Encyclopedia Astronautica
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1927 Chronology

1927 January 18 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 2.
  • Attempt to launch Goddard large model rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard's large model rocket set up in tower for the first time. Rocket and turntable lifted several times in following months, but no flights were obtained with the large model..

1927 March 6 - .
  • Birth of Leroy Gordon Jr 'Gordo' Cooper - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-9, Gemini 5. First American to spend over a day in space. High spirited, and reportedly denied an Apollo assignment..

1927 March 12 - .
  • Birth of Dmitri Alekseyevich Polukhin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Polukhin. Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1973-1993 of Chelomei design bureau Filial 1. Led the development of Proton..

1927 March 16 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Komarov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. First person to die during spaceflight when the parachute lines of Soyuz 1 tangled and it crashed to earth. Cosmonaut training March 1960 - 3 April 1961. Call sign: Rubin (Ruby)..

1927 June 5 - . Launch Site: Raketenflugplatz. Launch Complex: Raketenflugplatz. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • VfR established. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Esnault-Pelterie, Hohmann, Oberth, Winkler.

    Johannes Winkler forms the first society for space travel in Breslau. The Society for Space Travel (Verein fuer Raumschiffahrt), is better known by its abbreviation 'VfR'. From the three people that attended the first meeting, it would grow to 500 members within the year, including most of the European space pioneers - Oberth, Hohmann, von Hoefft, von Pirquet, Rynin, and Esnault-Petrie.


1927 June 8 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie lecture - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre, Esnault-Pelterie.

    Robert Esnault-Pelterie delivers a groundbreaking lecture on space travel at the Societe Astronomique in Paris. It would be published in book form a year later. One audience member is Jean-Claude Barre, a military engineer who is inspired to begin development of rockets in France.


1927 June 20 - .
  • Birth of Richard T Mittauer - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mittauer. American journalist, worked in NASA public information 1959-1972..

1927 July 23 - .
  • Birth of Elliot McKay Jr See - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: See. American test pilot astronaut, 1962-1966. Died in crash of his T-38 trainer aircraft..

1927 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Benjamin Wier - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wier. American engineer. Atlas-E flight test conductor and later Deputy Program Manager..

1927 September 3 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 3.
  • Goddard third rocket design - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard began construction on a rocket one-fifth size of the 'large model' (i.e. four times larger than 1926 flight models), with few, simple parts, easily replaced, and much-improved fuel injection..

1927 September 4 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Nikolayevich Matinchenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Matinchenko. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1972..

1927 October 6 - .
  • Birth of Boris Vladimirovich Balmont - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Balmont. Russian politician. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1976-1981. Chief of Chief Directorate of Ministry of General Machine Building 1965-1973..

1927 November 25 - .
  • Birth of Boris Arkadyevich Dorofeyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dorofeyev. Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of Korolev design bureau. Chief Designer for N1 rocket 1972-1974. He was demoted in 1974 after the cancellation of the N1 programme..

1927 December 8 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Shatalov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Made first Soviet space docking..


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