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Technology satellite
Category of spacecraft.


Project 581 Chinese technology satellite. Study 1959. First Chinese satellite project, with the objective of placing a satellite in orbit by 1959.

Sputnik 1 Russian technology satellite. Tikhonravov's 1.4 metric ton ISZ satellite was to have been launched by the new R-7 ICBM as the Soviet Union's first satellite, during the International Geophysical Year.

Vanguard 1 American technology satellite. An engineering test satellite. Based on orbital position data derived from its transmissions, the shape of the earth was refined.

Pilot satellite American technology satellite. 6 launches, 1958.07.25 (Pilot 1) to 1958.08.28 (Pilot 6). Pilot launches were deep-black tests of the US Navy's 1950's reconnaissance satellite and ASAT designs.

Beacon 1 American technology satellite.

Hi-Hoe American technology satellite. 3 launches, 1961.10.05 (Hi-Hoe 1) to 1962.07.26 (Hi-Hoe 3). US antisatellite tests.

DS-1 Ukrainian technology satellite. Technology test version of the original DS light satellite design. Primary mission was to test launch vehicle. Technology Experiments, Asteroid & Comet Flyby Probe satellite built by Spectrum Astro for NASA, USA. Launched 1998. Used the SA-200HP bus.

TRAAC American technology satellite. Transit Research and Attitude Control. Technology satellite built by Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) for USN, USA. Launched 1961.

DS-2 Ukrainian technology satellite. Mars penetrator satellite operated by NASA, USA. Launched 1999.

1MS Russian technology satellite. Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. Launched 1962.

2MS Russian technology satellite. Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. Launched 1962.

Beanstalk American technology satellite. One launch, 1962.05.31. Suborbital.

TAVE American technology satellite. Thor Agena Vibration Experiment Vehicle evaluation payload for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Launched 1962.

P 11 American technology satellite.

Omega Russian technology satellite. Early Cosmos satellite, evidently using the Yuzhnoye DS satellite bus. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Technology satellite, Russia. Launched 1963.

TRS American technology satellite. TRS satellites undertook a range of engineering experiments related to radiation-hardening of solar cells and spacecraft electronics. Experimental satellite built by TRW Systems Group for USAF, USA. Launched 1962 - 1963.

DS-MT Ukrainian technology satellite. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays. Cosmic Radiation satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1963 - 1964. Used DS Bus.

DS-MG Ukrainian technology satellite. Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied magnetosphere of the earth. Science, magnetosphere satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1964. Used DS Bus.

Asterix French technology satellite. First French satellite. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in order to test the "Diamant" launching vehicle for the first time. Technology satellite for CNES, France. Launched 1965.

DS-U2-M Ukrainian technology satellite. Development tests of atomic clocks. Science, Principle of relativity satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1965 - 1967. Used DS Bus.

DS-U5 Ukrainian technology satellite. Cancelled 1965. Light satellite with propulsion for periodic correction of orbit. Cancelled in 1965 and never flown.

Ohsumi Japanese technology satellite. Small engineering test satellites lofted by Japan's first indigenous launch vehicle. Technology satellite operated by ISAS, Japan. Launched 1966 - 1970.

OV4 American technology satellite. Whispering gallery experiments. Experimental satellite built by Raytheon for USAF, USA. Launched 1966.

DS-MO Ukrainian technology satellite. Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilization and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments. Technology, aerodynamic stabilization satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1967 - 1970. Used DS Bus.

ESRO European technology satellite. The ESRO series were small Scout-launched probes of near-earth space. Research satellite built by Laboratoire Central de Telecommunications for ESRO, Europe. Launched 1968 - 1969.

Apollo LTA American technology satellite. 3 launches, 1967.11.09 (LTA-10R) to 1968.12.21 (LTA-B). Apollo Lunar module Test Articles were simple mass/structural models of the Lunar Module.

STV European technology satellite. Satellite Test Vehicle. Vehicle evaluation payload built by Fiat Aviazione for ELDO, Europe. Launched 1968 - 1970.

PAC American technology satellite. Package Attitude Control; semi-active gravity gradient stabilization tests. Technology satellite for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Launched 1969.

Osumi Japanese technology satellite. Ohsumi 5. Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. Injection point 29.7 N, 145.8 E.

Dial MIKA French technology satellite. Engineering package; monitored launch vehicle performance. Technology satellite for DFVLR, Germany. Launched 1970.

