Encyclopedia Astronautica
Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z

1950 Chronology

1950 January 1 - . LV Family: MKR. Launch Vehicle: MKR.
  • Design of 8,000 km range winged missile begun - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Navaho. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. In parallel with the R-5 Korolev OKB NII-88 begins design of 8,000 km range winged missile..

1950 January 6 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine explodes - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The engine begins oscillatory combustion at 20 seconds and explodes violently at 34 seconds. The explosion is visible 40 km from the LRBA test site at Vernon..

1950 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 15 - .
  • Death of Henry H 'Hap' Arnold - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Arnold. American officer. Commander of the Army Air Forces in WW2.

1950 January 15 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Bering Sea. Launch Pad: 58.0 N x 170.0 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 2345 GMT. Reached 72.4 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Bering Sea Launch Site 1 (APL Aerobee/Norton Sound) - Latitude: 58.00 N, Longitude:170.00 W..

1950 January 18 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Bering Sea. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 170.0 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 2317 GMT. Reached 80.5 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Bering Sea Launch Site 2 (APL Aerobee/Norton Sound) - Latitude: 50.00 N, Longitude:170.00 W..

1950 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Richard 'Joe' Tanner - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115..

1950 January 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 28 - .
  • Birth of David Carl 'Dave' Hilmers - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hilmers. American USMC engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42. Known as a religiously conservative astronaut; summed up many astronaut's fears of the shuttle, saying before a flight "I have no plans past MECO"..

1950 January 31 - .
  • Truman orders development of hydrogen bomb - . Nation: USA.

1950 February 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 February 8 - .
  • Birth of Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon - . Nation: Cuba. Related Persons: Lopez Falcon. Cuban pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Carlos Ullo military pilot school, 1967. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino. Cuban Air Force Captain and pilot. Continued service as a pilot in the Cuban Air Force..

1950 February 9 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket. FAILURE: Veered off-course; engine cut-off at T+60 seconds..
  • Viking 3 Solar/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Solar and cosmic radiation; pressure-temperature; earth photography research. Veered off-course; engine cut-off at T+60 seconds. Launched at 1444 local time. Reached 80.5 km..

1950 February 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 February 15 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Sergeyevich Grekov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Grekov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1986..

1950 February 17 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar x-ray / chemical release / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi). Launched 11:01 local time. Reached 149 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1950 February 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 131 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 77. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 55. Wing-and-tail-loads investigation..

1950 February 22 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi). Composition research. Launched at 1754 local time. Reached 49.1 km..

1950 February 23 - .
  • Birth of Jerry Jerome Rij - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Rij. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Served at Onizuka AFB, California. Retired from the Air Force in 1995. Thereafter worked in private industry in Virginia..

1950 February 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 2 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Navaho XLR-43 engine test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. First full-thrust test of 75,000 pound liquid rocket engine for the Navaho (XLR43-NA-1) conducted by North American at Santa Susana, Calif..

1950 March 4 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Temperature research. Launched at 1736 local time. Reached 72.4 km..

1950 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 15 - .
  • Tikhonravov wrote a seminal paper on the potential uses of artificial satellites. - . Nation: Russia.

1950 March 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • Ramjet test. - . Nation: USA. First successful ramjet research model flown at Wallops Island by NACA Langely's PARD..

1950 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 April - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • Navaho reoriented - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The XSSM-A-2 1600-km range version of the Navaho is canceled. The three airframes completed are abandoned. The USAF instructs North American to proceed instead with development of a 10,200-km range version of the missile using the same aerodynamics, engines, and navigation systems already in development. This is to deliver a 3150-kg nuclear payload, and is to be achieved by making a separable booster stage with two engines deliver a ramjet-only cruise stage to ignition velocity.


1950 April 5 - .
  • Birth of Dr Franklin Ramon Chang-Diaz - . Nation: Costa Rica, USA. Related Persons: Chang-Diaz. Costa Rican-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. Held record of seven spaceflights..

1950 April 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 April 9 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Dale 'Taco' Cockrell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cockrell. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-56, STS-69, STS-80, STS-98, STS-111..

1950 April 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 April 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 April 15 - .
  • Missile development moved to Redstone Arsenal. - . Nation: USA. Program: Explorer. Peenemuende team moved from White Sands to Huntsville.

1950 April 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-484.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 April 26 - .
  • OKB-1 founded. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On creation of OKB-1 within NII-88' was issued..

1950 April 26 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 132 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 78. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 56. Lateral stability and control investigation..

1950 April 26 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Composition research. Launched at 1811 local time. Reached 99.5 km..

1950 May - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Preliminary design of X-10 begins - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Although the formal redirection of the Navaho program would not come for two months, North American began design of an aerodynamic and systems testbed..

