of Health (NIH) Cells (C); Military Applications of Ship Tracks (MAST); Visual Function Tester (VFT) 4; Window Experiment (WINDEX).

  • TDRS 7 - . Payload: TDRS G. Mass: 2,120 kg (4,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: TDRS. USAF Sat Cat: 23613 . COSPAR: 1995-035B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    NASA communications; deployed from STS-70 on 7/13/95. Stationed at 149.8 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 150 deg W in 1995-1996; 171 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 171.48 deg W drifting at 0.017 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 150.85W drifting at 0.002E degrees per day.


2000 July 13 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-28 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ross. Program: ISS.

    The Zvezda service module is in excellent shape a day after its launch aboard a Proton rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Zvezda was launched at 12:56 a.m. EDT Wednesday and was on its own 10 minutes later after the Proton's third stage separated and fell away from the module. Additional Details: here....


2001 July 13 - .
  • STS-104 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gernhardt, Helms, Hobaugh, Kavandi, Lindsey, Reilly, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2, STS-104. The crew of the Space Shuttle Atlantis spent its first full day in space closing in on the International Space Station and testing the space suits and other equipment that will be used later in the mission to install a new station airlock.. Additional Details: here....

2001 July 13 - .
  • STS-104 - Wakeup Song: God of Wonders - . Flight: STS-104. "God of Wonders" by Caedmon's Call.

2006 July 13 - .
2006 July 13 - .
  • STS-121 - Wakeup Song: Charlies Angels - . Flight: STS-121. "Charlies Angels" for the entire STS-121 crew from their training team..

2009 July 13 - . Launch Site: North Pole. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Sineva Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test.

2011 July 13 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Globalstar M08 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37739 . COSPAR: 2011-033A. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 920 km (570 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar M08 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37740 . COSPAR: 2011-033B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M09 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37741 . COSPAR: 2011-033C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M08 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37742 . COSPAR: 2011-033D. Apogee: 931 km (578 mi). Perigee: 916 km (569 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar M08 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37743 . COSPAR: 2011-033E. Apogee: 1,178 km (731 mi). Perigee: 1,103 km (685 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 108.10 min. Second batch of six second-generation Globalstar low-orbit communications satellites launched on a single booster..
  • Globalstar M08 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 37744 . COSPAR: 2011-033F. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 916 km (569 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.

2012 July 13 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 1.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission..

2014 July 13 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LP0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 120.
  • SS Janice Voss - . Payload: Cygnus OA-2. Mass: 3,500 kg (7,700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Duration: 35.00 days. Decay Date: 2014-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 40084 . COSPAR: 2014-039A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.48 min.

    Delivered 1,494 kg of cargo to the ISS. After rendezvous with the ISS the station's SSRMS arm grappled it at 10:36 GMT on July 16 and berthed it to the Harmony module at 12:53 GMT. Unberthed at 09:14 GMT on August 15 and released by Canadarm-2 at 10:40 GMT. Deorbited and reentered at 13:15 GMT on 17 August over the South Pacific.


2015 July 13 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • Flock 1e-1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 40722 . COSPAR: 1998-067GE. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 361 km (224 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.86 min.
  • Flock 1e-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 40723 . COSPAR: 1998-067GF. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.08 min.


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