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1949 Chronology

1949 During the Year - .
  • Tsien Passenger Spaceplane - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Tsien Spaceplane 1949. Spacecraft: Tsien Spaceplane 1949. Tsien Hsue-shen proposed a 22,000 kg single stage winged rocket that would carry ten passengers from New York to Los Angeles in 45 minutes..

1949 January 1 - .
  • Destination Moon - . Nation: USA. The Technicolor film "Destination Moon" went into production. The direct ascent mode was used in a four-man lunar landing mission. The movie premiered in New York City in 1950..

1949 - .
  • Sixth Directorate of the Ministry of Military Forces of the USSR - . Nation: Russia. To store and install the nuclear warheads special units of the Ministry of Defence were formed..

1949-1952 - .
  • Awakening public interest in the United States and in Europe in manned spaceflight. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Clarke, Haber, Ley, von Braun, Whipple. Spacecraft Bus: Von Braun Station. Spacecraft: Von Braun Station.

    Awakening public interest in the United States and in Europe was manifested by publication in September 1949 of The Conquest of Space by Willy Ley. Ley featured detailed descriptions of orbital space stations and manned flights to the Moon and back as part of man's quest to conquer the frontier of space. The First Symposium on Space Flight was held 12 October 1951 at the Hayden Planetarium in New York City. Papers read at the Symposium were published in March 1952 by Collier's magazine under the title 'Man Will Conquer Space Soon.' Contributors were Wernher von Braun, Joseph Kaplan, Heinz Haber, Willy Ley, Oscar Schachter, and Fred L. Whipple. Topics ranged from manned orbiting space station) and orbiting astronomical observatories to problems of human survival in space, lunar space ventures, and questions of international law and sovereignty in space. Finally, Arthur C. Clarke's The Exploration of Space, first published in England in 1951 and a Book of the Month Club selection in America the following year, persuasively argued the case for orbital space stations and manned lunar and planetary space expeditions, popularizing the notion of space flight in general.


1949 January 3 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Aleksandrovich Steklov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Steklov. Russian actor cosmonaut, 1997-2000..

1949 January 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 104 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 61. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 39. Rocket takeoff from the ground..

1949 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • First canted rocket nozzle test. - . Nation: USA. First launching of a rocket model employing known but nonaerodynamic torque from canted rocket nozzles, for determining damping in roll of wings, at NACA's Wallops Island, Va..

1949 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D13 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 January 13 - .
  • Birth of Rakesh 'Rikki' Sharma - . Nation: India. Related Persons: Sharma. Indian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-3. First Indian astronaut. Indian Air Force.

1949 January 13 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1949 January 23 - .
  • Birth of Robert Donald 'Bob' Cabana - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88. US Marine Corps.

1949 January 26 - .
  • Samolyot 5 supersonic rocketplane glide flight. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5. The 5-2 second aircraft, with rocket engine installed, made its first glide flight..

1949 January 28 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom Solar x-ray / ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Launched 10:20 local time. Reached 60 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1949 January 29 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Venus 2 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi). Cosmic radiation, solar radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere research. Launched at 2317 local time. Reached 96.6 km..

1949 February - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • All MX-774 work shut off by Air Force - . Nation: USA.

1949 February 1 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Venus 3 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1138 local time. Failure..

1949 February 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 February 4 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine bench tests begin - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The engine runs for 13.5 seconds, 4.5 seconds early, due to heavier-than-expected liquid oxygen consumption..

1949 February 5 - .
  • Birth of Ganzorig Maidarjabyn - . Nation: Mongolia. Related Persons: Ganzorig. Mongolian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1981..

1949 February 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release / solar extreme ultraviolet / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Launched 10:00 local time. Reached 100.8 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo (Naval Research Lab); composition (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan); biological experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1949 February 20 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Yevgeniyevich Turovets - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Turovets. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1980. Test pilot, Gromov Flight Research Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program in 1977 by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission..

1949 February 23 - .
  • Birth of Dr Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc Garneau - . Nation: Canada. Related Persons: Garneau. Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97. First Canadian astronaut..

1949 February 24 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi).

    Fully fueled round used and attained highest altitude to that date. In addition to testing equipment the flight was used to measure upper air temperatures. V-2 reached 102 km, 1170 m/s; WAC 400 km, 2300 m/s. Provided information on ion densities in the F-region of the ionosphere.


