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Wenchang LC201
Part of Wenchang Family
Launch complex for the CZ-7 launch vehicle.



Country: China.

2016 June 25 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wenchang. Launch Complex: Wenchang LC201. LV Family: CZ-NGLV. Launch Vehicle: CZ-7.
  • DFFC - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Reentry test. Spacecraft: DFFC. COSPAR: 2016-042. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg.

    China inaugurated the Wenchang spaceport on Hainan Island on Jun 25 with the launch of the first Chang Zheng 7 rocket. The CZ-7 entered orbit with a YZ-1A upper stage, which made several burns to deploy small satellites and then was deorbited along with a subscale spacecraft reentry cabin to qualify systems for the next generation of Chinese human spaceflight missions. Four small satellites were ejected from the YZ-1A. Attached to the YZ-1A as a non-separable payload was the 'zai guijia zhu shiyan zhuangzhi', the In-Orbit Refeulling Experimental Device. The YZ-1A was deorbited over the Pacific after the experiment was completed; the stage had a design operation life of 48 hours. US tracking indicates the stage was deorbited on Jun 27 as expected. The primary payload was the DFFC (Duoyongtu Feichuan Fanhui Cang, multipurpose subscale spacecraft return capsule) flight test mission, which was to be recovered in China. There was also a ballast frame (pei zhong zhijia) which may be a dummy service module for the capsule. The capsule was deorbited on Jun 26 and landed in China at 0741 UTC. It was possible that the YZ-1A stage performed the deorbit and then separated to fire again immediately, regain orbit and continue operations for another day, but the details of what actually happened are not clear.

  • Aoxiang zhixing - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 41625 . COSPAR: 2016-042B. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg. Aoxiang Zhixing was the first 12U cubesat, with a mass of 18 kg (33 kg including payload adapter)..
  • Aolong 1 - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Decay Date: 2016-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 41629 . COSPAR: 2016-042F. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg. Ao Long 1 was an active space debris removal experiment.
  • Tiange feixingqi 1 - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Decay Date: 2016-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 41636 . COSPAR: 2016-042L. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg. Part of a pair of satellites testing data relay to each other.
  • Tiange feixingqi 2 - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Decay Date: 2016-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 41637 . COSPAR: 2016-042M. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg.
  • ZGZ shiyan zhuangzhi - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Decay Date: 2016-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 41624 . COSPAR: 2016-042A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg.

2017 April 20 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wenchang. Launch Complex: Wenchang LC201. LV Family: CZ-NGLV. Launch Vehicle: CZ-7.
  • Tianzhou-1 - . Nation: China. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Tianzhou. USAF Sat Cat: 42684 . COSPAR: 2017-021A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 42.8000 deg.

    China's first space station cargo resupply ship. Tianzhou-1 had a mass of 12910 kg. It flew on the second Chang Zheng 7 rocket, launched from Wenchang space centre on Hainan island. Tianzhou-1 docked with the Tiangong-2 space lab, then unoccupied. This mission was mainly for technology development; the Tianzhou frieghters were to be used operationally to resupply China's future large space station. Tianzhou 1 was inserted into a 198 x 372 km x 42.8 deg initial orbit, which was then raised to 311 x 369 km. The second stage ejected the usual four motor separation covers into 200 x 550 km orbits.



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