Encyclopedia Astronautica
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Mission Specialist Astronaut
Astronauts trained for spaceflight but not to pilot spacecraft.

Subtopics

Henize American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1967-1986.

Thornton, Bill American physician mission specialist astronaut 1967-1994.

Lind American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1966-1986. Longest wait for an American for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut (19 years).

Garriott American scientist mission specialist astronaut 1965-1986.

Peterson American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1967-1984.

Musgrave American physician mission specialist astronaut 1967-1997. Flew in space six times.

Parker American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1967-1993.

McCandless American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1966-1990. Made first untethered space walk.

Allen American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1967-1985.

Chretien French test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1980-2001. First French astronaut. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs.

Fabian American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1985.

Lenoir American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1967-1984.

Griggs American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1978-1989. Died in the crash of a World-War-II-era training plane.

England American geophysicist mission specialist astronaut 1967-1988.

Springer American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1980-1990. US Marine Corps. Flew 550 combat missions in Southeast Asia. Grew up in Ashland, Ohio.

Bluford American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1993. First African-American in space. Flew 144 combat missions in Vietnam.

Lucid American biochemist mission specialist astronaut 1978-2012. Biochemist, first American woman to make a long-duration space station mission.

Thagard American physician mission specialist astronaut 1978-1996. First American to fly aboard a Russian spacecraft. Grew up in Jacksonville, Florida.

van Hoften American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986. Grew up in Burlingame, California.

Nicollier Swiss test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1978-2007. First Swiss astronaut.

Spring American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1980-1988.

Veach American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-1995. Grew up in Honolulu, Hawaii. Died of cancer.

Hoffman American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut 1978-1997.

Thuot American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1985-1995.

Buchli American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1978-1992. Grew up in Fargo, North Dakota.

Mullane American test engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1990. Author of the frankest astronaut biography ever published. Flew 150 combat missions in Vietnam.

Tryggvason Icelandic-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut 1983-2008. CSA; Alternate Payload Specialist to MacLean for STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 and Test of the Canadian Space Vision System.

Adamson American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1984-1992. US Army

Fisher, William American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I. Was married to astronaut Anna Fisher.

Onizuka American test engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986. Died in Challenger accident.

Lounge American geophysicist mission specialist astronaut 1980-1991. Grew up in Burlington, Colorado. Flew 99 combat missions in Vietnam.

Hart American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1984.

Cleave American ecologist mission specialist astronaut 1980-1990. Engineer.

Carter American physician mission specialist astronaut 1984-1991. Grew up in Warner Robins, Georgia. Died in the crash of a commercial airliner while on NASA business travel.

Seddon American physician mission specialist astronaut 1978-1998. Physician. Was married to astronaut Robert Lee (Hoot) Gibson.

Ross American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1980-2012. Shared world record of seven spaceflights.

Mohri Japanese chemist mission specialist astronaut 1985-2000. NASDA; Spacelab-J specialist.

Gardner American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986.

Garneau Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut 1983-2001. First Canadian astronaut.

Dunbar American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1980-2005. Engineer. Was married to astronaut Ronald Sega.

Voss American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1987-2003. US Army

Resnik American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986. Engineer. Died in Challenger accident.

Apt American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1985-1997.

Leestma American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1980-1992.

Shepherd American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-2002. Shepherd was an ex-Navy SEAL and an expert in underwater demolition.

Fisher American physician mission specialist astronaut 1980-1991. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family.

Tognini French test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1985-2003. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs.

Melnick American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1987-1992.

Tanner American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2008.

Hilmers American USMC engineer mission specialist astronaut 1980-1992. Known as a religiously conservative astronaut; summed up many astronaut's fears of the shuttle, saying before a flight "I have no plans past MECO".

Chang-Diaz American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1980-2005. Shared record of seven spaceflights.

Nelson American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1978-1989.

Scott, Winston American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1992-1999.

McNair American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986. Died in Challenger accident.

Meade American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1985-1996.

Ivins American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-2010. NASA flight engineer.

Phillips American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1996-2011.

Akers American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1987-1997.

Ride American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1978-1987. Physicist, first American woman in space. Was married to astronaut Steven Alan Hawley.

McArthur American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1990-2012. US Army. Grew up in Wakulla, North Carolina.

Schlegel German physicist mission specialist astronaut 1987-on.

Brady American physician mission specialist astronaut 1992-2002.

Sullivan American geologist mission specialist astronaut 1978-1993. Geologist, first American woman to walk in space. As of 1999 Ms Sullivan was Director of the Center of Science and Industry in Columbus, Ohio.

Brown, Mark American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-1993.

Morgan American teacher mission specialist astronaut 2013-on. Teacher.

Hawley American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1978-2008. Was married to astronaut Sally Ride.

Thomas, Andrew Australian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2010.

Runco American meteorologist mission specialist astronaut 1987-2002.

Bagian American physician mission specialist astronaut 1980-1995.

Camarda American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2006.

Godwin American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1985-2010. Physicist. Was married to astronaut Steven Nagel.

Lee American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-2001. Was married to astronaut Jan Davis, part of first married couple to fly in space together.

Thornton American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1984-1996.

Morin American physician mission specialist astronaut 1996-2002.

Clifford American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1990-1997. US Army

Sega American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-1996. Was married to astronaut Bonnie Dunbar.

Thorne German test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. Died in an airplane crash.

Baker American physician mission specialist astronaut 1984-2012. Physician.

Thirsk Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut 1983-2012.

Thiele German physicist mission specialist astronaut 1987-2005. DARA.

Davis American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1987-1999. Engineer, was married to astronaut Mark Lee, part of first married couple to fly in space together.

