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1920 Chronology

1920 January 2 - .
  • Birth of Isaac Asimov - . Nation: Russia, USA. Related Persons: Asimov. Jewish-American writer. Writer of science fiction and popular science..

1920 January 11 - .
  • Smithsonian publishes Goddard's "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes" - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard's work lays out the concept of using the multi-stage rocket for exploration of outer space and reaching the lunar surface. It spawns a nightmare of media interest and derision, making Goddard even more secretive of his dreams for space flight..

1920 March 19 - .
  • Goddard's dreams of space flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    Goddard receives a grant of $ 3,500 from Clark University to continue rocket research. In a letter to the fund supervisor, he lays out his advanced concepts - Lox/LH2 liquid rockets, use of solar thermal and ion engines for interplanetary travel, constant-thrust 7.13 week trajectories to Mars. But publicly and practically, he continues his work on cartridge rockets.


1920 April 6 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Ivanovich Savin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Savin. Russian chief designer. General Designer from 1962 of KB-1 and TsNII Kometa. Specialised in the hardware for the Soviet RORSAT. EORSAT, and ASAT programs..

1920 April 16 - .
  • Birth of Earl D Hilburn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hilburn. American engineer. At NASA 1963-1966, in charge of industrial affairs. Later President of Western Union..

1920 April 16 - .
  • Birth of Lee B James - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: James, Lee. American Army officer, assigned to ABMA Huntsville 1956-1960. Seconded to NASA 1962-1971, where he oversaw NASA Huntsville, except for a stint 1962-1968 as Deputy Director for the Apollo program..

1920 May 7 - .
  • Birth of Heinz Albert Millinger - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Millinger. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. As of 2008 living in Marburg, Germany..

1920 May 11 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Petrovich Radovskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Radovskiy. Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of OKB-456. Specialised in rocket engines and succeeded Glushko 1989..

1920 July 19 - .
  • Goddard contract from the US Navy - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard accepts contract from US Navy for US$ 100 per month. On weekends, holidays, and vacations, when not working at Clark University, Goddard travels to Dahlgren, Virginia to test his military solid fuel rockets..

1920 July 28 - .
  • Birth of Vsevolod Sergeyevich Avduyevskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avduyevskiy. Russian scientist. First Deputy Director of TsNIIMash 1973-1987. Scientist at NII-1 1953-1973..

1920 August 9 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Vincent Charyk - . Nation: Canada, USA. Related Persons: Charyk. Canadian-American engineer. Chief Scientist, USAF, and First Director, NRO, 1961-1963. Founder of geosynchronous communications satellite industry. Headed Comsat as President, CEO, Chairman, 1963-1985..

1920 August 19 - .
  • Final test of Goddard cartridge rocket at Aunt Effie's Farm, Massachusetts. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0180 km (0.0112 mi).

    Final test of cartridge rocket (a series of smokeless power cartridges, automatically loaded into a gun barrel and fired in sequence to produce thrust). Four of the five cartridges fire, but the fifth jams. The rocket only achieves 60 feet, the highest altitude to date.


1920 August 25 - .
  • Birth of Jack L 'John' Bowers - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowers. American engineer. Convair corporate officer in charge of Atlas development during the peak of its development phase..

1920 August 30 - .
  • Birth of Walter Fritz Wiesemann - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Wiesemann. German-American engineer. Reassigned from Luftwaffe to Peenemuende in 1941. Worked on anti-aircraft rockets, went to America with von Braun's team in 1945, working on Huntsville projects until retirement in 1970..

1920 September 13 - .
  • Birth of Lisa Neumeister - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Neumeister. Wife of a German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked as a translator for rocket engine developers in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952..

1920 December 28 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Aleksandrovich Mozzhorin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mozzhorin. Russian officer. Director of Nll-88 1961-1990. Oversaw Soviet space policy..


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