1950 May 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 133 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 79. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 57. Buffeting, wing and tail loads..

1950 May 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 134 - . Crew: Ridley. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 80. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridley. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 58. Buffeting, wing and tail loads..

1950 May 12 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 135 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 55. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 34. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Pull-ups and rolls..

1950 May 12 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 136 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 81. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 59. Last flight of XS-1 No. 1 rocket research airplane, for RKO motion picture "Test Pilot," which was turned over to the National Air Museum at the Smithsonian on August 28th..

1950 May 12 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 0.2 N x 161.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket.
  • Viking 4 Ionosphere/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

    Cosmic radiation; upper-air pressures and temperatures research. Ship launch. Launched at 1608 local time. Reached 169 km. NRL Viking No. 4 research rocket fired from the USS Norton Sound, near Jarvis Island in the Pacific (0.19 N 161.42 W), at the intersection of the geographic and geomagnetic equators. It set an altitude record for an American single-stage rocket and was the first firing of the Viking from shipboard.


1950 May 17 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 137 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 56. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 35. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Pull-ups and rolls. Mach 1.13 at 12810 m..

1950 May 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 May 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). First Army Hermes A-1 test rocket fired at WSPG..

1950 May 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 May 26 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 138 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 57. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 36. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Pull-ups and rolls. Mach 1.20. Nosewheel collapsed on landing..

1950 June 1 - .
  • VfR resurrected. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Hitler. VfR, the German Rocket Society disestablished by Hitler in 1933, passed resolution calling for international conference of all astronautical societies..

1950 June 1 - .
  • Birth of Gennadi Mikhailovich Manakov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov. Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-7, Mir EO-13. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred to TsPK cosmonaut detachment 1987. Call sign: Vulkan (Volcano)..

1950 June 2 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Optical Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 1007 local time. Reached 24.8 km..

1950 June 6 - .
  • Tsien Hsue-shen accused of being a Communist. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March.

    FBI agents interrogate Tsien Hsue-shen on allegations that he is a Communist. The same day his security clearance is revoked, making it virtually impossible to continue meaningful work in rocketry. The allegations seem unlikely to his associates at CalTech (his wife was the daughter of one of Chiang Kai-shek's leading military strategists). Two weeks later, Tsien announces his intention to return to China. Tsien, denied the possibility to work, becomes enmeshed in a tug-of-war between differing viewpoints in the US government bureaucracy: those that want to deport him as an undesirable alien, and those that want to keep him in the country because of what he knows.


1950 June 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • Ramjet reaches Mach 3.1. - . Nation: USA. Ramjet missile launched which accelerated under ramjet power to Mach 3.1 at 67,200-feet altitude, at NACA Wallops Island..

1950 June 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Air Force given responsibility for Cape Canaveral. - . Nation: USA.

    Department of Defense assigned range responsibilities to the armed services: Army: White Sands, N. Mex., Proving Ground and nearby Holloman Air Force Base at Alamogordo; Navy: Point Mugu, Calif.: Air Force: Long-Range Proving Groud at Banana River, Fla. (now called Cape Canaveral).


1950 June 20 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Temperature, pressure research. Launched at 0838 local time. Reached 92.6 km..

1950 June 25 - .
  • Korean War begins when North Korean Communist forces invade South Korea - . Nation: USA.

1950 June 25 - .
  • Birth of Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ivanov, Leonid. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979..

1950 July - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • Navaho specification finalized. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The missile, now designated WS-104A by the USAF, was to deliver a 3150-kg warhead with a CEP of 450 m over a range of 10,200 km while cruising at Mach 3 at over 18 km altitude. The final missile would be developed in a three-phase program: Phase 1, using the reusable X-10 drone, would test the aerodynamics, structural concepts, autopilot, and inertial navigation system for the cruise missile using turbojet engines in an aluminum structure to achieve speeds of up to Mach 2. In Phase 2, the G-26 test vehicle would be a 2/3 scale version of the final version, testing the vertical launch booster, and a steel-structure ramjet-powered cruise vehicle that would reach Mach 2.75 and a range of 2300 km. Phase 3 would fly the G-38, the full-sized prototype for the operational system. The payload was sized to match the 20-kiloton W-4 nuclear warhead, 3150 kg in mass, 1.5 m in diameter and 2.3 m long.


1950 July 10 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes production version studied. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun.

    Office, Chief of Ordnance directed that the Ordnance Guided Missile Center conduct a preliminary study of the technical requirements and possibilities of developing a 500-mile tactical missile that would be used principally in providing support for the operations of the Army Field Forces.


