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1921 Chronology

1921 January 15 - .
  • Birth of Robert Everett Stevenson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stevenson. American oceanographer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984..

1921 January 28 - .
  • Goddard begins liquid propellant rocket research - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    Goddard realises after three years of unsuccessful tests that the cartridge rocket concept is too complex and that a new approach is needed. Smokeless powder solid fuels were too unstable for rocket use. Therefore Goddard turned to liquid oxygen and gasoline as propellants. On this date he bought his first can of liquid oxygen from Linde Corporation in Worcester. He had to haggle for it; the liquid form was then only a by-product in the process of extracting gaseous oxygen from the atmosphere. Goddard was charged $ 10 per 2 gallon flask, the minimum Linde would sell to him.


1921 February 11 - .
  • Birth of James Wesley Crooks - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crooks. American engineer. Inventor of the Atlas radio guidance system and the Azusa and Glotrac launch vehicle tracking systems..

1921 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Samuel C Phillips - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. American USAF officer, talented manager who developed the B-52 and Minuteman for the Air Force, then was brought to NASA to head the Apollo program 1964-1971..

1921 February 20 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Albert Walker - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity..

1921 February 20 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Grigoryevich Zakhorov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zakhorov. Russian officer. Commander of Baikonur range 1961-1965..

1921 February 26 - .
  • Birth of Dmitri Yevgenyevich Okhotsimskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Okhotsimskiy. Russian scientist. Scientist at OPM MIAN. Conducted research work on an early ICBM..

1921 March 5 - .
  • Birth of Carl Lawrence 'Larry' Hartshorn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hartshorn. American engineer. Chief of Design for Plant Engineering for the Atlas.

1921 April 15 - .
  • Birth of Georgi Timofeyevich Beregovoi - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Beregovoi. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 3..

1921 June 1 - .
  • Goddard begins liquid rocket experiments. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    Robert H. Goddard experimented with liquid oxygen and various liquid hydrocarbons, including gasoline and liquid propane as well as ether, as rocket fuel, under a grant by Clark University. He concluded that although oxygen and hydrogen possessed the greatest heat energy per unit mass, that liquid oxygen and liquid methane offered greatest heat value of combinations which could be used without considerable difficulty. But, he said, "the most practical combination appears to be liquid oxygen


1921 July 18 - .
  • Birth of John Herschel Jr Glenn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glenn. American test pilot astronaut, later a politician and US Senator. First American in orbit on his first flight, Mercury MA-6, in 1962, and oldest person in space on his second flight, STS-95, in 1998..

1921 August 26 - .
  • Birth of Maxime A Faget - . Nation: Belize, USA. Related Persons: Faget. American Chief Designer of American manned spacecraft. Designed Mercury, Apollo, and Shuttle spacecraft..

1921 August 31 - .
  • Birth of Vyecheslav Mikhailovich Kovtunenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kovtunenko. Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer of NPO Lavochkin 1977-1995. Kovtunenko started his career at the Yangel design bureau, where was responsible for satellite design..

1921 October 2 - .
  • Birth of Albert Scott Crossfield - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crossfield. Hispanic-American test pilot, 1950-1960. First man to reach Mach 2; first Hispanic test pilot..

1921 November 1 - .
  • Birth of Grant Lewis Hansen - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hansen. American engineer, aerospace manager who played key roles in development of the Thor and Centaur rockets..

1921 November 9 - .
  • Birth of Thomas O Paine - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Paine. American engineer, at General Electric, then NASA Administrator 1968-1970. His ambitious post-Apollo programs were not received well by the Nixon administration..

1921 November 28 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Alekeseyevich Vasilyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Vasilyev. Russian officer. Commander of GURVO 1964-1967. Chaired the Scientific-Technical Committee of the Strategic Missile Forces 1967-1969..


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