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Yamal
Part of USP (Victoria) Family

Yamal

Yamal
Credit: USAF Phillips Laboratory

Russian communications satellite. The Yamal communications satellite bus was developed by RKK Energia for Gazprom. Communication satellite built by RKK Energiya for Gazkom > Gazprom Space Systems, Russia. Launched 1999. Used the USP Bus bus.

Status: Operational 1999. First Launch: 1999-09-06. Last Launch: 2014-04-16. Number: 5 . Gross mass: 1,360 kg (2,990 lb).

Due to their compact size and low mass, Yamal spacecraft could be launched two at a time by a Proton booster.

Initial plans were to deploy two vehicles, one at 75 degrees E and one at 19.50 West, in a 1997 launch. This was delayed to 1999, but they were successful and followed by a second pair in 2003. Yamal was the smallest of the proposed post-Soviet geosynchronous spacecraft with a total mass of 1.3-1.4 metric tons, including a payload mass of up to 310 kg. The box-like spacecraft bus carried two solar arrays capable of producing 2.4 kW at the end of the 10-year design life. A single primary dish antenna supported the nine planned C-band transponders. A combination of liquid and ion engines were used for spacecraft attitude and orbit maintenance. The spacecraft as finally flown was equipped with 12 C-band transponders built by Space Systems/Loral and Fakel SPD-70 plasma thrusters for inclination control.


More at: Yamal.

Family: Communications, Geosynchronous orbit, Surveillance. Country: Russia. Engines: SPT-70. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Proton, Soyuz-U, Proton-K/DM-2M. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC31, Baikonur LC81/23. Agency: Korolev bureau, Gazprom. Bibliography: 2, 4, 7045, 13359, 13360, 13361.
Photo Gallery

Yamal-101Yamal-101
Credit: NPO PM


Yamal-100Yamal-100
Credit: NPO PM


Egyptsat-2Egyptsat-2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Yamal 101Yamal 101
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Yamal-200 KA-1Yamal-200 KA-1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Yamal-200 KA-2Yamal-200 KA-2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Yamal-300KYamal-300K
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Yamal 302Yamal 302
Credit: Manufacturer Image



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