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1947 Chronology

Early 1947 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 Azusa tracking tests - . Nation: USA. Tracking tests started with experimental Azusa equipment.

1947 January - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • MX-770 Three-Phase plan proposed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    Phase 1 consisted of a study of the German A4b and A9 boost-glide missiles; Phase 2 consisted of study of replacing the rocket engines of the design with supersonic ramjets in order to extend the range; Phase 3 would determine the size and type of the booster needed to boost the reengined A9 to ramjet ignition speed. At this time North American has a staff of 43 working at its Technical Research Laboratory in Los Angeles, including 12 PhD's and 18 ME's.


1947 January 3 - .
  • Birth of Sergey Filipovich Protchenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Protchenko. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1979..

1947 January 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 17 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 7. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 7. Buffet boundary investigation. Mach 0.80 at 10675 m..

1947 January 10 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release missio - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Launched 14:13 local time. Reached 116.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1947 January 17 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 18 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 8. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 8. Buffet boundary investigation. Full-power climb. Plane reached mach 0.82..

1947 January 22 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 19 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 9. Buffet boundary investigation. Full-power climb. Telemetry failure..

1947 January 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 20 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 10. Buffet boundary investigation. Full-power climb..

1947 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes telemetry system test. - . Nation: USA. Telemetry operated successfully in a V-2 firing at WSPG, Army Ordnance's Hermes telemetry system..

1947 January 24 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Launched 17:22 local time. Reached 50 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1947 January 30 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 21 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 11. Accelerated stalls. Partial power due to engine igniters. Mach 0.75..

1947 January 31 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 22 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 12. Buffet boundary investigation. Mach 0.7..

1947 February - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Nuclear engines ruled out for MX-770 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American completed its study of the possible use of nuclear-powered engines on the missile, and decided to use conventional propellants..

1947 February 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 23 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 13. Machmeter calibration..

1947 February 5 - .
  • Birth of Dr Mary Louise Cleave - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cleave. American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-30. Engineer..

1947 February 7 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 24 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 14. Buffet boundary investigation..

1947 February 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 February 12 - .
  • Sikhote-Alin Meteorite Shower - . Nation: Russia.

1947 February 14 - .
  • Birth of Pham Tuan - . Nation: Vietnam. Related Persons: Tuan. Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-7. First Vietnamese astronaut. Engineer, Air force pilot. Participated in the Vietnam War. Major General of Vietnam Air Force..

1947 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1947 February 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 25 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 15. Accelerated stalls..

1947 February 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1947 February 20 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom I Ionosphere/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

    Launched 11:16 local time. Reached 109.7 km. Carried pressure, ionosphere, sky brightness, biological, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command. First of a series of V-2 firings known as Blossom Project, tested ejection of canister and its recovery by parachute, containing fruit flies and various types of seeds exposed to cosmic rays.


1947 February 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 26 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 16. Flight aborted after drop because of low engine-chamber pressure..

1947 February 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1947 February 26 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Aleksandrovich Khatulev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khatulev. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1980. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB.

1947 March 1 - .
  • Von Braun marries Maria von Quistorp. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Von Braun had mailed a marriage proposal to the 18-year old the previous year They were married her in a local Lutheran church. In December 1948, his first daughter, Iris was born at Fort Bliss Army Hospital..

1947 March - .
  • I-270 rocketplane first powered flight. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Russian Rocket Fighters. Spacecraft: I-270.

    Studies for a copy of the Me-163B rocket fighter were already undertaken by OKB MiG in 1944. Post-war Soviet technical teams discovered the more advanced Ju-248 (Me-263) design and the decision was made that MiG would copy this design. The first airframe, Zh-1, began glider tests in December 1946. The Zh-2, rocket-powered with a dual thrust engine first flew in March 1947. The I-270 was abandoned after the Zh-2 was written off after a hard landing in spring 1947.


1947 March - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • Solid-fuel ramjets for MX-770 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American studied solid-fuel ramjets as a possible propulsion source for the MX-770. It was decided to use a liquid-propellant ramjet..

1947 March 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1947 March 4 - .
  • Soviet Union rejects U.S. plan for UN atomic-energy control - . Nation: International.

1947 March 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi). Launched 11:23 local time. Reached 162.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, photo, biological experiments for Naval Research Lab. Took first photograph from 100-mile altitude..

1947 March 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Larisa Grigoryevna Pozharskaya - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Pozharskaya. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993..

1947 March 29 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Stepanovich Viktorenko - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Viktorenko. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-11, Mir EO-17. 489 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Vityaz (Knight)..

1947 April - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • MX-770 design firms up, but requirements change - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    North American's Kinetic Double-Integrating Accelerometer (KDIA) design allowed an inertial platform to also measure distance traveled. This breakthrough would allow long-distance unpiloted high-accuracy navigation. North American also discovered that the A9 swept-wing design was unstable at transonic speeds. The company selected an aft-wing with forward canard layout for the MX-770.


