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Tianzhou
Part of Shenzhou Family
Chinese space station cargo resupply ship. Designed to resupply the large multi-module Chinese space station, it began operations with the Tiangong space laboratory in 2017, years in advance of the assembly of the larger space laboratory.

AKA: Chinese Cargo Spaceship. Status: Operational 2017. Gross mass: 12,910 kg (28,460 lb). Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft).

The design used an extended version of the pressurized module of the Tiangong space station forward, with a new larger-diameter service module aft, which was fitted with tanks for resupply of liquids and gases required for station operations (propellants, water, oxygen). Tianzhou-1 had a mass of 12910 kg. It flew on the second Chang Zheng 7 rocket, launched from Wenchang space centre on Hainan island. Tianzhou-1 docked with the Tiangong-2 space lab, then unoccupied. This mission was mainly for technology development; the Tianzhou frieghters were to be used operationally to resupply China's future large space station.



Family: Chinese Manned Spacecraft. Country: China. Bibliography: 2.

2017 April 20 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wenchang. Launch Complex: Wenchang LC201. LV Family: CZ-NGLV. Launch Vehicle: CZ-7.
  • Tianzhou-1 - . Nation: China. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Tianzhou. USAF Sat Cat: 42684 . COSPAR: 2017-021A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 42.8000 deg.

    China's first space station cargo resupply ship. Tianzhou-1 had a mass of 12910 kg. It flew on the second Chang Zheng 7 rocket, launched from Wenchang space centre on Hainan island. Tianzhou-1 docked with the Tiangong-2 space lab, then unoccupied. This mission was mainly for technology development; the Tianzhou frieghters were to be used operationally to resupply China's future large space station. Tianzhou 1 was inserted into a 198 x 372 km x 42.8 deg initial orbit, which was then raised to 311 x 369 km. The second stage ejected the usual four motor separation covers into 200 x 550 km orbits.



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