1949 March 1 - . Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Rockoon.
  • Rockoon concept. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Van Allen.

    Concept of launching of small high-performance rockets suspended from a balloon above most of the atmosphere (later called "Rockoons"), developed by Cmdr. Lee Lewis, Cmdr. G. Halvorson, S. F. Singer, and J. A. Van Allen during Aerobee firing cruise of U.S.S. Norton Sound.


During 1949 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 unexpended funds run out in 1950. - . Nation: USA. Convair allocated R&D funds to ICBM studies and marketing, running into 1950.

1949 March - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-2.
  • Groettrup team completes G-2 design. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup. Groettrup completes design work on G-2, 1,000 kg warhead, 2500 km range..

1949 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ship launch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment. Launched at 1715 local time..

1949 March 2 - .
  • Birth of Fred Parker Jr Lewis - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lewis. American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985..

1949 March 3 - .
  • Birth of Dr Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dunbar. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89. Engineer. Was married to astronaut Ronald Sega..

1949 March 3 - .
  • Birth of James Shelton 'Jim' Voss - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Voss. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, ISS EO-2. US Army.

1949 March 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 105 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 62. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 40. Familiarization flight. Mach 1.23 at 10675 m. Small engine fire due to loose igniter..

1949 March 12 - .
  • Birth of John Harrison Konrad - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Konrad. American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1988. Systems engineer and fluid mechanics specialist at Hughes Aircraft..

1949 March 16 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 106 - . Crew: Boyd. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 63. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Boyd. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 41. Familiarization flight. Inflight engine fire and shutdown..

1949 March 17 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.1 S x 88.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Reached 104.6 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-1 - Latitude: 10.80 S, Longitude:89.23 W..

1949 March 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 107 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 64. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 42. Familiarization flight. Mach 1.22 at 12200 m..

1949 March 22 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom IVA Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Launched 23:43 local time. Reached 133.9 km. Carried Ionosphere, sky brightness, solar radiation, composition, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1949 March 22 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.1 S x 88.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Launched at 1730 GMT. Reached 104.6 km. Launched by vessel AVM1 from Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-2 - Latitude: 11.10 S, Longitude:88.43 W..

1949 March 24 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.3 S x 82.1 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. FAILURE: Sustainer took off without booster..
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

    Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Launched at 1514 GMT. A pressure valve defect resulted in the sustainer taking off without the booster; reached 6 km. Launched from vessel ACM1 Norton Sound at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-3 - Latitude: 11.27 S, Longitude:82.13 W.


1949 March 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 108 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 65. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 43. Check of pressure suit for altitude operation. Mach 1.24 at 14640 m. Rocket fire and automatic engine shutdown..

1949 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D8 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 4 - .
  • Start of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - treaty signed by 12 nations - . Nation: USA.

1949 April 5 - .
  • Birth of Dr Judith Arlene 'JR' Resnik - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Resnik. Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-L. Engineer. Died in Challenger accident..

1949 April 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island. LV Family: RM-10. Launch Vehicle: RM-10.
  • First successful rocket-propelled RM-10 rocket. - . Nation: USA. First successful rocket-propelled RM-10 research missile for drag and heat transfer studies at transonic and supersonic speeds, making use of skin calorimeter techniques, at Wallops Island, Va..

1949 April 8 - . LV Family: RM-10. Launch Vehicle: RM-10.
  • RM-10 - . Nation: USA. Heat transfer studies.

1949 April 9 - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Ustinov instructs German rocket engineers to design '3000/3000' missile. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ustinov. Ustinov's requirement was to deliver a 3000 kg nuclear warhead over a 3000 km range (eg to reach the United Kingdom)..

1949 April 11 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • UM-3 Aeronomy / solar x-ray / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: UM, US Army. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Launched 15:05 local time. Reached 87.4 km. Carried Temp, composition, solar radiation (Naval Research Lab); biological experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1949 April 13 - .
  • Birth of Dr Jean-Jacques Favier - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Favier. French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78..

1949 April 14 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 109 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 66. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 44. Accelerated stall check at transonic speeds. Mach 1.1 at 12200 m..

1949 April 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 110 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 67. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 45. Altitude attempt. Only 2 cylinders fired..

