Encyclopedia Astronautica
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1930 Chronology

During 1930 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie publishes L'Astronautique - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Pelterie. This will be the standard work on rocketry and interplanetary flight in French for twenty years..

1930 January 5 - .
  • Birth of Edward Galen Jr 'Ed' Givens - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Givens. American test pilot astronaut, 1966-1967..

1930 January 20 - .
  • Birth of Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 12, Apollo 11. Second person on the moon..

1930 January 21 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Filatyev. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963..

1930 January 23 - .
  • Birth of William Reid 'Bill' Pogue - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Pogue. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4..

1930 February 1 - .
  • VfR bankrupt. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel. Nebel, general secretary of the VfR, files bankruptcy papers with the German courts. However he does not inform any of the other members of his actions. The fact is not known until 1933..

1930 February 18 - .
  • Clyde Tombaugh's Discovery of Pluto - . Nation: USA.

1930 February 18 - .
  • Birth of Theodore Cordy 'Ted' Freeman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Freeman. American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1964..

1930 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Boris Ivanovich Gubanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gubanov. Russian engineer. Leading manager at the Yangel and Korolev design bureaus, 1972-1993..

1930 March 17 - .
  • Birth of James Benson 'Jim' Irwin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Irwin. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 15. Eighth person to walk on the moon..

1930 April 4 - . LV Family: ARS. Launch Vehicle: ARS.
  • American Interplanetary Society established. - . Nation: USA.

    The American Interplanetary Society, later the American Rocket Society (ARS), founded in New York City by David Lasser, G. Edward Pendray, Fletcher Pratt, and nine others, for the "promotion of interst in and experimentation toward interplanetary expeditions and travel."


1930 April 4 - .
  • American Rocket Society founded - . Nation: USA.

1930 April 11 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • VfR evening in Berlin - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Oberth, Winkler. The VfR presents itself to the scientific community in Berlin. Winkler gives a lecture at the auditorium of the Central Post Office, and the Oberth rocket, Kegelduese, and other articles are displayed..

1930 April 19 - . LV Family: Valier. Launch Vehicle: Valier.
  • Valier rocket car - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Valier. Valier has arranged for Dr Weyland to develop a new, powerful liquid rocket engine burning liquid oxygen and gasoline. The car made its first slow run this day, but combustion of the motor was poor and acceleration of the vehicle low..

1930 May 5 - .
  • Birth of Michael James 'Mike' Adams - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adams. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 191..

1930 May 17 - . LV Family: Valier. Launch Vehicle: Valier.
  • Valier killed in rocket engine explosion - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Valier. While working in Dr Weyland's laboratory on Saturday, the combustion chamber explodes, and a metal splinters pierces Valier's aorta, killing him immediately..

1930 May 17 - .
  • Death of Max Valier, as the result of a careless accident, in his laboratory in Berlin, when working on a rocket combustion chamber. It exploded and a small metal fr - . Nation: Germany, Italy. Related Persons: Valier. German Austrian engineer and early advocate of the use of rockets for flight. Opel supported Valier's rocket car tests as publicity. Valier died in a rocket motor explosion in 1931..

1930 May 18 - .
  • Birth of Dr Don Leslie Lind - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lind. American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. Longest wait for an American for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut (19 years)..

1930 June 2 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Petrovich Artyukhin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Artyukhin. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 14. Member of first military space station mission..

1930 June 2 - .
  • Birth of Charles Peter Jr 'Pete' Conrad - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Conrad. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2. Third person on the moon. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab. Member of first successful space station mission..

1930 June 8 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Yazdovsky. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1968-1982..

1930 June 11 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Fyodorovich Voronov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronov. Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1963-1979..

1930 June 23 - .
  • Birth of Donn Fulton Eisele - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisele. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7..

1930 July - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 4.
  • Goddard moves rocket work to Roswell, New Mexico - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard's liquid rocket development project was moved to New Mexico under the auspices of Daniel Guggenheim of New York City. Dr. Goddard could now devote full time to the rocket work. .

1930 July 1 - .
  • Birth of Frank Marshall - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Marshall. American engineer. Part of the Atlas management team; headed the Golden Ram program that cleared the Atlas missile for operations..

1930 July 23 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • VfR demonstrates rocket motor to German government officials - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Ley, Nebel, Oberth, Riedel, Klaus, von Braun.