1950 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Christopher John Nicholas Holmes - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Holmes. British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London..

1950 July 11 - .
  • Birth of Dr Lawrence James 'Larry' DeLucas - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: DeLucas. American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50..

1950 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1950 July 13 - .
  • Birth of Dr George Driver 'Pinky' Nelson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nelson. American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26..

1950 July 14 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Temperature, winds research. Launched at 0139 local time. Reached 69.2 km..

1950 July 16 - .
  • Birth of Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Maksimenko. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1991..

1950 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 July 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • First attempted launch from Cape Canaveral. - . Payload: WAC-Corporal. Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Bumper. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Pad abort on 19 July of Bumper No. 8, a German V-2 with a 320 kg Army-JPL Wac Corporal. Launch scrubbed first due to emergency landing of aircraft in the range; second attempt, no lift, main chamber did not ignite..

1950 July 24 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

    Bumper No. 8, a German V-2 with a 320 kg Army-JPL Wac Corporal, was fired from the Long-Range Proving Ground at Cape Canaveral at a very low angle of attack. The first-stage V-2 climbed 16 km before it exploded. The second-stage Corporal separated successfully, however, and traveled another 24 km. This was the first missile launch from Cape Canaveral.


1950 July 29 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

    Bumper No. 7 was the second missile launch from Cape Canaveral. This was to be a maximum range test of a two-stage vehicle, to study the problems in staging. The launch was delayed because of moisture in the vehicle. But when finally launched, the WAC achieved the highest sustained speed in the atmosphere to that date (Mach 9/2500 m/s) and 35.2 km altitude before impacting 305 km downrange.


1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Patrick AFB named. - . Nation: USA. Patrick Air Force Base, administrative headquarters of the AFMTC at Cape Canaveral, offiically named after Gen. Mason M. Patrick..

1950 August - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-26.
  • Air-launched Navaho dropped - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. All work on the air-launched versions of Navaho was stopped. North American was to concentrate on rocket-boosted missiles..

1950 August 2 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1950 August 3 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35?. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sunfollower / SX Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1652 local time. Reached 6 km..

1950 August 4 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1950 August 6 - .
  • Birth of Winston Elliott Scott - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Scott, Winston. African-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-87..

1950 August 7 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Camp Cooke reactivated - . Nation: USA. Camp Cooke reactivated and used during the Korean War as an armored and infantry training site..

1950 August 9 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 139 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 58. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 38. For pressure distribution and stability and control data. Check of stabilizer effectiveness. Mach 0.98..

1950 August 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 140 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 59. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 39. For pressure distribution and stability and control data. Check of stabilizer effectiveness. .

1950 August 13 - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • German assistance to Soviet rocketry to be ended. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 3456-1446 'On termination or the work of German scientists in the Soviet missile program.' was issued..

1950 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Ricardo Peralta y Fabi - . Nation: Mexico. Related Persons: Peralta y Fabi. Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985. Research scientist at National University in Mexico City. Selected as backup for STS-61B, but mission cancelled after Challenger disaster..

1950 August 17 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Composition research. Launched at 0845 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1950 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 August 31 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom IVG Ionosphere-solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

    Launched 10:09 local time. Reached 136.8 km. Carried Ionosphere, meteorites, sky brightness, density, biological experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Last of five Aeromedical Laboratory experiments (first four known as Albert series), it carried a nonanesthetized mouse, photographed by a camera, which survived the impact.


1950 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 September 11 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes work transferred from General Electric to Von Braun team. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Ordnance Department directed that the Hermes contract with General Electric Company be amended to transfer responsibility for the Hermes C1 project to the Ordnance Guided Missile Center..

1950 September 12 - .
  • Death of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Hackh. German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1950 September 14 - .
  • Birth of Dr Eugene Huu-Chau 'Gene' Trinh - . Nation: USA, Vietnam. Related Persons: Trinh. Vietnamese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50..

1950 September 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1950 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 September 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 141 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 60. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 40. For pressure distribution and stability and control data. Check of stabilizer effectiveness. Also drag investigation. Pull-ups. Mach 0.90..

1950 September 25 - .
  • Birth of James Burton Jr Armor - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armor. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1985..

1950 September 28 - .
  • Birth of Vitali Aleksandrovich Lopota - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Lopota. Chechen engineer. General Designer of TsNII-RTK from 1991 to 2007. General Designer of RKK Energia from 2007.

1950 October 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • RAND studies ICBM's. - . Nation: USA. Rand Corp. completed missile feasibility studies begun in 1949, which confirmed the military practicability of long-range rocket weapons..

1950 October - .
  • Second powered flight of the 346-2 rocketplane. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 346. Spacecraft: 346. 346-2 flights continued in October 1950 with Russian pilot P I Kasmin at the controls..

