Encyclopedia Astronautica
Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z

1946 Chronology

1946 During the Year - .
  • Von Braun prophesied the construction of space stations in orbit. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Von Braun Station. Spacecraft: Von Braun Station. In the first 1946 summary of his work during World War II, Wernher von Braun proposed a toroidal station spun to provide artificial gravity..

1946 March - .
  • The Army Air Forces established Project RAND. - . Nation: USA.

    The Army Air Forces established Project RAND at the Santa Monica, California, plant of Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc. On 12 May, Project RAND, which had studied supersonic aircraft, guided missiles, and satellite applications, released a report on 'Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Space Ship' that argued the technical feasibility of building and operating an artificial Earth satellite.


During 1946 - . LV Family: Lark. Launch Vehicle: Lark.
  • Lark Program - . Nation: USA. Vultee Lark missile program in progress.

1946 January 7 - . LV Family: V-1. Launch Vehicle: V-1.
  • Loon first launch. - . Nation: USA.

    First missile launched at Naval Air Facility, Point Mugu, Calif., a KVW-1 Loon, USN name for AAF robot bomb (JB-2) modeled on the German V-1. The inert Loon was launched from an XM-1 launcher, a split-tube catapult with seven sequentially fired powder chambers.


1946 January 10 - .
  • First meeting of UN General Assembly opens in London - . Nation: International.

1946 January 11 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • Strategic Missile Proposals - . Nation: USA.

    Bids were received in response to the USAAF request for proposal of the previous October. Vultee submitted proposals for two types (glide and ballistic) of 8000-km range missiles. North American proposed a three-year development program for a supersonic 800-km range missile, culminating in a production run of 50 missiles.


1946 January 11 - . LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes missile.
  • Hermes Mach 3 ramjet proposed. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Von Braun briefs Hermes; V-2 first stage, ramjet second stage, cruise at 3400 kph at 19 km altitude..

1946 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 flight tests in US initiated. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun.

    U.S. upper atmosphere research program initiated with captured German V-2 rockets. A V-2 panel of representatives of various interested agencies was created, and a total of more than 60 V-2's were fired before the supply ran out. The Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University then undertook to develop a medium-altitude rocket, the Aerobee, while the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) directed its efforts to the development of a large high-altitude rocket, first called the Neptune, later the Viking.


1946 January 16 - .
  • Birth of Michael Lloyd 'Mike' Coats - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Coats. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-29, STS-39..

1946 January 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 1 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 1. First glide flight of AAF-NACA XS-1 rocket research airplane (No.1 of the original three X-1's built), by Jack Woolams, Bell Aircraft test pilot, at Pinecastle Army Air Base, Fla..

1946 January 19 - .
  • Birth of Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin - . Nation: Austria, Belarus. Related Persons: Shchukin. Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988..

1946 January 26 - .
  • Army begins test of guided missiles. - . Nation: USA. Army announced creation by AAF of the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group to develop and test rocket missiles at Eglin Field, Fla..

1946 February 1 - .
  • Death of Hans Lindenberg - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Lindenberg. German-American rocket technician from Dresden. Died at Fort Bliss, Texas..

1946 February 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 3 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 3. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 2 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 2. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 9 - .
  • Birth of Dr Kenneth Hugh Nordsieck - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nordsieck. American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1990..

1946 February 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 4 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 4. Gear retracted, left wing damaged. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 5 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 5. Nosewheel retracted on landing runout. Landing-gear door damaged. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Peenenmuende team arrives in White Sands - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun.

1946 February 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 7 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 7. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 7. Longitudinal and directional stability investigation. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 6 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 6. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 6. Static directional stability investigation. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 26 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 9 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 9. Rate of roll investigation. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 February 26 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 8 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 8. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 8. Dynamic stability check. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

March to April 1946 - . LV Family: Rascal. Launch Vehicle: Rascal.
  • Army Air Force awards nine one-year missile study contracts. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The MX-770 contract for an 800-km range boost-glide missile derived from the German A9 concept went to North American; this would evolve into the Navaho triple-sonic intercontinental cruise missile. Martin received a contract for development of the MX-771, a subsonic ground-launched cruise missile with an 800-km range; it would evolve into the Matador and Mace missiles. Curtiss-Wright and Republic received contracts for the MX-772 and MX-773 surface-to-surface missiles; they never advanced beyond the initial study stage. Convair received the contract for long-range rocket-powered missiles; this evolved into the Atlas ICBM. Northrtop received the MX-775 contract for a 5000-km range cruise missile; this eventually flew as the Snark. Bell receives a contract to develop the MX-776, a 160-km range rocket-powered supersonic missile to be launched from B-29 bombers. This would evolve into the Rascal. McDonnell received a study contract for the MX-777 air-to-surface missile; this evolved into the anti-submarine 'hydrobomb' concept and was eventually transferred to the Navy. Goodyear received contracts for the MX-778 and MX-779 air-to-surface missiles; these never advanced beyond the preliminary study stage. Concurrently, the USAAF had the GARPA surface-to-air missile project underway, which would evolve into Bomarc; the USA Army the Corporal and Hermes (later Redstone) surface-to-surface missiles and the Nike and Hermes A1 surface-to-air missiles; and the Navy a range of missile technology development projects (Regulus, Bat, Kingfisher, Little Joe, Lark, Bumblebee, Gorgon, Dove).


