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1926 Chronology

1926 - . LV Family: Valier-Oberth Moon Gun. Launch Vehicle: Valier-Oberth Moon Gun.
  • Valier-Oberth Moon Gun - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Oberth, Valier.

    In the 1920's members of the VfR (Society for Space Travel) amused themselves by redesigning Verne's moon gun. In 1926 rocket pioneers Max Valier and Hermann Oberth designed a gun that would rectify Verne's technical mistakes and be actually capable of firing a projectile to the moon.


1926 - .
  • Tsiolkovskiy's Plan Of Space Exploration - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tsiolkovskiy.

    In this work he predicted the manned colonization of the universe in 16 phases:

    1. Design of rocket-propelled airplanes with wings.

    2. Progressively increasing the speeds and altitudes reached with these airplanes.

    3. Designing of a pure rocket without wings.

    4. Developing the ability to land on the ocean surface by rocket.

    5. Reaching of escape velocity and first flight into space.

    6. Lengthening of the rocket flight time into space.

    7. Experimental use of plants to make an artificial atmosphere in spacecraft.

    8. Using of pressurised space suits for activity outside spacecraft.

    9. Making of orbital greenhouses for plants.

    10. Building of the large orbital habitats around the earth.

    11. Using solar radiation to grow food, to heat space quarters, and for transport needs throughout the solar system.

    12. Colonization of the asteroid belt.

    13. Colonisation of the entire solar system and beyond.

    14. Achievement of individual and social perfection.

    15. Overcrowding of the solar system and galaxy colonisation.

    16. The sun begins to die and the people remaining in the solar system's population move to other solar systems.


1926 January 3 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • Goddard test of liquid rocket. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Rocket again quivered for 17 sec..

1926 January 11 - .
  • Birth of Lev Stepanovich Demin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Demin. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15..

1926 January 20 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • Goddard test of liquid rocket. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. The lift raised the rocket motor the full distance it could travel. Outdoor tests with a flight model were begun on March 8, 1926..

1926 February 7 - .
  • Birth of Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Feoktistov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First spacecraft designer in space..

1926 March 16 - . Launch Site: Auburn. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • First flight of a Goddard liquid-propellant rocket. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0125 km (0.0078 mi). Range: 0.0560 km (0.0348 mi).

    Goddard achieves the first flight of a liquid-propellant rocket at Aunt Effie's Farm, Auburn, Massachusetts. Altitude 41 ft; average speed 60 mph; in air 2.5 sec; landed 184 ft from launching frame; total path 220 ft. This event was the "Kitty Hawk" of rocketry.


1926 March 22 - .
  • Birth of Wesley L Hjornevik - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hjornevik. American bureaucrat. In federal service from 1949, NASA from 1959. Associate Director for Manned Space flight, Houston, 1961-1969. Then went to other government departments, and finally state of Texas..

1926 March 31 - .
  • Birth of Rocco Petrone - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Petrone. American engineer, managed development of the Redstone at Huntsivlle, then the Saturn V at NASA, 1960-1974..

1926 April 3 - .
  • Birth of Virgil Ivan 'Gus' Grissom - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MR-4, Gemini 3. Second American in space and first Gemini commander. Died in on-pad fire of Apollo 1..

1926 April 3 - . Launch Site: Auburn. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • Second flight of a Goddard liquid-propellant rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0150 km (0.0093 mi). Goddard achieves the second flight of a liquid-propellant rocket. In air 4.2 sec; landed 50 ft from testing stand..

1926 May 4 - .
  • Birth of Milton Orville 'Milt' Thompson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. American test pilot astronaut, 1962-1963. Flew lifting bodies, X-15, assigned as X-20 spaceplane astronaut..

1926 May 5 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • Smithsonian informed of rocket test. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Robert H. Goddard communicated the results of his successful liquid-propellant rocket flight of March 16 to the Smithsonian Institution..

1926 May 5 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 2.
  • Goddard turns to larger liquid propellant rockets. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    After several tests indicating the model was too small to permit refinements, Goddard decided to build a rocket twenty-fold larger. During 1926 a new tower was built, and flow regulators, multiple liquid injection into large combustion chambers, means for measurement of pressure and lifting force, electrically fired igniter, and turntable for rotation were developed.


1926 July 31 - .
  • Birth of Burton I Edelson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Edelson. American engineer. Worked at Comsat 1969-1982. NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications 1982-1988..

1926 August 31 - .
  • Birth of Georgiy Petrovich Katys - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Katys. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1964-1972..

1926 September 5 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Francis Shea - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. American engineer. Lead NASA manager responsible for development of the Apollo spacecraft.

1926 October 17 - .
  • Birth of Dr Karl Gordon Henize - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Henize. American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F..

1926 October 26 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Aleksandrovich Letunov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Letunov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1966..

1926 December 25 - .
  • Birth of Norman Ryker - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ryker. American engineer, began working at Rocketdyne. Headed North American's Apollo proposal group. Assistant Chief Engineer for Apollo. President of Rocketdyne, 1976-1983, leading development and flight of the Space Shuttle Main Engine..


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