DIAL WIKA German technology satellite. DIAL-WIKA. Technology satellite for DFVLR, Germany. Launched 1970.

Tansei Japanese technology satellite. Series of spacecraft of varying configurations built for engineering tests of scientific satellite equipment.

Gridsphere American technology satellite. Experimental satellite operated by USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 1968 - 1971.

Musketball American technology satellite.

Mylar American technology satellite.

ASTEX American technology satellite. Space Test Program; technology experiments. Technology satellite for USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 1971.

STV 4 Vehicle evaluation payload built by Fiat Aviazione for ELDO, Europe.

TD-1A European technology satellite. Sixth satellite of ESRO. Astronomy, X-Ray satellite built by Engins Matra (prime), ERNO (structure), Saab (communications) for ESRO, Europe. Launched 1972.

SRET French technology satellite. Test satellite. Technology satellite, France. Launched 1972.

Miranda British technology satellite. Satellite technology. Anticipated life: longer than 50 years. Technology satellite built by Hawker Siddeley Dynamics, Ltd., UK. Launched 1974.

COS European technology satellite. CERS/ESRO satellite, first European Space Agency satellite. Studied extraterrestrial gamma radiation in the 25 MeV to 1 GeV energy range. Astronomy, Gamma satellite built by MBB (prime), Aerospatiale (structure) for ESRO => ESA, Europe. Launched 1975.

ETS Japanese technology satellite. Technology satellite operated by NASDA, Japan. Launched 1975.

Corsa A Japanese technology satellite. Japanese technology satellite.

AUOS Ukrainian spacecraft bus. Standardized bus for low earth orbit scientific studies and testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions. Satellite bus built by Yuzhnoe, Ukraine.

GAS NASA's GetAway Special program, officially known as the Small, Self-Contained Payloads program, offered interested individuals or groups opportunities to fly small experiments aboard the space shuttle.

Signe French technology satellite.

PIX American technology satellite. Plasma Interaction Experiment. Research satellite for NASA Lewis Research Center, USA. Launched 1978-1983.

Rohini 1A Indian technology satellite.

CAT European technology satellite. Vehicle evaluation payload, Europe. Launched 1979 - 1981.

Firewheel French technology satellite. Multiple European technology test satellites launched on the first Ariane. Research satellite, Germany. Launched 1980.

Rohini 2 Indian technology satellite.

SSTL-70 British microsatellite bus. 1 Basic Surrey Microsat bus.

IRT American technology satellite. Deployed from STS 41B 2/5/84. Rendezvous target satellite operated by NASA, USA. Launched 1984.

OEX Target American technology satellite. Shuttle autopilot software test target.

MABES Japanese technology satellite. MABES (Jindai). Experiment on the levitation of the magnetic bearing flywheel under zero-g condition. Technology satellite operated by NASDA, Japan. Launched 1986.

Ofeq 1-2 Israeli technology satellite. Ofeq, meaning 'Horizon', was a technology demonstration satellite developed by IAI (Israel Aircraft Industries) for ISA (Israel Space Agency). Technology satellite built by IAI, MBT for ISA, Israel. Launched 1988 - 1990. Used Ofeq-1 Bus.

Stacksat P87-2 American technology satellite. The U. S. military's STACKSAT mission involved the launch of three similar spacecraft, POGS, TEX and SCE. Technology satellite built by DSI for DARPA, USA. Launched 1990. Used MAESTRO Bus.

CTA Canadian technology satellite. Canadian Target Assembly; deployed from STS-52 10/22/92. Technology satellite for CSA, Canada. Launched 1992.

Kitsat South Korean technology satellite. South Korean indigenous 50-kg-class small satellite series, developed originally with technology transfer from Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.

VEP Japanese technology satellite. Monitored H-2 launch vehicle performance. National name MYOJO. Technology satellite for NASDA, Japan. Launched 1994.

DARPASAT American technology satellite. USA 102. GPS receiver and data processor technology tests. Experimental satellite built by Ball Aerospace for DARPA, USA. Launched 1994.

STRV British technology satellite. Technology satellite built by Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA) for DERA, BMDO, ESA, UK. Launched 1994 - 2000.

APEX American technology satellite. P90-6 APEX. Technology satellite built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) for USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 1994. Used the PegaStar bus.

EKA Russian technology satellite. Eksperimentalniy Kosmicheskiy Apparat - dummy of test satellite.

