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YaKhR-2
Part of N1 Family
YaKhR-2
YaKhR-2
YaKhR-2 Nuclear-powered Launch Vehicle
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian nuclear-powered orbital launch vehicle. First large space launcher considered in the Soviet Union. It would have had the same layout as the R-7, but with six strap-ons increased in size by 50%. The core, igniting at altitude, used a nuclear thermal engine using ammonia as propellant. Dropped in favor of development of conventional chemical propulsion.

Status: Cancelled 1949. Payload: 40,000 kg (88,000 lb). Thrust: 12,422.80 kN (2,792,757 lbf). Gross mass: 888,000 kg (1,957,000 lb). Height: 44.00 m (144.00 ft). Diameter: 3.33 m (10.92 ft). Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

LEO Payload: 40,000 kg (88,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - YaKhR-2

  • Stage 0. 6 x YaKhR-2 Strap-on. Gross Mass: 110,000 kg (240,000 lb). Empty Mass: 8,250 kg (18,180 lb). Thrust (vac): 2,393.724 kN (538,131 lbf). Isp: 311 sec. Burn time: 125 sec. Isp(sl): 269 sec. Diameter: 3.33 m (10.92 ft). Span: 3.33 m (10.92 ft). Length: 27.00 m (88.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 6. Engine: RD-111. Status: Study 1959. Comments: R-7 strap-ons increased in size dimensionally 50%, equipped with 6 engines from R-9. Boost nuclear thermal core stage to altitude before ignition of nuclear engine. Masses calculated based on vehicle total weight and performance.
  • Stage 1. 1 x YaKhR-2 Core. Gross Mass: 180,000 kg (390,000 lb). Empty Mass: 22,000 kg (48,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,660.000 kN (373,180 lbf). Isp: 470 sec. Burn time: 430 sec. Isp(sl): 430 sec. Diameter: 3.33 m (10.92 ft). Span: 3.33 m (10.92 ft). Length: 37.00 m (121.00 ft). Propellants: Nuclear/Ammonia. No Engines: 1. Engine: YaRD OKB-456. Status: Study 1959. Comments: Engines in development by Bondaryuk and Glushko. Alternate propellants ammonia only or ammonia/alcohol mixture. Four expansion nozzles fed by single reactor. Masses calculated based on given vehicle gross weight and performance.



Subtopics

YaKhR-2 Core Nuclear/Ammonia propellant rocket stage. Engines in development by Bondaryuk and Glushko. Alternate propellants ammonia only or ammonia/alcohol mixture. Four expansion nozzles fed by single reactor. Masses calculated based on given vehicle gross weight and performance.

Superraket Block B Nuclear/Ammonia propellant rocket stage. Nuclear engine operating at 3500 deg K. Mass estimated; empty mass calculated.

Family: nuclear-powered, orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-111. Stages: YaKhR-2 Core, YaKhR-2 Strap-on. Agency: Korolev bureau. Bibliography: 89.
Photo Gallery

YaKhR-2 exteriorYaKhR-2 exterior
YaKhR-2 Nuclear-powered Launch Vehicle
Credit: © Mark Wade


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