1949 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 22 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. FAILURE: Failed in the first stage..
  • Solar / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Failed in the first stage. Vehicle was supposed to obtain cosmic ray data at altitudes unattainable by other rockets. V-2 reached 50 km, 790 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1949 April 28 - .
  • Birth of Dr Jerome J III 'Jay' Apt - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Apt. American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79..

1949 May 1 - .
  • Gerard Kuiper's Discovery of Neptune Moon Nereid - . Nation: USA.

1949 May - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-38.
  • Intercontinental Navaho - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American settled on a design for the intercontinental version of the Navaho. It consisted of a tandem in-line boost stage with a single-ramjet cruise stage atop it..

1949 May 2 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 111 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 68. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 46. Partial engine malfunction, faulty engine ignition plug..

1949 May 3 - .
  • Birth of Dr Albert Jr 'Al' Sacco - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sacco. American chemical engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73..

1949 May 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket.
  • Viking 1 Aeronomy/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Upper-air pressures and temperatures; earth photography research. Engine cut-out after 55 seconds. Launched at 0914 local time. Reached 80.5 km..

1949 May 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 112 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 69. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight. Engine chamber exploded, jamming rudder. Everest landed safely..

1949 May 5 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes B Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

    Launched 08:15 local time. Reached 8.9 km. Carried Solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.


1949 May 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 113 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 44. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 24. Check on airplane instrumentation. Mach 0.88 at 12200 m..

1949 May 6 - .
  • Birth of David Cornell 'Dave' Leestma - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Leestma. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-28, STS-45..

1949 May 7 - . 03:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 200 km. Ballistic launch. Expected range 210 km. Launched at 0612 local time. The launches were first made public by Tass on March 27, 1958: 'In May 1949 a single-stage Russian rocket attained an altitude of 109 km with an instrument payload of 120 to 130 kg'.


1949 May 9 - .
  • Birth of Dr Oleg Yuryevich Atkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Atkov. Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3..

1949 May 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1949 May 10 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 279.6 km. Ballistic launch. Expected range 210 km. Launched at 1857 local time..

1949 May 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Cape Canaveral selected for rocket launches. - . Nation: USA.

    Recognizing that rocket test ranges will exceed White Sands capability, Cape Canaveral selected for future long range flights. President Truman signed a bill providing a 5,000-mile guided-missile test range, which was subsequently established at Cape Canaveral, Fla. Negotiations with British government begin for installation of string of tracking stations in Bahamas Islands.


1949 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 May 13 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 114 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 45. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 25. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Mach 0.91..

1949 May 15 - .
  • Birth of Frank Lee Jr Culbertson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-51, ISS EO-3..

1949 May 15 - . 02:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 210 km. Ballistic launch. Expected range 210 km. Launched at 0548 local time..

1949 May 16 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 320 km. Ballistic launch. Expected range 210 km. Launched at 0055 local time..

1949 May 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-481.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-481.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 24 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • FIAR-1 Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 32.9 km. Vertical launch. Expected range 22 km. Launched at 0440 local time. Carried two 85 kg Physical Measurement of Atmospheric Boundary (FIAR-1) containers, but they were not recovered..

1949 May 27 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 115 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 46. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 26. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Mach 0.91. Stabilizer found more effective than the elevator during pull-ups at mach 0.91..

1949 May 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1949 May 28 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 31.9 km. Vertical launch. Expected range 22 km. Launched at 0450 local time. Carried two 85 kg Physical Measurement of Atmospheric Boundary (FIAR-1) containers, which were recovered but damaged; no science resulted


1949 June - .
  • Samolyot 5 supersonic rocketplane cancelled. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Isayev. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5.

    After five unpowered flights, the program was cancelled. By that time better-funded turbojet-powered fighter prototypes were already achieving the 1200 km/hr top speed of the 5. Biesnovat and Isayev would elaborate the design in unmanned form into the supersonic R-1 air-to-surface missile.


1949 June - . LV Family: R-3. Launch Vehicle: R-3.
  • R-3 draft project completed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. In selecting a final R-3 design, Korolev's preferred approach was a conventional single-stage design. This was down-selected within the bureau and seems to have borrowed a lot from contemporary classified US orbital rocket designs..

1949 June - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Russo-German advanced rocket engine tests. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko.