Gurwin Israeli technology satellite. Gurwin satellites were built by the Technion Institute of Technology, Israel.

STEP Space Test Experiment Program; series of USAF technology test satellites.

MicroSat-100 British microsatellite bus. Enlarged version of the basic Surrey Microsat-70 bus.

SURFSAT-1 American technology satellite. SURFSAT. SURFSAT-1 was a small satellite built by undergraduate college students and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to support experiments by NASA's Deep Space Network. Technology satellite, USA. Launched 1995.

Skipper Russian technology satellite. Aerobraking investigation; satellite provided by Russia, instruments by Utah State University; solar array shorted immediately following deployment and ended mission. Built by USU/SDL (instrument module), MAI, NPO Lavochkin (bus) for BMDO (ex SDIO), USA. Launched 1995.

OAST-Flyer American technology satellite. GPS receiver, amateur radio tests; examined effect of solar radiation on satellite explosive devices; deployed from STS 72 1/14/96; retrieved 1/16/96.

IAE satellite American technology satellite. Deployed from Spartan 207 5/20/96; test of inflatable antenna technology. Reentered May 22.

PAMS American technology satellite. Passive attitude control technology test. Deployed from shuttle STS-77 on 5/22/96; Re-entered Oct 26.

Minisat Spanish technology satellite. The Minisat spacecraft were built for the Spanish space Agency by CASA. Experimental satellite built by CASA for INTA, Spain. Launched 1997. Used Minisat-0 Bus.

MAQSAT European technology satellite. MAQSATs were mass model and technology satellites built by Kayser-Threde, Munich, and lofted during the test flights of the Ariane 5. Vehicle evaluation payload built by Kayser-Threde for Arianespace, Europe. Launched 1997.

SNOE American technology satellite. Atmospheric science satellite operated by NASA, USA. Launched 1998.

SEDSAT American technology satellite. The SEDSAT micro-satellite was built by the Huntsville, Alabama chapter of SEDS (the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space). Technology satellite for SEDS, USA. Launched 1998.

SAC-A Argentinian technology satellite. The Scientific Applications Satellite-S (SAC-A) was a small, ejectable, low cost Argentinian satellite that was launched during the STS-88 Space Shuttle Endeavour mission. Experimental, Earth observation satellite built by INVAP for CONAE, Argentina. Launched 1998.

Elf Russian technology satellite. Study 1998. Elf was a micro satellite platform developed by KB Arsenal. With a platform weight of 80 kg it could provide 20 W power to 30 kg instrument payloads.

Sunsat South African technology satellite. Sunsat was built by students at Stellenbosch University, South Africa and carried a small imager and a message relay payload. Experimental satellite for Stellenbosch University, South Africa. Launched 1999.

Minibus British technology satellite. Study 1999. UoSAT-12 was the first test of the Minibus platform, at 325 kg a larger spacecraft than earlier 50 kg Surrey UoSATs. It carried a mobile radio experiment (MERLION), a GPS receiver, and imaging cameras.

MiniSat-400 British technology satellite. Basic Surrey Minisat bus.

Starshine American technology satellite. The small Starshine satellite, built by NRL, was to be observed by students as part of an educational exercise. Research (Atmospheric density) satellite operated by NASA, USA. Launched 1999 - 2001.

SACI Brazilian technology satellite. INPE experimental scientific satellites; carried a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. Scientific, cosmic rays, magnetic field and plasma satellite for INPE, Brazil. Launched 1999.

ASUSAT American technology satellite. Arizona State University satellite with an Earth imager and an amateur radio transponder. Experimental satellite for Arizona State University, USA. Launched 2000.

FalconSat American technology satellite. The JAWSAT/FalconSat payloads were developed as a joint effort between the Air Force Academy and Weber State University.

JAK American technology satellite, launched, 2000.01.27. Three picosatellites (JAK, Thelma, and Louise), developed by the Artemis team of women undergraduates at Santa Clara University, were deployed from the OPAL satellite.

JAWSAT American technology satellite. The JAWSAT/FalconSat payloads are being developed as a joint effort between the Air Force Academy and Weber State University. Experimental satellite built by One Stop Satellite Solutions (OSSS) (structure) for Air Force Academy, Weber State University Satellite, USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 2000.

