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Superraket
Part of N1 Family
Superraket
Superraket
Russian nuclear orbital launch vehicle. The ancestor of the N1 lunar launch vehicle, this was the first heavy lift launch vehicle actively considered in the USSR. The 2,000 metric ton liftoff mass was similar to the later N1 design, but the first stage would use a staggering cluster of around 66 Kuznetsov NK-9 engines (as opposed to the modest 24 NK-15's of the first N1 configuration). The real difference was in the second stage, which used the nuclear YaRD engine, giving the launch vehicle nearly double the later N1's payload capacity.

Status: Development ended 1959. Payload: 150,000 kg (330,000 lb). Thrust: 29,313.60 kN (6,589,959 lbf). Gross mass: 2,030,000 kg (4,470,000 lb). Height: 64.00 m (209.00 ft). Diameter: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

LEO Payload: 150,000 kg (330,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Superraket

  • Stage 1. 1 x Superraket Block A. Gross Mass: 1,150,000 kg (2,530,000 lb). Empty Mass: 100,000 kg (220,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 33,656.000 kN (7,566,169 lbf). Isp: 310 sec. Burn time: 90 sec. Isp(sl): 270 sec. Diameter: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Span: 15.00 m (49.00 ft). Length: 27.00 m (88.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 66. Engine: NK-9. Status: Study 1959. Comments: Ancestor of N1 Block A; conical liquid oxygen/kerosene stage using massive cluster of Kuznetsov engines. Gross mass estimated based on 2,000 metric ton total vehicle weight; empty mass estimated.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Superraket Block B. Gross Mass: 700,000 kg (1,540,000 lb). Empty Mass: 75,000 kg (165,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 8,330.000 kN (1,872,650 lbf). Isp: 550 sec. Burn time: 400 sec. Isp(sl): 500 sec. Diameter: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Span: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Length: 26.00 m (85.00 ft). Propellants: Nuclear/Ammonia. No Engines: 2. Engine: YaRD OKB-456. Status: Study 1959. Comments: Nuclear engine operating at 3500 deg K. Mass estimated; empty mass calculated.



Family: nuclear-powered, orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Engines: NK-9. Launch Vehicles: OKB-456. Stages: Superraket Block A, Superraket Block B. Agency: Korolev bureau.
Photo Gallery

SuperraketSuperraket
Credit: © Mark Wade



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