1946 March 3 - .
  • Birth of James Craig 'Jim' Adamson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adamson. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-43. US Army.

1946 March 5 - .
  • Winston Churchill's “Iron Curtain” speech warns of Soviet expansion - . Nation: Russia.

1946 March 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 10 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 10. Static longitudinal stability investigation. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1946 March 6 - .
  • Birth of Patrick Pierre Roger Baudry - . Nation: Cameroon, France. Related Persons: Baudry. French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist..

1946 March 7 - .
  • US Navy continues satellite studies. - . Nation: USA.

    BuAer Committee for Evaluating the Feasibility of Space Rocketry (CEFSR) held joint meeting with AAF representatives to work out joint satellite development program based on BuAer proposal. Nothing resulted until a subsequent Project Rand report and Navy CEFSR proposal were presented to RDB, Committee on Guided Missiles, Technical Evaluation Group in March 1948.


1946 March 9 - .
  • Birth of Dr Gherman Semyonovich Arzamazov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Arzamazov. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1995. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems..

1946 March 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 static fired - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. First American-assembled V-2 static fired at White Sands Proving Ground..

1946 March 19 - . LV Family: HATV. Launch Vehicle: World Circling Space Ship.
  • Project RAND - . Nation: USA. The Army Air Forces established Project RAND, which in part included the study of satellite applications..

1946 March 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Ivanov. Launch Vehicle: Ivanov. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1946 March 24 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • MX-770 strategic missile study contract awarded - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. North American received W33-038-ac-1491, a $500,000 letter contract, for study of the MX-770, an 800 km range, supersonic guided missile with a 900 kg nuclear warhead..

1946 March 28 - .
  • Birth of Dr Wubbo Johannes Ockels - . Nation: Netherlands. Related Persons: Ockels. Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut..

1946 April 1 - .
  • Birth of Dr William Frederick Fisher - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fisher, William. American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I. Was married to astronaut Anna Fisher..

1946 April 2 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 strategic missile study contract awarded - . Nation: USA. Convair received contract W33-038-AC-14168 for a $1.4 million, one-year study of two missile designs..

1946 April 16 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). First flight test of American-assembled V-2 rocket launched by the Army at White Sands Proving Ground. Launched 14:47 local time. Reached 5.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 April 19 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Viktorovich Zabolotski - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zabolotski. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1984-1997. Cosmonaut training September 1985 - 1987. Buran Test Pilot. Civilian test pilot at the Zhukovsky Flight Test Center of LII..

1946 April 22 - . LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Matador missile project begun. - . Nation: USA. Glenn L. Martin Co. contracted with the AAF to produce (under Project MX-771) a surface-to-surface guided missile (later designated the Matador)..

1946 May 1 - .
  • RAND study of a capsule with wings for manned space flight. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. RAND authorities determined that it was feasible to design a capsule with wings for manned space flight..

1946 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1946 May 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 8 - . LV Family: HATV. Launch Vehicle: HATV.
  • Navy preliminary investigations of earth satellite vehicles. - . Nation: USA. The Chief of Naval Operations directed the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics to make preliminary investigations in the field of earth satellite vehicles..

1946 May 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1946 May 10 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Launched 14:15 local time. Reached 112.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 May 12 - .
  • Douglas Aircraft Company study on the feasibility of a man-carrying satellite. - . Nation: USA.

    Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc., completed an engineering study on the feasibility of designing a man-carrying satellite. The study showed that if a vehicle could be accelerated to a speed of 27 360 km per hr and aimed properly it would revolve on a circular orbit above the Earth's atmosphere as a new satellite. Such a vehicle would make a complete circuit of the Earth approximately every hour and a half. Additional Details: here....


1946 May 12 - . LV Family: HATV. Launch Vehicle: World Circling Space Ship.
  • Preliminary Design of an Experimental World Circling Space Ship - . Nation: USA. Project RAND filed a report entitled 'Preliminary Design of an Experimental World Circling Space Ship,' which indicated the technical feasibility of building and launching an artificial satellite..

1946 May 13 - .
  • Committee formed to implement German rocket technology in Russia. - . Nation: Russia.

    Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 1017-419ss 'Questions of Reactive Armaments-formation of Special Committee for Reactive Technology (later Special Committee No. 2) of Council of Ministers for the co-ordination of work on missiles' was issued. This decree set up a number of new research institutes to exploit German rocket technology.


