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Cape Canaveral LC31A
Part of Cape Canaveral Family
Pershing, Minuteman, M55E1 launch complex. Built 1959-1960 to support the Air Force's Minuteman missile program. In 1973 used briefly for the Army's Pershing 1A follow-on testing program.

First Launch: 1961-02-01. Last Launch: 1961-07-27. Number: 3 . Longitude: -80.5563 deg. Latitude: 28.4516 deg.

Complexes 31 and 32 were built between July 1959 and July 1960 to support the Air Force's Minuteman missile program. Each complex had one blockhouse and two launch pads. The two "A" pads were constructed as conventional flat pads, and the two "B" pads were built as ballistic missile silos. The sites were modified subsequently to support later versions of the Minuteman missile. Pad 31A supported the first Minuteman I launch on 1 February 1961. In all, 92 Minuteman I, II and III missiles were launched from the complexes between 1 February 1961 and 15 December 1970. In 1973, Pad 31A was used briefly for the Army's Pershing 1A follow-on testing program. Batteries of the 84th and 41st Field Artillery, U.S, Seventh Army, fired 12 Pershing 1As in February and March 1973.



Launch Vehicles: Minuteman 1A, Pershing 1A, M55E1, Minuteman 1. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral.

1961 February 1 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    At 1059 EST, the first Minuteman research and development flight test missile (FTM 401) was launched by the 6555th Test Wing from Pad 31 at the Atlantic Missile Range. All the missiles stages and subsystems were operational, marking the first time that the first flight test missile was launched with all systems and stages functioning. FTM 401 completed a 4,600-mile flight, and its reentry vehicle impacted in the designated target area. This was the most successful first flight recorded in the history of U.S. missile development.


1961 May 19 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 July 27 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 March 14 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A/Truck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • Sheltered Base research and development mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1973 February 21 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-240 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery A operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 February 21 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-241 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery A operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 February 21 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-242 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery A operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 February 21 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-243 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery A operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 6 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-244 US 7th Army 41st Field Artillery /1st Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 6 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-245 US 7th Army 41st Field Artillery /1st Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 7 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-246 US 7th Army 41st Field Artillery /1st Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1973 March 7 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-247 US 7th Army 41st Field Artillery /1st Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 19 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-248 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 19 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-249 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 19 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-250 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 March 19 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A TEL. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-251 US 7th Army 84th Field Artillery/3rd Battalion Battery C operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).


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