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MACSAT
Part of MAESTRO Family
Macsat 1; M-1
Macsat 1; M-1
Credit: Manufacturer Image
American military communications satellite. Experimental communication (store and forward) satellite built by DSI for DARPA, USA. Launched 1990. Used MAESTRO Bus.

AKA: Multiple Access Communications Satellites. Status: Operational 1990. First Launch: 1990-05-09. Last Launch: 1990-05-09. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Height: 0.36 m (1.17 ft).

The two Multiple Access Communications Satellites were third generation DSI digital communications satellites designed to demonstrate tactical UHF voice, data, fax and video store and forward capabilities for the U. S. military. The gravity gradient boom on one spacecraft apparently failed to deploy. The other spacecraft was used during Operation Desert Storm for message relay to and from military troops in the Gulf region.

The spacecraft was gravity gradient stabilized (approx.5 degrees control) using a 9+ meter boom and 2.3 kg tip mass. Damping was achieved via hystersis rods. A Z-coil was used to invert the spacecraft should it stabilize upside down. Dual digital processors provided redundancy and were provided with 2.4 to 16 megabytes of data storage. The 16 sided cylindrical structure had body mounted solar cells which provided 10 to 17 watts of orbit average power. Redundant NiCd batteries provided 150 Whr capacity. The payload included two digitally tunable 10 watt transmitters, a 65 watt high power auxiliary receiver for spacecraft command and hardware reconfiguration, and two antenna systems. This equipment was used to conduct store and forward communications demonstrations.


More at: MACSAT.

Family: Communications, Medium earth orbit, Military communications sat. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Scout, Scout G-1. Launch Sites: Vandenberg, Vandenberg SLC5. Agency: DARPA, CTA Space Systems. Bibliography: 2, 279, 6, 12785.

1990 May 9 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Macsat 1; M-1 - . Payload: MacSat 1. Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MAESTRO. Spacecraft: Macsat. USAF Sat Cat: 20607 . COSPAR: 1990-043A. Apogee: 753 km (467 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Multiple Access Communications Satellite; global store and forward communications. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..
  • Macsat 2; M-2 - . Payload: MacSat 2. Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MAESTRO. Spacecraft: Macsat. USAF Sat Cat: 20608 . COSPAR: 1990-043B. Apogee: 749 km (465 mi). Perigee: 600 km (370 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Multiple Access Communications Satellite; global store and forward communications. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..


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