1947 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First Deacon rocket launched at Wallops Island, which achieved a velocity of 4,200 feet per second..

1947 April 1 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Launched 13:10 local time. Reached 129.5 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 April 4 - .
  • Stalin meeting on Saenger bomber - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Saenger.

    Stalin is fascinated with Saenger's design for an intercontinental rocket bomber. He calls a meeting in the Kremlin, and orders Serov to locate Saenger and bring him to Russia. However Saenger is in Paris, and attempts to kidnap him are thwarted by the French secret police.


1947 April 9 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Launched 17:13 local time. Reached 102.4 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 April 10 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 27 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 11. Glide flight and stall check. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 April 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 28 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 12. Nosewheel damaged. First powered flight of XS-1 # 1 aircraft. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 April 14 - .
  • D-558-I first flight. - . Crew: May. Nation: USA. Related Persons: May. Spacecraft: D-558-1.

    Douglas pilot Eugene F. May flew the number one Skystreak for the first time on April 14, 1947, at Muroc Army Airfield (later renamed Edwards Air Force Base) in Calif. The goals of the program were to investigate the operation of a straight-wing configuration in the lower third of the transonic speed range (which extended from roughly 0.7 to 1.3 times the speed of sound).


1947 April 17 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Grenades Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

    Launched 14:22 local time. Reached 142.7 km. Carried pressure, temperature (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.


1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira.
  • Colomb Bechar rocket test range established. - . Nation: France. French Government established rocket test range at Colomb Bechar, Algeria..

1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • First airplane scale model rocket test. - . Nation: USA. NACA Langley's PARD launched its first rocket-propelled model of a complete airplane for performance evaluation (AF XF-91), at Wallops Island. This was followed by flight tests of models of practically all Air Force and Navy supersonic airplanes..

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 29 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 29 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 13. Handling qualities check. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 April 30 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 30 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 14. Handling qualities check. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 May - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • MX-770 navigation system - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Full design and development of the XN-1 pure inertial navigation system for the MX-770 is begun by North American..

1947 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • FR-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 May 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 31 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 15. Handling qualities check. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 May 15 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 32 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 16. Buffet-boundary investigation. Aileron-damper malfunction..

1947 May 15 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Launched 16:04 local time. Reached 135.5 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, temperature, ionosphere, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab. Landed east of the impact zone on the outskirts of Alamagordo, New Mexico.

1947 May 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 33 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 17. Buffet-boundary investigation. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 May 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 34 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 18. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 18. Buffet-boundary investigation. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 May 22 - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-1.
  • Groettrup G-1 design ordered - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Groettrup, Korolev.

    The G-1 was Groettrup's first design after the German engineering team had been moved to Russia. The first group of 234 specialists was given the task of designing a 600 km range rocket (the G-1/R-10). Work had begun on this already in Germany but the initial challenge in Russia was that the technical documentation was somehow still 'in transit' from the Zentralwerke. The other obstacle was Russian manufacturing technology, which was equivalent to that of Germany at the beginning of the 1930's. The Germans worked at two locations, NII-88 (Korolev OKB) and Gorodmlya Island to complete the design of the G-1. Other groups of Germans worked at Factory 88 (R-1 production) and Factory 456 (Glushko OKB / engine production).


1947 May 22 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 35 - . Crew: Johnston, Alvin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnston, Alvin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 17. Pilot familiarization flight. Mach 0.72, 8 g pullout..

1947 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E.
  • 31D - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). The missile attained a range of 100 km and accepted guidance corrections..

1947 May 29 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 36 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 18. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 18. Airspeed calibration flight to mach 0.72. End of Bell contractor program..

1947 May 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

    Hermes B-1 impacts a graveyard 18.5 km south of Juarez, Mexico on its first test flight. This and the out-of-range V-2 impact on 15 May resulted in new safety measures at WSPG. 'We were the first German unit to not only infiltrate the United States, but to attack Mexico from US soil'. This vehicle was deeply classified at the time. Hermes experiments were conducted with modified V-2 rockets to test the configuration of a ramjet propulsion system. Four Hermes B-1 rockets were flown from Complex 33, none of which were noted in the contemporary records.


1947 June 1 - .
  • MX-771 canceled. - . Nation: USA. The US Army cancels the Martin MX-771 tactical cruise missile, deciding it will instead procure a land-launched version of the similar Navy Regulus..

1947 June - . Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • MX-770 Phase 2 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Component development for the MX-770 missile begins. North American had spent $3.9 million to date on the project. Construction of the launch site for the Nativ test vehicle is begun at Holloman AFB in New Mexico..