    The planned IRBM's (R-3 or G-4) would use a new design high pressure cylindrical combustion chamber. This would feed a spherical mixing chamber. The German engineers worked with Glushko to build a subscale 7 tonne thrust, 60 atmosphere chamber pressure test model. Given the Russian designation ED-140, this was run 100 times between the summer of 1949 and April of 1950. 19 of these chambers would feed the chamber of the Glushko RD-110 engine slated for use in Korolev's competing R-3 rocket.


1949 June 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Redstone Arsenal selected for rocket research. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Redstone Arsenal was reactivated from standby status as the site of the Ordnance Rocket Center..

1949 June - . LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Groettrup team designs R-13. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup. Groettrup group consulted on 'R-13' (code name for R-11?). Specifications include 1000 kg warhead, 120 km range..

1949 June 2 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi). Composition research. Launched at 0610 local time. Reached 78.4 km..

1949 June 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 4E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1949 June 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • Pulse rocket tests. - . Nation: USA. First use of small pulse rockets in flight as disturbing impulse for evaluation of dynamic stability in a model of the Rascal missile, at NACA's Wallops Island..

1949 June 12 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Mikhailovich Baturin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Baturin. Jewish-Russian engineer cosmonaut 1997-2009. Flew on Mir EP-4, ISS EP-1..

1949 June 14 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom IVB Ionosphere-solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

    Launched 15:35 local time. Reached 133.9 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, temperature, pressure, ionosphere, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Second V-2 flight carrying a live AF Aero Medical Laboratory monkey, Albert II. The monkey survived but died on impact.


1949 June 15 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Ozone spectrograph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1903 local time. Reached 109.5 km..

1949 June 16 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 116 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 47. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 27. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls and pull-ups around mach 0.91..

1949 June 17 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Classified mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Classified flight. Launched at 0450 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1949 June 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 117 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 48. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 28. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness..

1949 June 30 - .
  • Birth of Bui Thanh Liem - . Nation: Vietnam. Related Persons: Liem. Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino, 1978 Captain and fighter pilot, Vietnam Air Force. Flew many combat missions during the Vietnam-war. Continued service in Vietnamese Air Force..

1949 July - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Groettrup G-4 IRBM design complete - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup. Groettrup's team finished the 20 volume design study three months after go-ahead. The selected configuration was a conical single-stage design, which was aerodynamically stable in all flight regimes..

1949 July 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 118 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 49. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 29. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness. Mach 0.91. Number 2 cylinder failed to fire..

1949 July 14 - .
  • First successful Soviet atomic test - . Nation: Russia.

1949 July 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 119 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 50. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 30. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness. Mach 0.91. Number 2 cylinder failed to fire..

1949 July 21 - .
  • Birth of Nigel Richard Wood - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Wood, Nigel. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1949 July 21 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Composition research. Launched at 0901 local time. Reached 76.1 km..

1949 July 22 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Paul Bechis - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bechis. American astrophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1990..

1949 July 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 120 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 70. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 48. Altitude attempt. Attained 20388 m altitude..

1949 July 26 - .
  • Birth of William McMichael 'Bill' Shepherd - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shepherd. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-27, STS-41, STS-52, ISS EO-1. Shepherd was an ex-Navy SEAL and an expert in underwater demolition..

1949 July 27 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 121 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 51. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 31. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness..

1949 August 2 - .
  • Birth of Farkas Bertalan 'Bertsi' - . Nation: Hungary. Related Persons: Farkas. Hungarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-5. First Hungarian to fly in space..

1949 August 4 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 122 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 52. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 32. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness..

1949 August 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 123 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 71. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 49. Altitude attempt. Attained 21930 m altitude..

1949 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Magyari Bela - . Nation: Hungary. Related Persons: Magyari. Hungarian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Gyorgy Kilian military pilot school, 1969. Graduated from Budapest Technical University, 1986. Aeronautical engineer and pilot, Hungarian Air Force. Involved in space research work..

1949 August 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Dr Anna Lee Tingle Fisher - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fisher. American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family..

1949 August 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 124 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 72. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 50. First use of partial pressure suit to save life of pilot during flight at high altitude. X-1 # 1 lost cockpit pressurization about 21000 m. Everest made safe emergency descent..

1949 September - .
  • The Conquest of Space by Willy Ley, illustrations by Chesley Bonestell - . Nation: USA.

    The awakening public interest in the scientific exploration of space was shown by the publication in September 1949 of The Conquest of Space. Featured in this book was a detailed description of a manned lunar landing and return, using the direct ascent technique.