1946 May 17 - . LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aerobee rocket project begun. - . Nation: USA. Original design and development of Aerobee sounding rocket begun when contract was given to Aerojet Engineering Corp..

1946 May 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Tiny Tim. Launch Vehicle: Tiny Tim.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ORD. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 May 29 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Launched 14:10 local time. Reached 112.4 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 June 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes C1 - . Nation: USA. General Electric began a feasibility study of the Hermes C1 which later formed the basis for early Redstone missile research..

1946 June - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Groettrup team completes R-2 design. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup.

    Groettrup team in Nordhausen completes design of the K1 (R-1). The design uses some parts manufactured in reopened factories in the German east zone. Factory 88 at Podlipki (later Kaliningrad, then Korolev) 16 km north-west of Moscow, and Factory 456, at Khimki, 7 km north-west of Moscow, are to be the first two Soviet rocket assembly factories.


1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Ivanov. Launch Vehicle: Ivanov. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Ivanov. Launch Vehicle: Ivanov.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Ivanov. Launch Vehicle: Ivanov. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1946 June 3 - .
  • Birth of Malcolm Webb Lydon - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lydon. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1986..

1946 June 9 - .
  • Birth of Dr Francis Andrew 'Drew' Gaffney - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gaffney. American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40..

1946 June 13 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • UVS / Ionosphere properties Solar ultraviolet / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Launched 16:40 local time. Reached 117.7 km. Carried solar radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 June 21 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • NII-4 founded. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On establishment of NII-4' was issued..

1946 June 24 - .
  • Birth of Ellison Shoji Onizuka - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Onizuka. American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident..

1946 June 28 - .
  • Birth of John Michael 'Mike' Lounge - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lounge. American geophysicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I, STS-26, STS-35..

1946 June 28 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • UVS / Ionosphere properties Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Launched 12:03 local time. Reached 108.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, solar radiation, pressure, and temperature experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 July 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1946 July 3 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Plant 456 at Khimki (later OKB-456, NPO Energomash) formed. - . Nation: Russia. Ministry of Aviation Industry (MAP) Decree 424 'On redirecting Plant No. 456 at Khimki for the production of rocket engines' was issued..

1946 July 7 - .
  • Birth of Paul Andrew Sefchek - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sefchek. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985..

1946 July 9 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Launched 12:30 local time. Reached 134.7 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 July 14 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • First rocket unit of Soviet military formed. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On establishment of BON of Fourth Directorate of GAU in Ministry of Armed Forces' was issued..

1946 July 17 - .
  • Birth of Toktar Ongarbaevich Aubakirov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Aubakirov. Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Kazakh astronaut..

1946 July 19 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE, US Army. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Launched 12:11 local time. Reached 4.8 km. Carried ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 July 26 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • MX-770 fixed price contract finalized. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The payload requirement was increased to 1360 kg. North American was also to be provided with captured V-1 or American-built JB-1 Loon cruise missiles, Wasserfall or American Hermes C-2 missiles, and captured V-2 missiles. The company was also to produce as part of its development program an Americanised subscale V-2, the Nativ.


1946 July 30 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Launched 12:40 local time. Reached 161.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab); and biological (Harvard) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1946 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Richard Oswalt 'Dick' Covey - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Covey. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61..

1946 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Andrea Lorenzoni - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Lorenzoni. Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI)..

1946 August 9 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Korolev named Chief Designer for R-1 rocket (copy of German V-2). - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Ministry of Armaments Decree 83-K 'On appointment of S. P Korolev as Chief Designer of R-1' was issued..

1946 August 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Princeton, US Army. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Launched 11:00 local time. Reached 6.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Palmer Physics Lab, Princeton University..

1946 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Aleksandrovich Romanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Romanov. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman-Higher School, Moscow, 1970 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Worked with NPO Salyut..

1946 August 19 - .
  • Birth of William J Clinton - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Clinton. American Politician. William J. Clinton became president of the United States in 1993. Previously he served as governor and attorney general of Arkansas..

1946 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Charles Frank Jr 'Charlie' Bolden - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bolden. African-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-45, STS-60..

1946 August 22 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Launch failure..
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Launched 10:15 local time. Launch failure. Carried pressure, density, ionosphere, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1946 August 23 - .
  • Birth of Robert Henry Clegg - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Clegg. American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992..

1946 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Richard Noel 'Dick' Richards - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Richards. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-41, STS-50, STS-64..

1946 August 26 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • NII-88 reorganised. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On establishment of structure of NII-88' was issued..

1946 August 30 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Korolev head of Department 3, NII-88. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Decree 'On appointment of S. P. Korolev as Chief of Department No. 3 of NII-88 SKB' was issued..