1947 June 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 37 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 19. Demonstration flight for Aviation Writers Association. At Muroc Dry Lake, California..

1947 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1947 June 30 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Petrovich Sheffer - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Sheffer. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. Was married to cosmonaut Tamara Zakharova..

1947 July 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 cancelled. - . Nation: USA.

    Contract with Convair for the MX-774 "Upper Air Test Vehicle," predecessor of the Atlas ICBM, was cancelled by the AAF. However the service approves Convair use of unexpended MX-774 funds to launch the MX-774 test vehicles already built. The decision made to move Vultee operations to San Diego.


1947 July - . Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • MX-770 redirection - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The concentration on fhe 800-km range missile was to be abandoned. Prototype missiles were now to be produced in three phases. Phase I would produce a missile with a range of 280 to 800 km; Phase II, one of 800 to 2400 km; and Phase III one of 2400 to 8000 km.


1947 July 10 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 16.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere, biological (Harvard) experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1947 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 33E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1947 July 26 - . Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2's to be tested in Soviet Union. - . Nation: Germany. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 2643-818ss 'On testing of two series of A-4 rockets in 1947' was issued. The missiles were to be fired at the new rocket test ground at Kapustin Yar ('Volgograd Station') ..

1947 July 27 - .
  • Kapustin Yar established. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On establishment of GTsP-4 at Kapustin Yar' was issued..

1947 July 28 - .
  • Birth of Alexei Sergeyevich Borodai - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Borodai. Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1993..

1947 July 30 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi). Launched 05:55 local time. Reached 161.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 August 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 38 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF glide flight 1. Pilot familiarization..

1947 August 7 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 39 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 21. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF glide flight 2. .

1947 August 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 40 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF glide flight 3. .

1947 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Manley Lanier Jr 'Sonny' Carter - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carter. American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33..

1947 August 29 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 41 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF powered flight 1. Mach 0.85..

1947 August 31 - .
  • Birth of Keith Charles Wright - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wright, Keith. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Director, Satellite Control Facility in Sunnyvale. Later with Sparta Corporation, El Segundo, California..

1947 Sept - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-1.
  • G-1 design completed by Groettrup team. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko.

    The selected design was 14.2 m x 1.62 m, 18,400 kg gross weight, empty weight 1,960 kg, 32,000 kgf thrust, LOX/alochol propellants, 20 atm pressure thrust chamber, integral tanks, turbine driven by exhaust gases, control section in back, radio beam guidance, 900 km range, accuracy - 25% in a 1.0 km box.


1947 September 4 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 42 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 24. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 2. About mach 0.89. Telemeter failure required repeat of this flight..

1947 September 6 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 27.0 N x 60.0 W. Launch Platform: CV-41. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Exploded prematurely after a 10 km flight.
  • Operation Sandy test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

    Operation Sandy - German V-2 rocket launched from U.S. aircraft carrrier Midway in Atlantic tests, exploding prematurely after a 10 km flight. This had been preceded by Operation Pushover - the deliberate explosion of a fully tanked V-2 on a dummy shipdeck at White Sands to determine its effect on shipboard launching. Launched from Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 10 "several hundred mi SE Bermuda" - Latitude: 27.00 N, Longitude:60.00 W.


1947 September 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 43 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 25. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 3..

1947 September 10 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 44 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 4. Mach 0.91. Stability and control investigation..

1947 September 12 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 45 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 27. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 5. Mach 0.92. Check of elevator and stabilizer effectiveness. Also buffet investigation..

1947 September 15 - .
  • US Army Air Corps assigned control of surface-to-surface strategic missiles - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

1947 September 15 - .
  • Birth of Richard Alfred Farrimond - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Farrimond. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1947 September 18 - .
  • U.S. Army Air Corps becomes U.S. Air Force - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The Air Force was now a separate service from the US Army. The agreement was made that the Air Force would only handle missiles with ranges over 1600 km. So the range requirement for the MX-770 (later the Navaho) was increased to 1600 km, while carrying a 1350-kg payload with an 800 m CEP, and it became an Air Force missile. The 800-km MX-771 (later Matador) became an Army missile. The MX-775 Snark already had an intercontinental range requirement, and became an Air Force missile.


1947 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 September 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 46 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA acceptance flight. Number 4 cylinder burned out..

1947 September 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment..

1947 September 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October - . Launch Vehicle: HATV.
  • Competing study contracts on satellites. - . Nation: USA. Due to the number of competing study contracts on satellites that were being submitted, the Department of Defense assigned responsibility to coordinate this work to the Committee on Guided Missiles of the Research and Development Board..

1947 October - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • First complete MX-774 moved to Pt. Loma for test - . Nation: USA.

