Entered Army in July 1941 and trained at Gorkov Antiaircraft Artillery School. Served from April 1942 to April 1943 with the 56th Guards Motor Regiment, fighting on the Kalininsk, Stalingrad, Donsk, Central, and First Byelorussian Fronts. Decorated twice, and badly wounded at Brandenburg on 2 February 1945. Finished the war with the rank of Captain and in command of a Katyusha rocket division. From 1948-1953 he attended the Dzerzhinsky Artillery Academy. He spent 1953-1964 at the Kapustin Yar testing ground, the last five of those years as Chief of Staff. In 1966 he was sent to General Staff School, then spent four years as Chief, GOU GSh VS SSSR. In October 1970 he was named Deputy Chief of GUKOS space executive for military operations and communications, and in this position served on various state commissions for space systems. In 1976 he was made Chief Commander KIK for satellites at Golintso-2. He retired from the Army in 1988, and in 1995 worked at the Russian Scientific Research Institute for Space Documentation. Shlykov received Lenin Prize in 1980.