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Kosmos 63S1M
Part of R-12 Family
Kosmos LV
Kosmos LV
Credit: © Mark Wade
Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Modernized version of 63S1 initial configuration of the first Kosmos launcher and the prototype for the production 11K63 launch vehicle. Suborbital launches from Plesetsk from 1965 at from the modified R-12 silo 'Dvina'. Flown only a few times in 1965-1967. Succeeded by the 11K63 production model launched from the 'Raduga' complex.

AKA: 63S1M;B-1;Kosmos 2M;SL-7. Status: Out of production. Payload: 450 kg (990 lb). Thrust: 636.50 kN (143,091 lbf). Gross mass: 48,110 kg (106,060 lb). Height: 25.80 m (84.60 ft). Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

LEO Payload: 450 kg (990 lb) to a 270 km orbit at 71.00 degrees.

Stage Data - Kosmos 63S1M

  • Stage 1. 1 x Kosmos A-1. Gross Mass: 39,515 kg (87,115 lb). Empty Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Thrust (vac): 730.500 kN (164,223 lbf). Isp: 264 sec. Burn time: 125 sec. Isp(sl): 230 sec. Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Span: 1.80 m (5.90 ft). Length: 18.00 m (59.00 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-214. Other designations: Sandal; SS-4; 8K63; R-12; 63; 11K63. Status: Out of Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Kosmos A-2. Gross Mass: 8,595 kg (18,948 lb). Empty Mass: 840 kg (1,850 lb). Thrust (vac): 105.510 kN (23,720 lbf). Isp: 352 sec. Burn time: 250 sec. Isp(sl): 220 sec. Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Span: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Length: 7.80 m (25.50 ft). Propellants: Lox/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-119. Other designations: S1. Status: Out of Production.



Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: Ukraine. Engines: RD-214, RD-119. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu, DS-U2-V, DS-U2-M, DS-P1-I. Stages: S1, Kosmos A-1. Agency: Yuzhnoye.
Photo Gallery

R-56, R-26, 63S1R-56, R-26, 63S1
From left to right, dynamic test models of: R-56 monster launch vehicle; R-26 ICBM; Kosmos 63S1 launch vehicle
Credit: © Mark Wade



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