OCSE American technology satellite. Optical Calibration Sphere Experiment, a 3.5m diameter inflatable sphere built by L'Garde Inc. for calibrating the lasers at the AFRL Starfire Optical Range. Experimental satellite built by L'Garde Inc. for U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, USA. Launched 2000.

OPAL American technology satellite. Stanford University Orbiting Picosat Automated Launcher. Experimental satellite for Stanford University, USA. Launched 2000.

STENSAT American technology satellite. Picosat built by built by the AMSAT-NA (Amateur Satellite, North America) group, and carried an amateur radio transponder. Experimental satellite for Stensat Group, LLC, USA. Launched 2000.

Simsat Russian technology satellite. 660 kg dummy satellite for vehicle evaluation. Launched 2000.

SSTL-10 Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) SNAP-1 Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Platform could accommodate 6-10 kg satellites complete with imagers and propulsion.

MITA Italian technology satellite. MITA was an Italian Space Agency experimental microsatellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space of Milano and carried the NINA particle detector and an experimental attitude control system. Technology, Science (cosmic rays) satellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space SpA for ASI, Italy. Launched 2000. Used MITA-Bus.

Rubin German technology microsatellite. Rubin was developed by OHB and students of the Hochschule Bremen. Technology satellite for OHB-System, Germany. Launched 2000. Used the Kosmos-3M second stage bus.

UniSat Italian technology satellite developed by the GAUSS (Gruppo di Astrodinamica dell' Universita degli Studi 'la Sapienza') in Roma. Technology satellite for GAUSS (La Sapienza University of Rome), Italy. Launched 2000-2006.

Munin Swedish technology satellite. Small 6 kg Munin nanosatellite was built by Swedish students in collaboration with the Swedish Institute for Space Physics (IRF) and carried a particle detector, a spectrometer, and an auroral camera. Scientific satellite for SSC, Sweden. Launched 2000.

SBD American technology satellite. SBD, the Orbital Corporation Special Bus Design, was a 73 kg test version of an enlarged Microstar bus. Technology satellite for Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC), USA. Launched 2001. Used the MicroStar (double) bus.

Sapphire American technology satellite. SAPPHIRE (a US DoD-funded microsatellite) was built by Stanford University students and carried experimental infrared horizon sensors, a voice synthesizer and a digital camera. Research satellite for Stanford University, USA. Launched 2001.

Reflektor Russian technology satellite. The 8 kg Reflektor was built by NII KP in Russia for space debris studies in a joint experiment with the Air Force Research Lab. Antenna reflector technology satellite for Energia-GPI Space (EGS), Georgia, Russia.

MDS Japanese technology satellite. MDS (Mission Demonstration Satellite) was a technology demonstrator to flight-qualify commercial subsystems.

Kolibri Russian technology satellite. Kolibri was a joint Russian-Australian educational project to allow school children to monitor low frequency waves and particle fluxes in low orbit.

HTSTL Chinese technology satellite.hinese technology satellite. 50 kg test satellite, built by university students, was to have been placed in a 300 km polar orbit.

Mu-Labsat Japanese technology satellite. Technology satellite, which released two tiny subsatellites in an experiment to test an onboard tracking imager for inspector satellites.

Yamsat Taiwanese technology satellite. Study 2002. Taiwan's NSPO developed this 1 kg picosatellite at a cost of $289,000 pico-class satellite in collaboration with Stanford University, USA. It was planned for launch on a Russian Dnepr booster in May 2002.

Cubesat American low-cost nanosatellite bus. Used in dozens of launches.

SATEC Brazilian technology satellite. Technology satellite for INPE, Brazil. Launched 2003.

Unosat Brazilian technology satellite.

STSat South Korean technology satellite, built by KAIST. Technology, astronomy satellite for KAIST, South Korea. Launched 2003.

SERVIS Japanese technology satellite. Technology satellite built by Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO) for METI, NEDO, USEF, Japan. Launched 2003 - 2010.

OlympicSat Chinese technology satellite. One launch, 2004.04.18, Naxing 1. It was announced in July 2001 would China will launch two small satellites on one rocket. The first would be an engineering test satellite developed by Tsinghua University.

Nanosat 01 Spanish technology satellite. Experimental nanosat built by the Spanish space agency (INTA).

