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York, Herbert F
York
York
Credit: NASA
American physicist, held key scientific advisory roles in US government 1958-1961, when key decisions on space exploration, missile development, and nuclear weapons were made.

Born: 1921-11-24. Died: 2009-05-19.

Herbert F. York had been associated with scientific research in support of national defense since World War II. He was director of the Livermore Radiation Laboratory for the University of California before moving to the Department of Defense in March 1958 as chief scientist of the Advanced Research Projects Agency. He became the Department of Defense's director of research and engineering in December 1958, during a Department of Defense reorganization; this was the third-ranking civilian office after the secretary and deputy secretary of defense. He served as director of defense research and engineering until 1961. He then moved to the University of California, San Diego, as chancellor and professor of physics. He also served as a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee under both Eisenhower and Johnson and was later chief negotiator for the comprehensive test ban during the Carter administration

Wikipedia: Herbert Frank York (24 November 1921 19 May 2009) was a part-Mohawk American nuclear physicist. He held numerous research and administrative positions at various United States government and educational institutes.

York was born in Rochester, New York where he received his B.S. and M.S. from the University of Rochester in 1943, and went on to obtain his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1949.

During World War II he was a physicist at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and at Oak Ridge, Tennessee as part of the Manhattan Project. He was the first director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 1952 to 1958. After leaving the laboratory in 1958, he held numerous positions in both government and academia, including the first Chief Scientist of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the first Director of Defense Research and Engineering.

York was a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He was the founding Chancellor of the University of California, San Diego (19611964, 19701972). He later served as U.S. ambassador to the Comprehensive Test Ban negotiations in Geneva, Switzerland (19791981).

York was Director Emeritus of the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation at UC San Diego and served as chairman of the university's Scientific and Academic Advisory Committee, which oversees activities at both Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories. He also served on the board of the Council for a Livable World, a nonpartisan arms control organization in Washington, D.C. York occasionally guest lectured for the University of California San Diego and other institutions.

Herbert York died 19 May 2009 in San Diego at age 87.



Country: USA. Bibliography: 535, 6241.

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