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Sputnik 8A91
Part of R-7 Family

R-7 aft end

R-7 aft end
Credit: © Mark Wade

Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Modified R-7 ICBM used to launch Sputnik 3.

AKA: 8A91;A;SL-2. Status: Retired 1958. First Launch: 1958-04-27. Last Launch: 1958-05-15. Number: 2 . Payload: 1,327 kg (2,925 lb). Thrust: 3,784.90 kN (850,879 lbf). Gross mass: 269,300 kg (593,700 lb). Height: 31.10 m (102.00 ft). Diameter: 2.99 m (9.80 ft). Span: 9.76 m (32.02 ft). Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

LEO Payload: 1,327 kg (2,925 lb) to a 217 km orbit at 65.00 degrees. Flyaway Unit Cost 1985$: 33.000 million.


More at: Sputnik 8A91.

Family: ICBM, orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-107-8D76, RD-108-8D77. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC1. Stages: R-7A 8K74-1, Vostok 8A92-0. Agency: Korolev bureau.

1958 April 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Sputnik 8A91. FAILURE: Launch vehicle disintegrated 88 seconds after liftoff.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Sputnik failure - . Payload: D-1 s/n 1. Mass: 1,327 kg (2,925 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3. Decay Date: 1958-04-01 .

1958 May 15 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Sputnik 8A91.
  • Sputnik 3 - . Payload: D-1 s/n 2. Mass: 1,327 kg (2,925 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3. Decay Date: 1960-04-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 8 . COSPAR: 1958-Delta-2. Apogee: 1,864 km (1,158 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 106.00 min. Variety of scientific data. Research in the upper atmosphere and outer space.


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