1949 September - . LV Family: Rascal. Launch Vehicle: Rascal.
  • Cold War intensifies - US missile programs given higher priority - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    Reacting to Russia's explosion of an atomic bomb, and the Communist victory in China's civil war, the US military begins increasing funding to the low-priority missile development programs begun in 1946. The Martin MX-771 tactical cruise missile is reinstated; additional funds are plowed into the Rascal and Snark programs; and the Corporal tactical missile is modified to carry a nuclear warhead. The Navaho aerodynamic design is frozen so that fabrication of the XSSM-A-2 flight articles can begin.


1949 September 6 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Viking 2 Aeronomy/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi). Upper-air pressures and temperatures; earth photography research. Engine cut-out early after 49 seconds. . Launched at 0957 local time. Reached 52 km..

1949 September 10 - .
  • Birth of John Brett Watterson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Watterson. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1986..

1949 September 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of second series - 10 preproduction and 11 prototype rockets available. A total of 20 were fired; six failures in 16 launches..

1949 September 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 16 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom IVC Solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

    Launched 16:19 local time. Reached 4.2 km. Carried Composition, ionosphere, meteorites, solar and cosmic radiation, sky brightness, biological experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Third V-2 flight carrying a live AF Aero Medical Laboratory monkey, Albert III. The monkey survived but died on impact.


1949 September 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1. FAILURE: Failure.
1949 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 September 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 125 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 53. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 33. Pilot familiarization. Mach 0.9..

1949 September 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1. FAILURE: Failure.
1949 September 25 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Modification of R-1 missile to test R-2 concepts (integral fuel tank and seperable warhead). Range achieved 541.3 km. Deviation from aim point -0.2 km. Launched at 1416 local time..

1949 September 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 September 29 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • NRL Ionosphere 1 Solar x-ray / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Launched 09:58 local time. Reached 151.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, meteorites, pressure experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1949 September 30 - .
  • First powered flight of the 346-2 rocketplane. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 346. Spacecraft: 346.

    As with the American XS-1, the rocketplane was launched from a captured B-29 bomber. German pilot Wolfgang Ziese conducted all of the initial flight tests. Initial glider flights with the 346P, 346-1 aircraft were flown in 1948. The first powered flight was successful but Ziese was injured after the landing skid collapsed after a fast landing.


1949 September 30 - .
  • Birth of Michel Ange-Charles Tognini - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Tognini. French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1949 September 30 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Range achieved 562.2 km. Deviation from aim point -9.3 km. Launched at 1449 local time..

1949 October 1 - .
  • Communist People's Republic of China formally proclaimed by Chairman Mao Zedong - . Nation: China.

1949 October 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Cape Canaveral activated. - . Nation: USA. Long-Range Proving Ground at Cape Canaveral was activated..

1949 October - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-3.
  • Albring G-3 cruise missile - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Albring, Groettrup, Saenger, Ustinov. Program: Navaho.

    German aerodynamicist Albring designed the G-3 missile for the Russians. This would use a rocket-powered Groettrup-designed G-1 as the first stage. The cruise stage would have an aerodynamic layout like that of the Saenger-Bredt rocket-powered antipodal bomber of World War II. Cruising at 13 km altitude, the supersonic missile would carry a 3000 kg warhead to a range of 2900 km. This was an alternate approach to Ustinov's 3000 kg over 3000 km range missile requirement of April 1949. This design would be elaborated at Korolev's bureau into the EKR ramjet design of 1953.


1949 October - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Groettrup team briefs G-4 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup.

    The Scientific-Technical Soviet of NII-88 receives a briefing on Groettrup's G-4 IRBM design: 23.7 m long, 2.74 m diameter, 70.800 kg takeoff mass, 7000 kg empty, 3,000 kg warhead, turbine exhaust for roll control (as in Jupiter), plywood RV, lox/alcohol propellants.


1949 October 2 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e. FAILURE: Fire in tail compartment..
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Range achieved 324.1 km. Deviation from aim point -11.4 km. Launched at 1400 local time..

1949 October 3 - .
  • Birth of Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ivanova. Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1983-1994..

1949 October 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 126 - . Crew: Fleming. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 73. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fleming. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 51. Pilot familiarization..