Barry American physician mission specialist astronaut 1992-2005.

Reilly American geologist mission specialist astronaut 1994-2008.

Williams, Dave Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut 1992-2008.

Guidoni Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut 1989-2004.

Doi Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1985-2009.

MacLean Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut 1983-2008. Selected Aug 1996; he had been Payload Specialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System).

Stewart American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1978-1986.

Linenger American physician mission specialist astronaut 1992-1998.

Jones American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2001.

Sellers British-American ecologist mission specialist astronaut 1996-2011.

Pettit American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-on. 369 cumulative days in space. First NASA astronaut to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft.

Thomas American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut 1990-2007.

Gemar American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1985-1996. US Army

Walz American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1990-2008.

Hieb American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1985-1995.

Robinson American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1994-2012.

Low American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1984-1996. Son of former NASA administrator George M Low.

Harbaugh American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1987-2001.

Brown, David American physician mission specialist astronaut 1996-2003. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Gernhardt American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2001.

Harris American physician mission specialist astronaut 1990-1996. First African-American to walk in space.

Wolf American physician mission specialist astronaut 1990-2001.

Voss, Janice American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2012. Engineer.

Newman American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1990-2008.

Jemison American physician mission specialist astronaut 1987-1993. Physician. First African-American woman to fly in space.

Foale British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1987-2013. Flew in space six times. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004.

Fuglesang Swedish engineer cosmonaut 1992-on.

Foreman American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-2010.

Forrester American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-2011.

Nespoli Italian engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-on.

Eyharts French test pilot cosmonaut 1990-on.

Bursch American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1990-2005.

Linnehan American veterinarian mission specialist astronaut 1992-2010. US Army

Fossum American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-on.

Williams, Jeffrey American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-on.

Helms American test engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2002.

Ochoa American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2003. Engineer.

Lopez-Alegria Spanish-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1992-2012.

Caldeiro American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1996-2009.

Wisoff American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1990-2001. Was married to astronaut Tammy Jernigan.

Herrington American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-2005.

Grunsfeld American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1992-2010.

Clervoy French engineer cosmonaut 1985-on.

Currie American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2005. US Army engineer.

Smith, Steven American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2005.

Anderson, Clayton American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2011.

Barratt American physician mission specialist astronaut 2000-on. American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. Flew on Soyuz TMA-14, STS-133

Cagle American physician mission specialist astronaut 1996-2008.

Cheli Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1992-1996. Was married to astronaut Marianne Merchez.

Jernigan American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1985-2001. Astronomer. Was married to astronaut Jeff Wisoff.

Lawrence American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2006. US Navy ocean engineer.

Kavandi American chemist mission specialist astronaut 1994-2005. Chemist.

Hadfield Canadian test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1992-2013.

Hire American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1994-2010. US Navy aviator; first woman assigned to a combat aircrew.

Noriega American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut 1994-2005. Grew up in Santa Clara, California.

Creamer American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1998-2011.

Anderson American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1994-2003. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Whitson American biochemist mission specialist astronaut 1996-on. Biochemist, first female space station commander.

Mastracchio American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-on.

Wheelock American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-on. US Army.

Chiao American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut 1990-2005.

Marshburn American physician mission specialist astronaut 2004-on.

Swanson American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut 1998-on.

Coleman, Catherine American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut 1992-on. US Air Force engineer.

Tani American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2012.

Clark American physician mission specialist astronaut 1996-2003. Physician. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Chawla Indian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1994-2003. She perished with the rest of the crew of the shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003.

Burbank American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-on.

Parazynski American physician mission specialist astronaut 1992-2009.

Curbeam American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1994-2007.

Woodward American test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2008.

Chamitoff Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2013.

Hernandez American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-2011.

Massimino American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2012.

Weber, Mary American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2002. Chemist.

Walheim American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-on.

Good American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2000-2012.

Drew American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2000-2013.

Stott American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

Perrin French test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1990-2004. Grew up in Avignon, Provence.

Stefanyshyn-Piper American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2009. Engineer.

Pontes Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-on.

Hilliard American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2001.

Duque Spanish engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-on. First Spanish astronaut.

Kopra American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2000-on.

Nowak American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-2007. US Navy test pilot.

Lu American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1994-2007.

Wakata Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-on.

Payette Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut 1992-2013. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut.

Arnold, Ricky American teacher mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Bowen American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2000-on.

Melvin American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2010.

Patrick British-American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2012.

Richards, Paul American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2002.

Higginbotham American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2007. Engineer.

Vittori Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-on. Italian Air Force.

Magnus American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut 1996-2012.

Furukawa Japanese physician mission specialist astronaut 1999-on.

Noguchi Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-on.

Olivas American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2010.

Walker, Shannon American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Love American astronomer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2011.

Feustel American scientist mission specialist astronaut 2000-on.

Williams American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1998-on. US Navy test pilot. Grew up in Needham, Massachusetts.

Satcher American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-2011.

Wilson American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1996-2013. Engineer.

Fincke American test pilot mission specialist astronaut 1996-on. 381 cumulative days in space, record for an American, but over 20 Russian cosmonauts had more.

Acaba American geologist mission specialist astronaut 2004-on.

Kimbrough American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2004-on. US Army

Reisman American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2011.

Hoshide Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then astronaut training in USA.

Caldwell American chemist mission specialist astronaut 1998-on.

Nyberg American scientist mission specialist astronaut 2000-on.

Cassidy American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2004-on.

Behnken American engineer mission specialist astronaut 2000-on.

Yamazaki Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1999-2011. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. NASDA

McArthur, Megan American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

Metcalf-Lindenburger American teacher mission specialist astronaut 2004-2013.



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