1946 September - . LV Family: Groettrup. Launch Vehicle: G-2.
  • Groettrup team designs 2 stage IRBM. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Groettrup. Groettrup sketches design for a 2500 km range missile..

1946 September 6 - .
  • Birth of Bryan Daniel 'OC' O Connor - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: O Connor. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-40..

1946 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 September 29 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • OKB-456 formed (later Energomash). - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 1167 'On establishment of OKB-456 at Plant No. 456 at Khimki' was issued..

1946 October 1 - . LV Family: Viking sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Viking sounding rocket.
  • Viking rocket project begun. - . Nation: USA. Reaction Motors began design and development of rocket engine for the Navy Viking sounding rocket..

1946 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Project Bumper initiated. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Army Ordnance initiated Bumper Project for development leading to a two-stage rocket test vehicle, which resulted in use of JPL WAC Corporal as second stage of a V-2..

1946 October 7 - .
  • X-1 moved to Edwards. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. First of three XS-1 (later X-1) rocket research airplanes moved from Bell Aircraft's Niagara Falls plant to Muroc, Calif..

1946 October 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 10 - .
  • Birth of Franco Egidio Malerba - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Malerba. Italian biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46. First Italian astronaut. ESA; STS-46 Mission TSS-1..

1946 October 10 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi). Launched 11:02 local time. Reached 174.2 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, biological experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 October 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 11 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 1. Glide flight, pilot familiarization..

1946 October 14 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 12 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 2. Glide flight..

1946 October 15 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • EA 1946 development authorised - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The improved version of the EA 1941 is dubbed Eole and will use a fuel-cooled combustion chamber walls..

1946 October 17 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 13 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 3. Glide flight, small check..

1946 October 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 22 - .
  • OKB-2 formed for exploitation of German rocketplane technology. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 346. Spacecraft: 346. Soviet director was A Ya Bereznyak, and chief designer was German engineer Hans Roessing. OKB-2 was tasked with continued development and flight of the German supersonic DFS 8-346 rocket reconnaissance aircraft..

1946 October 23 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Groettrup team transported to Soviet Union. - . Nation: Russia. In overnight roundup, 20,000 Germans transported to USSR to transfer technology on aerospace and other technical fields..

1946 October 24 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

    Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 104.8 km. Carried cosmic and soalr radiaiton, winds, photography experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University. The John Hopkins camera took motion pictures of the earth at over 100 km altitude (pictures covered 100,000 square km.)


1946 October 27 - .
  • Birth of Steven Ray Nagel - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nagel. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-61-A, STS-37, STS-55. Was married to astronaut Linda Godwin..

1946 October 27 - .
  • Birth of Terry Jonathan 'TJ' Hart - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hart. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C..

1946 October 30 - .
  • Birth of Robert Lee 'Hoot' Gibson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gibson. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47, STS-71. Was married to astronaut Rhea Seddon..

1946 November 7 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Princeton, US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Launched 13:31 local time. Reached 100.3 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Palmer Physics Lab, Princeton University..

1946 November 11 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Alekseyevich Solovyov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Solovyov, Vladimir. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO.

1946 November 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 November 21 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Launched 10:00 local time. Reached 101.6 km. Carried pressure, temperature, ionosphere, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1946 November 29 - . LV Family: Keldysh Bomber. Launch Vehicle: Keldysh Bomber.
  • Keldysh Space Bomber authorised - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Saenger. Program: Navaho.

    The NII-1 NKAP research institute was formed with Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh as its head to investigate and develop the German Saenger-Bredt design. It was clear from the preliminary study that an immense amount of work needed to be done before a draft project of a feasible design could be prepared - it would take until the mid-1950's.


1946 December 1 - .
  • Test Pilot Jack Woolams dies at age of 29 -- Killed during a practice flight for a race that was to occur the next day. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. American Bell test pilot, flew XP-59A and XS-1. Killed in air crash in 1944..

1946 December - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 Azusa tracking - . Nation: USA. Study report submitted to Air Force on proposed Azusa tracking/guidance system. MX-774 funding cut back..

1946 December 2 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 14 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 4. Glide flight, check of fuel-jettison system..

1946 December 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 December 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Modified WAC A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1946 December 5 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL, US Army. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Launched 13:08 local time. Reached 153.2 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 December 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1946 December 9 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 15 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 5. First XS-1 powered flight. Mach 0.79 at 10675 m. Minor engine fire. At Edwards AFB, California..

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1946 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1946 December 18 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • CR / Grenades Chemical release / meteor test - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL, US Army. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Launched 22:18 local time. Reached 183.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, meteorites; biological (National Institute of Health) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1946 December 20 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 16 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 6. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 6. Familiarization powered flight..


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use