3CSat American technology satellite. The Three-Corner Sat mission was to obtain stereo images of clouds and test artificial intelligence software. Technology satellite built by Arizona State University (ASU) (#Sparky), University of Colorado at Boulder (CU) (#Ralphie), New Mexico State University (NMSU) (#Petey) for Arizona State University (ASU), University of Colorado at Boulder (CU), New Mexico State University (NMSU), USA. Launched 2004.Launched 2004.

Universitetskiy Russian technology satellite. Student satellite for radiation studies, ejected from Cosmos 2414.

SLOSHSAT Dutch technology satellite. Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system. Technology fluids in weightlessness satellite built by NLR for NLR, ESA, Netherlands. Launched 2005.

Nanosputnik Russian technology satellite. Nanosatellite delivered by Progress M-52 to the International Space Station. 30 cm long, it was released from during a spacewalk on 28 March 2005.

Reimei Japanese technology satellite. Plasma Science Technology. INDEX, renamed Reimei ("Dawn") after launch, was a test satellite with new lightweight satellite components, and a demonstration auroral imager payload.

Safir Iran Iranian technology satellite. Study 2005. Minimum satellite equipped like the first Sputnik with only a transmitter to confirm that it achieved orbit. Planned for launch by the Iranian Shahab-3 launcher in early 2005.

Cute Japanese technology satellite. Student subsatellites.

ST5 American technology satellite. 3 launched, 2006.03.22 (ST5-A) to (ST5-C).

Genesis Pathfinder American technology satellite. One third scale version of the Nautilus inflatable human space habitat module. Technology, inflateable structures satellite for Bigelow Aerospace, USA. Launched 2006-2007.

Hitsat Japanese technology satellite.

SSSat Japanese technology satellite. Solar sail experiment.

Guardian American technology satellite. Cancelled 2006. 45% scale version of the Nautilus inflatable human space habitat module, designed to prove the ECS system.

Mesbah Iranian technology satellite. Study 2006. Technology satellite with imaging and communications payloads. Planned as the operational payload of the Iranian Shahab-3 orbital launch vehicle. The satellite would be cube-shaped, 50 cm on a side.

Pehuensat Argentinian technology satellite. Experimental satellite developed by the Universidad Nacional del Comahue and AMSAT-LU. The satellite remained attached to the PSLV's Dual Launch Adapter. Technology satellite for AATE, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, AMSAT-LU, Argentina. Launched 2007.

Midstar American technology satellite.

RS-300 American technology satellite bus. Ball Aerospace's RS-300 was a small, low-cost spacecraft aimed at cost-capped principle investigator led missions for Earth or space science.

STPSat American technology satellite. Operational, first launch 2007.03.09.

Zheda Pixing Chinese technology satellite. Experimental microelectronics research picosatellite. Launched 2007.05.25,

Can X Canadian technology satellite. 2 launched, 2008.04.28 (Can X-6 ) and (Can X-2 ).

Compass German technology satellite. One launch, 2008.04.28. Fachhochschule Aachen nanosat.

Delfi Dutch technology satellite. One launch, 2008.04.28. Technical University of Delft nanosat.

SEEDS Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2008.04.28. Nihon University at Tokyo nanosat. Technology satellite for Nihon University, Japan. Launched 2006-2008. Cubesat 1U bus.

Nanosail American technology satellite. Launched 2008.08.03,

PreSat American technology satellite for NASA Ames Research Center, USA. Launched 2008. Cubesat 3U bus.

Trailblazer American technology satellite built by SpaceDev for SpaceDev, ORS, USA. Launched 2008. Used MMB-100 Bus.

Omid Iranian technology satellite.ranian technology satellite. First Iranian-built, Iranian-launched satellite. Technology satellite for Iran National Space Administration (INSA), Iran. Launched 2008-2009.

Ban Xing Chinese technology satellite. BX-1. Ban Xing (companion satellite) subsatellite released by Shenzhou. If maneuvered away and back to the Shenzhou orbital module after the mission.

Galaxy space station module The Galaxy subscale space station module was scheduled to fly in 2008. It would be twice as large as its Genesis predecessors and represent a 50% scale model of the Sundancer manned inflatable space station.

JAXA SDS Japanese technology satellite. SDS-1. JAXA Small Demonstration Satellite, a microsatellite with a camera, GPS receiver and sun sensor. Technology satellite operated by JAXA, Japan. Launched 2009.

Kagayaki Japanese technology satellite. Technology satellite built by Sorun Corporation, Tokyo, with several technology payloads. Technology satellite, Japan. Launched 2009.

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