Russian short range ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. The R-1B version was designed for scientific research at altitudes of up to 100 km, including study of cosmic rays; properties of the atmosphere; solar spectra; effects if zero-G and radiation on animals; and development of recovery of the entire missile using parachutes in order to reuse it for further experimental launches.
Status: Retired 1951. First Launch: 1951-07-29. Last Launch: 1951-09-03. Number: 4 . Gross mass: 13,400 kg (29,500 lb). Height: 17.50 m (57.40 ft). Diameter: 1.65 m (5.41 ft). Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
Test / solar ultraviolet / biology mission - .
Agency: Korolev bureau.
Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Payload, instruments, left and right animal containers all recovered. Smoke container failed. Carried dogs..