1949 October 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1949 October 7 - .
  • German Democratic Republic (East Germany) established under Soviet rule - . Nation: Germany.

1949 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 8 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Range achieved 569.8 km. Deviation from aim point -0.8 km. Launched at 0905 local time..

1949 October 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 11 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e. FAILURE: Fire in tail compartment..
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Range achieved 9 km. Deviation from aim point 1.7 km. Launched at 1545 local time..

1949 October 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Last and 20th launch in second R-1 test series..

1949 October 26 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 127 - . Crew: Johnson. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 74. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnson. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 52. Pilot familiarization..

1949 October 28 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Von Braun team moved to Huntsville. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. The Secretary of the Army approved the transfer of the Ordnance Research and Development Division, Sub-Office (Rocket) at Fort Bliss, Texas, to Redstone Arsenal. Among those transferred were Dr. Wernher von Braun and his team of German scientists..

1949 October 31 - .
  • Birth of Terrence Wade 'Terry' Wilcutt - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wilcutt. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-68, STS-79, STS-89, STS-106. US Marine Corps.

1949 November - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Navaho engine tests - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American tests a 135 kN subscale version of the Navaho's booster engine as an aid to developing the injector plate..

1949 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1949 November 18 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • UM Sampling,Grenades Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: UM, US Army. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi). Launched 08:03 local time. Reached 124.2 km. Carried winds, composition, temperature; cosmic radiation (APL, John Hopkins); and solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1949 November 22 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards.
  • D-558 first supersonic flight. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: D-558-1. Spacecraft: D-558-2. D-558-II Skyrocket exceeded the speed of sound at Edwards AFB, Calif. It was powered by both a Westinghouse J-34 turbojet engine and a Reaction Motors, Inc. rocket motor..

1949 November 29 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 128 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 75. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 53. High-altitude wing-tail loads investigation..

1949 November 29 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Donald Cameron - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cameron. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-56, STS-74. US Marine Corps.

1949 November 30 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 129 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 54. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 33. Mach 0.91..

1949 December - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Navaho ramjet design complete - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Wright completes design of the Navaho's supersonic ramjets, the largest in the United States..

1949 December 2 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 130 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 76. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 54. High-altitude wing-tail loads investigation..

1949 December 3 - .
  • Birth of Terry Alan Higbee - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Higbee. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985..

1949 December 5 - .
  • Birth of Bruce Edward 'Mel' Melnick - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melnick. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-49..

1949 December 6 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi). Composition research. Launched at 1132 local time. Reached 64.9 km..

1949 December 7 - . LV Family: R-3. Launch Vehicle: R-3.
  • Groettrup G-4 IRBM evaluated against Korolev's R-3. R-3 project reformulated - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Navaho.

    The NTS (Scientific-Technical Soviet) of NII-88 met in plenary session and subjected Korolev's proposal to withering criticism. The G-4 was found to be superior. After heated discussion, the Soviet approved further development of technology for the R-3, but not the missile itself. The decisions were: an R-3A technology demonstrator would be built and flown under Project N-1 (probably to prove G-4 concepts). Under Project N-2 both the RD-110 and D-2 engines would proceed into development test in order to prove Lox/Kerosene propellant technology. Packet rocket and lightweight structure research for use in an ICBM would continue under project N-3 / T-1. Winged intercontinental cruise missile studies would continue under project N-3 / T-2. Neither the G-4 or R-3 ended up in production, but the design concepts of the G-4 led directly to Korolev's R-7 ICBM (essentially a cluster of G-4's or R-3A's) and the N1 superbooster. Work on the G-4 continued through 1952.


1949 December 8 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom IVD Solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

    Launched 12:14 local time. Reached 130.6 km. Carried Composition, ionosphere, meteorites, solar radiation, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Last monkey, Albert IV, launched in V-2 series. The successful flight indicated no ill effects on monkey until impact of V-2.


1949 December 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1010 local time. Reached 0.3 km..

1949 December 17 - .
  • Birth of Daryl James Joseph - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Joseph. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985..

1949 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D4 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 December 27 - .
  • Decree for thermonuclear bomb development. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 5744-2162 'On creation of Second Chief Directorate of Council of Ministers to manage uranium mining' was issued..

1949 December 30 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • R-1 sounding rocket variants authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On work on geophysical variants of the R-1 missile' was issued..


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