1950 October - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Navaho engine full-thrust test - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. The XLR-43 engine achieves a thrust of 333 kN for a few seconds..

1950 October - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-26.
  • Wright gets G-26 ramjet contract - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. The engine was designated XRJ47-W-1..

1950 October 1 - .
  • Birth of Dr Boris Vladimirovich Morukov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Morukov. Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on STS-106. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems.

1950 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2. FAILURE: Failed to reach target.
1950 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 4 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 142 - . Crew: Griffith. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 61. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Griffith. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 41. For pressure distribution and stability and control data. Check of stabilizer effectiveness. Also drag investigation. Pull-ups..

1950 October 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 12 - . LV Family: von Braun concept vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Von Braun 1948.
  • First Symposium on Space Flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Haber, Ley, von Braun.

    The First Symposium on Space Flight was held at the Hayden Planetarium in New York City. Participants included Wernher von Braun, Joseph Kaplan, Heinz Haber, Willy Ley, Oscar Schachter, and Fred L. Whipple. Among the topics discussed were an orbiting astronomical observatory, problems of survival in space, circumlunar flight, a manned orbiting space station, and the question of sovereignty in outer space.


1950 October 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 October 18 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1950 October 21 - .
  • Birth of Dr Ronald Erwin McNair - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNair. African-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident..

1950 October 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • First series test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). First launch in first test series of protoype missiles..

1950 October 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 October 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. LV Family: Lark. Launch Vehicle: Lark.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). The first Lark missile launched by Air Force from Cape Canaveral, the last of the three missiles launched in 1950 at the LRPG..

1950 October 26 - . LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Honest John begun. - . Nation: USA. Army contracted with Douglas Aircraft for design, development, fabrication, and flight testing of rocket having Honest John specifications..

1950 October 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. LV Family: Lark. Launch Vehicle: Lark. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1950 October 26 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL, US Army. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Launched 16:02 local time. Reached 8.1 km. Carried No upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for Naval Research Lab..

1950 October 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon HVAR.
  • Sparrow model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 November 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1950 November 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 16 - .
  • Birth of Carl Joseph Meade - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Meade. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-50, STS-64..

1950 November 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 21 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket.
  • Viking 5 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Ionosphere; solar radiation; pressure-temperature; earth photography research. Launched at 1018 local time. Reached 175 km..

1950 November 25 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • R-1 accepted for military service. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On adoption of the R-1 into armaments' was issued. The missile was accepted for service, with the first operational unit the 92nd brigade (BON RVGK) at Kapustin Yar..

1950 December - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • First R-1 operational unit - . Nation: Russia.

    The first field R-1 unit was formed - the 23th brigade (BON RUGK). Each brigade was equipped with six launchers. In January 1951 the 23rd deployed to Kamishin in Volgograd oblast. In August 1958 they were transferred to the Land Forces. The number of units fielded were small, reflecting the long delay in getting the R-1 into production. The field equipment was designed to also be used for R-2 missiles, which quickly replaced the R-1 in the field units.

    A sea launched variant of the R-1, probably similar to the German 'Pruefstand VII' submarine-towed, pod-launched project, was also studied from 1949 to 1950, but not proceeded with.


1950 December - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Wind tunnel tests of X-10 model - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American conducted the tests at its own Santa Susanna facility, taking it up to Mach 2.87..

1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 December 4 - . LV Family: Buran M, Burya La-350. Launch Vehicle: Buran M, Burya La-350.
  • Research into intercontinental missile approaches authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Navaho. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On themes N1, N2, and N3 in the ballistic missile program.' was issued..

1950 December 7 - .
  • OKB-456 transferred. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 947-712 'On transfer or OKB-456 from the Ministry of Aviation Industry to the Ministry of Armaments' was issued..

1950 December 10 - .
  • St. Louis Meteorite Fall (Hit Car) - . Nation: USA.

1950 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Alekseyevich Loktionov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Loktionov. Russian scientist cosmonaut, 2000-on..

1950 December 12 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Viking 6 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Upper-air pressure, density and composition; solar radiation; ionosphere research. Fin tore loose. Launched at 0004 local time. Reached 64.8 km..

1950 December 12 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1126 local time. Reached 108.2 km..

1950 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 December 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2. FAILURE: Failed to reach target.
  • First series test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Twelfth and final launch in prototype test series. All missiles failed to reach targets..

1950 December 21 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1950 December 24 - .
  • Birth of Michael Anthony Hamel - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hamel. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985..

1950 December 26 - .
  • Birth of Barbara McConnell Barrett - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barrett. American space tourist, 2009-on..


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use