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Samolyot 5
Part of Russian Rocket Fighters Family
Biesnovat 5 Aircraft
Biesnovat 5 Aircraft
Russian manned rocketplane. Cancelled 1949. Bisnovat was assigned the project to develop an all-Soviet equivalent to the 346 supersonic rocketplane being developed by the German Roessing team in OKB-2.

Status: Cancelled 1949. Thrust: 19.60 kN (4,406 lbf). Gross mass: 3,400 kg (7,400 lb). Unfuelled mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Height: 9.92 m (32.54 ft). Span: 6.60 m (21.60 ft).

Like the 346, the 5 was a swept-wing aircraft, but about 2/3 the size. First glide flight by A K Pakhomov, dropped from a Pe-8, came on 14 July 1948. The first 5-1 aircraft was destroyed on its third flight 5 September 1948. The 5-2 second aircraft, with RD-2M3BF rocket engine installed, made its first flight on 26 January 1949. After five unpowered flights, the program was cancelled in June 1949. By that time better-funded turbojet-powered fighter prototypes were already achieving the 1200 km/hr top speed of the 5. Biesnovat and Isayev would elaborate the design in unmanned form into the supersonic R-1 air-to-surface missile.

Crew Size: 1.



Family: Rocketplane, Suborbital. Country: Russia. Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. Agency: Bisnovat. Bibliography: 301, 306.

1948 July 14 - .
  • Samolyot 5 rocketplane first flight. - . Crew: Pakhomov. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Pakhomov. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5. The first 5-1 aircraft, controlled on its first glide flight by A K Pakhomov, was dropped from a Pe-8 bomber..

1948 September 5 - .
1949 January 26 - .
  • Samolyot 5 supersonic rocketplane glide flight. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5. The 5-2 second aircraft, with rocket engine installed, made its first glide flight..

1949 June - .
  • Samolyot 5 supersonic rocketplane cancelled. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Isayev. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5.

    After five unpowered flights, the program was cancelled. By that time better-funded turbojet-powered fighter prototypes were already achieving the 1200 km/hr top speed of the 5. Biesnovat and Isayev would elaborate the design in unmanned form into the supersonic R-1 air-to-surface missile.



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