    The VfR fires its 'Kegelduese' liquid oxygen and gasoline-fueled rocket motor in a demonstration for the Director of the Chemisch-Technische Reichsanstalt in an attempt to secure financial support. Nebel had arranged the demonstration and runs the Kegelduese for 90 seconds. It generates 7 kgf and consumes 6 kg of liquid oxygen and 1 kg of gasoline in that time (specific impulse 90 seconds). Participating are Oberth, Nebel, Riedel, Ley, and Von Braun. Nebel's Mirak is not yet ready to test.


1930 July 24 - .
  • Birth of Boris Nikolayevich Belousov - . Nation: Belarus. Related Persons: Belousov. Belarusian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1968..

August 1930 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • Mirak experiments - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel, Riedel, Klaus.

    Nebel and Riedel conduct a series of tests of the Mirak rocket at the farm of Riedel's grandparents near Bernstadt, Saxony. They slowly perfect the motor, finally achieving significant net thrust by September, when the motor explodes, ending the test series.


1930 August 5 - .
  • Birth of Neil Alden Armstrong - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armstrong. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 11. First person to step onto the moon. Member of first crew to dock in space. US Navy.

1930 September 17 - .
  • Birth of Edgar Dean 'Ed' Mitchell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mitchell. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 14. Sixth person to walk on the moon..

1930 September 17 - .
  • Birth of Thomas Patten 'Tom' Stafford - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stafford. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 6, Gemini 9, Apollo 10, Apollo (ASTP). Member of first crew to rendezvous in space. Space speed record (11,107 m/s)..

1930 September 23 - .
  • Birth of Pyotr Ivanovich Kolodin - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Kolodin. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1983..

1930 September 24 - .
  • Birth of John Watts Young - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Young. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle. Ninth person to walk on the moon. Space speed record (11,107 m/s)..

1930 September 27 - . Launch Site: Raketenflugplatz. Launch Complex: Raketenflugplatz. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Mirak.
  • Raketenflugplatz Berlin - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel. Nebel signs the $4/year lease for the worlds first 'Rocket Port', an abandoned German army munitions storage area on 10 square kilometres on Tegeler Weg in the Berlin northern suburb of Reinickendorf. The numerous bunkers are ideal for rocket motor tests..

1930 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Pavel Romanovich Popovich - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Popovich. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. Commander of first military space station mission..

1930 October 23 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 4.
  • Goddard begins rocket tests at Roswell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    Goddard first begins a series of thorough static tests in which the operating conditions were varied. The combustion chamber decided upon for use in flight tests was 5.75 inches in diameter and weighed 5 lb. In these static tests the maximum lift was 289 lb; duration 20+ sec; lifting force steady; jet velocities over 5000 ft/sec.


1930 October 31 - .
  • Birth of Michael 'Mike' Collins - . Nation: Italy, USA. Related Persons: Collins. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 10, Apollo 11. First space walk from one spacecraft to another..

1930 November 3 - .
  • Birth of William Harvey 'Bill' Dana - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. American test pilot. Flew on X-15 Flight 174, X-15 Flight 197..

1930 November 14 - .
  • Birth of Edward Higgins II 'Ed' White - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: White. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 4. First American to walk in space. Died in on-pad fire of Apollo 1..

1930 November 22 - .
  • Birth of Dr Owen Kay Garriott - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garriott. American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Skylab 3, STS-9..

1930 November 27 - .
  • Birth of James Martin Taylor - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Taylor. American test pilot astronaut, 1965-1969..

1930 December 17 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. Launch Complex: Kummersdorf. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Kummersdorf selected for missile development. - . Nation: Germany.

    German Army Ordnance Office, after reviewing work of Goddard and others, decided to establish rocket program and to equip artillery proving ground at Kummersdorf to develop military missiles. The German Army issues the first budget for rocket development - 5,000 Reichsmarks.


1930 December 30 - . Launch Site: Auburn. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 4.
  • Goddard's fifth flight of a liquid fuel rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.61 km (0.38 mi). The rocket reached an altitude of 2000 ft and a maximum speed of 500 mph. The vehicle was 11 ft long; empty weight 33.5 lb; a gas pressure tank was used to force liquid oxygen and gasoline into combustion chamber..


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