1947 October - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho SSM-A-2.
  • MX-770 project staff reaches 500. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    North American began construction of a wind tunnel at its new rocket test facility in the Santa Susanna mountains, in the northwest San Fernando Valley, north of Los Angeles. The Technical Research Center was renamed the Astrophysics Laboratory. The aerodynamics and control systems work on the MX-770 had already been fed back into North American's swept-wing F-86 Sabre fighter design.


1947 October 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment..

1947 October 3 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 47 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 28. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 6. Check of elevator and stabilizer effectiveness. Also buffet investigation..

1947 October 6 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Stepanovich Andryushkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andryushkov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992..

1947 October 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 48 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 29. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 7. Airspeed calibration flight. Plane attained mach 0.925..

1947 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Dr Yelena Ivanovna Dobrokvashina - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrokvashina. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP..

1947 October 9 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

    Launched 12:15 local time. Reached 156.5 km. Carried Solar radiation (Naval Research Lab); pressure, composition (SCEL) experiments for General Electric. General Electric engineers obtained the first carefully instrumented heat-transfer data from supersonic flight when this V-2 attained 1520 m/s.


1947 October 10 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 49 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 30. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 8. Stability and control investigation. Plane attained mach 0.997..

1947 October 14 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 50 - first supersonic manned flight - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 31. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 9. World's first supersonic flight in level or climbing flight was made by Capt. Charles E. Yeager (USAF) at Muroc, Calif., in a rocket-powered NACA-USAF research plane, Bell XS-1XS-1 # 1 attained mach 1.06 at 13,115 m, approximately 1126 kph..

1947 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 18 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Range achieved 206.7 km. Destroyed during ballistic portion of flight..

1947 October 20 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Range achieved 231.4 km. Tore loose from launch stand; flew 180 km left of planned target..

1947 October 21 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 51 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA glide-familiarization flight for NACA pilot. Stall check. Nosewheel collapsed on landing..

1947 October 23 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Payload destroyed, leading to rocket disintegration..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Range achieved 29.4 km..

1947 October 27 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 52 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 32. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 10. Electric power failure. No rocket ignition..

1947 October 27 - .
  • Birth of Palmer Kent Bailey - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bailey. American geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992..

1947 October 28 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 53 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 33. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 11. Telemetry failure..

1947 October 28 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Range achieved 274.3 km. Achieved objectives..

1947 October 29 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 54 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 34. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 12. Telemetry failure..

1947 October 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 31 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 55 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 35. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 13..

1947 October 31 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Loss of control on longitudinal axis..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Range achieved 2 km..

1947 November 2 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Range achieved 260 km. Achieved objective..

1947 November 3 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 56 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 36. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 14..

1947 November 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Rolled after launch and lost stabilization..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Range achieved 2.3 km..

1947 November 4 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 57 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 37. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 15..

1947 November 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1947 November 4 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi). Range achieved 268 km. Met objectives..

1947 November 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 58 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 38. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 16. Mach 1.35 at 14823 m..

1947 November 8 - .
  • Birth of Dr Margaret Rhea Seddon - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seddon. American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58. Physician. Was married to astronaut Robert Lee (Hoot) Gibson..

1947 November 10 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Lost guidance..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Range achieved 24.4 km..

1947 November 13 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1947 November 13 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi). Range achieved 270 km. Broke up on re-entry..

1947 November 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • D-558-II model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 November 20 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • First static firing of MX-774 - . Nation: USA. Unsuccessful, small fire..

1947 November 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • G.E. Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Launched 16:47 local time. Reached 26.8 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1947 November 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Particles Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment. First complete Aerobee rocket was fired to a height of 190,000 feet from White Sands Proving Ground, N. Mex..

1947 November 28 - .
  • Norton Sound selected as sounding rocket ship. - . Nation: USA. USS Norton Sound was assigned to Operational Development Force for use as an experimental rocket-firing ship, alterations initiated at Naval Shipyard at Philadelphia in March 1948, and completed October 1, 1948..

1947 December 5 - .
  • Birth of Gurragcha Jugderdemidiin 'Gurr' - . Nation: Mongolia. Related Persons: Gurragcha. Mongolian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-9. First Mongolian astronaut. Graduated from Zhukovsky Military Engineering Academy, 1977. Aeronautic engineer, Mongolian Air Force. From 2000 Mongolian Secretary of Defense..

1947 December 8 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Blossom II Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Launched 14:42 local time. Reached 104.8 km. Carried pressure, temperature, solar radiation, sky brightness, ionosphere, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1947 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 December 16 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 59 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 21. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA powered flight 1. Familiarization. Mach 0.84. No telemetry record..

1947 December 17 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 60 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. NACA flight 2. Familiarization. Mach 0.8..

1947 December 27 - .
  • Death of Johannes Winkler - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Winkler. German engineer. Rocket enthusiast, launched first liquid rocket in Europe on 1931.02.21..


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